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Extra Language Practice Answer Key Straight to Advanced

1  Aspire and inspire Word formation Relative clauses


Adjectives 1
Vocabulary 1 inspiring/inspirational 1 whenever 2 which
Inspiration and success 2 dramatic 3 who 4 whose
1 gifted 2 acclaimed 3 incompetent 5 what 6 whom
3 conscientious 4 prestige 4 carefully 7 why 8 where
5 flair 6 attain 5 risky
7 back 8 promising 6 exceptional 2
1 to which I had no reply
Language focus Reading and Use of English 2 he eventually got (was one
Past and present perfect simple Part 4 that)
and continuous Key word transformation 3 remember the reason (why)/
1 1 into practice without delay remember why
1 haven’t finished, ’ve/have been 2 in spite of the fact (that) 4 that/who/whom I like a lot
promising 3 was of no/little consequence 5 who co-founded LinkedIn,
2 ’ve/have just read 4 to have been misinformed by 6 whom I’d like you to meet
3 have you been staying 5 had always come easily to 7 (which/that) I had an opinion
4 ’s/has won, ’s/has been 6 prefer not to be on/on which I had an opinion
5  ’s/has she been doing 8 which was the deadline
6  ’d/had cheated 2  Working together
7  have you been working, Reading and Use of English
Vocabulary Part 2
Have you kept
Relationships Open cloze
8  have you been having,
Have you taken 1 1 least 2 that
9 hadn’t heard, ’ve/have read 1  d  2  h  3  f  4  a 3 on 4 at
10 ’d/had been following, haven’t 5  g  6  b  7  c  8  e 5 both 6 more
noticed 7 be 8 when/where
2
2 1 friend 3  A sense of wonder
1 long ​ 2  the other day ​3  yet ​ 2 family
4 all my life ​5  last month 3 upbringing Vocabulary
4 colleague Travel
Inversion 5 partner 1 congestion 2 bound
6 relationship 3 go 4 take
1
5 trek 6 shuttle
1 Under no circumstances ​ Language focus 7 on 8 upgrade
2 Not only ​3  No sooner ​ Modals
4 Rarely/Seldom ​ 5  Little 
1 The senses
​6 Hardly ​7  Seldom/Rarely ​
1 needn’t have worked 1 inedible 2 revolting
8 as did
2 can’t possibly have 3 fragrant 4 subtle
2 3 could have downloaded 5 mouth-watering 6 pungent
1 Not until he (had) retired 4 were made to wear 7 stale 8 bland
did he think about taking up 5 couldn’t have left
painting. Language focus
6 may/might not have
2 Never before had an Asian Gerunds and infinitives
remembered
team won the event./Never 7 would play football almost/ 1
before had the event been won nearly every 1 to repeat
by an Asian team. 8 would not tell 2 trying
3 Only by luck could the game 3 to handle
be won. 2
4 avoid
4 Only later did I hear about his 1 must 2 may/might
5 buy
promotion. 3 don’t have to 4 need
6 eating
5 On no account should this 5 should 6 might
7 couldn’t 8 wouldn’t 2
machinery be operated by
9 must 10 might/may 1 d  2  b  3  c  4  f  5  e  6  a
untrained employees.
6 Not only did she win the race, 3
but she also broke the world 1a started b starting
record. 2a trying b Try
3a to stop b stop
4a telling b to tell
5a changing b to change

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Extra Language Practice Answer Key Straight to Advanced

Reported speech 2 4 If you don’t hurry up, you’ll


1 1 completely unrecognisable miss the deadline.; Hurry up or
1 reminded Ivan to bring his 2 incredibly dull you’ll miss the deadline.
passport 3 really successful 5 I’ll play tennis with you
2 advised Clare not to stay there 4 enormously entertaining provided that you buy lunch
for too long 5 extremely disappointed afterwards.; I’ll play tennis with
3 invited me to come to her 6 thoroughly exhausted you as long as you buy lunch
house for something to eat afterwards.
Comparisons
4 warned us not to go into the
Unreal time
caves 1
5 denied (that) she was a bad 1  a  2  b  3  c  4  b  5  a  6  a 1
listener/denied being a bad 1 didn’t/did not listen
2
listener 2 ’d/had spent
2  like ​
1 as/like ​ 3  as ​
4  as
6 assured me (that) I would enjoy 3 ’d/had taken
my trip 3 4 ’d/had applied
a 3  b 2  c 1  d 4 5 sat
2
6 was/were going/could go
1  e  2  h  3  a  4  g Reading and Use of English
5  f  6  b  7  d  8  c Part 2 2
Open cloze 1 stops/will stop
Word formation 1 making 2 hadn’t listened
Nouns 2 if 3 ’d/had never met
1 width 2 alterations 3 Although 4 was going/had gone
3 supervisor 4 illiteracy 4 with 5 could
5 usage 6 programmer 5 This
7 livelihood 8 obesity Word formation
6 into
9 wisdom 10 reception Verbs
7 how
11 hardship 12 pressure 1 dismissed 2 rethink
8 most
3 unwind 4 misleading
Reading and Use of English 5 outlaw 6 enforce
5  Pushing the limits
Part 3
Word formation Vocabulary Reading and Use of English
1 interaction(s) Work Part 1
2 Experimental 1  c ​
2  b ​
3  c ​
4  a ​
5  b Multiple-choice cloze
3 intensity 6  b ​
7  c ​
8  b ​
9  a ​
10  a 1  B ​
2  A ​3  A ​ 4  D
4 fascinating 5  C ​6  C ​7  B ​8  C
5 typically Health
6 distinctly 1  h ​2  e ​
3  a ​
4  b 6  Changing times
7 scientific 5  f ​
6  g ​7  d ​
8  c
Vocabulary
8 saltier Change
Language focus
4  Living in the past Conditionals 1
1 1  C ​2 B ​3  A  ​4 A  5 D
Vocabulary
Memory
1  B ​
2  C ​
3  B ​
4  A ​
5  A ​
6  C 2
1  b  2  e  3  g  4  a 2  Suggested answers 1 modified
5  c  6  d  7  f  8  h 1 I won’t go out for dinner unless 2 vary
you’re coming.; I’ll only go out 3 exchanged
Rooms and space for dinner if you’re coming. 4 adapted
1 conveniently 2 dingy 2 If it hadn’t been for her 5 adjusting/to adjust
3 minimally 4 suburban encouragement, I would have 6 alter
5 cluttered 6 tasteful given up years ago.; I would 7 switched
7 solidly have given up years ago, but 8 transform
she encouraged me.
Language focus Figurative language
3 If they were to offer you the
Adverbs of degree 1  h ​ 2  a ​3  c ​
4  e
job, would you accept?; If they
​5  g  6  f ​
7  d ​8  b
1 happened to offer you the job,
Gradable – dull, disappointed, would you accept?
effective, entertaining, successful
Non-gradable – awful, furious,
exhausted, terrible, unrecognisable

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Extra Language Practice Answer Key Straight to Advanced

Language focus Reading and Use of English 2  Suggested answers


Passives Part 4 1 have used be using
1 Key word transformation 2 weren’t wasn’t
1 crossed crossing 1 have a reputation for being 3 given giving
2  am having them do it have/get 2 have been sorted out in/be 4 bound about
it done sorted out in 5 meaning meant
3 is was 3 was high time he made a 6 being to be
4 being been 4 how/why it was/could be 7 going to go
5 confusing confused stolen so 8 are remaining would remain
6  reporting to happen reported 5 would have the site cleaned
6 is being made to Reading and use of English
to have happened
Part 1
7 call be called
7  Brave new worlds Multiple-choice cloze
2 1 B ​2  A ​3  C ​ 4  D
1 with ​ 2  got ​3  by   Vocabulary 5 A ​ 6  D ​7  B ​8  C
​4 became ​5  get 6  with ​ Verbs with up-, down-, over- and
7 to make under- 8  Getting through
1 download 2 underestimate
Passives of reporting verbs 3 upgraded 4 overwhelmed Vocabulary
5 downplaying 6 overspent Expressing feelings
1 1 aggressive 2 dumb
7 undertake 8 downsizing
1 It is estimated that 300 jobs 3 genuine 4 harsh
have been created in the IT 5 hysterical 6 devastated
Science and research
sector. 7 smug 8 open-minded
1 point to 2 carry out
2 Global temperatures are
3 look into 4 take (us) through
predicted to rise by 2°C. Onomatopoeic words
5 put forward
3 There is said to be worse 1  b ​
2  a ​
3  c ​
4  c ​
5  a  6  b
weather to come this year. Language focus
4 The England manager was Future forms (review) Language focus
told/has been told to quit now Conjunctions
1
by the press. 1
1 will you be joining us
5 It would seem/It seems that 1 long ​2  yet ​
3  to ​
4  that ​
2 finish/will finish
the Hollywood star is in a new 5  even
3 are bound to
relationship.
4 you are going to do 2
6 High-intensity exercise is
5 isn’t meeting 1  d ​
2  g ​
3  a ​
4  f
believed to reduce stress.
6 will have graduated 5  e ​
6  c ​
7  h ​
8  b
2 7 will have been driving
1 It has been agreed that the 8 on the point of Discourse markers
article is full of factual errors. 9 It’s about time
1
2 It is alleged that many quotes 10 you’ll be living
1 In fact
were made up (by the 11 won’t have got
2 on account of
journalist). 12 is to
3 as well as
3 The report is considered to be
2 4 Meanwhile
biased.
1 probably won’t have heard 5 Moreover
4 The photographs are thought
2 believes his/the team will win 6 On the contrary
to be fake.
3 flight to Jamaica is scheduled for 7 By and large
5 It is proposed that the
4 won’t be home until 8 On the other hand
newspaper is removed from
5 will get/be here on/in
circulation. 2
6 I will have finished
6 An apology is expected to be 1  B ​
2  C ​
3  A ​
4  C ​
5  B  6  A
7 (just) about to make
issued.
8 is due to reach Word formation
Nouns 2
Future in the past 1 contestant, participant
1 2 amendment, recruitment
1  e ​
2  b ​
3  g ​
4  c 3 appliance, significance
5  a ​
6  d ​
7  f ​
8  h 4 archaeologist, therapist
5 anxiety, propriety
6 disapproval, refusal
7 misuse, miscommunication

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© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2017. This page may be photocopied and used within the class.
Extra Language Practice Answer Key Straight to Advanced

Reading and Use of English Reading and Use of English Participle clauses
Part 3 Part 4 1
Word formation Key word transformation 1 speaking 2 Judging 
1 consumption 1 (really) irritates him is the way ​3 Taking ​4 considered
2 relevance 2 was only when
3 significant 3 I right in thinking/saying (that) 2
4 dominant 4 do all it takes 1a Taken b Having taken
5 interactive 5 down our request for 2a breaking b broken
6 arrival 6 was no need to make 3a Giving b given
7 expectations 4a saving b saved
8 unquestionably 10  School of thought 5a studied b studying
6a grown b Growing
9  To the market Vocabulary
Academic language Word formation
Vocabulary 1 tutor Affix review
Money 2 modules 1  a ​ 2  b ​
3  c ​
4  a ​
5  b
3 faculty 6  c ​7  c ​8  c ​
9  b ​
10  a
1
1  c ​
2  a ​
3  b ​
4  c ​
5  c  6  b 4 diploma
5 syllabus
Reading and Use of English
2 6 thesis Part 2
1  g ​
2  b ​
3  f ​
4  h 7 revising Open cloze
5  d ​
6  a ​
7  e ​
8  c 8 grades 1 their 2 towards
3 However 4 As
Describing trends The mind and the brain 5 It 6 Having
1 among between 1  e ​
2  h  ​3  d ​
4  a 7 known 8 also
2 out up 5  c ​
6  g  ​7  b ​
8  f
3 slight substantial
4 encouraged encouraging Language focus
5 steady steadily Emphasis with cleft sentences
6 disappointed disappointing 1
7 on at 1a What I really enjoy (doing) is
8 to in studying new subjects.
b One thing (that) I really
Language focus
Determiners and pronouns enjoy (doing) is studying new
subjects.
1 2a It’s Cambridge University
1 both 2 each where I want to study./It’s
3 every 4 everyone Cambridge University (that) I
5 All 6 Much want to study at.
7 Little 8 Most b Cambridge University is where
2 I want to study.
1  g ​
2  f ​
3  a ​
4  c ​ 3a It’s reading and writing poetry
5  h ​
6  e ​
7  b ​
8  d that he likes.
b Poetry is something he likes to
Reference, substitution and ellipsis read and write.
1 2
1 This ​2  it ​ 3  this 4  These 1  I’m needing I need
​5  This/It 6 these ​7  it ​ 8  it ​ 2 while until
9  this ​10  those 3  if when
2 4  as because
1 No, it hasn’t. 5 happens happened
2 No, they can’t have (done). 6 of what
3 If you close it they’ll lose their 7 At university it was It was
jobs./If you do that they’ll lose at university that I became
their jobs. interested in psychology.
4 No, I did. 8 improves is improve.
5 The blue one.

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© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2017. This page may be photocopied and used within the class.