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3 Extra Language Practice Straight to Advanced

Vocabulary
Travel
Choose the correct option in each sentence.
1 I love visiting Rome, but the traffic congestion/direction/transportation is terrible.
2 We met her on a train bound/set/due for Berlin.
3 I don’t want to visit a resort, I’d rather be/go/hit off the beaten track.
4 I’d advise going for a long weekend so you can break/make/take in all the sights.
5 We were on fourth day of the mountain stroll/trek/wander when snow fell.
6 Take the train. There’s a carriage/diesel/shuttle service between the airport and the city centre.
7 After a week relaxing at the coast we decided to move around/about/on to the mountainous region.
8 We were so lucky, we managed to get an itinerary/upgrade/vacancy to first class.

The senses
Complete the sentences with a correct adjective from the box.
bland fragrant inedible mouth-watering
pungent revolting stale subtle

1 When the food eventually came it was completely . I had to send it back untouched.
2 Many people find the smell of durian absolutely , but it’s considered a delicacy in South-East Asia.
3 As I opened my window I could smell the jasmine flowers perfuming the air.
4 Thai food can be spicy, but has lots of more flavours too.
5 I’d never seen such a display of cakes and pastries. I just had to buy some.
6 When you walk into the cheese shop the smell is almost overpowering.
7 This bread is definitely . How long have you had it for?
8 This soup is a bit . Did you add any seasoning?

Language focus
Gerunds and infinitives
1 Complete each gap using the verb in brackets with the gerund, the infinitive with to or the
infinitive without to.
1 There are certainly a few experiences I’ve decided not (repeat).
2 I regret (try) a chunk of traditional Sardinian cheese – it had such an overpowering taste.
3 You need a lot of strength (handle) the physical nature of the race.
4 I’d rather (avoid) being around her until she apologises.
5 The app means you can (buy) anything you want wherever you are.
6 After two weeks at the seaside, I was a bit fed up with (eat) fish.

2 Match the answers in exercise 1 to an explanation below.


A gerund is used: An infinitive with to is used: An infinitive without to is used:
a after prepositions c after certain nouns e after modal verbs
b after certain verbs d after certain verbs f after help, let, make, would
rather

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© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2017. This page may be photocopied and used within the class.
3 Extra Language Practice Straight to Advanced

3 Complete each pair of sentences with a verb from the box below. For each sentence a different
form of the verb is required.
try change start stop tell

1 a We have looking at the way our decisions affect cultural identity.


b We’re to realise that moving here wasn’t such a good idea.
2 a They keep to improve on the recipe.
b looking it up on the internet.
3 a We need what we’re doing and think about the consequences.
b Our economy might growing if we reduce spending.
4 a I regret Tom that I’m thinking about leaving the company.
b Remember your parents that the first payment for the ski trip is due.
5 a He tried the battery, but it didn’t work.
b They tried her mind.

Reported speech
1 Rewrite the direct speech (1–6) using a reporting verb from the box.
advised denied reminded invited assured warned

1 ‘Don’t forget to bring your passport, Ivan,’ Carla said.


Carla .
2 ‘I wouldn’t stay there for too long,’ Paul told Clare.
Paul .
3 ‘Why don’t you come to my house for something to eat,’ Jane asked me.
Jane .
4 ‘Don’t go into those caves,’ the guide told us.
The guide .
5 ‘It’s not true that I’m a bad listener,’ Katy said.
Katy .
6 ‘Don’t worry, you’ll enjoy your trip,’ the travel agent told me.
The travel agent .

2 Match the sentence beginning 1–8 with their endings a–h.


1 The exhibitors denied a leaving our valuables in her safe at reception.
2 My fiancé, Tom, eventually persuaded me b to submit our essays on time.
3 The hotel owner proposed c ordering the vanilla cappuccino.
4 The travel agency promised d to leave my party early.
5 The police officers instructed us e getting the opening date wrong.
6 My lecturer repeatedly reminded us f to follow them in our car.
7 Jack had to study so he decided g to refund the air fare in full.
8 If you go to Gianni’s café, I recommend h to postpone our wedding by four months.

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© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2017. This page may be photocopied and used within the class.
3 Extra Language Practice Straight to Advanced

Word formation
Nouns 1
Complete each gap with an appropriate noun form of the word in capitals. Use each suffix once, and
make any spelling changes necessary. The noun you require may also need a plural ending or negative
prefix (dis-, im-, in-, un-, il-, etc.).
-age -ation -cy -dom -er -hood
-ion -ity -or -ship -th -ure

1 Some of the tunnels through the site were only a metre in . WIDE
2 We made some to our plans and travelled overnight to Ayutthaya. ALTER
3 If you have a problem in the office, please could you tell your . SUPERVISE
4 In an attempt to end , more money has been spent on education. LITERATE
5 That’s another technical term which has fallen into common . USE
6 A has been coding the machines so they can recognise scent. PROGRAM
7 The new retail park seriously affects the of small businesses in the area. LIVE
8 Childhood is a concern for governments and the food industry. OBESE
9 Conventional suggests that if food smells terrible you shouldn’t eat it. WISE
10 We were given a very warm by the staff at the resort. RECEIVE
11 During the last few years many people have been affected by financial . HARD
12 He couldn’t handle the of playing in the top league. PRESS

Reading and Use of English Part 3


Word Formation
For questions 1–8, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines
to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Perception and eating


As we lead (0) INCREASINGLY busier lives, many people eat meals INCREASE
at desks, in front of TVs, or on the move. All of these changes in
eating habits impact on social (1) . Furthermore there INTERACT
are more subtle effects of environment on our food intake.
(2) psychologists have been assessing how light, EXPERIMENT
colour, and other sensory information changes the way we
consume. Their studies into flavour (3) have provided INTENSE
some (4) results. For example, their experiment on the FASCINATE
effect of light on coffee drinkers showed that (5) drinkers TYPE
of strong coffee will drink more in brightly lit rooms, while lovers of
weaker coffee drink more under dim lights.
Other research has shown that the size or colour of a plate can
also (6) affect how the consumer feels. In a recent DISTINCT
(7) experiment people judged popcorn to be SCIENCE
(8) when eaten from a blue bowl rather than a white SALT
bowl, leading researchers to predict that the connection may
be more complex than first presumed.

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© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2017. This page may be photocopied and used within the class.