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KU1101 Pengantar Rekayasa dan Desain I Combustion Engine
KU1101 Pengantar Rekayasa dan Desain I
KU1101 Pengantar Rekayasa dan Desain I

KU1101

Pengantar Rekayasa dan Desain I

Combustion Engine

Combustion Engine

Expected output for the 7 th week

Students understand how combustion engine works

Students understand the engineering aspect in developing combustion engine.

How to produce in large scale ?

Needs product consistency

Needs continuous high power movers

Mechanization

Industrial Revolution (1760 1840)

Industry : the process of making products by using machinery and factories (Merriam-Webster dictionary)

How to Produce in large scale ???

Hand production to machines

Chemical manufacturing

Iron production

Steam power

Machine tools

production to machines  Chemical manufacturing  Iron production  Steam power  Machine tools Spinning

Steam Engine

Steam Engine  External Combustion Engine(ECE) –  working fluid separated from combustion product  Mainly

External Combustion Engine(ECE)

working fluid separated from combustion product

Mainly as Stationary steam engine

Development

1698 : Thomas Savery steam powered

water pump,

1712 : Newcomen steam engine -> pumping

1778 : James Watt : two condenser, conversion to rotation motion

James Watt engine patented in 1781 : 10hp

Savery engine

conversion to rotation motion  James Watt engine patented in 1781 : 10hp Savery engine Newcomen

Newcomen atmospheric engin

Steam Engine

Steam Engine  James Watt (1736-1819)  Innovation  Double condenser  Pressure regulator device 

James Watt (1736-1819)

Innovation

Double condenser

Pressure regulator device

Concept of horsepower and the SI unit of power

 Innovation  Double condenser  Pressure regulator device  Concept of horsepower and the SI
 Innovation  Double condenser  Pressure regulator device  Concept of horsepower and the SI
 Innovation  Double condenser  Pressure regulator device  Concept of horsepower and the SI

Otto Cycle Internal combustion engine

Developed in the 1860s by a French engineer named Alphonse Eugene Beau de Rochas and then independently reinvented by a

German engineer named Nikolaus Otto in 1876



The Otto cycle is constructed out of:

Top and bottom of the loop: a pair of quasi- parallel adiabatic processes

Left and right sides of the loop: a pair of

Work = area inside the curve

processes  Left and right sides of the loop: a pair of parallel isochoric processes 
processes  Left and right sides of the loop: a pair of parallel isochoric processes 

Otto Cycle

Otto Cycle

Diesel Engine

Rudolf Diesel, (1858-1913)

High compression ratio

Ignition : adding fuel at high pressure (No electric plug)

Lower octane fuel

Patented in 1893 , First successful engine : 1897

fuel at high pressure (No electric plug)  Lower octane fuel  Patented in 1893 ,
fuel at high pressure (No electric plug)  Lower octane fuel  Patented in 1893 ,
fuel at high pressure (No electric plug)  Lower octane fuel  Patented in 1893 ,
fuel at high pressure (No electric plug)  Lower octane fuel  Patented in 1893 ,

Diesel Engine

Diesel Engine
Diesel Engine
Diesel Engine
Diesel Engine

Otto vs Diesel Engine

 

Otto engine

Diesel engine

Compression ratio

8-9 : 1

20 : 1

Ignition

Electric plug

Fuel injector

fuel

gasoline

Diesel fuel (solar)

Engine weight

-

Heavier

Efficiency (typical)

30%

45%

rpm

 

Lower

Torque

 

Higher

 Otto or Diesel Engine ????

Otto or Diesel Engine ????

Two Stroke Engine

1881 : First commercial patented by Dugald Clerk (Scottish engineer)

High power to weight ratio (in specific rpm range)

Compact, less moving part

by Dugald Clerk (Scottish engineer)  High power to weight ratio (in specific rpm range) 
by Dugald Clerk (Scottish engineer)  High power to weight ratio (in specific rpm range) 

Two Stroke Engine

Two Stroke Engine
Two Stroke Engine
Two Stroke Engine

More efficient energy use

Vehicle efficiency

Reduced weight

Reduced friction

etc

More efficient energy use  Vehicle efficiency  Reduced weight  Reduced friction  etc
More efficient energy use  Vehicle efficiency  Reduced weight  Reduced friction  etc

Alternative fuel

 Alternative fuel