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# Current Series Feedback Amplifier

Designed By:

Guided By:

Dr. K. P. Upla

Gujarat, India
INDEX

## Current Series Feedback Amplifier ........................................................................................... 3

Aim ........................................................................................................................................ 3

Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 3

Procedure ............................................................................................................................... 3

## Frequency Response:- ............................................................................................................ 6

Conclusion ................................................................................................................................. 7
Current Series Feedback Amplifier

AIM:- To measure the voltage gain and frequency response of current series feedback
amplifier with and without feedback.

Introduction:
When any increase in the output signal results into the input in such a way as to cause the
decrease in the output signal, the amplifier is said to have negative feedback. The advantages
of providing negative feedback are that the transfer gain of the amplifier with feedback can
be stabilized against variations in the hybrid parameters of the transistor or the parameters of
the other active devices used in the circuit. The most advantage of the negative feedback is
that by proper use of this there is significant improvement in the frequency response and in
the linearity of the operation of the amplifier. This disadvantage of the negative feedback is
that the voltage gain is decreased.
In Current-Series Feedback, the input impedance and the output impedance areincreased.
Noise and distortions are reduced considerably.

Procedure
1.) Connections are made as per circuit diagram. Connect T5 and T1, T4 and T5 when
you want to observe output voltage for current series feedback amplifier without
feedback.
2.) If you are not getting sinusoidal output voltage, change emitter resistance between T2
and T3.
3.) Keep the input voltage (sinusoidal) constant ( mVolt) in such a way that you will get
proper output voltage (sinusoidal) without distortion at 1 kHz frequency.
4.) For different values of load resistance, note down the output voltage and calculate the
gain by using the expression Av = 20log(V0 / Vi ) dB
5.) Remove the emitter bypass capacitor by disconnecting T4 and T5 and repeat STEP 3.
And observe the effect of feedback on the gain of the amplifier.
6.) For plotting the frequency response the input voltage is kept constant and the
frequency is varied from 100Hz to 1MHz.
7.) Note down the value of output voltage for each frequency. All the readings are
tabulated and the voltage gain in dB is calculated by using expression
Av = 20 log(V0 / Vi ) dB
8.) A graph is drawn by taking frequency on X-axis and gain on Y-axis on semi log graph
sheet.
9.) The Bandwidth of the amplifier is calculated from the graph using the expression
Bandwidth B.W = f2 – f1.
Where, f1 is lower cut-off frequency of CE amplifier.
f2 is upper cut off frequency of CE amplifier.

## Current Series Amplifier without feedback

Current Series Amplifier with feedback

Observation Table

## Input Voltage Vin= 53mV and frequency f = 10KHZ

Sr. No. Load Output Output Voltage Gain (dB) Gain (dB) with
Resistance Voltage (Vo) (Vo) with without feedback
RL without feedback feedback
feedback
1 1K 0.408 0.114 17.72769 6.65258
2 10K 0.88 0.264 24.40414 13.94656
3 47K 1.02 0.284 25.68649 14.58085
4 100K 1.04 0.288 25.85515 14.70233
Frequency Response:-
Input Voltage Vin= 53mV

Sr. No. Frequency Output Output Voltage Gain (dB) Gain (dB) with
(Hz) Voltage (Vo) (Vo) with without feedback
without feedback feedback
feedback
1 4 0.124 0.132 7.382916 7.925961232
2 8 0.216 0.212 12.20356 12.04119983
3 10 0.232 0.23 12.82424 12.74903933
4 50 0.376 0.296 17.01824 14.94031683
5 100 0.536 0.296 20.09778 14.94031683
6 150 0.624 0.3 21.41817 15.0569077
7 200 0.712 0.3 22.56408 15.0569077
8 400 0.9 0.3 24.59933 15.0569077
9 600 0.98 0.3 25.339 15.0569077
10 800 1 0.3 25.51448 15.0569077
11 1K 1.02 0.3 25.68649 15.0569077
12 10k 1.08 0.3 26.18296 15.0569077
13 20K 1.08 0.3 26.18296 15.0569077
14 30K 1.06 0.3 26.0206 15.0569077
15 40K 1.06 0.3 26.0206 15.0569077
16 50K 1.06 0.3 26.0206 15.0569077
17 100K 1.02 0.288 25.68649 14.70233236
18 150K 1 0.28 25.51448 14.45764323
19 200K 0.96 0.268 25.15991 14.07717849
20 250K 0.92 0.26 24.79024 13.81394957
21 300K 0.87 0.248 24.30487 13.40351622
22 350K 0.84 0.236 24.00007 12.97272267
23 400K 0.768 0.228 23.22171 12.67317955
24 430k 0.752 0.224 23.03884 12.51944297
25 500K 0.7 0.212 22.41644 12.04119983
26 550K 0.664 0.2 21.95784 11.53508252
27 600K 0.64 0.192 21.63808 11.18050718
28 800K 0.536 0.16 20.09778 9.596882261
29 1000K 0.456 0.14 18.69378 8.437043322
30 1300K 0.36 0.12 16.64053 7.098107529
Sr. No. Cut of Frequency Without feedback With feedback
1. f1(Hz) 300 8
2. f2(Hz) 400K 500K

Conclusion

The effect of negative feedback (Current-Series Feedback) on the amplifier is observed. The
voltage gain and frequency response of the amplifier are obtained.