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UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

GENERAL CHEMISTRY 2
Long Quiz No. 2

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the letter of the correct answer (2 POINTS EACH!!!)
1. Which one of the following statements does not describe the equilibrium state?
A) Equilibrium is dynamic and there is no net conversion to reactants and products.
B) The concentration of the reactants is equal to the concentration of the products.
C) The concentration of the reactants and products reach a constant level.
D) The rate of the forward reaction is equal to the rate of the reverse reaction.
E) None of the above

2. Which one of the following is true concerning the Haber process?


A) It is a process used for shifting equilibrium positions to the right for more economical chemical synthesis of a variety
of substances.
B) It is a process used for the synthesis of ammonia.
C) It is another way of stating Le Châtelier's principle.
D) It is an industrial synthesis of sodium chloride that was discovered by Karl Haber.
E) It is a process for the synthesis of elemental chlorine.

3. Which one of the following will change the value of an equilibrium constant?
A) changing temperature
B) adding other substances that do not react with any of the species involved in the equilibrium
C) varying the initial concentrations of reactants
D) varying the initial concentrations of products
E) changing the volume of the reaction vessel

4. Which of the following expressions is the correct equilibrium-constant expression for the following reaction?
CO2 (g) + 2H2 (g) CH3OH (g)

A) B) C) D) E)

5. Which of the following expressions is the correct equilibrium-constant expression for the reaction below?

CO2 (s) + H2O (l) H+ (aq) + HCO3- (aq)

A) [H+][HCO3-] / [CO2]
B) [CO2] / [H+][HCO3-]
C) [H+][HCO3-] / [CO2][H2O]
D) [CO2][H2O] / [H+][HCO3-]
E) [H+][HCO3-]

6. The expression for for the reaction below is ________.


4CuO (s) + CH4 (g) CO2 (g) + 4Cu (s) + 2H2O (g)

A) B) C) D) E)

7. Consider the following chemical reaction: CO (g) + 2H2(g) CH3OH(g)


At equilibrium in a particular experiment, the concentrations of CO and H2 were and respectively. What is
the equilibrium concentration of CH3OH? The value of Keq for this reaction is 14.5.
A) 14.5 B) 7.61 × 10-3 C) 2.82 × 10-1 D) 3.72 × 10-3 E) 1.34 × 10-3

8. The equilibrium constant for the gas phase reaction N2 (g) + 3H2 (g) 2NH3 (g) is Keq = 4.34 × 10-3 at 300 °C.
At equilibrium, ________.
A) products predominate D) only products are present
B) reactants predominate E) only reactants are present
C) roughly equal amounts of products and reactants are present

9. Given the following reaction at equilibrium, if Kc = 5.84 x 105 at 230.0 °C, Kp = ________.
2NO (g) + O2 (g) (g)

A) 3.67 × 10-2 B) 1.41 × 104 C) 6.44 × 105 D) 2.40 × 106 E) 2.41 × 107
UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS
SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

10. Given the following reaction at equilibrium, if Kc = 1.90 × 1019 at 25.0 °C, Kp = ________.

H2 (g) + Br2 (g) 2 HBr (g)

A) 5.26 × 10-20
B) 1.56 × 104
C) 6.44 × 105
D) 1.90 × 1019
E) 3.67 × 10-2
11. Given the following reaction at equilibrium at 450.0 °C:

CaCO3 (s) CaO (s) + CO2 (g)

If PCO2 = 0.0155 atm, Kc = ________.


A) 155
B) 0.0821
C) 0.920
D) 2.61 × 10-4
E) 9.20

12. For which of the following reactions is the ratio Kp/Kc largest at 300 K?
A) N2(g) + O2(g) 2 NO(g)
B) CaCO3(s) CaO(s) + CO2(g)
C) Ni(CO)4(g) Ni(s) + 4 CO(g)
D) C(s) + 2 H2(g) CH4(g)

13. The Keq for the equilibrium below is 50.


H2 (g) + I2 (g) 2HI (g)
What is the value of Keq for the following reaction: 2HI (g) H2 (g) + I2 (g)
A) 100 B) 0.50 C) 0.020 D) 2500 E) -50

14. The equilibrium constant for reaction 1 is K. The equilibrium constant for reaction 2 is ________.
(1) SO2 (g) + (1/2) O2 (g) SO3 (g)
(2) 2SO3 (g) 2SO2 (g) + O2 (g)
A) K2 B) 2K C) 1/2K D) 1/K2 E) -K2

15. The Keq for the equilibrium below is 7.52 × 10-2 at 480.0 °C.

2Cl2 (g) + 2H2O (g) 4HCl (g) + O2 (g)

What is the value of Keq at this temperature for the following reaction?

2HCl (g) + O2 (g) Cl2 (g) + H2O (g)

A) 13.3
B) 3.65
C) -0.0376
D) 5.66 × 10-3
E) 0.274
16. Given the equilibrium constants for the following two reactions in aqueous solution at 25 °C,

HNO2(aq) H+(aq) + NO2–(aq) Kc = 4.5 × 10–4


H2SO3(aq) 2 H+(aq) + SO3–(aq) Kc = 1.1 × 10–9

what is the value of Kc for the reaction?

2 HNO2(aq) + SO32–(aq) H2SO3(aq) + 2 NO2–(aq)

A) 4.9 × 10–13 B) 4.1 × 105 C) 8.2 × 105 D) 1.8 × 102 E) 5.4 × 10–3
UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS
SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

17. How is the reaction quotient used to determine whether a system is at equilibrium?
A) The reaction quotient must be satisfied for equilibrium to be achieved.
B) At equilibrium, the reaction quotient is undefined.
C) The reaction is at equilibrium when Q < Keq.
D) The reaction is at equilibrium when Q > Keq.
E) The reaction is at equilibrium when Q = Keq.

18. Which of the following statements about the reaction quotient, Q is false?
A) The value of Q can be used to predict equilibrium concentrations.
B) It has the same expression as Kc.
C) Its value is calculated using initial concentrations.
D) If Q > Kc, the reaction must move to equilibrium by forming more reactants.
E) If Q < Kc, the reaction must move to equilibrium by forming more products.

19. The equilibrium constant, Kc,for the following reaction is 0.0154 at a high temperature. A mixture in a container at
this temperature has the concentrations : [H2] = 1.11 M, [I2] = 1.30 M and [HI] = 0.181 M. Which of the following
statements concerning the reaction and the reaction quotient, Q, is true?
H2(g) + I2(g) 2HI(g)

A) Q = Kc B) Q > Kc; more HI will be produced. D) Q < Kc; more HI will be produced.
C) Q > Kc; more H2 and I2 will be produced. E) Q < Kc; more H2 and I2 will be produced.

20. A sealed 1.0 L flask is charged with 0.500 mol of I2 and 0.500 mol of Br2. An equilibrium reaction ensues:
I2 (g) + Br2 (g) 2IBr (g)
When the container contents achieve equilibrium, the flask contains 0.84 mol of IBr. The value of is ________.
A) 11 B) 4.0 C) 110 D) 6.1 E) 2.8

21. In the coal-gasification process, carbon monoxide reacts with water to produce carbon dioxide and hydrogen
gas. In an experiment, 0.35 mol of CO and 0.40 mol of H2O were placed in a 1.00-L reaction vessel. At
equilibrium, there were 0.22 mol of CO remaining. Keq at the temperature of the experiment is ________.
A) 5.5
B) 0.28
C) 0.75
D) 3.5
E) 1.0

22. Nitrosyl bromide decomposes according to the following equation: 2NOBr (g) 2NO (g) + (g)
A sample of NOBr (0.64 mol) was placed in a 1.00-L flask containing no NO or . At equilibrium the flask contained
of NOBr. How many moles of NO and , respectively, are in the flask at equilibrium?
A) 0.48, 0.24 B) 0.48, 0.48 C) 0.16, 0.08 D) 0.16, 0.16 E) 0.24, 0.42

23. At elevated temperatures, molecular hydrogen and molecular bromine react to partially form hydrogen
bromide:

H2 (g) + Br2 (g) 2HBr (g)

A mixture of 0.682 mol of H2 and 0.440 mol of Br2 is combined in a reaction vessel with a volume of At
equilibrium at 700 K, there are 0.546 mol of H2 present. At equilibrium, there are ________ mol of Br2 present
in the reaction vessel.
A) 0.000
B) 0.440
C) 0.546
D) 0.136
E) 0.304

24. Which reaction will shift to the left in response to a decrease in volume?
A) 2HI (g) H2 (g) + I2 (g) D) 2 SO3 (g) 2 SO2 (g) + O2 (g)
B) H2 (g) + Cl2 (g) 2 HCl (g) E) 4 Fe (s) + 3 O2 (g) 2 Fe2O3 (s)
C) N2 (g) + 3H2 (g) 2 NH3 (g)
UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS
SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

25. Consider the following reaction at equilibrium: 2NH3 (g) N2 (g) + 3H2 (g)
Le Châtelier's principle predicts that the moles of in the reaction container will increase with ________.
A) some removal of from the reaction vessel (V and T constant)
B) a decrease in the total pressure (T constant)
C) addition of some to the reaction vessel (V and T constant)
D) a decrease in the total volume of the reaction vessel (T constant)
E) an increase in total pressure by the addition of helium gas (V and T constant)

26. The reaction below is exothermic: 2SO2 (g) + O2 (g) 2SO3 (g)
Le Châtelier's Principle predicts that ________ will result in an increase in the number of moles of in the reaction
container.
A) increasing the amount of SO2 D) removing some oxygen
B) decreasing the pressure E) increasing the volume of the container
C) increasing the temperature

27. For the endothermic reaction: CaCO3 (s) CaO (s) + CO2 (g)
Le Châtelier's principle predicts that ________ will result in an increase in the number of moles of
A) increasing the temperature D) removing some of the CaCO3(s)
B) decreasing the temperature E) none of the above
C) increasing the pressure

28. Consider the following reaction at equilibrium: 2N (g) (g) + 3 (g) ΔH° = +92.4 kJ
Le Châtelier's principle predicts that removing to the system at equilibrium will result in ________.
A) an increase in the concentration of NH3 D) a decrease in the concentration of N2
B) a decrease in the concentration of H2 E) there is no shift in equilibrium
C) removal of NH3

29. Consider the following reaction at equilibrium:

2CO2 (g) 2CO (g) + O2 (g) ΔH° = -514 kJ

Le Châtelier's principle predicts that a decrease in temperature will ________.


A) decrease the partial pressure of O2 (g)
B) increase the partial pressure of CO2 (g)
C) decrease the value of the equilibrium constant
D) increase the value of the equilibrium constant
E) decrease the partial pressure of CO

30. Consider the following reaction at equilibrium.

2CO2 (g) 2CO (g) + O2 (g) ΔH° = -514 kJ

Le Châtelier's principle predicts that the equilibrium partial pressure of CO (g) can be maximized by carrying
out the reaction ________.
A) at high temperature and high pressure
B) at high temperature and low pressure
C) at low temperature and low pressure
D) at low temperature and high pressure
E) in the presence of solid carbon