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How to learn

English Tenses in 3 easy steps:

1) Time lines
2) Clear Structures
3) Time Markers
Как разобраться с временами
английского языка
за 3 простых шага

1) Временные линии
2) Понятные структуры
3) Маркеры времени
Временная линия
• 90% людей - визуалы. мы
лучше запоминаем картинку,
и когда время мы
изображаем в простой
картинке - нам становится все
намного яснее и понятнее;
• Визуально показывает когда и
почему используется время;
• Помогает понять разницу
между временами
английского языка.
Понятные структуры
• Понятная структура - это ваша
шпаргалка;
• Структуры всегда нужно
писать в таблице;
• Структуры необходимо
выписывать отдельно для
утвердительных, отрицательных
и вопросительных
предложений для каждого
времени.
Маркеры времени
Always frequently/often
• Маркеры времени (TM) - это те
слова, которые показывает на
seldom/rarely nowadays
never every week/year
sometimes from time to time употребление данного
времени;
/occasionally
usually every now and then

• Выписав и запомнив такие


слова, для вас не составит
труда понять какое время
yesterday the other day
нужно использовать, если вы
just now the day before увидите временной маркер.
yesterday
Present Simple
repeated actions
habits
general truth, laws of nature
schedule (time-table)
+ ! + V(s,es)
- ! + don`t/doesn`t + V
? Do/Does + ! + V?
Let`s practice:
Time Markers:
1. I usually ____ (go) to school.

always every…
2. They ____ (visit) us often.
 usually in the morning
3. Do you ______ (play) basketball once a week?
 sometimes on Friday…
4. Tom _____ (work) every day.
 often
seldom
5. He always ____ (tell) us funny stories. never
Past Simple
action or fact in the past
habits in the past
short action in the past
+ ! + V ed,2
- ! + didn`t + V
? Did + ! + V?
Let`s practice:
Time Markers:
1. Dan ____ (leave) very early today.

yesterday when I was little
2. Sam and Sue _____ (buy) a new house last month.
 the day before when I was a child
3. I _______ (visit) Germany the previous week.
 yesterday in 1990
4. You _______ (play) very well.
 last… in the 90-s
ago…
5. Did they _______ (find) this book on their trip to Italy.
Future Simple
action in the future
promises
on-the-spot decisions
predictions
+ ! + will + V
- ! + won`t + V
? Will + ! + V?
Let`s practice:
Time Markers:
1. I ________ (help) you with your homework.

tomorrow in 2 years…
2. She _______ (be) here very soon.
 the day after in 3 months…
3. Will they __________ (come) at 8 o'clock.
 tomorrow one day
4. You __________ (call) me next week.
 next…
5. I _______ (use) the money wisely.
Present Continuous
actions happening now or around the
moment of speaking
plans for future
irritation
+ ! + am/is/are + Ving
developing situation
- ! + am/is/are + not + Ving
? Am/is/are + ! + Ving?
Let`s practice:
Time Markers:
1. Anna ______ (rest) right now.
 now next…
2. I _______ (talk) on the phone at this moment.
 just now tomorrow
3. Is Bella ________ (cook) dinner now.
 this… in 2 hours
tonight
4. They ____ (help) the teacher right now.
 today always
5. He _____  (run) very fast! these days
Past Continuous
long action in the past
action which was happening during
some time in the past
interrupted past action
+ ! + was/were + Ving
- ! + was/were + not + Ving
? Was/were + ! + Ving?
Let`s practice:
Time Markers:
1. Yesterday at 5 o'clock I ______ (eat).

TM of Past +
2. Last night, at 10 o'clock she _______ (dance).
 Simple at 5 p.m.
3. Tim _______ (cook) while Susan  ________ (watch) TV.
 from 5 p.m. to 9
4. Barbara ________ (paint), and Joe ________ (sleep).
 p.m….
5. While you ______  (rest), I ______ (clean) the house.
Future Continuous
future actions in progress
particular action in future in particular
time or period of time

+ ! + will be + Ving
- ! + won`t be + Ving
? Will + ! + be + Ving?
Let`s practice:
Time Markers:
1. He _____ (wait) for quite some time.
 TM of Future +
2. Tomorrow at this time I _________ (dance) at a party.
 Simple at 5 p.m.
from 5 p.m. to 9
3. Next week at this time I _______ (sunbathe) at the beach.

p.m….
4. At 5 o'clock you _______ (help) your brother.

5. This evening at 8 o'clock, she ___ (watch) a movie with her friends.
Present Perfect
finished action
result in present
time is unknown or unimportant

+ ! + have/has + Ved/3
- ! + have/has + not + Ved/3
? Have/Has + ! + Ved/3?
Let`s practice:
Time Markers:
1. I _____ (read) your book several times.
 for recently
2. She ___________ (wear) that skirt many times.
 since so far
3. My family _______ (visit) Brazil a few times.
 ever this…
never
4. I _____ (eat) already.

just
5. Marta ________ (finish) her homework. already
yet
Past Perfect
action before another action in the past
result in the past

+ ! + had + Ved/3
- ! + had + not + Ved/3
? Had + ! + Ved/3?
Let`s practice:
Time Markers:
1. She ___ (bake) a lot before she ____ (open) her shop.
 for before
2. We ____ (have) a lot of trouble because we ___ (lose) since after
ever by the time
our passports.

never by
3. Brian ____ (know) many people at the club because just
he ___ (be) there many times.
 already
4. They ___ (study) English before they ____ (move) to yet
Canada.
Future Perfect
action that will be finished by another
action in future or some time in future

+ ! + will have + Ved/3


- ! + won`t + have + Ved/3
? Will + ! + have + Ved/3?
Let`s practice:
Time Markers:
1. By this time tomorrow, I ______ (finish) the project.
 TM of Future +
2. By 8 o'clock, the kids ______ (fall) asleep.
 Simple by the time
3. By tomorrow morning, he ______ (sleep) wonderfully.
 by
4. By next year, she ______ (receive) her promotion.

5. Robin ________ (sell) his car by next Sunday.
Present Perfect Continuous
action happening up to this moment
since some point in the past
result in present
duration is important
+ ! + have/has + been + Ving
- ! + have/has not + been + Ving
? Have/has + ! + been + Ving?
Let`s practice:
Time Markers:
1. I ____ (listen) to this for 2 hours.

for recently
2. You _____ (wait) since this morning.
 since so far
3. She ______ (watch) their dog since Saturday.
 ever this…
4. We ______ (talk) for over an hour.
 never
5. I _______ (prepare) for this test for almost 2 weeks. just all morning
already all year
yet
Past Perfect Continuous
action happening up to some moment
in the past
result in past
duration is important
+ ! + had + been + Ving
- ! + had not + been + Ving
? Had + ! + been + Ving?
Let`s practice:
Time Markers:
1. They _______ (chat) for over 2 hours when his mom
for recently
came.
 since so far
2. I ____ (wait) there for ages before I saw her.
 ever this…
3. Brianna _____ (sit) there for 20 minutes before the never
doctor _____ (call) her name.
 just all morning
already all year
4. You ____ (work) there for several years before yet
you ____ (quit) your job.

5. They ____ (jog) for a while before they ____ (get) tired.
Future Perfect Continuous
duration in future which will finish up
to some particular moment in future

+ ! + will have + been + Ving


- ! + won`t have + been + Ving
? Will + ! have + been + Ving?
Let`s practice:
Time Markers:
1. By midnight, you _____ (dance) for 4 hours.
 TM of Future by
2. By dinner, she ______ (cook) the whole afternoon.
 Simple by the time
by next
3. He _____ (work) there for 10 years by 2015.

4. By next year, I ________ (study) English for 7 years.

5. By next week, we ________ (renovate) for over a month.
Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect
Continuous
Present

Time markers: Time markers: Time markers: Time markers:


always, often, usually, now, currently, at the for, since, ever, never, Since, for, just, lately,
nowadays, never, every moment, presently, this, just, already, yet, so far + TM Present
week, sometimes next. tomorrow, always recently, so far, this Perfect

Past

Time markers: Time markers: Time markers: Time markers:


yesterday By the time, once, as After, before, by the
last year, for hours, all
the day before yesterday soon as, after, time
last, ago, in 1990, when I day, the whole afternoon
before, by
was little

Future

Time markers: Time markers: Time markers: Time markers:


soon, tomorrow, in the next while, when, this time By By tomorrow / 8 o'clock
month, for the next 2 tomorrow, in the By next This year / month / week
years, later Next year / month / week
afternoon, next month
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