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Ivory Coast

A short introduction of Ivory Coast

The Ivory Coast has the most children in the whole world. The people of the Ivory Coast called Ivorians,

are mostly black. Ivory Coast official name is Republique de Cote d voire. The French, who ruled it for

some time, gave the Ivory Coast its name. Cocoa is the Ivory Coast main export. As you can see, the

Ivory Coast has many unique qualities. This paper will discuss many of them

A Brief history of Ivory Coast

Between 1880 and 1898 France occupies the Mandingo state and the whole of Ivory Coast becomes a French

protectorate in 1891. This is changed into a colony in 1893. In 1904 Ivory Coast becomes a constituent part of French

West Africa. Inside French West Africa Ivory Coast becomes in 1946 a French overseas territory. After the dissolution of

French West Africa in 1958, Ivory Coast gets autonomy as the Republic of Ivory Coast. Dominant party in Ivory Coast is

the Parti Démocratique de la Côte d'Ivoire (Democratic Party of Ivory Coast, PDCI). Its leader Félix Houphouët-Boigny

becomes prime minister. Ivory Coast becomes independent in 1960: at that moment Houphouët-Boigny becomes

president. He makes the country a one-party state under the PDCI and rules until 1993. In 1990 he allows mulit-

partyism and wins the presidential elections. After his death in 1993 he is succeeded in 1993 by his co-partisan Henri

Konan Bédié. He is elected president at the 1995 elections. In 1999 the army stages a coup and Ivory Coast becomes a

military dictatorship under Robert Guei. The leading opposition candidate, Alassane Ouattara from the liberal

Rassemblement des Républicains (Rally of Republicans, RDR), is excluded from the elections in 2000. Guei tries to rig

these elections and after an uprising the winner of the elections, Laurent Gbagbo of the social democratic Front

Populaire Ivorien (Ivorian Popular Front, FPI) becomes president. Although these elections are not free, it leads to a

change of government. The new government declares Ouattara ineligible to stand for parliamentary elections, which

leads to a boycot by the RDR of these elections. In 2001 local municipal elections are conducted without violence and

with participation of the RDR. The RDR, wins the most local seats, followed by the PDCI and FPI.

The Geographical location of Ivory Coast

Its latitude is 7.53999 and its longitude is -5.54708
The Flag of Ivory Coast
The geography of Ivory Coast
Most of Cōte d'Ivoire consists of a flat to rolling plateau that slopes gently
southward to the Gulf of Guinea and rarely attains heights of more than 1,500 feet
(460 m) above sea level. The only significant uplands occur along the western
border, where the Nimba Mountains reach more than 5,700 feet (1,740 m). Long,
narrow sandbars, backed by lagoons, fringe the eastern half of the coast. The rest is
marked by low, rocky cliffs. The Cavally, Sassandra, Bandama, and Komoé rivers
drain virtually all of Cōte d'Ivoire except the extreme northwest, which lies in the
Niger River basin, and the extreme northeast, which is drained by the Volta River.
Dams on the Bandama and Sassandra rivers provide hydroelectric power.
Cōte d'Ivoire has a tropical climate, marked by relatively high temperatures the year round and
alternating wet and dry seasons. In the south, temperatures average between 75° and 85° F.
(24° and 29° C.), and rainfall totals as much as 80 inches (2,000 mm) a year. There are two
rainy seasons, one from early May until mid-July, the other in October and November. In the
north, temperatures vary more widely, with daily averages ranging from 60° to 100° F. (16° to
38° C.), and rainfall gradually decreases to about 50 inches (1,270 mm) a year, concentrated in
a single rainy season, from May through September.
Tropical forests cover much of the southern half of Cōte d'Ivoire. In the north they give way to
open woodlands and savannas.

The culture and interesting places found in the country

The modernized sector of Côte d’Ivoire’s population has been greatly influenced by French
culture. The indigenous culture of the country remains strong, however, and is well known for its
artistic creations, especially masks.
The map of Ivory Coast

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