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Grade 12 Chem


1. If the dissolution of an ionic solid in water is endothermic, 10. Wor
What is the molarity of 2500 mL of a solution that contains
then it can be concluded that 160 grams of ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3)? k
A. The hydration energy exceeds the lattice energy. Atomic mass: N = 14, O = 16, H = 1)
A. 0.33 M B. 0.45 M C. 0.60 M D. sheet
0.80 M
B. The solution feels hot to touch during mixing
C. The solubility of the solid is independent of the
11. Which of the following factors does NOT, in general, 1 Ch
increases the solubility of a solid in a liquid?
temperature. A. Increasing temperature
C. Increasing pressure
D. The solubility of the ionic solid increase with B. Increasing surface area D. Shaking or stirring
increasing temperature. 12. A homogeneous mixture is made up of 85% alcohol and
2. How can you prepare 2.4% by mass KOH solution in 8.5g 15% water. In this case, water is the:
solvent? A. Solute C. Solvent
B. Solution D. Impossible to predict
A. By dissolving 0.21g KOH in 8.5g solvent.
13. The energy required to convert one mole of an ionic solid
B. By dissolving 2.4g KOH in 100g of solvent. into isolated gaseous ion is called:
C. By dissolving 2.4g KOH in 97.6g of solvent. A. Lattice energy C. Hydration energy
D. By dissolving 0.42g KOH in 8.5g of solvent. B. Solvation energy D. Heat of solution
3. All of the following affect the solubility of gases in solvents 14. Identify the INCORRECT statement below concerning the
except? formation of solutions.
A. Nature of the gas C. Pressure of gas A. The entropy change upon mixing generally is a favorable
B. Temperature of solution D. Atmospheric pressure factor for the formation of a solution.
4. Given that: B. The large crystal lattice energy of ionic solids is generally
1. Smoke 2. Muddy water 3. Fog favorable to their solution formation.
4. Blood 5. Cloud C. An exothermic heat of solution would favor the formation
of a solution relative to an endothermic one.
Which one of the following groups of mixture has the
D. One may generally say that "like dissolves like."
ability to scatter light when it passes through it?
15. Another name for a true solution is:
A. 1,3,5 C. 1,3,4,5 A. Heterogeneous mixture C. Suspension
B. 2,3,4 D. 2,3,4,5 B. Homogeneous mixture D. Colloid
5. How many grams of potassium permanganate is needed 16. The solubility of a solid in a liquid depends upon all the
to prepare a 0.15m KMnO4 solution with 500g water? following factors except:
(Atomic mass K=39, Mn=55, O=16) A. Nature of the solute. C. Nature of the solvent
A.7.6g B.11.9g C.16.4g D.10.4g B. Temperature of the solution D. Pressure
6. When solid NH4NO3 is dissolved in a nearly saturated Use the solubility curve below to answer the following
questions. (17-19 )
solution of NH4NO3,the solution becomes colder. This
information indicates that if the temperature of a solution
is raised?
A. ∆Hsolution will become negative.
B. The solubility of NH4NO3 will decrease.
C. The solubility of NH4NO3 will increase
D. The solubility of NH4NO3 will not change.
7. Which of the following statements about the
characteristics of solutions is accurate?
A. The solute is the component of the solution that is
present in the greatest quantity.
B. Solutions can be solids, liquids, or gases.
17. The type of solution would you call at 40°C, 180g of NaClO3 is
C. Only one phase is visible in a heterogeneous mixture.
dissolved in 100g of water.
D. A dilute solution contains a relatively large quantity of
A. saturated C) supersaturated
solute per unit volume of solvent
B. Unsaturated D) saturated with some left un dissolved
8. When a small amount of crystal solute is added to the
18. A saturated solution of NaClO3 is formed from one hundred
supersaturated solution, the solute crystals will
grams of water. If the saturated solution is cooled from 80°C to
A. Remain unchanged. C. Slightly dissolve.
60°C, how many grams of precipitate are formed?
B. Grows bigger. D. dissolves completely.
A. 40 gm B. 30 gm C. 20 gm D. 55 gm
9. Which of the following will increase the rate at which a
solid dissolves in a liquid? 19. A student adds 160 grams of KNO3 into a test tube which
A. Lowering the temperature of the solvent. contains 100 grams of water. The temperature of the water is
B. Grinding the solid into smaller pieces. 50°C. How much of the solute will be left un dissolved at the
C. Placing the solution in opaque pieces. bottom of the test tube?
D. Supersaturating the solution. A) 50 g B) 60 gr C) 70 g D) 80 g
Grade 12 Chem
20. Arrange the following in order of increasing concentration: 30. Wor
Calculate the mole fraction of phosphoric acid (H3PO4) in a
1% by mass, 1 ppb, 1 ppm, 1 ppt. 25.4% (by mass) aqueous solution. (M =H3PO4 98 = g/mole)k
A. 1 ppm < 1 ppb < 1% < 1 ppt A. 0.059 C. 0.0626
B. 1% < 1 ppm < 1 ppb < 1 ppt B. 0.259 D. 4.14 sheet
C. 1 ppt < 1 ppm < 1 ppb < 1% 31. 1 Ch
A solution contains equal masses of glucose (molecular mass
180) and toluene (molecular mass 90). What is the mole
D. 1 ppt < 1 ppb < 1 ppm < 1%
fraction of glucose in the solution?
21. Which of the following types of solutions are possible?
A. ¼ B. 1/3 C. ½ D. 2/3
I. solid dissolved in a liquid
II. gas dissolved in a liquid 32. The dissolution of salt (NaCl) in water is an unfavorable
III. gas dissolved in a gas endothermic process. Dissolution occurs anyway because:
IV. solid dissolved in a solid A) The system becomes more ordered.
A. I, II, III C. II, III B) The vapor pressure of the solution decreases.
B. I, II, III, IV D. I, II, IV C) Salt is a nonpolar solute, water is a nonpolar solvent.
22. Why is the heat of solution for a gas in water almost always D) The randomness or entropy of the system increases greatly.
less than zero?
33. The solubility of a gas in a liquid is directly proportional to the
A. Gases almost always dissolve exothermically.
pressure of the gas above the liquid" is a fair statement of:
B. The solute-solute attractions are comparable to the other
interactions. A. Ideal gas law
C. The solute-solvent attraction is strong. B. Le Chatelier's solubility principle
D. There are no solute-solute interactions to overcome. C. Henry's law
23. Dissolving is not likely to occur to a large extent when D. Rauolt’s Law
A. solute-solvent attractions are strong compared to other 34. In lecture, you observed that solid, potassium permanganate,
KMnO4, is much more soluble in water than in CH2Cl2 (a non-
B. solvent-solvent attractions are weak compared to other
polar solvent). Which of the following intermolecular forces is
primarily responsible for the greater solubility of KMnO 4 in
C. solute-solvent attractions are weak compared to other
forces water than in CH2Cl2?
D. all interactions are of comparable strength. A. dipole-dipole forces C. London dispersion forces
24. If the solubility of oxygen gas in water at 25 0C and 1 atm is 0.04 B. hydrogen bonding D. ion-dipole forces
g/L, what would be the solubility of oxygen in water at 3.0 atm 35. The solubility of sodium selenate (Na2SeO4) is 84g/100g
and 25 0C?
A. 0.12 g/L B. 0.013 g/L C. 75.0 g/L D. 0.04 g/L
of the solvent at 35 0C. If a solution is obtained by
25. Which of the following are solid-solid solutions? dissolving 92 g of Na2SeO4 in 200 g of water at 35 0C,
A. Dental amalgama what do you call this solution?
B. solid calcium carbonate from reaction of carbon dioxide and A. Saturated solution
calcium oxide B. supersaturated solution
C. soda water
D. 18 Kart gold C. Unsaturated solution
26. Which of the following is false about Properties of a D. Mega saturated solution
Suspension? Short answer
A. Suspension is a heterogeneous mixture. 36. Explain the rule, “Like Dissolves Like”.
B. The particles of a suspension can not be seen by 37. Define the terms miscible and immiscible
the naked eye. 38. In what type of mixture is it easiest to separate the
C. The particles of a suspension scatter a beam of
light passing through it and make its path visible. component substance? Why?
D. The solute particles settle down when a 39. What are the differences between a saturated
suspension is left undisturbed. solution, unsaturated solution and a supersaturated
27. An alloy is an example of a _____.
A. Gaseous solution C. Liquid solution solution?
B. Dilute solution D. Solid solution 40. How could you tell by looking at a solution that it
28. In a saturated solution of a salt in water, __________.
A. the rate of crystallization > the rate of dissolution
was saturated?
B. the rate of dissolution > the rate of crystallization 41. What is the Tyndall Effect?
C. addition of more water causes massive crystallization 42. Describe (in detail) the 3 steps in solution formation
D. the rate of crystallization = the rate of dissolution
43. How is a solution different from the other two types
29. The solubility of nitrogen gas at 25°C and 1 atm is 6.8 x 10 -4
mol/L. If the partial pressure of nitrogen gas in air is 0.76 atm, of mixtures?
what is the concentration of dissolved nitrogen? 44. What are the 3 different types of mixtures? Define
A. 6.8 10-4 M C. 5.2 10-4 M each one
B. 4.9 10-4 M D. 3.8 10-4 M