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# ASSIGNMENT I - MATH 111 - 2019

KATHMANDU UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS

## 1. Find the domain and range of each function.

(a) f (x) = 1 + x2 (c) f (z) = 4 − z2
√ 1
(b) f (x) = 1 − x (d) f (t) = √
1+ t

2. Which of the graphs are graphs of functions of x. Give the reasons to your answers.

## (a) y = −x2 1 (c) y =

p
|x| (d) y = (−x)3/2
(b) y = −
x

(c) f (x) =
x2 + x + 1

## 5. Find domain and ranges of f, g, f + g, f.g.

√ √ √
(a) f (x) = x, g(x) = x−1 (b) f (x) = x + 1, g(x) = x−1

## 7. Graph the functions:

1
( (
x 0≤x≤1 1/x x < 0
(a) f (x) = (b) g(x) =
2−x 1<x≤2 x 0≤x

8. What real numbers satisfy the equation bxc = dxe? Does d−xe = −bxc? Give reasons

9. Match the equations listed (a) - (d) to the graphs in the given figure.

(a) y = (x − 1)2 − 4

(b) y = (x − 2)2 + 2

(c) y = (x + 2)2 + 2

(d) y = (x + 3)2 − 2

## 10. Evaluate the following limits:

√ √ √ √
x − 8 − x2 2x(x − 1) (j) lim ( x − x − 3)
(a) lim √ (e) lim− x→∞
x→2 x2 + 12 − 4 x→1 |x − 1|
sin x − x
|x + 2| (k) lim ·
4x − x2 (f) lim + (x − 3) x→0 x3
(b) lim √ x→−2 x+2
x→4 2 − x x−1
|x + 2| (l) lim ·
(g) lim − (x − 3) x→1 ln x − sin πx
x + sin x x→−2 x+2 √ √
(c) lim |t|
3
x− 5x
x→∞ x + cos x
(h) lim+ (m) lim √ √
x→∞ 3 x + 5 x
√ t→4 t
x2 + 8 − 3 |x| dθe
(d) lim (i) lim− (n) lim− ·
x→−1 x+1 x→4 x θ→3 θ

## 11. Find the limits:

2 2 − t + sin t
(a) lim+ 2 (c) lim
x→0 x 3 t→∞ t + cos t
(b) lim
π−
tan x (d) lim
π+
sec x
x→ 2 x→ 2

12. State Sandwich Theorem and use it to find the following limits:

## (a) Show that if lim |f (x)| = 0, then lim f (x) = 0.

x→c x→c

(b) If 2 − x2 ≤ f (x) ≤ 2 cos x for all x, find lim f (x)·
x→0
2
x x sin x x sin x
(c) If 1 − < < 1, find lim ·
6 2 − 2 cos x x→0 2 − 2 cos x

13. Evaluate:

2
(a) lim (tan x)π/2−x ax − b x 
2+x
1/x
x→π/2 (h) lim (o) lim
x→0 x x→0 2−x
(b) lim+ (x − 1)1−x . ln(5 + x) − ln(5 − x)  2 1/x
x→1
(i) lim x +1
x→0 x (p) lim ·
x→∞ x+2
(c) lim+ (1 + x) x
1
x − sin−1 x x
(j) lim

x→0 3 x+2
x→0 x (q) lim ·
x→∞ x−1
cos x − ex
(d) lim (k) lim (sin x)tan x
x→0 sin x x→π/2 (r) lim+ sin x ln x·
  x→0
1 1 1 − cos θ
(e) lim − (l) lim
x→0 x sin x θ→π/2 1 + cos 2θ log2 x
(s) lim
x→∞ log3 (x + 3)
1 cos x − 1
(f) lim x sin (m) lim
x→∞ x x→0 x (t) lim (ln x)1/x
x→∞
3x − 1 ln x − 1
(g) lim x (n) lim
x→0 2 − 1 x→0 x − e
(u) lim (ex + x)1/x ·
x→0

14. State the condition for the existence of the limit of a function at a point. Given that:

 3−x x<2

f (x) = 3 x=2
 x
 +1 x > 2

2
Does the limit lim f (x) exist? If yes, what is its value? If no, why isn’t?
x→2

15. What does it mean for a function to be right continuous at a point? and left continuous
at a point? How the continuity and one - sided continuity related?

 1 when x ≤ −1

 −x when 0 < x < 0

f (x) = 1 when x=0

−x when 0 < x < 1

 1 when x≥1

Examine limits, continuity and one sided continuity of f at each of the points x =
−1, 0, 1.

## 16. For what value of a is the function

(
x2 − 1 if x<3
(a) f (x) = continuous at every x.
2ax if x≥3
(
x2 if x < 3
(b) f (x) = continuous at every x.
4ax3 − 1 if x ≥ 3

3
17. Define the discontinuity of a function at a point. Discuss the types of discontinuity
with examples. Also find the continuous extension of
x2 + x − 6
(a) f (x) = at point x = 2.
x2 − 4
x2 − 16
(b) f (x) = 2 at point x = 4.
x − 3x − 4
 
 x2 sin 1

if x < 0
18. (a) Let f (x) = x be a function. Find lim+ f (x) and lim− f (x).
√ x→0 x→0
x if x ≥ 0

Can anything be said about lim f (x)?
x→0
 
 x sin 1

if x 6= 0
(b) If f (x) = x . Does the function continuous at x = 0?
0 if x = 0

## 19. At which points do the following functions fail to be continuous?

1 x2 − 16
(a) y = (c) y =
(x + 2)2 + 4 x2 − 3x − 4
x+1 x+2
(b) y = (d) y =
x2 − 4x + 3 cos x

## 20. Examine the continuity of the functions.

 x for 0 < x < 1
(a) f (x) = 2 − x for 1 ≤ x ≤ 2 at x = 1 and x = 2.
 2
x − x2 for x>2

 π
 sin(2x) + 1 for − ≤ x < 0
2

 π π
(b) f (x) = e2x for 0 ≤ x < at x = 0 and x = .

 e2x cos x π2 2
for x≥

2
 sin2 ax

x 6= 0
21. Show that the function f (x) = x2 is discontinuous at x = 0. Redefine
 1 x=0
the function in such a way that it becomes continuous at x = 0.

## 22. Show that 3x grows faster than 2x .

√ √
23. Show that x2 + 5 and (2 x − 1)2 grows at the same rate.

24. A particle moves from A(3.2, −2) to B(−8.1, −2) in the co- ordinates plane. Find the
increment ∆x and ∆y in the particular coordinates.

4
25. The co-ordinates of a particle change by ∆x = 5 and ∆y = 6 as its moves from A(x, y)
to B(3, −3). Find x and y ?

26. Define the instantaneous rate of change of a function y = f (x). Find the displacement
and average velocity of a body for the given time interval. Also, find the body’s velocity,
speed and acceleration at the end points of the interval.
(i) s = 2t2 + 5t − 3 1 ≤ t ≤ 3 (ii) s = 25/t2 − 5/t, 1 ≤ t ≤ 5.

27. When a bactericide was added to a nutrient growth in which bacteria were growing,
the bacterium population continued to grow for a while, but then stopped growing and
began to decline. The size of the population at time t (hrs) was b = 106 − 104 t − 103 t2 .
Find the growth rates at (i) t = 0 (ii)t = 5 and (iii) t = 10 hrs.

28. At time t, the position of a body moving along the s-axis is s = t3 − 6t2 + 9t. Find the
body’s acceleration and velocity at each time when the velocity is zero.

29. Find slope, the equation of tangent and normal to the following curves at given point:

## (a) x2 + xy − y 2 = 1 at (2, 3) (c) y = ex + 2 at (0, 2)

(b) x sin 2y = y cos 2x at (π/4, π/2)

30. Does the curve y = x4 − 2x2 + 2 have any horizontal tangents? If yes, where?

31. Find the two points where the curve x2 + xy + y 2 = 7 crosses the x-axis. Show that
the tangents to the curve at these points are parallel. What is the common slope of
these tangents?

32. Find the points on the curve x2 + xy + y 2 = 7, where the tangent is parallel to x-axis
and where the tangent is parallel to y-axis.

33. The curve y = ax2 + bx + c passes through the point (1, 2) and is tangent to the line
y = x at origin. Find a, b, c.

34. The curves y = x2 + ax + b and y = cx − x2 have a common tangent to the line at the
point (1, 0). Find a, b, c.

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