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SHIVALIK THERMOSTATIC BIMETAL Handbook
SHIVALIK THERMOSTATIC BIMETAL Handbook

SHIVALIK

THERMOSTATIC

BIMETAL

Handbook

according to ISO/TS 16949 ISO 9000 ISO 14001 OHSAS 18001 Our quality assurance group has

according to

ISO/TS 16949
ISO/TS
16949
ISO 9000
ISO
9000
ISO 14001
ISO
14001
OHSAS 18001
OHSAS
18001

Our quality assurance group has from incoming raw materials upto the that meets or exceeds standards accepted worldwide.

Our customer service has been extended by providing a components.

assistance in your design & applications.

Section A

General Introductions To Thermostatic Bimetals

1

Principle of Operation

2

2.1.1

2.1.2

Method

2.1.3

2.2

Electrical Resistivity

2.3

Linearity Range

2.4

Limits of Application

2.5

2.6

2.7

2.8

3

Method of manufacture

Section B

Applications

Section C

Page No.

1

1

2

2

2

3

4

4

5

5

5

5

5

6

Page No.

7

Page No.

Design

09

1

09

2

12

3

13

3.1

13

3.2

13

3.3

U-Shape

14

3.4

14

3.5

15

3.6

Snap Acting Discs

15

4

16

5

17

6

Worked Examples

17

Section D

Fabricating Thermostat Metal Parts

Page No.

21

1

21

2

21

2.1.

22

3

22

4

22

Section E

Forms Of Supply & Tolerances

Page No.

24

1

24

2

24

3

24

4

24

5

25

6

25

7

25

8

25

9 Standard Etch Patterns

25

Section F

Testing of Thermostatic Bimetals

Page No.

26

1

26

2 Measuring Electrical Resistivity

26

3

26

4 Measuring Shape

26

Section G

Shivalik Bimetal Types Technical Data

1

Page No.

27

27

Section H

Components and Subassemblies

Conversion Factors

Page No.

33

34

Section H Components and Subassemblies Conversion Factors Page No. 33 34

Section A

General Introduction to Thermostatic Bimetals

1 - Principle of Operation

and where > lengths where L1 > L2

A

L1

L2

A
A

and

01
01

1

1

3

#

 

#

"

%

%

R

R

0

2

t

# 0

1 !

E 1 t

2

1

# E 2 t

2

2

2

4E 1 E 2 t 1 t 2 t 2

Where R 0 0

and 0

E 1 2 0

t 1 2 are the respective thickness of the component metals t " t 1 ! t 2

# 0 ¦

Assuming E 1 " E 2 and t 1 " t 2

1

R

#

Where

3

2

1

R

0

"

#

3

2

%

# ¦

t

is known as the

"

1

R

#

1

R 0

t

¦

D Support Support R # R # D #
D
Support
Support
R #
R # D #

02
02

1 1 " % 04 R ¦ 2 2 2 t t L 1 8
1
1
"
%
04
R
¦
2
2
2
t
t
L
1
8 D
R #
"
R # D !
!
or
"
05
2
2
2
R
L 2 ! 4D 2 ! 4Dt
8 Dt
"
06
¦
L 2 ! 4D 2 ! 4Dt
7 2
8
Dt
"
07
L 2 ¦
<
2
4
Dt
08
We have a "
L 2 ¦
t
t
1
2 D
09
R !
2 "
R !
#
D 2
!
L 2
or
"
2
2
R
L 2 ! D 2 # Dt
L D R ! R ! # D
L
D
R !
R ! # D

03
03

"

2 Dt

¦ L 2 ! D 2 # Dt

2

We have a "

 

Dt

10
10
 
 

¦ L 2 ! D 2 # Dt

 

 

Dt

11
11

We obtain a "

 

 

¦

L 2

a simple beam and that the operative length of the cantilever does not begin exactly at the outside edge of the clamp but is slightly

 

2.2 Electrical Resistivity

 

is the electrical resistance of a body per unit length and unit cross-sectional area.

 
 

A

12
12

"

R

 
 

L

Where

"

mm 2

A

" cross sectional area

mm 2

L

"

gauge length used to determine R

meters

and

R

"

2.3 Electrical Resistivity

5 per cent from the

) Actual Limit of Application 20 100 range for verifying the nominal range Linearity range
)
Actual
Limit of
Application
20
100
range for
verifying the
nominal range
Linearity range

04
04

2.4

Limits of application

2.5 Permissible Bending Stress

max at the maximum temperature that the bimetal is

2.7 Thermal Conductivity

2.5 Permissible Bending Stress m a x at the maximum temperature that the bimetal is 2.7

05
05

3 - Method of Manufacture

The Continuous Hot Atomic Bonding Process

the industry uses a cold bonding process which requires a subsequent sintering operation to drive oxides and other impurities away from the metal interfaces to improve the bond.

pressure than conventional methods.

pass through a reducing atmosphere which removes oxides and other microscopic contaminants.

required to improve bond strength. A strong bond is created by the strength equal to that of its components.

in long coils of material without welds and with excellent bond centimetre of width.

by this process reveals a superior bond interface with no highly valued by users of thermostat metals.

material is stretcher roller levelled by a patented process to precision slit and edge-conditioned to remove any burr. Quality

06
06

Section B

Applications

1 - Principle of Operation

Section B Applications 1 - Principle of Operation converted into mechanical energy Contacts Thermometer Fire Detector

Section B Applications 1 - Principle of Operation converted into mechanical energy Contacts Thermometer Fire Detector

Section B Applications 1 - Principle of Operation converted into mechanical energy Contacts Thermometer Fire Detector

converted into mechanical energy converted into mechanical energy

1 - Principle of Operation converted into mechanical energy Contacts Thermometer Fire Detector Steam trap Bimetal

Contacts

Thermometer

converted into mechanical energy Contacts Thermometer Fire Detector Steam trap Bimetal Washer Motor Protection

Fire Detector

into mechanical energy Contacts Thermometer Fire Detector Steam trap Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Overload relays

Steam trap

Bimetal

Washer

Contacts Thermometer Fire Detector Steam trap Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive

Contacts Thermometer Fire Detector Steam trap Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive

Contacts Thermometer Fire Detector Steam trap Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive

Motor Protection

Fire Detector Steam trap Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil

Overload relaysFire Detector Steam trap Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges

Steam trap Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges

Air Dryers

Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil

Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil

Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil

Automotive

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling

Energy Regulatorstrap Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling regulators

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling regulators

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling regulators

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling regulators

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling regulators

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling regulators

Oil Pressure-gaugestrap Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators 07 Oil cooling regulators

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling regulators

07
07

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling regulators

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling regulators

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling regulators

Oil cooling regulatorsSteam trap Bimetal Washer Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07

Motor Protection Overload relays Air Dryers Automotive Energy Regulators Oil Pressure-gauges 07 Oil cooling regulators

Domestic Appliances

Domestic Appliances Electric Ranges Refrigerators Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action

Electric RangesDomestic Appliances Refrigerators Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs

Domestic Appliances Electric Ranges Refrigerators Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action

Refrigerators

Washing MachinesDomestic Appliances Electric Ranges Refrigerators Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs

Appliances Electric Ranges Refrigerators Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal

Appliances Electric Ranges Refrigerators Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal

Aviation

Electric Ranges Refrigerators Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs

Electric Ranges Refrigerators Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs

Electric Ranges Refrigerators Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs

Electric Ranges Refrigerators Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs

Electric Ranges Refrigerators Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs

Percolators

Ranges Refrigerators Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs Contacts Spring

AltimetersRanges Refrigerators Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Medical Snap action bimetal discs Contacts Spring Helical

Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs Contacts Spring Helical

Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs Contacts Spring Helical

Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs Contacts Spring Helical

Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs Contacts Spring Helical

Medical

Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs Contacts Spring Helical spring

Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs Contacts Spring Helical spring

Washing Machines Aviation Percolators Altimeters Medical Snap action bimetal discs Contacts Spring Helical spring

Snap action

bimetal discs

Contacts

Spring

Helical spring

Snap action bimetal discs Contacts Spring Helical spring Snap disc thermostat Adjustable thermostat Indirectly

Snap disc thermostat

discs Contacts Spring Helical spring Snap disc thermostat Adjustable thermostat Indirectly adjustable thermostat

Adjustable thermostat

Helical spring Snap disc thermostat Adjustable thermostat Indirectly adjustable thermostat Ambient compensated

Indirectly adjustable thermostat

Adjustable thermostat Indirectly adjustable thermostat Ambient compensated thermostat Thermostatic Bimetal Glass

Ambient compensated thermostat

Thermostatic Bimetal Glass Bulb Fluorescent tube starter glow switch
Thermostatic
Bimetal
Glass
Bulb
Fluorescent tube starter glow switch

Warm Cold Mixed Water
Warm
Cold
Mixed
Water

Switch
Switch

Heating

Resistance

Timer Switch

08
08

Section C

Design

1
1

2
2

3
3

4
4

Special factors such as high corrosion resistance or high strength

5
5

6
6

Price

High activity and medium operating temperature types

206-1

206-2

223-1

Medium activity and high operating temperature types

206-3

temperatures but a higher activity at higher temperatures and a wide linearity range.

206-4

223-3

 

258-1

Low activity and low resistivity types

09
09

Highest activity and highest resistivity types

721-112

type of bimetal.

721-140

Systematic variation of thickness of this shunt layer gives a series of bimetals suitable for circuit breakers

 

variation of thickness of this shunt layer gives a series of bimetals suitable for circuit breakers

10
10
Automated Stretch Levelling Line 197-7 258-1 258-3 258-5 721cu3 combination of high activity and low

Automated Stretch Levelling Line

197-7

258-1

258-3

258-5

721cu3

combination of high activity and low resistivity outweigh corrosion resistance and strength.

 

721cu10

721S50

721S60

721S80

11
11

1
1

2
2

U-Shapes

3
3

4
4

Discs

5
5

Spiral and helix coils

6
6

Snap elements

 
1
1

2
2

Dead weight of the bimetal

3
3

4
4

Permissible bending stress

5
5

Space available

6
6

Minimum bimetal volume

7
7

8
8

Economy and accuracy of manufacture

Cantilevers and Simple Beams

the cantilever or simple beam.

U-Shape

transforming temperature change to force such as in control valves or for operating switches.

12
12

Symbols used

w = Width in mm

max

D

"

m "

a ¦ L 2

t

Ew t 3 D

4 L 3

E a t 2 w ¦

t "

4 L

max "

t 2 w

3.2 Simple Beam Freely Supported

D

"

a ¦ L 2

4t

4 E w t 3 D

m "

L 3

E a t 2 w ¦

t "

L

max "

2 t 2 w

m

t developed if the bimetal is completely restrained.

13 L t 14 D 15 16 17 t 18 D L 19 20 13
13
L
t
14
D
15
16
17
t
18
D
L
19
20
13

3.3

U-Shape

Assuming radius of bend is small compared to length

a ¦ L 2 D " 21 2t D E w t 3 D m
a
¦ L 2
D
"
21
2t
D
E w t 3 D
m "
22
L 3
E
a w t 2 ¦
t "
23
2
L
L
24
max "
t 2 w
360 a ¦ L
A
"
25
t
L
W
2
AE t 2 w
r
m "
26
360 % 12 L r
E
a w t 2 ¦
t "
27
6
r
A
r
W
28
max "
t 2 w
t
A

14
14

3.5

Creep type discs

a ¦ x 2 # y 2

D "

4 t

m "

4 E t 3 D

x 2 # y 2

max "

2t 2

t m " 4 E t 3 D x 2 # y 2 max " 2t

3.6 Snap Acting Discs

A disc of thermostat metal is pretensioned by dishing or doming. bimetal action reach a point where they equal the pretensioning stresses. At this point the disc snaps to the opposite concave. Upon cooling the reverse action takes place but at a lower temperature.

determine these temperatures but certain guidelines will help to

on

our

precision

special purpose machines.

will help to on our precision special purpose machines. 1.0 0.75 0.5 0.25 0 50 100
1.0 0.75 0.5 0.25 0 50 100 150
1.0
0.75
0.5
0.25
0
50 100
150
A
A

B
B

C
C

D
D

E
E

F
F

G
G

15
15

D

D "

t "

a ¦ D L 2

t

E a t 2 W ¦

4 L

Work done

W " t % D "

a ¦ D L 2

E a t 2 w ¦

%

 

t

4 L

E a 2 L w t ¦ D %

¦

"

4

"

W "

"

E a 2 v ¦ D %

¦

4

4 W

E a 2

¦ D %

¦

¦ D % ¦

i.e. when ¦ D "

¦ "

¦

2

min "

16 W

E a 2

¦ 2

16
16
32
32

¦

 

Q

" mc ¦

33
33

Where m " mass and c "

 

Q

" 2 R

34
34

when R is the resistance in ohms and is time is seconds

 

mc 2 R

35
35

Or

 

2 R

36
36
 

¦

"

 

mc

be produced by a temperature change from 40 to 120

 

a

¦ L 2

14.3 % 10 #6 % 80 % 30 2

t

"

 

"

 

"

0.69mm

 
 

D

1.5

temperature change from 40 to 100

 

a

¦ L 2

20.5 % 10 #6 % ½ 100 # 40 % L 2

or t " 0.00041 L 2

 

t

"

 

"

 
 
 

D

1.5

or t 2

" 0.168 % 10 #6

L 4

t "

L "

E a t 2 w¦

4 L

14000 % 20.5 % 10 #6 % t 2 % 12 % ½

100 # 40

4 % 5

"

50.184 t 2

Substituting the value of t 2

L 3 " 118611

or

L " 49.1 mm.

17
17
37
37

"

max "

t 2 w

"

6 % 5 % 49.1

1 % 12

" 2

¦ "

2 R

mc

 

L

L

R "

"

 

A

t % w

m " % L % w % 3

¦ "

2

t 2

% w 2

c

100 2 % 1.4 % 0.2

¦

"

7.5 % t 2 % 25 % 0.45

D "

a ¦ L 2

t

t " 0.01458

¦

or

t 3 0.484

t 0.79 mm

53.2

"

33.18

t

2

14.4 % 10 #6 % ¦ % 45 2

t

"

2

36
36

example 3 we have

18
18

2 "

w 2 t 3 c D

L 2 a

 

c

2 R

 

a

Since the density

2

1 2 a 2

"

2

2

1 a 1

2 1 as a basis of initial selection.

Substituting the value for 2 "

or 2 = 0.35 mm 2

Similarly where

2 " 300A

2 " 0.16

2

100

200

"

2

1.4

of the nominal value for type 721-140.

"

¦ "

200 2 % 0.35 % 0.2

8.3

% 0.79 2

% 25 % 0.45

" 48

"

¦ "

300 2 % 0.166 % 0.2

8.3 % 0.79 2

% 25 % 0.45

" 51.3

on the device.

D "

aL 2

t

19
19

D " a ! 2 ! a is controlled to within 2 ½

20
20

Fabrication Thermostat Metal Parts

Ensure no burr occurs in the stamped part. Use accurate cutting tools.Fabrication Thermostat Metal Parts Preferably the bending axis should be perpendicular to rolling direction. 2321

Preferably the bending axis should be perpendicular to rolling direction.Fabrication Thermostat Metal Parts Ensure no burr occurs in the stamped part. Use accurate cutting tools.

2321
2321

2.1

Procedure for Stabilizing Heat Treatment

2 2

such cases it is recommended to snap the elements several times at the maximum operating temperature.

torch or electric arc for welding.

the fastening and instability in the thermostat operation.

gold. Silver plating may be useful to reduce contact resistance of direct electric heated bimetals.

or epoxy resins have been used successfully.

22
22
23

23
23

Section E

Forms of Supply & Tolerances

and width outside this range can be supplied by special arrangement.

wound on plastic bobbins.

t 7 0.15 7   0.15 t 7 0.25 10   0.25 t 7 0.6

t

7 0.15

7

 

0.15

t 7 0.25

10

 

0.25

t 7 0.6

15

t

0.6

2 ½

Disc Material

t 7 0.2 4 0.2 t 7 0.40

t

7 0.2

4

0.2 t 7 0.40

can be provided by prior agreement.

 

W 7 50mm

W 50mm

t

7 0.2

0.1

0.15

t

0.2

0.15

0.20

requirements can be agreed at the time of placing the order.

LF W t
LF
W
t

measuring from the centre of the straight edge to the strip edge.

W
W

requirements can be agreed at the time of placing the order.

CC W
CC
W

provided on special request.

25
25

Section F

Testing of Thermostatic Bimetals

temperature is controlled to 0.1 means of a large least count micrometer when its transmission rod multimeter indicates the point at which contact is made with the strip.

reference only.

2 - Measuring Electrical Resistivity

the strip. reference only. 2 - Measuring Electrical Resistivity 4 - Measuring Shape misunderstandings can be

4 - Measuring Shape

misunderstandings can be avoided.

26
26

Section G

Shivalik Bimetal Types Technical Data

the grade indicate the high expansion alloy followed

material of shunt is indicated alongwith the resistivity values in middle and having a resistivity of 11

only. Extrapolated values may be in approximation.

6 721-112 5 206-1 721-140 206-2 223-1 4 3 2 100mm 1mm D 1 0
6
721-112
5
206-1
721-140
206-2
223-1
4
3
2
100mm
1mm
D
1
0
20
100
200
300
400
500
600
206-3
5
223-3
4
3
2
1
100mm
1mm
D
0
20
100
200
300
400
500
600
27

2 721-140 1.50 1.45 721-112 1.40 1.35 1.30 1.25 1.20 1.15 1.10 206-1 1.05 206-3
2
721-140
1.50
1.45
721-112
1.40
1.35
1.30
1.25
1.20
1.15
1.10
206-1
1.05
206-3
1.0
223-1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
100
200
300
2
0.10 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 100 200 300 28 2
0.10
0.09
0.08
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.01
100
200
300
28
2
   

SHIVALIK BIMETAL CONTROLS LTD. SUMMARY OF STANDARD GRADES

 
 

TYPE

'FLEXIVITY

F

FLEXIVITY

TOLERANCE

SPECIFIC

THERMAL

CURVATURE

RANGE OF

LINEARITY**

Max Temp of usage**

RESISTIVITY AT

20°C

*

RESISTIVITY

AT 75°F

*

RESISTIVITY

TOLERANCE

Modulus of

Elasticity

'E' **

DENSITY

**

THERMAL

CONDUCTIVITY

'K'**

RECOMENDED

HEAT

TREATMENT FOR

STANDARD HARDNESS RANGE

 

EQUIVALENT GRADES

 

Sr No.

SHIVALIK

(50 to 200°F)

'k'**

ρ

ρ

2 HRS

LE SIDE

HE SIDE

             
   

X 10 -6 /°F

 

± %

X10 -6 /°C

°C

°C

Ohm mm 2 /m

Ohm circmil/ft.

± %

KN /mm 2

gm/cm 3

W/cm ˚ C

°C

VICKERS HARDNESS NO.(HV)

ASTM

IMPHY

EMS

FPEC

DIN

AUERHAMMER

NEOMAX

1

206-1

15.80

 

5

28.44

-20 to 200

500

0.780

470

4

170

8.1

0.120

350

190-240

200-275.

TM29

AS

LA1

FPA206-78

TB1577A

TB155/78

(BL-2)

2

206-2

14.60

 

5

26.28

-20 to 300

500

0.770

465

4

170

8.1

0.120

350

190-240

200-275

         

TB150/74

 

3

206-3

12.20

 

5

21.96

-20 to 380

500

0.700

420

4

170

8.1

0.125

350

190-240

200-275

 

BS

LA3

FPA206-70

TB1170A

TB 115/70

BH-2

4

206-4

9.90

 

5

17.82

-20 to 430

500

0.619

373

4

170

8.0

 

350

190-240

200-275

             

5

206-S

6.30

 

5

11.34

-20 to 200

500

0.211

127

4

170

8.0

 

350

180-230

200-275

             

6

223-1

15.00

 

5

27.00

-20 to 200

500

0.790

475

4

170

8.1

0.120

350

190-240

215-300

TM1

R80

B1

FPA223-80

 

TB 140/80

BL-5

7

223-1D

14.72

 

4

26.50

-20 to 200

500

0.790

475

4

170

8.1

0.120

350

200-240

240-300

TM1

R80

B1

FPA223-80

 

TB 140/80

BL-5

8

223-3

11.70

 

5

21.06

-20 to 320

500

0.690

415

4

170

8.1

0.130

350

190-240

215-300

             

9

223-N

4.60

 

5

8.28

-20 to 200

500

0.158

95

6

200

8.6

0.420

350

190-240

215-300

             

10

 

N-1

10.20

 

5

18.36

-20 to 150

450

0.158

95

6

170

8.6

0.420

350

190-240

190-240

TM22

R15/15B

N1

FPAN-16

 

TB 97/16

BL-3

11

258-1

13.90

 

5

25.02

-20 to 200

500

0.830

500

4

175

8.1