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NAME:_______________________________________________ Date:________________ Pd:____

Passive and Active Transport Internet Assignment


CELL MEMBRANES

Visit the following website: http://www.biology4kids.com/files/cell_membrane.html


Read the top three sections: “Cell Membranes”, “Flexible Containers”, and “Ingrained in the Membrane” and then
answer the questions below:
1. What are two functions of the cell membrane that are referred to in the section “Cell Membrane”?

2. Which two structures make up MOST of the cell membrane?

3. What is the function of the structures?

4. Label the picture with these two parts:

5. What is the “fluid mosaic model”?

6. Label the diagram of the phospholipid molecule bellow using


the words “hydrophobic” and “hydrophilic.”

PASSIVE TRANSPORT
Visit the following website: http://www.biology4kids.com/files/cell2_passivetran.html
Answer the following questions:
1. How are passive transport and active transport different from each other?

2. What are two types of passive transport where molecules are moving “freely”?

3. What type of diffusion would a glucose molecule use to get into a cell?

4. What is “facilitated diffusion”?

5. Does “facilitated diffusion” require energy to be expended?


NAME:_______________________________________________ Date:________________ Pd:____
6. Do oxygen molecules need to use “facilitated diffusion” in order to diffuse into the cell? Why or why not?

7. What is osmosis?

8. Is osmosis a passive or active process?

9. What happens when a red blood cell is put into pure water?

10. Why does this happen?

11. Is that pure water a hypotonic, hypertonic, or isotonic solution?

12. Label the following pictures isotonic, hypertonic or hypotonic:

DIFFUSION
Visit the following website: https://www.wisc-online.com/learn/natural-science/life-science/ap1903/the-cell-passive-
transport-diffusion
Answer the following questions:
1. Is diffusion active or passive transport of particles across the cell membrane?

2. In the very beginning, how does the concentration of the blue particles on side A compare to that of side B?
3. What 3 things can molecules moving with kinetic energy do?

4. Net diffusion moves down the concentration gradient from areas of ______________ concentration to areas of
______________ concentration.
5. Eventually the two sides will come to equilibrium. What is equilibrium?

6. What happens to the movement of molecules when their temperature is raised? ____________
7. What happens to the movement of molecules when their temperature is lowered? __________

OSMOSIS
Visit the following website: https://www.wisc-online.com/learn/natural-science/life-science/ap11003/the-cell-passive-
transport-osmosis
Answer the following questions:
1. What is osmosis?
2. What does the dashed line in the beaker separating the two sides represent?________________
3. Why are they assuming the large molecules will stay on their own side of the membrane?
NAME:_______________________________________________ Date:________________ Pd:____
4. Because molecules will move from one side to another to come to an equilibrium, or balance of concentration,
the ___________________ moves from side B to side A, so the water level on side A goes ____________.

5. In living things, cell must be in a _____________________ solution where water leaves and enters the cell at the
_____________________.

6. What happens to a cell in a concentrated, hypertonic environment?

7. What happens to a cell in a concentrated, hypotonic environment?

ALIEN EGG EXPERIMENT


Watch the video presentation and answer the questions: http://tinyurl.com/lgffq7m
1. What effect did vinegar have on the egg?

2. Why did the mass of the egg increase after soaking in the vinegar solution?

3. Name the process that is occurring: ______________________


4. What material seems to have moved through the membrane of the egg after it soaked in the corn syrup? In
what direction did the material move?
5. At what point was the egg in a hypertonic solution? Explain what happened in this process.

6. At what point was the egg in a hypotonic solution? Explain what happened in this process.

ACTIVE TRANSPORT
Visit the following website and answer the questions: http://www.biology4kids.com/files/cell2_activetran.html
1. What is active transport?

2. Which membrane molecules do the most work in active transport?

3. Membrane proteins are very _____________, meaning that they are designed to move only one or two types of
molecules or ions across a membrane.

4. What does it mean by proteins working


against a concentration gradient?

5. In the illustration to the right, label which


type of transport is shown: facilitated
diffusion or active transport.

ACTIVE TRANSPORT (ATP)


Visit the following website and answer the questions: https://www.wisc-online.com/learn/natural-science/life-
science/ap11203/transport-processes-requiring-atp
1. What does ATP stand for?
2. With ATP energy, the carrier transports the molecule from an area of __________________ concentration to an
area of _______________ concentration.
NAME:_______________________________________________ Date:________________ Pd:____

3. ________% of the cell’s ATP may be used in this type of transport across the cell membrane.

4. What is endocytosis?

5. In the top movie, ______________ process is being simulated. Explain what is occurring.

6. In the bottom movie, ________________ process is being simulated. Explain what is occurring.

7. Explain how exocytosis works.

PARAGRAPH ASSIGNMENT:

In paragraph form, explain how cells in your body control the substances that enter. Use and underline the
following words in your conclusion paragraph: selectively permeable, glucose, cell membrane, high concentration, low
concentration, diffusion, large, small, and molecules.

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