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Good and Evil- Literary Verdicts

I want to prove that battle between good and evil exists in every human with free will. God
created the world in doubles and opposites. The distinction between good and evil is a common
theme in literature, as well as a battle that still exists in the world today. Evil seems to be
unavoidable and is present in different forms, whether it is Grendel’s Mother from Beowulf, the
Dorian from The portret of Dorian Gray , Heathcliff from Wuthering Heights or Ivan from
Brothers Karamazov.We need evil to know the good; it is about us, and our ability to recognize
the good. These two elements are not in contradiction but is a balance to establish the comic
order of the universe. Without evil, we wouldn't be able to see the virtue in contrast.
So once losing the human factor, a man will let his body and soul apart for the free will
without guidance and constraint. The body without soul will lose the nature of man and become
just a man without soul who is completely in a life relying on his instincts, the same as beasts
with no ethics and distinguishes (NIE, 2011,p. 10). So does Heathcliff and Ivan Karamazov.
Owing to the novel's enduring fame and popularity, Heathcliff is often regarded as an
archetype of the tortured romantic hero whose all-consuming passions destroy both him and
those around him.His complicated, mesmerizing, consumable, and altogether bizarre nature
makes him a rare character, with components of both the hero and villain.
Heathcliff is presented as an embodiment of dark powers. This aspect of his character is
stressed throughout the novel. Mr. Earnshaw introduces him as a dark man "almost as if it came
from the devil." Hindley calls Heathcliff a "fiend" and a "hellish villain(Chapter VII)." The mild
Edgar Linton describes him to young Cathy as "a most diabolical man." When his own son
shrinks from him, Heathcliff exclaims, "You would imagine I was the devil himself -- to excite
such horror." But it is Isabella who leaves the reader with the strongest impression of Heathcliff's
darkness. In a
letter to Nelly, Isabella wonders if Heathcliff is a man or a devil. To her, Heathcliff appears
"diabolical," an "incarnate goblin (“Wuthering Heights” Chapter XVII)," "a monster and not a
human being(Chapter XIII)," "only half man: not so much, and the rest fiend." The intense
suffering and revenge led him to his extreme cruelty brings to the surface the complexity of the
origin and co-existence of good and evil in human nature. All the negative effects of abuse and
victimization built Heathcliff’s personality and turned him into a demon like . Heathcliff made
everyone hate him and look at him as a devil or a creature came from hell. Therefore, he died
alone with a family and without a beloved. As he destroyed others, abuse once has destroyed him
“Je pense, donc je suis( I think so I am), I know that for a fact, all the rest, all these worlds,
God and even Satan—all that is not proved, to my mind. Does all that exist of itself, or is it only
an emanation of myself, a logical development of my ego which alone has existed forever (The
Brothers Karamazov (1879-80) Book XI ,Chapter VI,p. 781)?” Nevertheless , the endless war we
are in with ourselves, the contradictions of our ideas and creation of ideals, the conflict of God or
no God, the choice of being sinner or saint, is all in us, within us, and Dostoyevsky leaves
nothing unsaid in telling the tale of who we are, and what we choose to hide, the characteristic
quality of his prose is directness, he sometimes, undoubtedly descends to the elegant, but his
element is great.
“In a thousand of agonies - I exist. Other tormented on the rack - but I exist! Though I sit
alone on a pillar - I exist! I see the sun, and if I see the sun, I know know there. And knowing a
whole life in that, in knowing that the sun is there (Book XI, Chapter IV, p.665).” On account of
this quote, result that Ivan, the rebellious atheist of sharp intellect and faster tongue who, in spite
of proving God's non-existence through the intrinsic cruelty of mankind, admits receiving nightly
visits from the devil. Ivan's strategist and scheming mind rejects the idea of mercy and his Grand
Inquisitor makes him refuse his own humanity.
“I don’t want harmony. For love of humanity I don’t want it. I would rather be left with the
unavenged suffering. I would rather remain with my unavenged suffering and unsatisfied
indignation (Book V, chapter 4 p.268).” Ivan’s idea was that if there is no God, everything is
permitted. This philosophy torments Ivan, because in spite of him believing this to be the case,
there is some part of himself that he cannot get on board with this idea. It’s as if he has some part
of himself that he cannot get rid of, despite how hard he tries. This side of him, presents itself in
his dreams, as the devil, because that is very much how Ivan saw it. The struggles that Ivan went
through because of his nihilism, was what lead to the non-religious existentialist movement in
the 20th century.
Weighing up both side and no matter what paragraph said: “The body without soul will lose
the nature of man …“, I truly support that ”God creating a world where there is evil, as opposed
to one where there is only good, is an act of love since an imperfect world allows God to better
illustrate his love for his creation. God does not love his creation because it is perfect, but despite
its imperfection, demonstrating a greater quality of love (Religions - Christianity: Original sin)”.
All in all , human beings are the cause of evil; it is because we choose evil and have free
will that there is evil at all. The world doesn't really change, but good things are somehow
bettered when they are contrasted with evil than if they weren't. Likewise, the world is bettered if
there is some evil in it than if there wasn't.