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TRIGONOMETRY

1)

Write down the ratios of tan, sin and cos .

 5 4
5
4

2)

Find the exact value of sin , cosec , sec and cot .

7 12  6 3) If tan  11 , find the exact ratios of
7
12
6
3)
If tan 
11 , find the exact ratios of sin and cos .
4)
Find the value of x if sin 39
 cos
x
.
62
5)
Simplify cot
.
6)
tan 28
Evaluate  if sec  40  cos
ec
2
 10
7)
Evaluate tan 56 23'
correct to 3 decimal places.
8)
9)
Find  in degrees and minutes if cos   0.235.
Find the value of p in the diagram below, correct to one decimal place.
8
43 0 51’

p

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the diagram below, correct to one decimal place. 8 43 0 51’ p hscintheholidays.com.au All Rights

10)

7

Evaluate x to one decimal place. 49 0 19’ x
Evaluate x to one decimal place.
49 0 19’
x

11)

Find in degrees and minutes, to the nearest minute.

2.2 
2.2
1.7  12) The angle of elevation from Amanda to the top of a tree
1.7
12)
The angle of elevation from Amanda to the top of a tree is 51 34
' . If Amanda is
standing 5 metres out from the base of the tree, how tall is the tree, to one decimal place?
13)
A plane leaves Sydney and flies on a bearing of 235  for 500 km. How far west of
Sydney is the plane, to the nearest km?
14)
A bird is perched on top of a 10 m tower, watching a worm down on the ground. If
the angle of depression down to the worm is 67 20
' , how far does the bird need to fly
down to catch the worm? Answer to one decimal place.
15)
Lee starts a bush walk at Katoomba by walking 4 km due north. She then turns and
walks due west for 5 km. Find, to the nearest degree,
(a)
Lee’s bearing from Katoomba
(b)
the bearing of Katoomba from Lee.
16)
17)
18)

19)

20)

21)

22)

23)

24)

25)

Find the exact value of cos 30 0 . Find the exact value of tan 60 0 . Find the exact value of sin 45 0 . Find the exact value of cos 315 0 . Find the exact value of sin 240 0 . Find the exact value of tan (-210 0 ) In which quadrants is tan x > 0? In which quadrants is cos x < 0? In which quadrant is tan x < 0 and sin x < 0?

Given sin 3

5

and tan < 0, find the exact values of cos and cot .

26)

27)

28)

Solve 2 sin1 for

Solve

Solve 2 cos2 1 for 0

0

360

180

.

tan

0 0       360   180 . tan  

3 for 180

360

.

.

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tan   3 for  180       360  .

29)

Solve sin 2

1

2

for 0

360

.

30)

31)

32)

33)

34)

Solve cos 1 for

0

360

.

Sketch the graph of y = sin x for 0 Sketch the graph of y = cos x for 0 Sketch the graph of y = tan x for 0 Simplify sin .cosec

360

360

360

.

.

.

2 35) Simplify 9  9 cos  36) Simplify sin  + sin 
2
35)
Simplify
9
 9
cos 
36)
Simplify
sin  + sin  .cot 2 
2
2
 tan
37)
Prove that sec
cos
ec
.
sin

1

38) Prove that  ( 1  sin  )( 1  sin  )
38)
Prove that
(
1
sin
)(
1
sin
)
.
1  tan
2 
39)
Evaluate x to one decimal place.
46 0 23’
x
63 0 18’
7.6 cm
40)
Evaluate  in degrees and minutes, to the nearest minute.
93 0 45’
5.4 cm
6.8 cm

41)

(a) Evaluate n correct to one decimal place. (b) Find the area of the triangle correct to 3 significant figures.

n 2.7 m 3.5 m 102 0 34’
n
2.7 m
3.5 m
102 0 34’

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correct to 3 significant figures. n 2.7 m 3.5 m 102 0 34’ hscintheholidays.com.au All Rights
42) Find  in degrees and minutes, to the nearest minute.  5.3 cm 5.1
42)
Find  in degrees and minutes, to the nearest minute.
5.3 cm
5.1 cm

8.7cm

43)

measures the angle of elevation as 30 0 . Jane is standing 10 metres closer to the tower than Adrian.

Adrian measures the angle of elevation of the top of a tower as 25 0 and Jane

B

30 0 25 0 C J 10 m A (a) Find the length of BJ
30 0
25 0
C
J 10 m
A
(a)
Find the length of BJ to two decimal places.
(b)
Hence find the height of the tower to one decimal place.
44)
A ship sails for 270 km from Sydney on a bearing of 055 0 . It then turns and sails for
380 km on a bearing of 120 0 . How far is the ship from Sydney, to the nearest km?
45)
B
3 cm
A
C
F

E

D

ABCDE is a regular pentagon with sides 3 cm. Point F is drawn so that AF = BF = CF = DF = EF.

(a)

Find the size of <AFB.

(b)

Show that the interior angle sum of the pentagon is 540 0 .

(c)

Find the length of AF to one decimal place.

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0 . (c) Find the length of AF to one decimal place. hscintheholidays.com.au All Rights Reserved.

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

7)

ANSWERS

tan

4

,sin

3

sin

3

4 ,cos
5

5

95
95

,cos

ec

12

12

7

95
95

,sec

,cot

95
95
 

12

 

7

sin

 

6

11

157
157

,cos

157
157

x = 51 0

1

= 20 0

1.504

8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15)  = 76 0 25’ p =
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
 = 76 0 25’
p = 5.8
x = 9.2
 = 37 0 42’
6.3 metres
410 km
10.8 metres
(a) 309 0 (b) 129 0
3
16)
2
17)
3
1
18)
2
1
19)
2
3
20)
-
2
1
21)
-
3

22)

1st and 3rd

 

23)

2nd and 3rd

24)

4th

25)

cos 

4 ,cot 
5

4

3

26)

=30 0 , 150 0 =60 0 , -120 0 =60 0 , 120 0 , 240 0 , 300 0 =45 0 , 135 0 , 225 0 , 315 0 =0 0 , 360 0

27)

28)

29)

30)

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0  =0 0 , 360 0 27) 28) 29) 30) hscintheholidays.com.au All Rights Reserved. Page

31)

y

1 x 90 0 180 0 270 0 360 0 -1 32) y 1 x
1
x
90
0
180 0
270 0
360 0
-1
32)
y
1
x
90 0
180 0
270 0
360 0
-1
33)

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0 360 0 -1 32) y 1 x 90 0 180 0 270 0 360 0

y

1 x 90 0 180 0 270 0 360 0 -1 34) 1 35) 3sin
1
x
90 0
180 0
270
0
360 0
-1
34)
1
35)
3sin
36)
cosec 
37)
LHS
2
2
sec
 tan
sin
2
2
1 
tan
tan
sin
1
sin
 cos ec
= RHS
2
2
sec
 tan
 cos ec
sin
38)
LHS
1
2
1  tan
1
sec
2 

cos

RHS

(

1

cos

1

sin

sin

2

2

2

)(

1

sin

)

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  1  sin  sin 2  2 2   )( 1 

39)

40)

41)

42)

43)

44)

45)

LHS = RHS

1

1 tan

2

(

1

sin

)(

1

sin

)

x = 9.4 cm = 52 0 25’ (a) n = 4.9 m (b) 4.61 m = 113 0 32’

(a) BJ = 48.49 m (b) 24.2 m 551 km

(a) 72 0

2

(b) S = 180n - 360 0 = 540 0 (when n = 5) (c) 2.6 cm

(b) S = 180 n - 360 0 = 540 0 (when n = 5) (c)

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(b) S = 180 n - 360 0 = 540 0 (when n = 5) (c)