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Micro 5, Week 1 FridayCan you prevent an Eggcident with a seat belt?

Goals:

To gain a conceptual understanding of the Law of Inertia

To design and test an experiment that promotes scientific thinking and process

Objectives:

For students to understand what “inertia” is, either by describing it as an adjective, a law, or a state of matter

For students to relate the concept of objects in motion remaining in motion unless acted upon by a force to a real-life seat belt scenario

For students to work as a team to design an experiment that tests their theories

For students to collect data in an organized, coherent table or chart

For students to compare and contrast 2 graphs?

Essential Questions:

How can we test the law of inertia in our classroom?

How can we test the effectiveness of seat belts in our classroom?

Materials: (same as previous day, but this time the ramps are already constructed) Set Up: Ask groups that had a successful trial yesterday advice to give other groups

Experiment:

2)Testing with a seatbelt

Place ramp balancing on the dowels for the level at 15 inches. The egg can be placed in the car and students can devise a way to use the glove as the seatbelt. Students predict if they think the egg will break or not, even with the addition of the seatbelt.

Have students release the car from the top of the ramp and when the car smashes into the bricks, have students discuss the effects with group members, record their data, and graph the results

Repeat this process for 3 additional heights chosen by student groups

Discussion Questions:

What effect did your angle of incline have on your trial runs?

After completing this experiment, would you recommend wearing a helmet when sledding, biking, or skating

Ticket to leave: free write in your pay it forward journal 3 things you learned today

Name

Date

Can You Prevent an Eggcident?

Do you think wearing a seatbelt will help you if you get into an accident? Why or why not?

If you are going faster without a seatbelt in a car, do you think that makes a difference in terms of crash injuries?

Draw a picture of a passenger wearing a seatbelt. Include and write two sentences on how you think it works below.

Sketch a line for this graph. What do you think it might look like?

How can Inertiabe the cause of life or death in a car crash?

Take a look at the picture above. You’re riding on the bus on your way to school and you spy your favorite flavor Gatorade on the floor. You try to pick it up before someone snatches it in the seat behind you, but when you do, the bus stops suddenly and the bottle rolls forward just out of your reach! Why?

When the bus starts, the bottle stays in a state of rest because of its inertia. It rolls back to its original position as the bus begins to move. When the bus stops suddenly, the bottle continues its motion and rolls towards the direction the bus is headed. The bottle stays at rest only when the bus is moving with a constant velocity.

So what happens in a car crash?

In a car crash, passengers that are not wearing seatbelts will continue their constant motion with their car upon impact. When the car stops suddenly, the passenger moves forward just like the Gatorade.

Draw a picture above of a passenger’s movement without a seatbelt upon crash impact