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# Level - II

Chapter 10

Wave Optics

Solutions

SECTION - A
Objective Type Questions
(Models of Light)
1. Corpuscular theory of light predicts speed of light to be
(1) Independent of medium (2) Greater in water than in vacuum
(3) Greater in vacuum than in water (4) Dependent on intensity of light
2. Two light rays initially in same phase travel through two media of equal length L having refractive index m1 and
m2 (m1 > m2) as shown in figure. If the wave length of light rays in air is , the phase difference of the emerging
rays is given by

Air µ1 Air

µ2

L
L1 (1   2 )L 2(1   2 )L
(1)  (2) (3) (4) Zero
2 2 

Optical path difference between the emerging rays = 1L – 2L

φ= (μ1L − μ2L )
λ

(Huygens’ Principle)

3. Light wave travel in vacuum along the x-axis, which of the following may represent the wave front
(1) x = a (2) y=a (3) z=a (4) x+y+z=a
Wave front is always perpendicular to direction of propagation of light.

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38 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

## (The Doppler’s Effect)

4. Apparent wavelength of light coming from a star moving away from earth is 0.02% more than its actual
wavelength. Velocity of star is
(1) 30 km/s (2) 60 km/s (3) 90 km/s (4) 120 km/s

=
λ C

∆λ 3 × 105 × 0.02
λ 100
= 60 km/s

## (Interference of Light Wave and Young’s Double Slit Experiment)

5. In Young double slit experiment, 12 fringes are obtained in a certain fragment of the screen, when light of
wavelength 600 nm is used. If the wavelength of light is changed to 400 nm, number of fringes observed in
the same segment of the screen is
(1) 12 (2) 18 (3) 24 (4) 30

12λ1D
Width of screen is =
d

12λ1D n λ 2D
For new wavelength = =
d d

12λ1 6000
 Number of fringes (n) = = 12 × = 18
λ2 4000

6. A thin film of water ( = 4/3) is 3100 Å thick. If it is illuminated by white light at normal incidence. The colour
of film in the reflected light will be
(1) Blue (2) Black (3) Yellow (4) Red
Wave length for which maxima occurs

λ
2t cos r = (2n – 1)
2

4μt cos r
λ=
2n − 1

4 t
r = 0,  
2n  1
for n = 2

4  3100  4
  = 5511.11 Å
3 3

(Wavelength of yellow)
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Solutions of Assignment (Level-II) Wave Optics 39
7. The central fringe of the interference pattern produced by light of wavelength 6000 Å is found to shift to the
position of 4th bright fringe after a glass plate of refractive index 1.5 is introduced in front of one slit in Young’s
experiment. The thickness of the glass plate will be
(1) 4.8 μm (2) 8.23 μm (3) 14.98 μm (4) 3.78 μm
(µ − 1)tD
Fringe shift =
d

4 λD
4th bright fringe =
d

( μ − 1)tD 4 λ D
Equating both = =
d d
8. In Young’s double slit experiment shown in figure. S1 and S2 are coherent sources and S is the screen having
a hole at a point 1.0 mm away from the central line. White light (400 to 700 nm) is sent through the slits.
Which wavelength passing through the hole has strong intensity?

centre of
S1 screen
0.5 mm
S2 1.0 mm
hole
50 cm screen
S
(1) 400 nm (2) 700 nm (3) 500 nm (4) 667 nm
nD λ
Yn =
d
Yn = 10–3m, D = 0.5 m, d = 0.5 × 10–3 m
500
λ= nm
n
9. In Young’s double slit experiment, the intensity of light at a point on the screen where the path difference is

 is I0. The intensity of light at a point where the path difference becomes is
3
I0 I0 I0
(1) I0 (2) (3) (4)
4 3 2
Where the path difference is , the fringe intensity will be maximum.
I0 = 4I
(I= intensity of each slit)
λ 2π
Where, ∆ × = , ∆φ =
3 3

I = 4I cos2 ∆φ
2
2 π
I = I0 cos
3
I0
I=
4

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40 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

## 10. Four different independent waves are represented by

 
(i) y1 = a1sint (ii) y2 = a2sin2t (iii) y3 = a3cost (iv) y 4  a4 sin  t  
 3

## With which of two waves interference is possible?

(1) (i) & (ii) (2) (i) & (iv)
(3) (iii) & (iv) (4) Not possible with any combination
(They are independent waves)

11. In YDSE, a thin film (μ = 1.6) of thickness 0.01 mm is introduced in the path of one of the two interfering
beams. The central fringe moves to a position occupied by the 10th bright fringe earlier. The wave length of
wave is
(1) 600 Å (2) 6000 Å (3) 60 Å (4) 660 Å

(µ − 1)tD
Shift of fringes is given by
d

10 λD
This is equal to position of 10th bright fringe
d

## 0.6 × 1 × 10−5 D 10λD

=
d d
 = 0.6 × 10–6
  = 6 × 10–7
or  = 6000 Å

12. In Young's double slit experiment, the intensity at a point where path difference is is I. If I0 denotes the
6
I
maximum intensity, I .
0

1 3 1 3
(1) (2) (3) (4)
2 2 2 4

λ
Where, ∆x =
6

∆φ = ∆x
λ

π
 ∆φ =
3

⎛ ∆φ ⎞
I = I0 cos2 ⎜ ⎟
⎝ 2 ⎠
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Solutions of Assignment (Level-II) Wave Optics 41

⎛π⎞
I = I0 cos2 ⎜ ⎟
⎝6⎠

3
or I = I0 ×
4

I 3
 =
I0 4

13. The maximum intensity of fringes in Young's experiment is I. If one of the slits is closed, then intensity at
that place becomes I0. Then relation between I and I0 is
(1) I = I0 (2) I = 2I0 (3) I = 4I0 (4) There is no relation
When the slits were open the waves interfered constructively
I = 4I (I  = Intensity of each slit)
If one of the slits is closed then intensity at that place is intensity of each slit I = I0

14. In Young's double slit interference experiment, the slit separation is made 3 folds. The fringe width becomes

1 1
(1) times (2) times (3) 3 times (4) 9 times
3 9

λD
Fringe width  =
d

λD β
β' = =
3d 3

15. In Young's double slit experiment, the distance between the slits is reduced to half and the distance between
the slit and the screen is doubled, then fringe width
(1) Will not change (2) Will become half (3) Will be doubled (4) Will become four times

λD
β=
d

λ × 2D
β' =  ' = 4
d /2

16. In Young's experiment, the separation between 5th maxima and 3rd minima is how many times as that of fringe
width?
(1) 5 times (2) 3 times (3) 2.5 times (4) 2 times

5 λD
5th maximum =
d

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42 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

(2n − 1)λD 5 λD
3rd minimum = =
2d 2d

5 λD 5 λD
 Distance = −
d 2d

5 λD
=
2d
 Distance = 2.5 times

17. If the amplitude ratio of two sources producing interference is 3 : 5, the ratio of intensities of maxima and
minima is
(1) 25 : 16 (2) 5:3 (3) 16 : 1 (4) 25 : 9
A1 : A2 = 3 : 5 then I1 : I2 = 9 : 25

( )
2
Imax I1 + I2 ⎛3 + 5⎞
2
= =⎜
⎝ 3 − 5 ⎟⎠
( )
Imin 2
I1 − I2

16
=
1

18. In a Young's double slit experiment, the source illuminating the slits is changed from blue to violet. The width
of the fringes
(1) Increases (2) Decreases (3) Becomes unequal (4) Remains same

λD
=
d

## If  decreases width of the fringes decreases.

19. In Young's double slit experiment, when two light waves form third minimum, they have
(1) Phase difference of 3 (2) Path difference of 3

5 5
(3) Phase difference of (4) Path difference of
2 2

λ 5λ
Path difference is given by x = (2n – 1) =
2 2

20. White light is used in Young’s double slit experiment. Separation between slits is y and the screen is at
distance x from slits (x >> y). Which of these wavelengths is missing in front of one of the slits?

y2 y2 y2
(1) (2) (3) (4) All of these
x 2x 4x
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Solutions of Assignment (Level-II) Wave Optics 43

(2m − 1) λD
Distance of minima from central maxima y1 =
2d
y
y1 = , d = y, D = x
2
y2
λ= m = 1, 2, 3, ....
(2m − 1) x
21. Shape of interference fringes formed on the screen due to point source P, in the case shown here

## (1) Parabolic (2) Elliptical (3) Circular (4) Hyperbolic

22. Young’s double slit experiment is performed with monochromatic light. A thin film is introduced in front of one
of the slits
(1) Intensity at the position of central maxima must decrease
(2) Intensity at the position of central maxima may increase
(3) Central maxima may remain unshifted
(4) Intensity at position of first maxima may decrease
The entire fringe will experience a shifts and the only thing we can say for certain is the fourth option.
23. In the Young’s arrangement, screen starts moving towards right with constant speed v. Initial distance between
screen and plane of slits is x. At t = 0, 1st order maxima is lying at point A. After how much time first order
minima lies at point A?
x

A
y

Source
v

Screen
(t = 0)

x x x 2x
(1) (2) (3) (4)
2v v 3v 3v

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44 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

λD
Distance of 1st maxima from central fringe = [D = x]
d
λD
Distance of 1st minima =
2d
D at time t = Dt = x + vt
λx λ( x + vt )
=
d 2d
x
x = vt or t=
v
24. Approximate thickness of oil film to observe interference of light (due to which it looks coloured) is
(1) 10 mm (2) 10–3 mm (3) 10 pm (4) 1 cm
The thickness must be in the order of visible light.
25. Slit widths in a Young’s double slit experiment are in the ratio 9 : 4. Ratio of intensity at minima to that at
maxima is
(1) 4 : 9 (2) 16 : 81 (3) 1 : 25 (4) 1 : 16

W ∝I

( )
2
I1 9 Imin I1 − I2
= =
( )
I2 4 Imax 2
I1 + I2

26. Oil floating on water looks coloured due to interference of light. What should be the order of magnitude of the
thickness of oil layer in order that this effect may be observed?
(1) 10–6 m (2) 10–2 m (3) 10–10 m (4) 10–8 m
The order of thickness must be in the order of the wavelength of visible light.
27. When white light is incident normally on an oil film of thickness 10–4 cm and refractive index 1.4 then the
wavelength which will not be seen in the reflected system of light is
(1) 7000 Å (2) 5600 Å (3) 4000 Å (4) All of these
For the wavelength which will not be seen
2t cos r = n
r = 0 (Normal incidence)
2(1.4) 10–4 × 10–2 cos0º = n
n = 2.8 × 10–6
n = 28000 × 10–10
28000
= Å
n

## For possible wavelength n = 1, 2, 3, .....

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Solutions of Assignment (Level-II) Wave Optics 45
28. Imperfections in optical lenses can be observed with the help of
(1) Newton's Rings (2) Fresnel's Biprism
(3) Lloyd's single miror experiment (4) Young's double slit experiment
29. Two light rays having the same wavelength  in vacuum are in phase initially. Then the first ray travels a path
L1 through a medium of refractive index n1 while the second ray travels a path of length L2 through a medium
of refractive index n2. The two waves are then combined to produce interference. The phase difference between
the two waves is

2 2
(1) (L2  L1 ) (2) ( n1 L1  n2 L2 )
 

2 2  L1 L2 
(3) (n2 L1  n1 L2 ) (4)   
   n1 n2 

2
Effective path length in air is nL. So,   (n1L1  n2L2 )

30. Two coherent sources of intensity ratio  interfere. Then the value of (Imax – Imin)/(Imax + Imin) is

1  1  1  2 
(1) (2) (3) (4)
  2  1 
A1 2 2
=  and Imax = (A1 + A2) and Imin = (A1 – A2)
A2

31. In a double slit experiment to find the separation between slits by displacement method, the separations of
images of slits were found to be 16 mm and 9 mm respectively. The actual separation between slits will be
(1) 12.5 mm (2) 12 mm (3) 3.5 mm (4) 144 mm

O = I1 I2

32. A double slit experiment is performed with light of wavelength 500 nm. A thin film of thickness 2 m and
refractive index 1.5 is introduced in the path of the upper beam. The location of the central maximum will
(1) Remain unshifted (2) Shift downward by nearly two fringes
(3) Shift upward by nearly two fringes (4) Shift downward by ten fringes
 ( – 1)tD D
No. of fringes shifted = . Here  = and  =
 d d
(Diffraction)

## 33. To observerve diffraction the size of an obstacle

(1) Should be of the same order as wavelength (2) Should be much smaller than the wavelength

(3) Has no relation to wavelength (4) Should be exactly
2

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46 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

34. In Fraunhoffer diffraction from a single slit, wave front incident on the slit is
(1) Planar (2) Spherical
(3) Cylindrical (4) Either spherical or cylindrical
Fraunhoffer diffraction is for the parallel incidence.

35. Diffraction is easily noticeable for sound waves than for light waves because sound waves
(1) Are high energy waves (2) Are low intensity waves
(3) Have longer wavelength (4) Are mechanical in nature
For diffraction the obstacle and wavelengths must be of same order. Since they have longer wavelength they
can easily cleaned around everyday absects more easily.

36. Width of slit in a single slit diffraction experiment such that 20 maxima of double slit interference pattern are
obtained within central maxima of the diffraction pattern is (Slit separation for double slit arrangement = 2 mm)
(1) 0.05 mm (2) 0.1 mm (3) 0.2 mm (4) 0.4 mm
D λ 2D λ
20 = , d = 2mm
d b

37. In Fraunhoffer diffraction, at the angular position of first diffraction minimum, phase difference (in radian) between
wavelets from opposite edges of the slit is

(1) (2)  (3) 2 (4) 4
2
For minima in diffraction x = m
For first minima x = 
 = 2

38. Why a DVD stores almost 30 times more information than a CD?
(1) DVD uses shorter - wavelength lasers of 6350Å but CD uses an infrared laser of 7800 Å
(2) CD uses shorter wavelength laser compared to a DVD
(3) CD works on the principle of diffraction
(4) DVD works on diffraction of light

## (Resolving Power of Optical Instruments)

39. Two points separated by 0.05 mm can just be inspected in a microscope when light of wavelength 6000 Å is
used. If light of wavelength 3000 Å is used then the limit of resolution becomes
(1) 0.05 mm (2) 0.025 mm (3) 0.1 mm (4) 0.15 mm
Resolving power of a microscope is the shorter distance between two seperate point in a microscope's field
of view that can be seen directly.

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Solutions of Assignment (Level-II) Wave Optics 47

λ
Resolving power ∝ (a = aperture)
2a

d1 λ1 0.05 6000
= ⇒ = ⇒ 0.025 mm
d2 λ2 d2 3000

40. Light of wavelength  is coming from a star. What is the limit of resolution of a telescope whose objective has
diameter r ?

## 0.305  0.61 1.22  2

(1) (2) (3) (4)
r r r r

(Polarisation)
41. Refractive index of material is equal to the tangent of polarising angle. It is called
(1) Brewster's law (2) Lambert's law (3) Malus' law (4) Bragg's law
m = tan ip
42. Unpolarized light of intensity x is incident on a polarising sheet. Intensity of light which does not get transmitted
is

x x
(1) x (2) (3) (4) Zero
2 4
Polariser transmits energy travelling along a single plane.

x x x
Energy transmitted is . Hence energy left behind is x − =
2 2 2

4
43. Brewster angle for air to water transition is (refractive index of water is )
3

1 3 3 3 3
(1) sin (2) cos 1 (3) tan 1 (4) cot 1
4 4 4 4

4 3
Brewster's angle is given by tan–1 = tan–1 which is also written as cot–1
3 4

## 44. Choose the correct alternative

(1) When plane polarised light passes through polaroid, it changes its nature to linearly polarised
(2) Refracted light, when light is incident at Brewster angle, is linearly polarised

(3) Polarised light can be produced by scattering through in earth’s atmosphere
2
(4) Natural light from sun is polarised

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48 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

SECTION - B
Previous Years Questions

1. Angular width of the central maxima in the Fraunhofer diffraction for  = 6000 Å is 0. When the same slit
is illuminated by another monochromatic light, the angular width decreases by 30%. The wavelength of this
light is [NEET - 2019 (Odisha)]
(1) 420 Å (2) 1800 Å (3) 4200 Å (4) 6000 Å
2
As  
a

2  6000
0  …(i)
a

 
 …(ii)
0 6000

##   = 0.7 × 6000 (as  = 0.7 0)

 4200 Å

2. In a Young’s double slit experiment, if there is no initial phase difference between the light from the two slits,
a point on the screen corresponding to the fifth minimum has path difference [NEET - 2019 (Odisha)]

   
(1) 11 (2) 5 (3) 10 (4) 9
2 2 2 2
Path difference for destructive interference in YDSE

(2n  1)
 X n   n = 1, 2, 3 ....
2

 2  5  1 9
X th    
5  2  2

3. In a double slit experiment, when light of wavelength 400 nm was used, the angular width of the first minima
formed on a screen placed 1 m away, was found to be 0.2°. What will be the angular width of the first minima,
if the entire experimental apparatus is immersed in water? (water = 4/3) [NEET - 2019]
(1) 0.266° (2) 0.15°
(3) 0.05° (4) 0.1°

In air angular fringe width 0 
D
Angular fringe width in water
 
w   0
D 
0.2 
 = 0.15°
4
3
 

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Solutions of Assignment (Level-II) Wave Optics 49
4. In Young's double slit experiment the separation d between the slits is 2 mm, the wavelength  of the light
used is 5896 Å and distance D between the screen and slits is 100 cm. It is found that the angular width of
the fringes is 0.20°. To increase the fringe angular width to 0.21° (with same  and D) the separation between
the slits needs to be changed to [NEET - 2018]
(1) 1.8 mm (2) 1.9 mm (3) 1.7 mm (4) 2.1 mm

Angular width 
d

0.20  …(i)
2 mm

0.21  …(ii)
d
0.20 d
Dividing we get,   d = 1.9 mm
0.21 2 mm
5. Unpolarised light is incident from air on a plane surface of a material of refractive index ''. At a particular angle
of incidence 'i', it is found that the reflected and refracted rays are perpendicular to each other. Which of the
following options is correct for this situation? [NEET - 2018]
(1) Reflected light is polarised with its electric vector parallel to the plane of incidence
(2) Reflected light is polarised with its electric vector perpendicular to the plane of incidence

 1
(3) i  tan1  


 1
(4) i  sin1  

When reflected light rays and refracted rays are perpendicular, reflected light is polarised with electric field vector
perpendicular to the plane of incidence.

## Also, tan i =  (Brewster angle)

6. The ratio of resolving powers of an optical microscope for two wavelengths  1 = 4000 Å and
2 = 6000 Å is [NEET - 2017]
(1) 8 : 27 (2) 9:4 (3) 3:2 (4) 16 : 81
1
Resolving power 

R1  2 6000 Å 3
  
R2 1 4000 Å 2

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50 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

7. Young’s double slit experiment is first performed in air and then in a medium other than air. It is found that
8th bright fringe in the medium lies where 5th dark fringe lies in air. The refractive index of the medium is nearly
[NEET - 2017]

## (1) 1.25 (2) 1.59 (3) 1.69 (4) 1.78

D
X1 = X5th dark = (2 × 5 – 1)
2d

D
X2 = X8th bright = 8
d
X1 = X2

9 D D
8
2 d d

16
  1.78
9

8. Two Polaroids P1 and P2 are placed with their axis perpendicular to each other. Unpolarised light I0 is incident
on P1. A third polaroid P3 is kept in between P1 and P2 such that its axis makes an angle 45º with that of
P1. The intensity of transmitted light through P2 is [NEET - 2017]

I0 I0 I0 I0
(1) (2) (3) (4)
2 4 8 16

P1 P3 P2
I2
I0 I1 I3

90°

45°

I0 I 1 I
I2  cos2 45  0   0
2 2 2 4
I0
I3  cos2 45
4
I0
I3 
8
9. The interference pattern is obtained with two coherent light sources of intensity ratio n. In the interference
Imax – Imin
pattern, the ratio will be [NEET-(Phase-2)-2016]
Imax  Imin

n 2 n n 2 n
(1) (2) (3) (4)
n 1 n 1  n  1 2
 n  12
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Solutions of Assignment (Level-II) Wave Optics 51

I1
n
I2

   
2 2
Imax  I1  I2 n  1 I2

   
2 2
Imin  I1 – I2 n – 1 I2

Imax – Imin 4 n 2 n
 
Imax  Imin 2(n  1) n  1

10. A linear aperture whose width is 0.02 cm is placed immediately in front of a lens of focal length 60 cm. The
aperture is illuminated normally by a parallel beam of wavelength 5 × 10–5 cm. The distance of the first dark
band of the diffraction pattern from the centre of the screen is [NEET-(Phase-2)-2016]
(1) 0.10 cm (2) 0.25 cm (3) 0.20 cm (4) 0.15 cm

 y
  y
a f

f
f
y
a
11. In a diffraction pattern due to a single slit of width a, the first minimum is observed at an angle 30° when light
of wavelength 5000 Å is incident on the slit. The first secondary maximum is observed at an angle of
[NEET-2016]

3  1 2  1
(1) sin1   (2) sin1   (3) sin1   (4) sin1  
4 4 3 2
1st minimum, a sin = n
n = 1, asin 30° = 
 a = 2

3
1st secondary maximum, a sin 1 
2

3 3
 sin 1  
2a 4

3
   sin1
4
12. The intensity at the maximum in a Young's double slit experiment is I0. Distance between two slits is d = 5,
where  is the wavelength of light used in the experiment. What will be the intensity in front of one of the slits
on the screen placed at a distance D = 10 d? [NEET-2016]

I0 I0 3
(1) (2) I0 (3) (4) I0
2 4 4

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52 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

Imax = I0

S1 2.5
5 O
50
S2

d
dy n d  2 d 
Path diff    
D 10d 20 4

## Phase diff = 90°

 I0
I  I0 cos2 
2 2

13. At the first minimum adjacent to the central maximum of a single-slit diffraction pattern, the phase difference
between the Huygen's wavelet from the edge of the slit and the wavelet from the mid-point of the slit is
[Re-AIPMT-2015]

  
8 4 2

For 1st minimum d sin    .
where  = Path difference between the wavelets from edges of the slit.

 Path difference between edge and mid-point of slit =
2
Phase difference between edge and mid-point of slit = 

14. Two slits in Youngs experiment have widths in he ratio 1 : 25. The ratio of intensity at the maxima and minima
I
in the interference pattern, max is [Re-AIPMT-2015]
Imin

4 9 121 49
(1) (2) (3) (4)
9 4 49 121

w I 1
 1 
w 2 I2 25

2
 I 
 1  1
2
Imax  I   5  1 36 9
 2     
Imin  I1   5 – 1  16 4
 – 1
I 
 2 

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Solutions of Assignment (Level-II) Wave Optics 53
15. In a double slit experiment, the two slits are 1 mm apart and the screen is placed 1 m away. A monochromatic
light of wavelength 500 nm is used. What will be the width of each slit for obtaining ten maxima of double
slit within the central maxima of single slit pattern? [AIPMT-2015]
(1) 0.02 mm (2) 0.2 mm (3) 0.1 mm (4) 0.5 mm
D λ 2D λ
10 =
d b
D = 1m. d = 1 mm
l = 500 nm
b = Width of each slit
d
b=
5
b = 0.2 mm

16. For a parallel beam of monochromatic light of wavelength , diffraction is produced by a single slit whose width
a is of the order of the wavelength of the light. If D is the distance of the screen from the slit, the width of
the central maxima will be [AIPMT-2015]

2Da 2D D Da
(1) (2) (3) (4)
 a a 

2D λ
Width of central maxima = Distance between first dark fringes on either side of the central fringe =
a

17. A beam of light of  = 600 nm from a distant source falls on a single slit 1 mm wide and the resulting diffraction
pattern is observed on a screen 2 m away. The distance between first dark fringes on either side of the central
bright fringe is [AIPMT-2014]
(1) 1.2 cm (2) 1.2 mm (3) 2.4 cm (4) 2.4 mm

2D λ
Distance between first dark fringes on either side of the central bright fringe
b
D=2m
 = 600 nm
b = 1 mm

18. In the Young's double-slit experiment, the intensity of light at a point on the screen where the path difference is
 is K, ( being the wave length of light used). The intensity at a point where the path difference is /4, will
be: [AIPMT-2014]

K K
(1) K (2) (3) (4) Zero
4 2
Where the path difference is  the intensity is maximum
Imax = 4I0, I0 (intensity of each slit)
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54 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

K = 4I0

λ
Path difference =
4

λ ⎛ 2π ⎞ π
Phase difference () = ⎜ ⎟ =
4⎝ λ ⎠ 2

⎛ ∆φ ⎞
I = 4I0cos2 ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠
2

π
= 4I0 cos2
4
= 2I0

⎛K ⎞
= 2 ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠
4

K
=
2

19. In Young's double slit experiment, the slits are 2 mm apart and are illuminated by photons of two wavelengths
1 = 12000 Å and 2 = 10000 Å. At what minimum distance from the common central bright fringe on the screen
2m from the slit will a bright fringe from one interference pattern coincide with a bright fringe from the other?
[NEET-2013]
(1) 6 mm (2) 4 mm (3) 3 mm (4) 8 mm

20. A parallel beam of fast moving electrons is incident normally on a narrow slit. A fluorescent screen is placed
at a large distance from the slit. If the speed of the electrons is increased, which of the following statements
is correct? [NEET-2013]
(1) The angular width of the central maximum of the diffraction pattern will increase
(2) The angular width of the central maximum will decrease
(3) The angular width of the central maximum will be unaffected
(4) Diffraction pattern is not observed on the screen in the case of electrons

21. Two periodic waves of intensities I1 and I2 pass through a region at the same time in the same direction. The sum
of the maximum and minimum intensities is [AIPMT (Prelims)-2008]

 
2
(1) 2(I1 + I2) (2) (I1 + I2) (3) ( I1  I2 )2 (4) I1  I2

22. The angular resolution of a 10 cm diameter telescope at a wavelength of 5000 Å is of the order of
[AIPMT (Prelims)-2005]

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Solutions of Assignment (Level-II) Wave Optics 55

23. A star, which is emitting radiation at a wavelength of 5000 Å, is approaching the earth with a velocity of
1.5 × 105 m/s. The change in wavelength of the radiation as received on the earth is
(1) 25 Å (2) 100 Å (3) Zero (4) 2.5 Å
∆λ V
Emitting at a wavelength of 5000 Å, =
λ C

V 1.0 × 104
∆λ = ×λ= × 5000 × 10−10 = 0.25 Å
C 3 × 108

24. For a wavelength of light ‘l’ and scattering object of size ‘a’, all wavelengths are scattered nearly equally, if
(1) a =  (2) a >>  (3) a <<  (4) a 
For a >>  Rayleigh and scattering not valid.
Here all wave lengths scattered nearly equally.

25. If two sources have a randomly varying phase difference (t), the resultant intensity will be given by

I0 I0
(1) I0 (2) (3) 2I0 (4)
2 2

If phase difference varies randomly with time, the wave are incoherent and the intensity of resultant waves
is sum of individual intensities or 2I0.

26. In Young’s double-slit experiment, if the distance between the slits is halved and the distance between the
slits and the screen is doubled, the fringe width becomes
(1) Half (2) Double (3) Four times (4) Eight times

λD
=
d

2λD
 = = 4
d /2

27 In a Fresnel biprism experiment, the two positions of lens give separation between the slits as 16 cm and 9
cm respectively. What is the actual distance of separation?
(1) 13 cm (2) 14 cm (3) 12.5 cm (4) 12 cm
d1 = 16 cm d2 = 9 cm

## Actual distance 2d = d1d2

2d = 4 × 3 or 2d = 12 cm

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56 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

28. Colours appear on a thin soap film and on soap bubbles due to the phenomenon of
(1) Interference (2) Dispersion (3) Refraction (4) Diffraction
The phenomenon of thin film interferens is in effect.

29. On introducing a thin film in the path of one of the two interfering beam, the central fringe will shift by one
fringe width. If  = 1.5, the thickness of the film is (wavelength of monochromatic light is )
(1) 4 (2) 3 (3) 2 (4) 

λD
Shift shown =
d

λD (μ − 1)tD
= or  = (1.5 – 1)t or t = 2
d d

30. Two coherent monochromatic light beams of intensities I and 4I are superimposed; the maximum and minimum
possible intensitites in the resulting beam are
(1) 5I and I (2) 5I and 3I (3) 9I and I (4) 9I and 3I
I1 = I , I2 = 4I

( )
2
Imax = I1 + I2

( )
2
Imin = I1 + I2

31. If two waves, each of intensity I0, having the same frequency but differing by a constant phase angle of 60°,
superimposing at a certain point in space, then the intensity of the resultant wave is

## Resultant intensity is given by Ir = I0 + I2 + 2 I1I2 cos φ

 Ir = I0 + I1 + 2I0 cos60º
 Ir = 3I0

32. In Young’s double slit experiment, the fringe width is found to be 0.4 mm. If the whole apparatus is immersed
4
in water of refractive index   , without disturbing the geometrical arrangement, the new fringe width will be
3

## (1) 0.40 mm (2) 0.53 mm (3) 0.20 mm (4) 0.30 mm

 = 4 × 10–3 m
λ
In water  becomes
μ
β
or  =   = 0.30 mm
μ

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Solutions of Assignment (Level-II) Wave Optics 57
33. In an interference experiment monochromatic light is replaced by white light, we will see
(1) Uniform illumination on the screen
(2) Uniform darkness on the screen
(3) Equally spaced white and dark bands
(4) A few coloured bands and then uniform illumination

34. In Young’s double slit experiment carried out with light of wavelength 5000 Å, the distance between the slit
is 0.2 mm and the screen is at 200 cm from the plane of slits. The central maximum is at x = 0. The third
maximum will be at x equal to
(1) 1.5 cm (2) 1.67 cm (3) 0.5 cm (4) 5.0 cm
d = 0.2 mm;  = 5000 × 10–10 m; D = 2 m

n λD 3 λD
3rd maximum = or 3rd maximum is at =
d d

35. In Young’s experiment when sodium light of wave length 5893 Å is used, then 62 fringes are seen in the field
of view. Instead, if violet light of wavelength 4350 Å is used, then the number of fringes that will be seen in
the field of view will be
(1) 54 (2) 64 (3) 74 (4) 84

λs D × ns
Field of view of sodium light =
d

λv D D
nv ⋅ = ns × λs
d d
nv = v = nss

5893 × 62
nv = = 83.99
4350

36. In an interference pattern by two identical slits, the intensity of central maxima is I. What will be the intensity
of the same spot, if one of the slits is closed?

I I
(1) (2) (3) I (4) 2I
2 4
I = I0 + I 0 + 2 I 0 I0
I
I0 =
4

37. If a thin mica sheet of thickness ‘t’ and refractive index ‘m’ is placed in the path of one of the waves producing
interference, then the whole interference pattern shifts towards the side of the sheet by a distance

d D
(1) (  1) t (2) (  1) t (3) Dd (  1) t (4) (  1)t
D d
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58 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

38. In Young’s experiment, the wavelength of red light is 7.8 × 10–5 cm and that of blue light 5.2 × 10–5 cm. The
value of n for which (n + 1)th blue bright band coincides with nth red bright band is
(1) 4 (2) 3 (3) 2 (4) 1
r = 7.8 × 10–5 cm
b = 5.2 × 10–5 cm
nλr D (n + 1)λbD
=
d d

39. A slit 5 cm wide is irradiated normally with micro waves of wavelength 1 cm. Then the angular spread of the
central maximum on either side of the incident light is nearly

1
5
b = 5 cm,  = 1 cm
λ
Angular spread of Central maxima = on either side.
b

40. In Young’s double slit experiment, the 10th maximum of wavelength l1 is at a distance of y1 from the central
maximum. When the wavelength of the source is changed to l2, 5th maximum is at a distance of y2 from its
 y1 
central maximum. The ratio   is
 y2 
2 2 1
(1) 1 (2) 2 2

2 21
(3) 2 (4) 2
1

10 λ1D 5 λ 2D
y1 = , y2 =
d d
y1 2λ1
=
y2 λ2

41. A beam of light strickes a piece of glass at an angle of incidence of 60° and the reflected beam is completely
plane polarised. The refractive index of the glass is

## (1) 1.5 (2) 3

3
(3) 2 (4)
2
Brewster's angle = tan–1 
or tan 60º = 
 µ= 3

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Solutions of Assignment (Level-II) Wave Optics 59
42. Waves that cannot be polarised are
(1) Light waves
(2) Electromagnetic waves
(3) Transverse waves
(4) Longitudinal waves
Since the vibrate along the direction of propagation.

43. Two polaroids are kept crossed to each other. Now one of them is rotated through an angle of 45°. The
percentage of incident light now transmitted through the system is
(1) 15% (2) 25%
(3) 50% (4) 75%
I0
Intensities after first polarises =
2
After that applying law of malus
I = I cos2 = 45º
I0
 I =
4

44. When the angle of incidence is 60° on the surface of a glass slab, it is found that the reflected ray is
completely polarised. The velocity of light in glass is

3
(1) 2  108 m/s (2) 3  108 m/s (3) 2 × 108 m/s (4)  108 m/s
2
tan60º =  [Brewster's law]

C
Velocity of light in glass = = 3 × 108 m/s
µ

45. Light of wavelength  is incident on a slit of width ‘d ’. The resulting diffraction pattern is observed on a screen
at a distance D. The linear width of the principal maximum is then equal to the width of the slit if D equals

d 2 d2 2 2
(1) (2) (3) (4)
 d 2 d

2Dλ d2
= d, D=
d 2λ

46. In a Fraunhofer diffraction at a single slit of width d with incident light of wavelength 5500 Å, the first minimum
is observed at angle of 30°. The first secondary maximum is observed at an angle q, equal to

 1   1 3  3
(1) sin1   (2) sin1   (3) sin1   (4) sin1  
 2 4 4  2 

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60 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

λ
For first minima, sin θ =
b
λ
sin30° =
b

For first secondary maxima, sin θ =
2b
3
sin θ =
4

−1 3
 θ = sin
4

47. Diameter of human eye lens is 2 mm. What will be the minimum distance between two points to resolve them,
which are situated at a distance of 50 m from eye. The wavelength of light is 5000 Å?
(1) 2.32 m (2) 4.28 mm
(3) 1.525 cm (4) 12.48 cm
1.22λD
Minimum distance between two points =
d
d = 2 mm
D = 50 m
 = 5000 Å

SECTION - C
Assertion-Reason Type Questions
1. A : The speed of light in vacuum doesn't depend on nature of the source, direction of propagation, motion of
the source or observer wavelength and intensity of the wave.
R : The speed of light in vacuum is a universal constant independent of all the factors listed and anything else.

2. A : The speed of light, sound waves, water waves in a medium is independent of the nature of the source or
intensity (so long it is low).
R : Speed of the light waves in a medium depends on wavelength.

3. A : Speed of light in a medium is independent of the motion of the source relative to the medium.
R : Speed of light in a medium depends on the motion of the observer relative to the medium.

4. A : When monochromatic light is incident on a surface separating two media, the reflected and refracted light
both have the same frequency as the incident frequency.
R : At any interface between the two media, the electric (and magnetic) fields must satisfy certain boundary
conditions for all times and frequency determines the time dependence of fields.

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Solutions of Assignment (Level-II) Wave Optics 61
5. A : When light travels from a rarer to a denser medium, it loses some speed but it doesn't imply a reduction
in the energy carried by the light wave.
R : Energy carried by a wave depends on the amplitude of the wave and not on the speed of wave propagation.
6. A : When a narrow pulse of light is sent through a medium, it doesn't retain its shape as it travels through
the medium.
R : Since the speed of propagation in a medium depends on wavelength, different wavelength components of
the pulse travel with different speeds.
7. A : In the wave picture of light, intensity of light is determined by the square of the amplitude of the wave.
R : In the photon picture of light, for a given frequency, intensity of light is determined by the number of photons
per unit area.
8. A : The speed of light in still water is not same as that in flowing water with relative speed v with respect to
an observer..
R : The speed of light in water is not independent of the relative motion between the observer and the medium.
9. A : In a single-slit diffraction experiment, if the width of the slit is made double the original width the size of
the central diffraction band reduces by half and intensity increase four fold.
R : The intensity of interference fringes in a double slit arrangement is modulated by the diffraction pattern of
each slit.
10. A : When a tiny circular obstacle is placed in the path of light from a distant source, a bright spot is seen
at the centre of the shadow of the obstacle.
R : Waves diffracted from the edge of the circular obstacle interfere constructively at the centre of the shadow
producing a bright spot.

11. A : Ray optics assumes that light travels in a straight line which is disapproved by diffraction effects, yet the
ray optics assumption is so commonly used in understanding location and several other properties of
images in optical instruments.
R : Typical sizes of apertures involved in ordinary optical instruments are much larger than the wavelength of
light.

12. A : The phase difference between any two points on a wavefront is zero.
R : Corresponding to a beam of parallel rays of light, the wavefronts are planes parallel to one another.

## 13. A : Light waves can be polarised.

R : Light waves are transverse in nature.

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62 Wave Optics Solutions of Assignment (Level-II)

## 14. A : The law of conservation of energy is violated during interference.

R : For sustained interference the phase difference between the two waves must change with time.

15. A : When the apparatus of YDSE is brought in a liquid from air, the fringe width decreases.
R : The wavelength of light decreases in the liquid.