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Republic of the Philippines

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Region IX, Zamboanga Peninsula
DIPOLOG CITY SCHOOLS DIVISION
Purok Farmers, Olingan, Dipolog City (65)908-2662; 212-5818, 212-3824; (65) 212-6986

Name of School: ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL Subject: DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION
Grade Level & Section: GRADE XII- (GAS) ROSSEAU Pls. Check appropriate Exam Period:
______ 1st Quarter ______2nd Quarter
______3rd Quarter ______4th Quarter

TABLE OF SPECIFICATION
Learning No. of No. % Remembering Understanding Applying Analyzing Evaluating Creating Item
Competencies Hours of 40% 30% 10% 10% 10% Placement
Items
Geological Hazards
Discusses the different geological hazards (DRR11/12-IIa-b 27) 8 10 20%
Analyzes the causes of geological hazards (DRR11/12-IIa-b 28)
Recognizes signs of impending geological hazards (DRR11/12-IIa-b 29)
Interpret geological maps (DRR11/12-IIa-b 30)
Apply mitigation strategies to prevent loss of lives and properties (DRR11/12-IIa-b
31)

Hydrometeorological hazards
Distinguish and differentiate among and between different hydrometeorological 12 15 30%
hazards (DRR11/12-IIa-c 32)
Recognize signs of impending hydrometeorological hazards (DRR11/12-IIa-c 33)
Apply appropriate measures/interventions before, during and after
hydrometeorological hazards (DRR11/12-IIc-d -34)
Interpret different hydrometeorological hazard maps (DRR11/12-IIc-d- 35)
Use available tools for monitoring hydrometeorological hazards (DRR11/12-IIc-d-
36)

Fire hazard
Recognize elements of the fire triangle in different situations (DRR11/12-IIe-f- 37) 8 10 20%
Analyze the different causes of fires(DRR11/12-IIe-f- 38)
Observe precautionary measures and proper procedures in addressing a fire
incident(DRR11/12-IIe-f- 39)
Apply basic response procedures during a fire incident (DRR11/12-IIe-f- 40)
Follow the fire emergency and evacuation plans (DRR11/12-IIe-f- 41)
Concept of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Disaster Risk Reduction
and Management (DRRM) 8 10 20%
Discuss the key concepts, principles, and elements of DRR (DRR11/12-IIg-h- 42)
Recognize the importance of DRR on one’s life (DRR11/12-IIg-h- 43)
Discuss the different community-based practices for managing disaster risk to
specific hazards (DRR11/12-IIg-h- 44)
Develop a community preparedness plan (DRR11/12-IIg-h- 45)
Prepare survival kits and materials for one’s family and for public information and
advocacy (DRR11/12-IIg-h- 46)

What to expect between the State and the citizens


Explain DRR-related laws and policies; (DRR11/12-IIi-j- 47) 4 5 10%
Avail of existing DRR-related services programs and projects; (DRR11/12-IIi-j- 48)
Abide by public policies of DRRM (DRR11/12-IIi-j 49)

TOTAL 40 50 100% 10 8 3 3 1 25
Prepared by: Reviewed by: Verified:

PRETTY ABEGAIL C. PACILAN DEXTER A. ELUMBA ADRIAN G. REFUGIO


Teacher I Assistant School Principal II OIC School Principal

Action Taken:
/ / Approved for printing
/ / Returned for completion of minor revision
/ / Returned for completion of major revision

Approved by:
X
PSDS/EPS
Republic of the Philippines
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Region IX, Zamboanga Peninsula
Dipolog City Schools Division
Zamboanga del Norte National High School
Turno Campus, Turno, Dipolog City 7100

Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction


Final Exam

Name: ______________________________________ Section: ________________ Date:____________ Score: ________

INSTRUCTION: Select the response that best answers the question or statement by writing the letter on the blank provided
before the number.

____1. What do you call of this severe weather disturbance characterized by strong winds and heavy rains which
revolve around a central low pressure area?
a. Typhoon b. hail storm c. flooding d. La Niña
____2. Which of the following maximum sustained-wind speed does a tropical depression exude?
a. wind speed up to 63-118kph c. wind speed greater than 118kph
b. wind speed up to 62kph d. wind speed exceeding 220kph
____3. What is the maximum sustained-wind speed of a tropical storm?
a. wind speed up to 63-118kph c. wind speed greater than 118kph
b. wind speed up to 62kph d. wind speed exceeding 220kph
____4. Typhoon is also called “hurricane” in northeast Pacific and northern Atlantic regions, what is its maximum
sustained-wind speed?
a. wind speed up to 63-118kph c. wind speed greater than 118kph
b. wind speed up to 62kph d. wind speed exceeding 220kph
____5. A weather disturbance can be called a super typhoon if it has this maximum sustained-wind speed.
a. wind speed up to 63-118kph c. wind speed greater than 118kph
b. wind speed up to 62kph d. wind speed exceeding 220kph
____6. What is this Japenese term which literally means “harbor wave”?
a. Omami b. tsunami c. hai d. tai fung
____7. Which of the following is a factor that influence the build-up of water level during a storm surge.
a. Storm intensity b. volcanic eruptions c. forest fires d. tidal wave
____8. This refers to the violent, transient type of weather disturbance associated with thousands of meters tall
cumulonimbus clouds and which usually involves lightning and thunder, strong winds, intense rainfall, and
occasionally tornadoes and hail.
a. Typhoon b. Storm Surge c. Thunderstorms d. Flooding
____9. This is the abrupt, natural, visible high-voltage electrical discharge which takes place when positive and negative
charges join within a cloud, between clouds, or between a cloud and the ground.
a. Lightning b. thunder c. bolt d. electricity
____10. What do you call of this accurate term of “lightning” when referring to the most dangerous type of lightning?
a. Lightning b. cloud-to-ground lightning c. bolt d. electricity
____11. What do you call of this individual piece of layered, rounded or irregularly-shaped ice which is occasionally produced during
a thunderstorm.
a. Stone b. hailstone c. hailstorm d. rainstone
____12. El Niño is the ______ of sea surface temperature in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific and La Niña is the
________ of sea surface in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific.
a. unusual cooling, unusual warming c unnatural warming, natural cooling
b. natural warming, unusual cooling d. unusual warming, unusual cooling
____13. What does ENSO Cycle stands for?
a. El Niño Southwestern Oscillation (ENSO) b. El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO)
b. El Niño and La Niña Southwestern Oscillation (ENSO) c. El Niño Surrounded Oscillation (ENSO)
____14. What is PAR stands for?
a. Philippine Area of Region c. Philippine Area of Responsibility
b. Philippine Area of Restriction d. Philippine Area of Restraint
____15. This refers to the abnormal rise of water level in rivers, coastal areas, plains, and in highly urbanized centers which may be
a result of natural phenomena, human activities or both.
a. Thunderstorms b. Storm surges c. Flooding d. Lightning
____16. What do you call of this flood type that increases the water flowing through rivers and worse, further encroaches levees.
a. Riverine b. Ravine c. catastrophic flooding d. flashflood
____17. This is a flood type that may result from ground failure and/or major infrastructure failure.
a. Riverine b. Ravine c. catastrophic flooding d. flashflood
____18. This refers to a flood type that is rapid, short-lived, and violent arrival of a large volume of water which can be caused by
intense localized rainfall on land that is saturated and unable to absorb water.
a. Riverine b. Ravine c. catastrophic flooding d. flashflood
____19. What is this type of flood that usually occurs in highly populated, developed areas set on relatively low-lying areas like
valleys and plains.
a. storm surge b. rural flooding c. high tide d. urban flooding
____20. What do you call of this flood control structure that is a barrier that holds back water and can regulate water flow rates.
a. dams b. diversion canals c. piled logs d. sea walls
____21. This is another flood control structure that poses as an artificial waterways utilized to reroute the excessive storm water.
a. diversion canals b. dams c. sea walls d. piled logs
____22. These are constructed along coasts to protect communities from being destroyed by flooding during high tide, by storm
surge, and by tsunamis.
a. diversion canals b. dams c. sea walls d. piled logs
____23. This is the most common among flood control structures which are used to prevent water from escaping river banks.
a. self-closing flood barrier (SCFB) c. artificial levees (or dikes)
b. dams d. diversion canals
____24. This is a flood barrier that is designed to prevent floods due to overflow of natural and artificial waterways from entering
property. This varies in size and just enough to protect houses and to protect the entire town.
a. artificial levees (or dikes) c. self-closing flood barrier (SCFB)
b. dams d. diversion canals
____25. Flooding can also be caused by unusually high tides. What do you call of this tide that is short-term sea-level rise caused by
the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun on the Earth’s waters.
a. spring tides c. neap tides
b. storm surge d. astronomical high tide
____26. What do you call of this type of tide that happens when the sun, the Earth, and the moon are aligned during new moon and
full moon and cause water to bulge in the direction of the alignment.
a. spring tides b. neap tides c. storm surge d. astronomical high tide
____27. This type of tide occurs during quarter moons, do not cause extreme tides because the gravitational pull of the moon and
the sun are perpendicular to each other and cancel each other out.
a. spring tides b. neap tides c. storm surge d. astronomical high tide
____28. This is calculated using the pressure differences between Tahiti and Darwin (T-D), indicates whether an El Niño or La Niña
events will take place in the Pacific Ocean.
a. Southern Oscillation c. The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Cycle
b. Southern Oscillation Index d. Southern Oscillation
____29. What do you call of this period when neither El Niño nor La Niña occurs? This usually happens during the transition
between El Niño and a La Niña .
a. The El Niño –La Niña Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Cycle c. Southern Oscillation Index
b. ENSO-neutral d. Oscillation
____30. This is a term that Sir Gilbert Walker gave for the see-saw shift he observed in atmospheric pressure between the eastern
and western tropical Pacific that accompanies both El Niño and La Niña episodes in the ocean.
a. The El Niño –La Niña Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Cycle c. Southern Oscillation Index
b. ENSO-neutral d. Southern Oscillation
____31. How would you describe a storm surge?
a. It only happens when there is an earthquake.
b. It is the unusual increase of sea water due to intense winds and intense tropical cyclones
c. It is an occurrence of heavy rains.
d. It is a tsunami.
____32. The following factors are what made tsunami different from a storm surge, except for one.
a. A tsunami is a succession of water waves formed in the sea or ocean due to an earthquake.
b. A tsunami has way longer wavelengths compared to storm surges.
c. A tsunami’s arrival range from minutes to hours.
d. A tsunami is wind-driven and has a storm intensity that influences the amount of surge produced.
____33. Which of the following is not true about thunderstorms?
a. Violent, transient type of weather disturbance c. Intense rainfall
b. Strong winds d. Occurs in non-equatorial regions
____34. What would happen when a high amount of moist warm air ascends very quickly into thunderstorm clouds
with a large proportion well above the freezing level of 0 oC temperature?
a. A formation of hailstone will occur c. Cool strong winds will occur
b. Heavy freezing rainfall will occur d. Typhoon will occur
____35. What can you conclude on the effects of La Niña?
a. There is an increase in the number of tropical cyclones that enter the PAR
b. There is minimal rainfall
c. Some areas will experience dry spell
d. Storm surges are impossible to happen during La La Niña
____36. Which statement supports the primary effects of flooding?
a. Those which result from direct interaction of humans and their property with flood waters.
b. Those that are short-term, immediate, but indirect consequences of flooding.
c. Those that are long-term indirect consequences of flooding.
d. None of the above
____37. Which statement supports the secondary effects of flooding?
a. Those which result from direct interaction of humans and their property with flood waters.
b. Those that are short-term, immediate, but indirect consequences of flooding.
c. Those that are long-term indirect consequences of flooding.
d. None of the above
____38. Which statement supports the tertiary effects of flooding?
a. Those which result from direct interaction of humans and their property with flood waters.
b. Those that are short-term, immediate, but indirect consequences of flooding.
c. Those that are long-term indirect consequences of flooding.
d. None of the above
____39. Which of the following is true for an individual who is reckless and did not take any precautions after a flood?
a. May feel prepared and well informed because of tuning to weather updates always in tv and radio
b. May feel at ease because emergency flood kit is already prepared
c. May get electrocuted because of failing to wear boots
d. None of the above
____40. What would happen if there is a catastrophic flooding?
a. Liquefaction occurs
b. Landslides may occur
c. Infrastructure failures such as breakage of dams and levees may occur
d. All of the above
____41. What explanation do you have why El Niño occur?
a. The easterly trade winds that push the water to the west become weaker thus warmer waters are concentrated in
the west and colder waters are left in the east.
b. The sun’s heat is heavily concentrating in a particular area thus drought and dry spell occurs.
c. It is just a natural occurrence happening every 10 years in places situated in the equatorial region.
d. None of the above.
____42. How would you solve the occurrence of ENSO (El Niño and La Niña) event should it happen in your area?
a. Nothing, it will just pass eventually
b. Do outdoor activities
c. Monitor and Adapt strategies to combat against ENSO events
d. Stay home and rest all throughout
____43. What would the result be if people continue to do outdoor activities during El Niño?
a. People may become slimmer and tanner
b. Health problems may occur like heat exhaustion, heat craps, and heat strokes
c. It is the best time for outdoor exercises as perspiration coming out from the body is unlimited
d. Nothing, no health problems were recorded during ENSO events
____44. What can you suggest to farmers should there be an occurrence of La Niña in their area?
a. Plant submergence-tolerant food crops varieties.
b. Nothing, it will just pass eventually
c. It is the best time to plant root crops since water is overflowing everywhere
d. Take advantage of the rainfall and plant
____45. What advise can you give to cope with health threats posed by La Niña?
a. Let tires , water containers, and vases be the breeding sites of mosquitoes
b. Bathe in the rain after all water is free and unlimited
c. It is alright to stride in floodwaters since drainages are cleaned every 3 months
d. Boil water intended for drinking and even chlorinate it
___46. Why is Philippines frequented by typhoons?
a. It is a windy country.
b. It has so many islands and typhoons form because of this.
c. It is near Japan.
d. It belongs to the northwest Pacific ocean or basin, which is home to the most intense and most frequent
occurrence of tropical cyclones.
____47. Why are storm surges potentially very destructive?
a. It brings small driftwoods from the ocean.
b. It brings rare sea species common individuals have never seen before.
c. It carries little but continuous waves to the shore.
d. Not only buildings, roads, bridges and infrastructures be submerged, they can also be washed away and destroyed.
____48. What explanations do you have as the cause of most serious floods in the Philippines ?
a. Location, land configuration and climactic setting
b. No river controls
c. Clogged drainages
d. Overflowing of trashes
____49. What do you think are the things that you need to prepare and do to survive during a flood?
a. Have an easily accessible emergency flood kit always prepared.
b. Find out if your area is prone to flooding.
c. Try to get very important and delicate personal property to higher grounds to avoid damage.
d. All of the above.
____50. How do you protect yourself from tornadoes?
a. “Get in, get down, and cover up”
b. “Get out, run for cover”
c. “Get in, relax, and eat”
d. All of the above

Congratulations! You have just finished answering your exam. Please review your answers.

Enjoy your semestral break! See you around. 

Ma’am Abegai