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W HAT IS ISO 9001:2015 – QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS?

ISO 9001 is the international standard that specifies requirements for a quality management
system (QMS). Organizations use the standard to demonstrate the ability to consistently
provide products and services that meet customer and regulatory requirements. It is the
most popular standard in the ISO 9000 series and the only standard in the series to which
organizations can certify.

ISO 9001 was first published in 1987 by the International Organization for Standardization
(ISO), an international agency composed of the national standards bodies of more than 160
countries. The current version of ISO 9001 was released in September 2015.

Organizations certified to the ISO 9001:2008 standard will have a three-year period to
transition to ISO 9001:2015. When the transition period ends in September 2018, ISO
9001:2008 certificates will no longer be valid. Organizations looking to start their transition
to the 2015 revision can purchase a copy of ISO 9001:2015.

Who should use the ISO 9001:2015 – quality management


systems revision?
ISO 9001:2015 applies to any organization, regardless of size or industry. More than one
million organizations from more than 160 countries have applied the ISO 9001 standard
requirements to their quality management systems.

Organizations of all types and sizes find that using the ISO 9001 standard helps them:

 Organize processes
 Improve the efficiency of processes
 Continually improve

All organizations that use ISO 9001 are encouraged to transition to ISO 9001:2015 as soon
as possible. This includes not only organizations that are certified to ISO 9001:2008, but
also any organizations involved in training or certifying others.

What topics does ISO 9001:2015 cover?


ISO 9001 is based on the plan-do-check-act methodology and provides a process-oriented
approach to documenting and reviewing the structure, responsibilities, and procedures
required to achieve effective quality management in an organization. Specific sections of
the standard contain information on topics such as:

 Requirements for a quality management system, including documented information,


planning and determining process interactions
 Responsibilities of management
 Management of resources, including human resources and an organization’s work
environment
 Product realization, including the steps from design to delivery
 Measurement, analysis, and improvement of the QMS through activities like internal audits
and corrective and preventive action

Looking for a longer introduction to the ISO 9001 standard and the process approach?
Read these popular open-access articles from QP magazine:
ISO 9001 Made Easy
The Process Approach to QMS in ISO 9001 and 9004

Changes introduced in the 2015 revision are intended to ensure that ISO 9001 continues to
adapt to the changing environments in which organizations operate. Some of the key
updates in ISO 9001:2015 include the introduction of new terminology, restructuring some
of the information, an emphasis on risk-based thinking to enhance the application of the
process approach, improved applicability for services, and increased leadership
requirements.

See a collection of featured resources providing more details on ISO 9001, including
materials you can use to prepare for the transition to ISO 9001:2015.

How do I get started with ISO 9001:2015?


Organizations and individuals that use ISO 9001 are encouraged to transition to the 2015
revision as soon as possible. However, the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) and the ISO
Committee on Conformity Assessment (CASCO) have agreed to a three-year transition period
from the publication date of ISO 9001:2015.

Whether you are beginning your ISO 9001 journey or transitioning to the 2015 revision, your
first step is to purchase a copy of ISO 9001:2015.

What are the benefits of ISO 9001?


ISO 9001 helps organizations ensure their customers consistently receive high quality products
and services, which in turn brings many benefits, including satisfied customers, management,
and employees.

Because ISO 9001 specifies the requirements for an effective quality management system,
organizations find that using the standard helps them:

 Organize a QMS
 Create satisfied customers, management, and employees
 Continually improve

"It has been my experience, with several companies, that the culture change associated with ISO
implementation is multilayered. The first and most obvious benefit is quality awareness," ASQ
senior member Bud Salsbury writes on ASQ’s Ask the Experts blog. "This quality awareness
does not fade away easily. Even those who offer strong resistance to change learn to respect and
very much appreciate all the practical value in a good quality management system."

ISO 9001 also provides financial benefits, such as cost savings.

In Nevada, the Clark County School District used ISO 9001 to save $174 million over 10 years
in actual expenditures and cost avoidance. More than 3,000 employees were trained to the
standard, enabling three critical components of the system’s success: training, communication
and respect, and efficiency.

ISO 9001:2015 as a “business management tool”


In an article for ASQ’s QP magazine, Oscar Combs summarizes results of a Harvard
Business School study comparing 916 organizations that have adopted ISO 9001 and
17,849 non-adopters. As Combs explains, the “business benefits” enjoyed by the ISO 9001
organizations included higher rates of survival and growth, increased wages, reduced
waste, enhanced productivity, and improved health and safety performance.

“ISO 9001 offers more than quality benefits. The standard should be thought of as a business management tool
an organization can use to drive value, improve its operations and reduce its risks.”

- Oscar Combs, Standard Wise

Achieving ISO 9001 certification


ISO 9001 is the only standard in the ISO 9000 series to which organizations can certify.
Achieving certification means that an organization has demonstrated the following:

 Follows the guidelines of the ISO 9001 standard


 Fulfills its own requirements
 Meets customer requirements and statutory and regulatory requirements
 Maintains documentation

Certification to the ISO 9001 standard can enhance an organization’s credibility by showing
customers that its products and services meet expectations. In some instances or in some
industries, certification is required or legally mandated.

The certification process includes implementing the requirements of ISO 9001:2015 and
then completing a successful registrar’s audit confirming the organization meets those
requirements.

As Bill Aston explains in an Expert Answers column for ASQ’s QP magazine, organizations
should consider the following as they begin preparing for an ISO 9001 quality management
system certification:

 Registrar’s costs for ISO 9001 registration, surveillance and recertification audits
 Current level of conformance with ISO 9001 requirements
 Amount of resources that the company will dedicate to this project for development and
implementation
 Amount of support that will be required from a consultant and the associated costs

Read "What’s the cost?" for a checklist you can use to assess the costs of certifying to ISO
9001.

ASQ does not issue ISO 9001 certification.

Training in the ISO 9001 standard


Training can provide an opportunity to review the ISO 9001:2015 standard and apply quality
management principles in a practice environment.

Professionals responsible for developing, implementing, auditing, and managing an ISO


quality management system or quality professionals interested in updating their
documented ISO 9001-based QMS can take ISO 9000 training courses, which include
courses focused on ISO 9001 and quality management systems. Additionally, organizations
looking to improve employee performance and employees looking to continually improve
will also find ISO 9000 training relevant.

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