Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 8

11/29/2019

11/29/2019 Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia Coordinates : 40°15′43″N 80°11′6″W Canonsburg, Pennsylvania

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania

Canonsburg was laid out by Colonel John Canon in 1789 and

incorporated in 1802. The population was 8,992 at the 2010

census.

The town is in a rich coal district, and most of the town's work

operate from Washington, Pennsylvania to Pittsburgh through

the borough until 1953.

The town is home to Sarris Candies and All-Clad

Metalcrafters, makers of cookware and other bonded metals.

Yenko Chevrolet, one of largest and most notorious custom

muscle car shops of the late 1960s and early 1970s, was also

The second-largest Fourth of July parade in the state of

Pennsylvania, second only to Philadelphia, is held in

Canonsburg. [4] In the weeks leading up to the parade, the

town frequently gains media attention for its residents setting

up folding chairs along the town's main street to stake claim to

prime viewing areas. Additionally, Canonsburg is home to an

annual Oktoberfest. In the television series Supernatural, the

town is featured in the episode "Monster Movie," which is set

in the borough during the Oktoberfest celebration.

Contents

History

Uranium mill

Geography

Surrounding neighborhoods

Demographics

Fourth of July Parade

Black Horse Tavern

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania

 
 

Borough of Canonsburg

Pennsylvania   Borough   Borough of Canonsburg West Pike Street near the intersection of North Jefferson

West Pike Street near the intersection of North Jefferson Avenue

 

Etymology: John Canon

Nickname(s): Guntown [1] Motto(s): "America's Small Town Music Capital"

Motto(s): "America's Small Town Music Capital" Location of Canonsburg in Washington County, Pennsylvania.

Location of Canonsburg in Washington County, Pennsylvania.

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania
Canonsburg,
Pennsylvania
 

Location of Canonsburg in Pennsylvania

Country

United States

County

11/29/2019

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia

Notable people

Gallery

References

Further reading

External links

History

Established

1791

Government

 

Mayor

David H. Rhome

Area [2]

 

• Total

2.31 sq mi (5.98 km 2 )

• Land

2.31 sq mi (5.98 km 2 )

• Water

0.00 sq mi (0.00 km 2 )

Population (2010)

 

• Total

8,992

• Estimate (2018) [3]

8,811

Density

3,825.54/sq mi (1,477.03/km 2 )

Summer (DST)

Website

The exact date of the first settlement near the current site of

Canonsburg is unclear. Colonel John Canon, a common miller

who also served as justice of the Virginia courts at Fort

Dunmore (better known as Fort Pitt, now Pittsburgh),

purchased some land from the state of Virginia around

Chartiers Creek, sometime before May 1780. The state had

claimed what is now southwestern Pennsylvania in a dispute

that would not finally be settled until later in the decade. In

1781 Pennsylvania carved Washington County out of

Westmoreland County, and the county seat was established at

Washington. The notes of the first session of the Washington

County Court during that year indicate a call for a road from

Canon's mill to Pittsburgh. The road to Pittsburgh, called Pitt Street, remains in part today as an archaic and indirect route

to the city. The first surviving plat of the town is from April 15, 1788. Lots were sold around Canon's property, and the

emerging town took the name of Canonsburg shortly thereafter.

Original plots, as laid by Colonel John Canon.
Original plots, as laid by Colonel John
Canon.

Many of the participants in the Whiskey Rebellion of July 1794 were

residents of present-day Washington County, which includes Canonsburg.

Some of the insurrectionists are believed to have gathered in the town's

Black Horse Tavern. However, records do not indicate whether any

Canonsburg residents participated in any of the violent acts which

occurred during the rebellion. [5]

The town was the site of the first institution of higher learning west of the

Allegheny Mountains, Jefferson College. Founded in 1802, it was the

eleventh such institution in the United States. The Phi Gamma Delta and

Phi Kappa Psi fraternities were both founded at Jefferson College. Phi

Gamma Delta, of whom President Calvin Coolidge was a member, was

founded in 1848. Phi Kappa Psi, of whom President Woodrow Wilson and

over 100 U.S. Congressmen claim membership, was founded in 1852. The

school would go on to become Washington & Jefferson College in nearby

Washington.

For generations, Jefferson College financially supported Canonsburg by

accounting for much of its income. However, in 1868, the college was

moved to nearby Washington, leaving behind empty college rooming and

boarding houses, known as the "forts". Canonsburg's largest financial

draw having left, it would take the introduction of the railroad system to

11/29/2019

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia

return the city to its former glory. The railroad system, on its way from Mansfield (Carnegie) to Washington (See:

Chartiers Branch), was fully operational, as scheduled, on May 18, 1871. The first scheduled train departed from the Washington depot carrying "borough authorities, the committee of arrangement and reception, as well as Rankin’s Cornet Band and a number of…prominent citizens who had been invited to join the excursion." They traveled to Mansfield, where they waited for the special to arrive from Pittsburgh. The special had 12 coaches pulled by two locomotives and was filled with a large number of dignitaries, most especially the mayors of Pittsburgh and Allegheny. The special then made it down the newly laid tracks, passing stations full of spectators to cheer on the train. Canonsburg had a large crowd of supporters, and many people climbed aboard the train to ride along to Washington. There, led by Pittsburgh's Great Western Band, the crowd marched to Town Hall for a round of speeches. The Washington Reporter editor pronounced the day "a grand success."

In 1911, South Canonsburg was annexed.

In 1903 the Washington and Canonsburg Railway Company linked the two towns with a trolley line. The company was bought by the Philadelphia Company in 1906, later becoming part of the Pittsburgh Railway Company, linking through to Pittsburgh as part of their interurban service in 1909. [6] The line closed on August 29, 1953, with the last three trolley cars travelling south through Canonsburg to the Pennsylvania Trolley Museum in 1954 shortly before the track was removed.

Uranium mill

The Standard Chemical Company operated a radium refining mill from 1911 to 1922 on a 19-acre (77,000 m 2 ) plot of land. From 1930 to 1942 the company purified uranium ore. Marie Curie was invited to the United States in 1921 and was given an honorary degree by the University of Pittsburgh, and one gram of radium.

From 1942 to 1957, Vitro Manufacturing Company refined uranium and other rare metals from various ores and onsite residues, government-owned uranium ore, process concentrates, and scrap materials. The government bought the uranium ore from Vitro and used it in the Manhattan Project. Waste from incomplete extraction and other metallurgical processes accumulated during the site's long history. About 11,600 tons of mill tailings were moved to railroad property near Blairsville between 1956 and 1957. After the closure of Vitro, the site was used by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. The site was then used by the Canonsburg Pottery Company, operated by the George Family, for land and clay.

The Canonsburg mill site was designated in the 1978 Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act as eligible for federal funds for clean up. It was the only uranium mill east of the Mississippi River to receive funds. In a $48 million cleanup project, the mill site and 163 nearby properties in Canonsburg were remediated. Residual radioactivity was consolidated into a covered, clay-lined cell at the Canonsburg mill site, which is fenced and posted.

Geography

Canonsburg is located at

(40.262012, −80.185030). [8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.0 km 2 ), all land.

Canonsburg Lake, a recreational lake, lies directly east of the town.

Surrounding neighborhoods

11/29/2019

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia

Canonsburg has four borders, including Cecil Township to the north and northeast, North Strabane Township to the east

and south, Houston to the southwest, and Chartiers Township to the west and northwest.

Demographics

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 8,607 people, 3,809 households, and 2,285

families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,703.5 people per

square mile (1,432.4/km²). There were 4,144 housing units at an average density of

1,783.1 per square mile (689.7/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.01%

White, 6.53% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.08%

Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.50% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population.

There were 3,809 households out of which 23.6% had children under the age of 18

living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female

householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 34.9% of all

households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who

was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average

family size was 2.88.

In the borough the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 7.1%

from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.5% who were 65

years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there

were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $31,184, and the median

income for a family was $42,793. Males had a median income of $32,458 versus

$22,733 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $17,469. About

5.8% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including

14.5% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Fourth of July Parade

Historical population

Census

Pop.

440

792

80.0%

687

−13.3%

627

−8.7%

650

3.7%

641

−1.4%

699

9.0%

2,113

202.3%

2,714

28.4%

3,891

43.4%

10,632

173.2%

12,558

18.1%

12,599

0.3%

12,072

−4.2%

11,877

−1.6%

11,439

−3.7%

10,459

−8.6%

9,200

−12.0%

8,607

−6.4%

8,992

4.5%

Est. 2018

8,811 [3]

−2.0%

Sources: [9][10][11][12]

The Canonsburg Fourth of July Parade is a parade through

Canonsburg celebrating Independence Day. It is the second-largest

Fourth of July parade in Pennsylvania, second only to Philadelphia,

despite Canonsburg having only 8,992 residents. [4] 50,000 to 60,000

people usually attend. [4][13] The parade starts on Morganza Road and

runs down the length of Pike Street, heading westward, for approximately

1.5 miles.

A view from Pike Street in the Canonsburg Fourth of July parade.
A view from Pike Street in the
Canonsburg Fourth of July parade.

The parade begins at 10:00 am on the Fourth of July. Parade members

include high school and other marching bands from Washington County

and the surrounding areas, local sports teams and cheerleaders of all ages,

polka bands, various church groups, members of the VFW, local politicians, and the mayor of Canonsburg. Some groups

throw candy to the children along the parade route, and others pass out water bottles.

11/29/2019

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia

After the parade, the day's festivities continue with food, concerts, events in Canonsburg Town Park, and family

entertainment throughout the day. [14] The day ends with fireworks launched near Canon-McMillan Memorial Stadium. [15]

The parade is perhaps regionally most famous for the long-standing tradition of enthusiasts placing chairs, benches, and

beach chairs along the parade route to reserve their seats, sometimes a week or more ahead of the parade. This has caused

controversy among some residents and business owners, but the tradition continues to this day. [13] The seat saving ritual

has attracted the attention of CNN, Jay Leno, and David Letterman. [16]

Black Horse Tavern

Black Horse Tavern was founded in 1794, [17] on the road between Budd's Ferry

on the Youghiogheny River to McFarlen's Ferry on Monongahela River. [18]

rebellion, ascribing the tavern's prominent role in the Whiskey Rebellion to

"local tradition." [18] By 1795, a "nailing business" was started at the

location. [17] In 1910, the remains of the tavern were removed to make room for

the new Canonsburg High School. [20]

Notable people

Black Horse Tavern
Black Horse Tavern

Bob Baker , boxer Bob Baker, boxer

Perry Como , popular singer and television personality, recipient of Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award (2002) Perry Como, popular singer and television personality, recipient of Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award (2002) [21]

Mike Hull , NFL linebacker for Miami Dolphins Mike Hull, NFL linebacker for Miami Dolphins

H. Ross Hume , distance runner, one of "dead heat twins" H. Ross Hume, distance runner, one of "dead heat twins"

Robert H. Hume , distance runner, brother of H. Ross Hume Robert H. Hume, distance runner, brother of H. Ross Hume

Hal Hunter , football coach Hal Hunter, football coach

Doug Kotar , NFL running back for New York Giants Doug Kotar, NFL running back for New York Giants

Jonathan Letterman , Civil War era military surgeon, pioneered field ambulance technique. Jonathan Letterman, Civil War era military surgeon, pioneered field ambulance technique.

Bill Schmidt , Olympic bronze medalist in javelin at Munich Olympics in 1972, national champion Bill Schmidt, Olympic bronze medalist in javelin at Munich Olympics in 1972, national champion 1978, World Military champion and record holder, Turku, Finland, 1971

Marty Schottenheimer , NFL football coach Marty Schottenheimer, NFL football coach

John Ulam, founder All-Clad cookware and coinage All-Clad cookware and coinage

Bobby Vinton , pop singer and recording artist Bobby Vinton, pop singer and recording artist

Donald Yenko , racer driver, creator of Yenko Camaro at Yenko Chevrolet Donald Yenko, racer driver, creator of Yenko Camaro at Yenko Chevrolet

Delvin Miller original owner of Meadowcroft Rockshelter , Neolithic native American cave site, and founder Delvin Miller original owner of Meadowcroft Rockshelter, Neolithic native American cave site, and founder of "the Meadows" Harness Horse Race Track [23]

Gallery

11/29/2019

11/29/2019 Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia John McMillan's Log Roberts House , built Canonsburg

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia

11/29/2019 Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia John McMillan's Log Roberts House , built Canonsburg
11/29/2019 Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia John McMillan's Log Roberts House , built Canonsburg
11/29/2019 Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia John McMillan's Log Roberts House , built Canonsburg

Roberts House, built

in

the

between 1802 and 1808,

built in 1938, at West

located at 511 Adams

1780s, located on East

at 225 North Central

College Street and North

College Street

beside

Avenue.

Central Avenue.

Canonsburg

Middle

School.

References

Avenue.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Grefenstette, Jerry (2009). Canonsburg – Images of America (https://books.google.com/books?id=vr31Qfo34g0C). Arcadia Publishing. p. 46. ISBN 0-7385-6533-4. Retrieved October 18, 2009.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

2008-01-31.

12.

13.

11/29/2019

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia

Archived from the original (http://www.wpxi.com/station/19834513/detail.html#) on July 4, 2009. Retrieved October 29,

2009.

19. Philip W. Goetz, ed. (1983). "Canonsburg". The New Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica. p. 517. "In 1794, the Whiskey Rebellion (an uprising of farmers against excise tax on distilled liquor) began there [Canonsburg] at the Black Hose Tavern."

20. Herron, Jr., James T. (May 2000). "Canonsburg School Board Minutes, Nov. 3, 1910 and Jan. 3, 1911" (http://www.ch artiers.com/jeff/2000-May/Mccartny.html). Jefferson College Times. Jefferson College Historical Society. "In 1910 the Canonsburg school board accepted his [Dave McCartney] bid to tear down what was left of the old Black Horse Tavern. The school district was planning to build a high school on the site. He signed the proposal with his mark."

23. Archaeology Magazine

Further reading

Barraclough, Christopher R. Morganza: Pennsylvania's Reform School. Arcadia Publishing, 2014. Morganza: Pennsylvania's Reform School. Arcadia Publishing, 2014.

Grefenstette, Jerry. Canonsburg. Arcadia Publishing, 2009. Canonsburg. Arcadia Publishing, 2009.

Herron, James T. Fifty Fantastic Fourths: Commemorating Canonsburg's Fourth of July Celebration in its 50th Year. Canonsburg, Fifty Fantastic Fourths: Commemorating Canonsburg's Fourth of July Celebration in its 50th Year. Canonsburg, Pennsylvania: Fourth of July Celebration Committee, 2012.

Herron, James T. A History for the Two Hundredth Anniversary of the Canonsburg United Presbyterian Church. McPeake Printing A History for the Two Hundredth Anniversary of the Canonsburg United Presbyterian Church. McPeake Printing Co., 1975.

Richards, Samuel J. The Middle Holds: A History of St. Thomas' Episcopal Church, Canonsburg, and the Community it The Middle Holds: A History of St. Thomas' Episcopal Church, Canonsburg, and the Community it Serves. Closson Press, 2016.

External links

11/29/2019

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia