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98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 65/23



(98/C 65/08)

1.ÙThe broad outlines of the programme projects must be of European interest and involve at least
three Member States. Non-member countries,
On 29 October 1996 the Council adopted the Sherlock particularly those which have applied to join the Union,
programme, a programme of training, exchanges and may be associated with such projects provided that
cooperation in the field of identity documents (Joint would be useful for the purposes of the programme.
Action 96/637/JHA — OJ LØ288, 8.11.1996, p. 7). It
applies to the 15 Member States of the European Union
and also contains provision for non-member countries to 2.ÙProgramme structure, areas of operation in 1998 and
be associated where that meets the objectives of the budgets
The aims of the Sherlock programme remain specific, in
that they relate to a very sensitive area and, more often
The programme covers the period from 1996 to 2000 than not, require a technical approach and measures to
and the financial reference amount for implementing it is protect confidentiality, so that the programme is left
ECU 5 million. primarily up to government departments in the Member
States and their specialist departments. However, past
The general objective of the programme is to make the experience and the lessons drawn from implementing the
action taken to combat the forging or falsifying of projects selected under the 1996 and 1997 programme
identity documents more effective, and to make such show that the programme now needs to be fine-tuned,
documents easier to detect, by stepping up cooperation with a more specialised approach to the priority areas
between government departments in the Member States. and some degree of assessment incorporated.

A number of matters have been explored at previous

To achieve this, the Sherlock programme is to set up
seminars, and areas such as exchanges of officials are
operations in the following areas:
now covered by projects which go beyond the annual
framework and are a way of responding satisfactorily to
—Ùtraining for officials responsible for carrying out the needs which officials from the Member States have
checks, especially training for instructors, and expressed.
high-level training for specialists; basic training for
officials will remain the responsibility of the Member
States; Without abandoning this overall approach completely,
we think it would be advisable not to attach such high
priority to certain operations as at the start of the
—Ùexchanges of officials between Member States, long programme. Meanwhile there are other areas which have
enough (more than a fortnight) for practical, still not been properly explored, and more space clearly
on-the-spot familiarisation with the methods, needs to be devoted to the topical questions confronting
procedures and techniques used; the Member States, to which the facilities the programme
offers enable rapid and specific answers to be given.
—Ùresearch into forged documents, primarily for the Lastly — and this is a feature which all the programmes
purpose of producing teaching aids (control manuals managed by the Commission share — increasing space
etc.) or information facilities (document exchange has to be earmarked for evaluating the exercises carried
systems), excluding any form of more ‘technical’ out as part of the programme.
research into the actual production of documents
(chemical aspects or in electronic or physical form
etc.). With these thoughts in mind, and from our observation
of the situation in the various areas concerned and of the
work done by the specific groups, we propose that the
The projects are selected by a Management Committee 1998 programme address itself to the following areas of
on which all the Member States are represented; it is operation, with an estimated overall budget of ECU
chaired by the Commission. To qualify for funding, 1 million:
C 65/24 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 28.2.98

Area of operation (a) The estimated budgets for meeting these priorities are as
—ÙTraining: This remains a high-priority area under the (in ecus)
joint action. The trend must be towards greater Area of operation Budget estimate
specialisation. One component should address itself
to disseminating training and information, so that the (a)ÙTraining 300Ø000
teaching aids devised during previous operations can
(b) Topical issues 300Ø000
be overhauled to instil familiarity with the latest
developments in areas relating to false documents. (c) Cooperation with applicant countries 250Ø000
(d) Evaluation 75Ø000
Area of operation (b) (e) Other eligible measures 75Ø000

—ÙTopical issues: Here it is a matter of responding to TotalÙ 1Ø000Ø000

needs as they arise, on specific questions which
confront the Member States (mass influxes of
immigrants, the emergence of new ways of falsifying
documents, unfamiliar new practices, new technology 3.ÙPotentially interested parties and submission of
and so on). projects

Parties which might potentially be interested are,

Area of operation (c) basically, government departments in the Member States
responsible for checking identity documents, as well as
—ÙCooperation with countries applying for membership. other departments, e.g. those responsible for staff
These countries have displayed their interest in the training. We should not rule other applicants out,
scheme by consistently attending the various seminars however, particularly where they are working in areas
with which they are associated in 1997. We could related to the objectives of the programme.
encourage their enthusiasm with other types of
exercise (training and exchange of officials). Efforts
will be made to make sure these complement other The memorandum on the financing of Title VI, of which
programmes under Title VI and other Community a revised version issued at the beginning of 1997 is
assistance programmes, particularly those falling available in all the official languages, gives the requisite
within the across-the-board Phare programme (JHA). details of the procedure for submitting projects and has
attached to it a standard application form with precise
instructions for drafting the financial statement. Those
Area of operation (d) interested are advised to refer to that document when
drawing up projects.
—ÙEvaluation: This is a priority area for the
Commission in managing the programmes for which Projects for financing from the 1998 budget must reach
it is responsible. The 1998 programme is the third the Commission by 31 March 1998 and should be sent to
budgetary year for the Sherlock programme, so the following address:
evaluating it could be a useful exercise, to ensure that
the measures taken match the specifications of the Mr Wenceslas de Lobkowicz
programme. Chairman of the Sherlock Programme Management
Mr Arnaud Cochet, Committee Secretary,
Area of operation (e) European Commission,
—ÙOther eligible measures under the Sherlock Justice and Home Affairs Task Force Unit 1,
programme: This means measures falling within the Rue de la Loi/Wetstraat 200, Room N-9 5/27A,
general programme which are not actually a priority B-1049 Brussels;
but could individually be of special interest to the Tel: (32-2) 296Ø67Ø46,
Member States. fax: (32-2) 296Ø59Ø97.