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Synopsis

The debate between public and private schooling has been ongoing for several decades in the

U.S. Public schools are normally funded as well as regulate by government agencies which

means most of them come with a string system of accountability. Teachers are required to meet

state-mandated guidelines and rules. Both public and private systems have their advantages and

disadvantages.

Part B

Argument Public Private

Funding Tax-funded Privately funded

Regulations Uniform Different depending on

schools

Enrollment Anyone is eligible to enroll Restricted to a small number

of students depending on

socio-economic status

Freedom of Choice Parents and teachers cannot Parents and teachers can

choose their curriculum choose their curriculum

Standardized Tests More emphasis on Less emphasis on

standardized tests Standardized tests

Part C
Based on the above arguments of positions, I believe that public schools are the best. To begin

with, public education is funded from tax dollars which means that parents are not forced to pay

for tuition. Due to such a level of funding, many public schools can afford to acquire the services

of specialized teachers who can assist any students that have special needs. They also have the

resources to buy equipment such as textbooks, computers as well as electronic visual aids. They

also offer a wider range of classes to fit the students’ individual interests including advanced and

remedial courses.

Since public schools are regulated and funded by government agencies, most of them tend to

have a strong system of accountability. Being publicly funded, means that almost all public

schools offer similar disciplines. It therefore makes it easier for parents to move the students

from one school district to the next in case they are forced to move owing to work or family

commitments.

Publicly funded schools admit almost all students that express an interest to join them provided

they reside in their school districts. Such an open door policy ensures that more people get an

education and therefore improves a society’s literacy levels. There are no restrictions which are

common in private schools owing to high tuition fees and other requirements that are not

regulated by the government. With such an open door policy, public schools ensure that students

interact with people from diverse socio-economic backgrounds as they grown up.

However, one disadvantage that plagues public schools is that students, teachers and parents do

not have the ability to choose curriculum based on religious beliefs, values or particular artistic

interests. Private schools usually place emphasis on religious or moral values. Numerous of them

also require the students to take part in community outreach programs as part their educational
requirements. On the other hand, private schools and charter schools usually prioritize the arts as

their curriculum’s major component. The teachers have the flexibility to come up with lesson

plans that are tailored to specific religious doctrines or moral values.

Public schools place greater emphasis on standardized tests. In most states, there exist

standardized tests which are required and the schools are usually graded based on the

performance of students in such tests. Teachers are therefore required to concentrate on some of

the core disciplines such as mathematics, writing and English. Such an approach allows students

to gain skills on these core subjects before they eventually branch out to their preferred

disciplines in future.

The discussion has shown that public schools are a better alternative to private education. The

advantages are more for the student as well as society at large. While public schools foster social

and economic integration through admitting students from different backgrounds, private

education entrenches social and economic stratification.