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ROUTINE TASK

PRODUCTIVE WRITTEN LANGUAGE SKILLS

SENTENCE TYPES

ARRANGED BY:

NAME : ALDI ADITYA ARNIZ

NIM : 2191121027

LECTURER : Dr. ANNI HOLILA PULUNGAN, M. Hum.

ENGLISH EDUCATION

LANGUAGE AND ART FACULTY

MEDAN STATE UNIVERSITY

2019
1. Simple Sentence
Regarding to Diana (2017) says that Simple sentence known as fundamental of English
language sentence, because its sentences indicate that has only one idea and the contained of its
sentence has one independent clause or main clause. The simple sentence differs from other
sentence types because its clause can stand alone not depending on other clauses of the sentence.
Moreover, Otong Setiawan Djuharie (2019) perceives that simple sentence is a sentence that only
consist one subject and one verb. We can also add compound subject and compound verb on
simple sentence.
Based on experts’ opinions above, I can conclude that simple sentence is a sentence that
consist one subject and verb that talk about one idea and can be compound. In order to make you
understand about simple sentence easily, here five examples about simple sentence, such as:
Example Explanation
My father reads the newspaper.  Subject : My father
 Verb : reads
 Object : the newspaper
The teacher came late yesterday.  Subject : The teacher
 Verb : came
 Adverb : late & yesterday
George is a diligent student.  Subject : George
 Verb : is
 Noun Phrase : a diligent student
My dad and I were fishing at 5 o’clock  Subject : My dad and I
yesterday.  Verb : were fishing
 Prepositional phrase : at 5 o’clock
yesterday
The audience felt amazed and felt satisfy  Subject : The audience
simultaneously after watching “Gundala”.  Verb : felt amazed and felt satisfy
 Adverb : simultaneously
 Prepositional phrase : after watching
“Gundala”
2. Compound Sentence

Regarding to Diana (2017) says that compound sentence has two or more independent
clauses. Furthermore, Compound sentence is sequence of sentences that consists two subject and
verb which connected by conjunction in the form of co-ordination such as: and, or, and but
(Otong Setiawan Djuharie, 2019:157).

For me, compound sentence is a sentence that consist two or more clauses that connected
by coordinate conjunction, conjunctive adverb, or semicolon. In order to make you understand
compound sentence easily, here some examples about compound sentence, such as:

Example Explanation
I like my job and my boss, but I’m not paid  Subject : I
enough.  Verb : like & am not
 Coordinate Conjunction : but
Aldi and Fadil wake up at 05:00 AM, and  Subject : Aldi and Fadil (they)
they go to school at 6:30 AM.  Verb : wake up & go
 Coordinate Conjunction : and
Jessica has a worried look on her face; she’s  Subject : Jessica (she)
afraid she’s not going to win the competition.  Verb : has & is afraid
 Semicolon: (;)
I’m not really tired; however, I like to rest on  Subject : I
my bed everytime.  Verb : am not & like
 Conjunctive Adverb : however
It was a difficult task, but Malik managed to  Subject : It & Malik
finish the task on time nevertheless.  Verb : was & managed
 Conjunctive Adverb : nevertheless

3. Complex Sentence

According to Diana (2017) , Complex sentence indicate that has one independent clause
also one or more dependent clause. The clause of this sentence types do not have equal
importance. Whereas, the independent clause contains the most important idea. Although, the
dependent clause as adds the extra information. Regarding this, “Complex sentence is sequence
of sentences that consists one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.” (Otong
Setiawan Djuharie, 2019:160).

According to me, complex sentence is a sentence that consist one independent clause and
one or more dependent clause. Dependent clause divided to three, such as adverbial clause,
adjective clause, and noun clause. Here some examples to make you understand easily:

Example Explanation
I’ll give you a call when I finish.  Independent Clause : I’ll give you a call
 Adverbial Clause : when I finish
Because she had free time during holiday, she  Independent Clause : she cleaned her house
cleaned her house.  Adverbial Clause : Because she had free
time during holiday
Spiderman, which is very flexible and strong,  Independent Clause : Spiderman is my
is my favorite superhero. favorite superhero
 Adjective Clause : which is very flexible
and strong
Putri, who won the first champion, has a  Independent Clause : Putri has a smart
smart brain and good grade. brain and good grade
 Adjective Clause : who won the first
champion
I forgot where I put my phone.  Independent Clause : I forgot
 Noun Clause : where I put my phone

4. Compound-Complex Sentence

Regarding to Diana (2017), compound-complex sentence has two or more independent


clause and at least one dependent clause. According to Otong Setiawan Djuharie (2019),
compound complex sentence is sequence of sentences that consists two subject and verb which
connected by conjunction and consists one independent clause and one or more dependent
clauses.
In my opinion, compound complex sentence is a sentence which is combination of
compound sentence and complex sentence. This sentence type has three or more clauses that
consists two independent clauses and one dependent clause. Here some examples of compound
complex sentence:

Example Explanation
The computer that is broken needs to be  Independent Clause (1) : The computer
repaired, but I do not have enough money. needs to be repaired
 Independent Clause (2) : I do not have
enough money
 Dependent Clause : that is broken
 Coordinate Conjunction : but
The weather is nice, but we still cannot go to  Independent Clause (1) : The weather is
the park because my mother is sick. nice
 Independent Clause (2) : we still cannot go
to park
 Dependent Clause : because my mother is
sick
 Coordinate Conjunction : but
When I feel hungry and my mother is not at  Independent Clause (1) : my mother is not
home, I will cook fried rice. at home
 Independent Clause (2) : I will cook a fried
rice
 Dependent Clause : When I feel hungry
 Coordinate Conjunction : and
You will never know what she is thinking  Independent Clause (1) : You will never
about, yet you can ask her. know
 Independent Clause (2) : you can ask her
 Dependent Clause : what she is thinking
about
 Coordinate Conjunction : yet
You should solve this problem before your  Independent Clause (1) : You should solve
parents know it or they will be mad. this problem
 Independent Clause (2) : they will be mad
 Dependent Clause : before your parents
know it
 Coordinate Conjunction : or
SOURCES

Diana. 2017. “The Syntatic of English Sentence Structuce in Brad Bird’ the Incredibles”.
Thesis. Universitas Islam Negeri Syekh Nurjati, Cirebon.

Setiawan Djuharie, Otong. 2019. Sentence Writing Eksplorasi Model dan Latihan.
Bandung: Penerbit Yrama Widya.

www.wordsmile.com (access on Tuesday, 10th September 2019, 07:46 PM)