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VIBRATION EFFECT FROM CHECK DAM IN THE KURANJI RIVER IN PADANG CITY

Abdul Hakam (Unand), Bambang Istijono* (Unand), Maryadi Utama (BWS SV), Dian Hadiyansyah (ESDM)

Presented in HATHI Annual Meeting Kupang, 2019

Abstract

Along Batang Kuranji River - Padang had occurred several times a flash flood resulted the loss of material and psychological trauma to the people of city of Padang. More over, this flood caused a decline in the riverbed and eroded the river bed and the river embankment. A groundsill was built on a river bed close to the residential area but it was reported continuous vibration afterward which has caused cracks in house buildings and psychological disturbance. This case study was motivated by this vibration phenomenon. To follow up on the vibration phenomena after the construction of groundsill in the Batang Kuranji, field investigation and numerical simulation were conducted to clarify the problem. Vibration testing in the field was carried out at three points. A numerical analysis was carried out with real tested data at the location to get an idea of the effect of vibration propagation in Groundsill to nearby points. This study is very useful to understand and explain the occurrence of vibration phenomena such that in the future, improvements can be made to the basic design in order to eliminate the previous weaknesses on Groundsill and/or other hydraulic construction.

INTRODUCTION

• Up to the end of year 2012, along Batang Kuranji River - Padang had occurred several times a flash flood.

• the construction of several check dams and 2 groundsill

• close to the residential area in the Pilla Tarok area

• It was completed in 2018

• But, the community experienced a disturbance in the form of vibrations

• To follow up on the vibration phenomena a numerical and field investigation were conducted

• to understand and explain the occurrence of vibration phenomena due to the existence of Groundsill

METHODOLOGY

METHODOLOGY Figure 1. The location of the case study in Batang Kuranji

Figure 1. The location of the case study in Batang Kuranji

Figure 2. The geology condition around the study area

Figure 2. The geology condition around the study area

Figure 3: Geotechnical test results of the Batang Kuranji Groundsill

R f %

( ) q c k g /c m 2 0 5 0 1 0 0
(
)
q c
k g /c m 2
0
5 0
1 0 0
1 5 0
0
2
4
6
0 .0
0 .0
1 .0
1 .0
d
d
e
e
2 .0
2 .0
p
p
t
t
h
h
3 .0
3 .0
m
m
4 .0
4 .0
5 .0
5 .0
(
)
Depth
m
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
q
kg/cm 2
0
6
6
8
7
6
6
6
8
8
10
14
16
25
15
10
23
30
35
55
60
68
200
c
q
kg/cm 2
0
8
8
10
10
8
8
8
10
10
12
20
23
30
20
14
30
35
40
62
68
75
end
t
6
.0
6
.0

Figure 4. Vibration test and observation on the Groundsill

Figure 4. Vibration test and observation on the Groundsill Groundsill 400 m 250 m
Groundsill 400 m 250 m
Groundsill
400 m
250 m

Figure 4. Vibration test and observation on the Groundsill

Figure 4. Vibration test and observation on the Groundsill (a) Groundsill record. (b) River-bank record. (c)

(a) Groundsill record.

Vibration test and observation on the Groundsill (a) Groundsill record. (b) River-bank record. (c) Affected house

(b) River-bank record.

Vibration test and observation on the Groundsill (a) Groundsill record. (b) River-bank record. (c) Affected house

(c) Affected house record.

Numerical Simulation

Top soil layer, 1.8m,

c = 7.7 kN/m 2

Mid soil layer,1.4m, c = 18.4 kN/m 2 Dynamic load exitation Bed soil layer, 25m,
Mid soil layer,1.4m,
c = 18.4 kN/m 2
Dynamic load exitation
Bed soil layer, 25m,
c = 56.5 kN/m 2
layer,1.4m, c = 18.4 kN/m 2 Dynamic load exitation Bed soil layer, 25m, c = 56.5
layer,1.4m, c = 18.4 kN/m 2 Dynamic load exitation Bed soil layer, 25m, c = 56.5
layer,1.4m, c = 18.4 kN/m 2 Dynamic load exitation Bed soil layer, 25m, c = 56.5
layer,1.4m, c = 18.4 kN/m 2 Dynamic load exitation Bed soil layer, 25m, c = 56.5
layer,1.4m, c = 18.4 kN/m 2 Dynamic load exitation Bed soil layer, 25m, c = 56.5
layer,1.4m, c = 18.4 kN/m 2 Dynamic load exitation Bed soil layer, 25m, c = 56.5
layer,1.4m, c = 18.4 kN/m 2 Dynamic load exitation Bed soil layer, 25m, c = 56.5
layer,1.4m, c = 18.4 kN/m 2 Dynamic load exitation Bed soil layer, 25m, c = 56.5

400m

250m

0m, at Groundsill

Numerical Results

Disp. (m)

Displacement [m]

0.05 0.05 at Groundsill 0.0 0 -0.05 -0.05 at houses -0.10 -0.1 -0.15 -0.15 0
0.05
0.05
at Groundsill
0.0
0
-0.05
-0.05
at houses
-0.10
-0.1
-0.15
-0.15
0
5
10
10
0
5
Time [sec.]

Time (sec.)

CONCLUSION AND RECOMENDATION

• The phenomenon of vibration that caused uncomforted was the background of this study. However, the observation results of vibrations were not satisfactory for explaining this phenomenon

• It may cause by the release of energy of falling water in the Groundsill at that time was too small.

• Using the numerical analysis, this vibration phenomenon problem can be explained.

• In the future, it is recommended to involve dynamic analysis to eliminate the possibility of vibration phenomena that can cause discomfort and to the community around Groundsill buildings and/or other hydraulic structures.

• Furthermore, it is a good idea to test the flow behavior of the hydraulic-structures that involve the energy release, so the negative effects can be minimized.

REFERENCES and ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

1. Beritasatu.com, 25 July 2012, Kerusakan di aliran Sungai Batang Kuranji terjadi dari hulu ke hili,

https://www.beritasatu.com/nasional/62192/walhi-kerusakan-das-batang-kuranji-picu-banjir-

bandang, downloaded on 28 June 2019.

2. Bowles,J.E.,1988, Foundation Analysis and Design, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Singapore.

3. Crow,M.J. And Barber,A.J.,2005, Simplified Geological Map of Sumatra, In Barber,A.J., Crow,M.J. & Mmsom,J.S. (Eds) 2005. Sumatra: Geology, Resources and Tectonic Evolution. Geological Society, London, Memoirs, 31

4. Das,B.M., 1990, Principles of Foundation Engineering, PWS-KENT Publishing

5. Gatra.com, 06 September 2017, Kementerian PUPR Anggarkan Rp 238 Milyar Bangun Cek Dam Sungai Batang Kuranji, https://www.gatra.com/ detail/news/294969-kementerian-pupr-anggarkan- rp-238-milyar-bangun-cek-dam-sungai-batang-kuranji, downloaded on 28 June 2019.

6. Harianhaluan.com, 21 Januari 2019, Getaran Pila Tarok Diduga Akibat Limpasan Air,

https://www.harianhaluan.com/news/detail/72617/getaran-pila-tarok-diduga-akibat-limpasan-air,

downloaded on 28 June 2019.

7. Lacasse S, Lunne T, Hoeg K, 1986, ”Use of in situ tests for foundation design on clay”, In: Procs. IN–SITU’86; Blacksburg, pp. 1–30

8. Robertson,P.K., Sully,J.P., Woeller,D.J., Lunne,T., Powell,J.J.M. and Gillespie,D., 1992, Estimating coefficient of consolidation from piezocone tests. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Ottawa, 29(4): 539-550.

9. Vesic,A.S, and Clough,G.W., 1968, “Behaviour of granular materials under high stresses” Journal of Soil Mechanics and FoundationsDiv., ASCE, SM3, pp 313-326.

Thanks are addressed to BWS Sumatra V, J Vincen O and M Maisaquddus HP who have helped to carry out this case study.