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12/2/2019 Identification of unorganized crude drugs - Labmonk

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Identification of unorganized crude drugs


Herbal Technology (https://labmonk.com/category/herbal-technology), Pharmacognosy
(https://labmonk.com/category/pharmacognosy)

BACKGROUND
Unorganized drugs, as the name suggests, are drugs that show no definite cellular structure. These are derived from
mineral sources by some process of extraction and followed by purification if necessary. Unorganized drugs are fairly
may be solids, semisolids or liquids. These may be differentiated by observing the solubility in alcohol and then apply
and chemical standards.
Tragacanth

Tragacanth is the dried gummy exudation from the stem of Astragalus gummifer, Labillardiere and other species of A
Leguminosae).
It occurs in flat or curved ribbon shaped flakes. Odourless,n almost tasteless, white or pale yellowish-white, some
horny; fracture short.

REQUIREMENTS
Hydrochloric acid
Sodium hydroxide solution
Fehling’s solution
Barium chloride solution
Lead acetate
Ruthenium red
Iodine

Caustic potash


PROCEDURE

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12/2/2019 Identification of unorganized crude drugs - Labmonk

1). To 4 ml of 0.5% w/v solution, add 0.5 ml of hydrochloric acid and heat for 30 minutes on a water bath. Divide t
parts.
(a). To one part, add 1.5 ml of sodium hydroxide solution and Fehling’s solution, warm on water bath: red precipitate i
(b). To the second part, add barium chloride solution (10%): No precipitate is obtained (distinction from agar)
2). To a 0.5% w/v solution of the gum, add 20% w/v solution of lead acetate: A voluminous flocculent precip
(distinction from acacia)
3). Mount a small quantity of powder in ruthenium red and examine microscopically: Particles do not acquire pink c
from Indian tragacanth).
4). To 0.1 g of powder, add N/50 Iodine: The mixture acquires an olive green colour (distinction from acacia and agar
5). Powder is warmed with 5% aqueous caustic potash: Canary yellow colour will obtain.
Indian tragacanth

It is obtained from Sterculia urens Roxburgh; (Fam: Sterculiaceae). It is insoluble in alkali. It has acetous (acetic aci
starch is absent. It gives brownish colour when boiled with aqueous KOH. It is stained pink by solution of Ruthenium r

CONCLUSION
From the above morphological characters and chemical tests the given crude drug is identified as Tragacanth.

REFERENCES
1. Kokate CK. Practical Pharmacognosy, 4th edition, Vallabh Prakashan. Delhi; 1994: 98.

Editorial Team
 299 ENTRIES

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