Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 5

12/2/2019 Identification of unorganized crude drugs - Labmonk

Home (https://labmonk.com) / Identi cation of unorganized crude drugs

Identification of unorganized crude drugs

Herbal Technology (https://labmonk.com/category/herbal-technology), Pharmacognosy

Unorganized drugs, as the name suggests, are drugs that show no definite cellular structure. These are derived from
mineral sources by some process of extraction and followed by purification if necessary. Unorganized drugs are fairly
may be solids, semisolids or liquids. These may be differentiated by observing the solubility in alcohol and then apply
and chemical standards.

Tragacanth is the dried gummy exudation from the stem of Astragalus gummifer, Labillardiere and other species of A
It occurs in flat or curved ribbon shaped flakes. Odourless,n almost tasteless, white or pale yellowish-white, some
horny; fracture short.

Hydrochloric acid
Sodium hydroxide solution
Fehling’s solution
Barium chloride solution
Lead acetate
Ruthenium red

Caustic potash


https://labmonk.com/identification-of-unorganized-crude-drugs 1/5
12/2/2019 Identification of unorganized crude drugs - Labmonk

1). To 4 ml of 0.5% w/v solution, add 0.5 ml of hydrochloric acid and heat for 30 minutes on a water bath. Divide t
(a). To one part, add 1.5 ml of sodium hydroxide solution and Fehling’s solution, warm on water bath: red precipitate i
(b). To the second part, add barium chloride solution (10%): No precipitate is obtained (distinction from agar)
2). To a 0.5% w/v solution of the gum, add 20% w/v solution of lead acetate: A voluminous flocculent precip
(distinction from acacia)
3). Mount a small quantity of powder in ruthenium red and examine microscopically: Particles do not acquire pink c
from Indian tragacanth).
4). To 0.1 g of powder, add N/50 Iodine: The mixture acquires an olive green colour (distinction from acacia and agar
5). Powder is warmed with 5% aqueous caustic potash: Canary yellow colour will obtain.
Indian tragacanth

It is obtained from Sterculia urens Roxburgh; (Fam: Sterculiaceae). It is insoluble in alkali. It has acetous (acetic aci
starch is absent. It gives brownish colour when boiled with aqueous KOH. It is stained pink by solution of Ruthenium r

From the above morphological characters and chemical tests the given crude drug is identified as Tragacanth.

1. Kokate CK. Practical Pharmacognosy, 4th edition, Vallabh Prakashan. Delhi; 1994: 98.

Editorial Team


 (http://www.facebook.com/sharer.php?u=https://labmonk.com/identi cati

 (https://twitter.com/share?url=https://labmonk.com/identi cation-of-unorganiz
(https://plus.google.com/share?url=https://labmonk.com/identi cation-of-uno

https://labmonk.com/identification-of-unorganized-crude-drugs 2/5
12/2/2019 Identification of unorganized crude drugs - Labmonk

 (https://www.linkedin.com/shareArticle?url=https://labmonk.com/identi cat
 (whatsapp://send?text=https://labmonk.com/identi cation-of-unorganized-cru
 (mailto:?subject=Identi cation of unorganized crude
drugs&body=https://labmonk.com/identi cation-of-unorganized-crude-dru


Determination of alcohol-soluble Different chemical test

extractive value of Ginger the crude drug of asafo
(https://labmonk.com/determination- (https://labmonk.com/
of-alcohol-soluble-extractive-value- chemical-test-to-analyz
of-ginger) drug-of-asafoetida)
 (https://labmonk.com/morphology-
Ginger contains about 1-3 % volatile oil The above experiment sho
and 5-8 % resins, which are soluble in Morphology, Histology and Powder presence of chemical const
alcohol. sample. It is used as intest
Characteristics of Senna carminative,...

0 Comments Sor

Add a comment...

Facebook Comments Plugin

https://labmonk.com/identification-of-unorganized-crude-drugs 3/5
12/2/2019 Identification of unorganized crude drugs - Labmonk

We Labmonk, some scienti c researchers unite to design a platform for getting sources of di erent lab protocols and discuss
various research related issues.

Recent forum posts

Determination Of Fats And Dairy P … (https://labmonk.com/forum/topic/determination-of-fats-and-dairy-products/?
by Swapon Kumar Shill
2 days ago

Drug/chemical analysis (https://labmonk.com/forum/topic/drug-chemical-analysis/?part=1#postid-77)

by Dipakpatil
2 years ago

Biochemistry or pharmacology (https://labmonk.com/forum/topic/biochemistry-or-pharmacology/?part=1#postid-76)

by saumyaranjan.mpharm
2 years ago


https://labmonk.com/identification-of-unorganized-crude-drugs 4/5
12/2/2019 Identification of unorganized crude drugs - Labmonk

Advertisement (https://labmonk.com)
Submit Video (https://labmonk.com/submit-video)
Forum (https://labmonk.com/forum)
Suggest Experts (https://labmonk.com/suggest-experts)
We are hiring… (https://labmonk.com/we-are-hiring)
Terms and Conditions (https://labmonk.com/terms-of-service-agreement)
Privacy Policy (https://labmonk.com/privacy-policy)
Contact Us (https://labmonk.com/contact-us)

Follow Us

(https://www.facebook.com/labmonk) (https://twitter.com/Labmonko cial)


(https://www.instagram.com/labmonko cial/) (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoibUbFLxY0jvRJXg8Zb5GA)

Download our app


© Labmonk (http://labmonk.com/)2019. All rights reserved.

https://labmonk.com/identification-of-unorganized-crude-drugs 5/5