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Tactical
by

Radios 2009
Complete Guide
Tactical Radios 2009

Communication is as important as the weapon,


as illustrated by Datron’s Spectre V radio
almost seen here

Wideband transmission is once again coming to the fore in tactical communi- tioning System (GPS), HF-to-HF and
cation. This is not a new development, as research at the laboratories of MIT, VHF-to-HF rebroadcast capabilities and
third-generation ALE (Automatic Link
Magnavox, ITT and Sylvania as far back as the 1950s lead to early spread- Establishment).
spectrum technology. And now, somewhat ironically, today’s military communi- Selex also produces the Vehicle Inte-
cation hardware is increasingly relying on software, and tactical radios are grated Personal Role Radio (PRR),
which provides communication between
juggling their waveforms to find comfortable talking space.
troops and supporting vehicles. The vehi-
cle PRR operates across two to four
Johnny Keggler and Middle East and Asia are producing a MHz, has a range of around 500 metres
host of products ranging from hand-held and employs Direct-sequence Spread
Thomas Withington systems through to vehicular and fixed Spectrum (DSSS) modulation. DSSS
radios. The imperative to handle large multiplies the data being transmitted

T
he electromagnetic spectrum is quantities of voice, data and video through the use of a ‘noise’ signal that is
finite. There is only so much space in imagery is pushing electronic engineers to much higher in frequency than the origi-
which to push across all the voice, crowd increased capabilities into radios nal signal, thereby spreading the signal’s
text, data, imagery and other information that must somehow remain lightweight, energy into a much wider band. DSSS
that must be shared within a battlespace robust and small enough to ensure that provides some resistance to both deliber-
without eventually stringing up a few they do not burden the soldiers or the ate and unintentional jamming, allows
wires here and there. Add to this the fact vehicles that they will equip. the sharing of a single channel amongst
that urban, jungle and dense woodland Europe plays host to several tactical multiple users and its use of a pseudo-
environments as well as inclement weath- radio manufacturers. Selex Communica-
Complete Guide by

er situations all work against the radio tions produces the High Frequency/Very
wave’s journey. Compounding these High Frequency (HF/VHF) CNR-2000 On the Cover

T
communication headaches are those who manpack and vehicle-mounted tactical actical radios
bring along their kit to disrupt, jam or combat net radio. The CNR-2000 covers were once the
intercept another’s message traffic. Com- a frequency range of 1.6 to 60 MHz and stuff of leg-
bine these obstacles, and the simple act of pushes either ten or 25 Watts of power. end, and only
passing a ‘yes’ or a ‘no’ across a 20-metre The radio weighs 3.7 kg and includes available to the
stretch during a firefight can become a Transmission Security (Transec) and select few trained
true nightmare. Communications Security (Comsec) in their secrets. But
encryption parameters. The radio sup- as today’s front-
Solutions… ports the following: CW (Continuous lines extend them-
Wave – J2A), USB/LSB/FM voice, FSK selves to neigh-
Fortunately, never before have armies (Frequency Shift Keying), NPSK (Phase bourhoods and
around the world enjoyed such a wide Shift Keying) and NQAM (Quadrature border outposts, the radios, as exempli-
equipment selection in the tactical radio Amplitude Modulation). Up to ten hours fied by Codan’s 2110M, must now be as
domain. A score of companies in Europe, of battery life is possible, and the radio versatile as the soldier.
the United States, Russia, Australia, the also contains an embedded Global Posi-

2
Tactical Radios 2009
together and left some distance from the
Elbit produces the H4855 user to allow transmissions to
CNR-9000HDR ‘jump’ across these two sets to the receiv-
VHF/FM vehicular- ing radio at street level.
mounted High Data In October 2007, Selex Communica-
Rate radio tions won an order from the US Depart-
transmitting up to ment of Defense for 22,000 AN/PRC-
115 Kbps which can 343B versions of this Personal Role
include streaming Radio. It uses AES 128-bit encryption
video footage. The and has a range of up to 500 metres in
radio also provides urban areas, with a vehicle-to-vehicle
resistance to range of around 3.5 km. The 2.4-GHz
electronic counter- radio has a data transfer rate of 38.4 Kbps
measures. (Elbit and a 50-Watt consumption.
Systems)
The Soft(ware) Approach
Software-defined radios (SDR) have
noise code reduces the signal-to-back- ally ‘inter-communicate’ with the rest of been explained many ways in recent
ground noise ratio (making it a very the Bowman network, but its entry into years, but the Software Defined Radio
quiet, stealthy signal). Many GPS and service is attributed with revolutionising Forum (www.sdrforum.org) – a non-prof-
satellite navigation systems operate on intra-squad communication. it organisation promoting development
the same principle. Operating on 2.4 Gigahertz (GHz) and deployment of SDR technologies –
The CNR-2000 can be used with a with 16 preset channels, this small UHF defines an SDR thus: «[a] radio in which
wireless Push-To-Talk (PTT) unit that has set uses DSSS transmission to provide some or all of the physical layer functions
a range of up to two metres. The radio the radio a degree of protection against are software defined».
transmits data at a rate of 38.4 kilobits per detection along with Continuously Vari- The SDR Forum’s website also sug-
second (Kbps). It can also be used as a able Slope Delta Modulation (an audio gests, «SDR defines a collection of hard-
communication relay to extend the range codec) across an 802.11 data communica- ware and software technologies where
of other systems, adding around one kilo- tion protocol. The latter is a set of stan- some or all of the radio’s operating func-
metre to its reach. The user of each radio dards for providing wireless local area tions (also referred to as physical layer
can select up to 256 channels, which are network (Wlan) communication in the processing) are implemented through
grouped in 16 sets of 16 channels. 2.4, 3.6 and 5 GHz frequency bands. modifiable software or firmware operating
Selex’ H4855 Personal Role Radio The H4855 uses 50 Watts of power and on programmable processing technolo-
was originally developed for the British has a range of around 500 metres. The gies. […] The use of these technologies
Bowman programme, with 45,000 units PRR can be operated in areas where allows new wireless features and capabili-
having been in operation with British buildings or structural features may ties to be added to existing radio systems
infantry fire teams since early 2002. The interfere with transmission or reception without requiring new hardware».
radio itself is unsecure and doesn’t actu- by using two sets that can be bound With a quick digression, one should
take note that the software-defined radio
moniker should not be confused with a
Forming One’s Own Wave Cognitive Radio, which is a system that is
‘aware’ of its operating environment and

I
n April 2009 the SDR Forum released its Test and Certification Guide for SDRs its own internal state and can make com-
based on SCA – a document focused on defining a generic test, evaluation and cer- munication operating decisions based on
tification process for activities developing SCA-based radio platforms. At present that information coupled with prede-
only the US JTRS programme has SCA certification, but only a small number of the
relevant documents have been published, and fewer yet are available to the inter-
national community.
One member of the SDR Forum is Etherstack, who is considered the leading inde-
pendent specialist in waveform development. The company is one of the few, if not
the only waveform developer with a complete in-house waveform test environment.
Etherstack officials elucidated that military radios have traditionally consisted most- Complete Guide by
ly of hardware and contained very little (if any) software. Today, however, almost all
tactical radios contain both hardware and software. The company believes that
because much of the modern radio’s air interface functionality is implemented in soft-
ware it presents an opportunity for lifecycle benefits in radio development, because
radio software can have a separate lifecycle to radio hardware. Software can last
longer than radio hardware, and can be reused on many different platforms and in
different systems. Also, new features can be added to software with relative ease.
This separation of hardware and waveform lifecycles is only achievable if the
radio software (the waveform) can be reused. Software reuse is key for tactical com-
munication because if the radio software does not need to be redeveloped when
building a new or different tactical radio system, that radio system can be developed
and fielded far more quickly.
However, to achieve waveform software reuse the waveform needs to be devel-
oped correctly. This is complex, Etherstack continues to explain, as it requires the
application of complicated techniques and methodologies at every single stage of the The Lightweight Portable Amplifier
development process. An important aspect of this is testing – of the many waveform System (Lpas) from AMTI is a tactical
modules and of the entire waveform; of the waveform in simulation and yet again radio drop-in system that adds a 20-
once it has been integrated to a radio platform. Watt amplifier to extend range. An
If a waveform is designed and developed correctly for reuse, achieving other integrated battery, a 30 to 90-MHz
aspects of SDR, such as multi-mode operation, in-field upgrades or deployment on blade antenna and a lightweight
an SCA radio, is reasonably straightforward. satellite antenna complete the Lpas-
320 system. (AMTI)

3
Tactical Radios 2009
messages reach intended recipients. IP-
based applications, such as situational
awareness or message handling systems,
exchange data over such radio links. Per-
formance, of course, depends upon the
propagation conditions, but an error
detection mechanism prevents erroneous
data delivery.
In February 2009 the Federal Office
for Information Management and Infor-
mation Technology of the German
Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) awarded
Rohde & Schwarz a contract to develop
an SDR for the Bundeswehr’s joint radio
systems (SVFuA) project. SVFuA is
focused on the development of next-gen-
eration mobile radios to be deployed as
self-organising, secure, mobile network
nodes and terminals with programmable,
adaptive narrow- and wideband wave-
Offering high data transfer rates of between 500 Kbps to 6 Mbps Thales has worked forms. The SVFuA programme is being
with Rockwell Collins to develop the new Flexnet family of SDRs. Flexnet radios can designed to metamorphose into the com-
also support the waveform used by the company’s PR4G F@stnet system, enhancing munication backbone for all German
interoperability. Flexnet-One is shown with Flexnet-Four behind. (Armada/JK) military services when deployed.
The SVFuA will be built around a
fined parameters. A cognitive radio uses Within that range, the company’s standardised Software Communications
SDR, adaptive radio and other technolo- MR300xH/U radios, when plugged into Architecture (SCA) – the SCA is an
gies to adjust its behaviour or operation the R&S VT3050C compact VHF/UHF open, component-based, development
automatically to achieve desired objec- amplifier, cover a frequency range from
tives. In that same vein, an Intelligent 30 to 512 MHz. These units have encrypt-
Radio is one that is capable of machine ed software comsec and support Ale 2G
learning, allowing the radio to adapt to and 3G, AM/FM, Single Side Band (SSB),
changes in performance and environ- Nato Stanag 4285, Secom-H/-V/-P, Secos
ment to better serve the end user. and Have Quick I/II and Nato Stanag
Returning to the fold; Germany’s 4246 waveforms. These radios can also
Rohde and Schwarz (R&S) produces the handle up to 72 Kbps of data in the
M3TR family of software-defined radios VHF/UHF range.
which operate in the 1.5 to 512 MHz fre- The company’s Secom EPM (Elec-
quency range. tronic Protection Measures) waveform
family is a collection of frequency hop-
ping algorithms. The Secom-V is opti-
mised for the tactical VHF band, while
the Secom-P was designed for the
MR3000P and the Secom-H is the com-
pany’s proprietary multi-waveform HF
version. The Secos waveform (supporting
continuous and TDMA datalinks) was
developed jointly with Switzerland’s
Crypto, and provides digital voice and
data comsec, jam-proof transmission
security and full-band, sub-band and
multi-sub-band hopping.
Rohde & Schwarz provides a full set
of accessories such as amplifiers, anten- Thales Land and Joint Systems of
nas, antenna tuning units and system soft- France has continued the success that
ware for network, crypto and frequency it has enjoyed with the PR4G family
management tools. The company is a of radios and has produced the PR4G
world leader in electronic test and meas- F@stnet. The radio has robust
insulation against both narrow- and
Complete Guide by

urement equipment, which is no surprise


that its M3TR systems include built-in broadband jammers. (Thales)
test functions, including power-on, initiat-
ed and continuous built-in test capabili- architecture framework that tells design-
ties (Pbit, Ibit and Cbit respectively). ers how elements of hardware and soft-
Another member of the M3TR family ware are to operate in harmony within a
is the R&S MR3000P tactical hand-held software-defined radio.
radio that operates in the VHF frequency
Rohde and Schwarz’ M3TR radio range from 25 to 146 MHz. This system is The Watchers
family members are secure SDRs fully interoperable with the MR300xH/U
running proprietary waveforms. This radios and also includes a built-in GPS IQPC’s Defence IQ organised the Soft-
range of radios can process up to receiver. ware Defined Radio Europe conference
72 Kbps of data in the case of the The M3TR family offers IPoA (Inter- in London in December 2008. During this
company’s MR300xH/U product. The net Protocol over Air) protocol, which conference Rohde & Schwarz presented
systems operate across the 1.5 to 512 provides IP functionality over radio links. information on the significance of SCA in
MHz frequency range. (Rohde & Embedded IPv4 (version 4) functionality an SDR environment, citing currently
Schwarz) is an Internet address guide to ensure existing SDR specifications as the JTRS

4
Tactical Radios 2009
The French Connection
Thales Land and Joint Systems of France
produces the PR4G F@stnet, which
builds on the success of the company’s
earlier VHF PR4G family of radios. The
F@stnet operates securely using three
different ECCM protocols that guard
against FH (Frequency Hopping) nar-
rowband jammers or FCS (Free Channel
Search) broadband jammers, and it has a
combined automatic mode that covers
both FH and FCS.
In addition, Thales has introduced a
key feature with the Mux (Multiplex)
mode, which enables simultaneous voice
ITT’s Small Form Fit Sidehat (SFF-S) component allows existing radio systems such as and data transmitting and receiving with-
the ATCS RT-1702 Sincgars to operate with the JTRS radio. (ITT) in the same VHF channel, providing the
end-user with continuous communication
programme, the SDR Forum’s adopted owned by industry, not governments). while allowing high bit-rate data transfer.
SCA 2.2.2 (the SDR Forum is currently Add to this the fact that there are cur- Produced in the two-Watt hand-held
the only organisational body with a glob- rently around 17 Stanags (Nato Standard- (TRC 9105), ten-Watt manpack (TRC
al scope), the European Commission’s isation Agreement) for terrestrial radios 9210) and 50-Watt vehicle station (TRC
Wintsec (Wireless Interoperability for alone, as well as national and equipment- 9310) variants, the PR4G offers advanced
Security) and Euler projects and the
EDA’s (European Defence Agency) ini-
tial focus on SDR projects in 2006. The Alpha 320
Between 30 March and 1 April 2009 amplifier from AMTI
the EDA held an SDR conference at its – now a division of
Brussels headquarters to present the final Ultralife – gives
results of the Scored and Wintsec projects fast-moving covert
and to present new (and newer) SDR units 20 Watts of
projects such as Secricom, Etare, Wolf and power to its tactical
Essor. The European Union and EDA radio. Seen here is
have reportedly set aside up to € 50 mil- the complete kit
lion thus far for SDR development. (left) and the kit on
The European Software defined radio a Molle vest.
for wireless in joint security operations (AMTI)
(Euler) project is driven by a consortium of
Thales Communications, Eads Secure Net-
works, Selex Communications, Prismtech, specific proprietary systems, and one service (GPS, programmable built-in
Rohde & Schwarz and Elektrobit and is begins to understand the complexities of cryptography), performance sensitivity
dedicated to defining and demonstrating co-ordination and standardisation. and sound quality with Melp vocoders.
how SDR benefits can be leveraged during Fortunately, there are many organisa- Melp (Mixed Excitation Linear Pre-
a major crisis involving many different ele- tions dedicated to ironing out these diction) is a US Department of Defense
ments or components. dilemmas. One such institution, the speech-encoding standard that was
Software-defined radios certainly have Advanced Radio Systems group of Cana- invented in 1995 and then standardised in
their operational issues, such as trying to da’s Communications Research Centre, 1997 as Mil-STD-3005 for communicat-
ensure secure, horizontal interoperability was an early adopter of the SCA and has ing at 2400 bit/s. A later version, Melpe
of multi-national forces when almost submitted more than 20 change propos- (enhanced Melp), was adopted in 2002 as
every nation has its own waveform als to the JTRS/Joint Program Office to Stanag-4591 (Nato standard). Speech
(although most, if not all, waveforms are enhance the SCA specification. coding is a form of data compression that,
for example in narrowband, will transmit
only information in the 400 Hz to 3500 Hz
The Many Facets of SDR Development wavelength – as that bandwidth contains
the data relevant to the human auditory

P
rismtech is pioneering the transition of SDR technology (also known as Con- system. This enhances voice transmission
figurable Radio) from in-house custom development to commercial-off-the- clarity in noisy environments (vehicles,
Complete Guide by

shelf solutions. The company is a proven leader in the embedded software plat- aircraft, battlefields, etc). In 2005 Nato
forms and development tools that facilitate the standards-based development and added to Stanag-4591 a new 600 bit/s
deployment of new SDR radio platforms and waveforms. Melpe vocoder developed by Thales.
As radio OEMs transition to building and Thales has been working with Rock-
marketing new configurable radios, they well Collins to develop the new Flexnet
are increasingly looking to reduce the costs SDR family. Intended for vehicular use,
and time-to-market of the development of Flexnet radios offer high data-rate mobile
what are extremely complex devices. ad hoc networking, with data throughput
Prismtech provides cots-based software ranging from 500 Kbps to six Mbps.
platforms and development tools that sup- The Flexnet-Four system (up to four
port multi-processing radio architectures channels) allows users to port legacy
and provide a standards-based environ- waveforms and to develop their own.
ment for new SDR waveforms. Prismtech’s Prismtech’s Spectra family of software-
Spectra suite is the industry’s ‘de facto’ defined radio development products,
cots technology for SCA-compliant radios. The US Department of Defense uses which are tightly integrated with the
Spectra to validate the compliance of its own SCA waveform software. Flexnet-Four SDR, provides internation-
al customers and SDR users with effi-

6
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features a DSP-based design that incorporates advanced and upgradable data waveforms, digital
voice modes, Automatic Link Establishment (ALE), GPS, frequency hopping and encryption in
manpack, vehicular and base configurations.
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Linkabit
Tactical Radios 2009
include intra-squad (St@r Mille-S) and
intra-platoon (St@r Mille-P), the platoon
waveform offers access to both platoon
and squad networks with a single squad
leader radio. A vehicular version with a
range extension booster option is also
available for mounted operation.
Kongsberg of Norway offers a host of
tactical radio products. The company’s
hand-held 45-KHz MH300 is a VHF radio
with a battery life in excess of 25 hours.
The set also has a long-range data trans-
mission rate of 64 Kbps and contains built-
in encryption. Other Kongsberg products
include the MP300 and MV300 portable
The Warfighter Information Network (Win-T) team led by General Dynamics C4 and vehicular radio systems. Both of these
Systems completed Increment 2 testing of the on-the-move broadband networking sets feature in-built advanced frequency
capability in Arizona. Win-T will allow commanders to maneouvre on the battlefield hopping and handle up to 19.2 Kbps of
and communicate via satellite to warfighters, command posts and intelligence centres. data transfer. The MP/MV300 systems
GDC4S is joined by BAE Systems, Harris, L-3 Communications and Cisco Systems on operate at 45 KHz and consume between
the Win-T programme. (GDC4S) 0.5 W and 50 W of power. The company’s
MRR500 Multi-Role Tactical Radio
cient tools to develop SCA-compliant June 2008 that the TRC-4000 would also claims to be the world’s most advanced
waveforms. The waveforms can then be be used as the backbone for the United hand-held VHF set. The radio has a high
verified on the Flexnet-Four in a field- Arab Emirates Zagil theatre-wide tactical resistance to jamming and can handle up
test environment. Internet service. to 64 Kbps of data. The hand-held
In 2007 Prismtech completed work with Other Thales products include the new (MH500) and portable (MP500) radios
the JTRS PEO to define waveform porta- soldier radio, the St@r Mille, operating in weigh 1.1 and 2.5 kg respectively. In 2007,
bility guidelines for the JTRS programme. the 325 to 470 MHz frequency band. The the Hungarian Ministry of Defence placed
The company focused on coding language, hand-held radio typically operates at an order for 794 MV300, MP300 and
Corba middleware, XML and SCA compo-
nent design (Prismtech was one of the orig-
inal authors of the SCA specification). Making the Right Connection
The Flexnet-One and -Four radios can

T
accommodate the Flexnet waveform for he oft-overlooked sector of any electronic hardware is the one relating to the
high data-rate comms over ad hoc net- actual physical connector. There are companies who provide connectors and
works, the PR4G F@stnet waveform to cabling that, under extremely rugged conditions, are soon crumpled, crimped,
ensure interoperability with existing shorted electrically or just impossible to operate with gloved hands. Some industry
PR4G radios as well as accepting other leaders, ODU, Fischer, Lemo, Bernier, for example, provide guaranteed connectors
Nato and national waveforms. Built on a that operate ‘anonymously’ – that is to say, one takes no notice of the little ‘rubber
secure open architecture, the PR4G is and metal’ links because nothing has gone wrong. Connectors for communication
SCA compliant and will host future tech- equipment must be watertight, rugged, very small, lightweight and absolutely fail-
nologies as they become available. safe. A dead battery is sometimes unavoidable – a bad connector is bad planning.
Thales also builds the TRC-4000 fami-
ly of tactical, high data-rate, line-of-sight
secure microwave radios. These radios
can transmit Internet traffic at rates of
between 64 Kbps and 34 Mbps across a
range of bandwidths. The latest version,
the TRC 4000E, provides Ethernet con-
nectivity for modern IP tactical networks.
The TRC-4000 family was selected by the
armed forces of Austria, France, Switzer- ranges of 1.5 to 2 km, and provides simul- MH300 radios for use with Hungarian
land and the United Kingdom, the latter taneous encrypted voice and data servic- forces in Afghanistan.
of which is using the radio as the secure es for dismounted combat operations, As of early 2009, the Portuguese Min-
backbone for its Falcon secure trunk com- with a high data-rate capacity (one Mbps istry of Defence had received more than
munication system. It was announced in over the air). The waveforms supported a half of the 700 PRC-525A tactical
radios produced by EID of Portugal (and
Complete Guide by

which are compatible with the M3TR


The JTRS HMS from Rohde & Schwarz – see above), that
programme Small are to be delivered. EID’s PRC-525A and
Form Fit (SFF) sets ICC-201 Digital Intercom System are the
include radio units main components of the Sic-T, Portugal’s
for the Honeywell IP-based tactical communications system.
T-Hawk drone (SFF- The radio and intercom equipment has
D), for unattended been installed on the 260 Steyr-Daimler-
ground sensors Puch Pandur II 8 x 8 armoured personnel
(SFF-A), the soldier- carriers as well as in shelters and jeeps
worn set and the that are used by the Portugal’s Army and
Rifleman radio Marine Corps. The radio operates across
(SFF-C). (General the 1.5 to 512 MHz frequency range. The
Dynamics C4 PRC-525A supports several waveforms
Systems) such as fast frequency hopping, 72 Kbps
high data-rate OFDM, IPoA and Have
Quick.

8
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Tactical Radios 2009
tioned above, is quite resistant to deliber-
The AN/PSC-14 ate jamming and is difficult to intercept),
Broadband Global which is why encryption methods are
Area Network imperative.
(Bgan) manpack AMTI, which has recently been
terminal from Viasat acquired by Ultralife, produces the Light-
provides secure, weight Portable Amplifier System (Lpas)
Type 1 encryption, 320 manpack solution for the Thales
IP access through Mbitr (and Jem) radio. The system was
Inmarsat’s satellite developed for highly mobile covert and
system. High-speed special operations units. The Lpas 320
data up to 422 includes a 20-watt, 620-gram amplifier
Kbps and voice that is rated across the 30 to 512 MHz
over the 1.626 to range with no band splits, and will not
1.660 (Tx) and inadvertently jam friendly networks. The
1.525 to 1.559 system requires no interconnecting
GHz (Rx) bands. cables or special adapters to charge the
(Viasat) Mbitr. Although developed for the Mbitr
the Lpas 320 operates with most tactical
radios and is submersible down to one
The Jem Gem transparent. Frequency hopping unfortu- metre for 30 minutes.
nately has limited resistance to eaves- Turkey’s Aselsan produces the PRC-
In the United States, Thales Communica- dropping and jamming (even though 9651 SDNR (Software-defined Network-
tions has supplied its AN/PRC-148 hand- spread spectrum modulation, as men- ing Radio), which operates across the 30
held software-defined radio to the US
Army, which, since 2007, has deployed
over 31,000 examples. The company is
providing the AN/PRC-148V3/V4 Jem
(JTRS Enhanced Mbitr) upgrade for
the AN/PRC-148 set, which will make it
compatible with Joint Tactical Radio Sys-
tem radios being rolled-out across the US
Army, Marine Corps and Air Force.
Depending on the radio’s configuration
the Jem is compatible with both the Have
Quick I/II and Sincgars (Single-Channel
Ground and Airborne Radio System)
waveforms and operates across 30 to 512
MHz frequency range. The radio also has
National Security Agency Endorsed
Type-1 triple data encryption algorithm
(Triple DES).
The Jem uses FHSS frequency hop-
ping modulation – which switches its car-
rier wave along different frequencies
using a programmed pseudo-random Designed as a vehicular software programmable radio, Boeing’s Ground Mobile
sequence. This pattern is software-pro- Radio is a key component of the Joint Tactical Radio System programme and will equip
grammed into other radios, so operation the US Army and Marine Corps. A decision on full-scale production is expected in
is seamless and modulation types are 2010. (Boeing)

to 512 MHz frequency range. This radio


can handle up to 64 Kbps of data and uses
frequency hopping, DSSS and advanced
EPM security measures. The radio carries
1300 preset channels and can perform
simultaneous voice and data transmis-
sion. The PRC-9651 debuted in 2007 and
has been sold to Turkey and Uruguay. The
Complete Guide by

radio supports six different waveforms


and carries seven crypto algorithms.
Near-real-time data transfer allows sen-
sor-to-shooter application.
Other Aselsan radio products include
the PRC/VRC-9661 which operates in the
HF range between 2 to 30 MHz, and the
30 to 512 V/UHF range. The radio is avail-
able in the following configurations; ten-
Watt V/UHF manpack and vehicular, 50-
Watt V/UHF vehicular/base station,
20-Watt HF manpack, 100-Watt HF
Built to provide reliable, secure communication in a hostile electronic warfare vehicular and base station, and 400-Watt
environment, Kongsberg’s RL532A uses automatic power control which reduces power HF base station. The company’s PRC-
to avoid detection but ramps up at jamming or interference. The unit operates over the 5712 soldier radio has a range of up to one
1.35 to 2.69 GHz range at five Watts and includes advanced frequency hopping kilometre on rural terrain and can trans-
algorithms and pulse-jammer protection. (Kongsberg) mit 96 Kbps of data. The system includes

10
Tactical Radios 2009
Actionable information in real time
Tactical Radios 2009

Tactical Radios 2009


edly only one JTRS-compliant radio to includes the CNR-9000 manpack, vehicu- OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Digi- sumes 20 Watts of power. The radio fea- gramme in the world. Launched in 1998,
date: the General Dynamics C4 Systems lar or base station radio which debuted in tal Multiplexing) divides the channel into tures digital encryption and frequency the Joint Tactical Radio System, better
HMS AN/PRC-154 single-channel Rifle- 1999. With up to 2320 (or an optional multiple (two or more) orthogonalised hopping functions and weighs 3.9 kg. known by its JTRS acronym (or ‘Jitters’),
man radio. 3120) channels available to the user, the sub-carriers to transmit the data. OFDM, Elbit Systems is due to unveil a new will see the adoption of an SDR system by
CNR-9000 operates across the 30 to 108 the basis for the 802.11g standard, is a software-defined radio towards the end of the US Army, Marine Corps and Air
JTRS Firsts MHz frequency range. The radio has a popular modulation scheme for wideband this year, with production set to begin in Force. The JTRS programme consists of
data transfer rate of 32 Kbps and can communication as it can handle relatively early 2010. The company, although reticent several segments including the US
The AN/PRC-154 is the first JTRS radio include an optional built-in vocoder severe multi-path interference without about providing any details, says that the Army’s Ground Mobile Radio (GMR)
to reach the limited user test (Lut) stage, (voice encoder) and GPS. The CNR- requiring complex equalisation filters and design has the transceiver and amplifier and Handheld, Manpack, Small Form
with the US Army Evaluation Task Force 9000HDR high data-rate radio can trans- it can carry up to 54 Mbps. Some recent housed in the same set, which dramatically Factor (HMS – which also includes the
taking it through its paces at Ft. Bliss, mit up to 115 Kbps across the 25 KHz simulation results have shown that a fre- reduces both the quantity of external Rifleman Radio a.k.a. SFF-C(V)1) set
Texas in November 2008. The radio acts as VHF band. The company claims that this quency-hopping COFDM (coded – cabling required and its weight, which the which is being developed by General
a repeater for voice signals, automatically radio can provide the user with streaming adding an error-correction code) scheme company states should be less than 30 kg Dynamics and Thales and the Airborne
extending range when connection prob- video footage on the move. is capable of achieving a lower packet (making it fit into the fixed-station catego- Maritime Fixed (AMF) station which will
lems arise, and its embedded GPS also has Using orthogonal frequency hopping error rate than that of conventional ry). In parallel, the company is looking for- equip Boeing AH-64 and Boeing CH-47
a repeater function. The radio is referred (actually OFDM and frequency hopping) OFDM. In other words, adding frequency ward to unveiling a new soldier personal Chinook attack and transport helicopters,
to in the JTRS HMS project timeline as and anti-jamming techniques the CNR- hopping to OFDM can aid in signal recep- role radio towards the end of 2009. This and Lockheed Hercules C-130 transports.
the SFF-C(V)1 (Small Form Factor C, 9000HDR includes an optional built-in tion assurance.
version 1) and uses the Soldier Radio data modem, GPS and Comsec, and can The company’s PRC-710 radio is one
Waveform (SRW) exclusively. For com- be used as a vehicular VHF/FM radio. The of the lightest VHF/FM frequency-hop- JTRS Waves by Definition
parison, SFF-C is the squad leader radio HDR variant offers 2320 channels oper- ping hand-helds on the market, weighing

A
and SFF-D will be a single-channel radio ating in the 30 to 108 MHz VHF band. in at just 750 grams. Using advanced fre- fter much deliberation and recognition of the fact that a single radio can have
running Type 2 encryption, flown on Hon- Elbit’s PRC-710 uses orthogonal only so many waveforms packed inside and still operate efficiently, the Joint
eywell’s T-Hawk drone and operating on frequency-hopping techniques for Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Joint Program Executive Office has put its fin-
L-band, the SRW and Bowman VHF. The EID ICC-201 Comsec and consumes up to 20 W ger on what it now sees as the definition of a waveform:
SFF-J will be a dual-channel, Type 1 radio is part of the with an add-on amplifier. A multi-band / «A waveform is the entire set of radio and/or communications functions that
ITT’s small, lightweight Spearhead dismounted soldier radio operates in either single- encryption radio for the Non-Line of backbone for the multi-role variant is also produced occur from the user input to the radio frequency output and vice versa. JTRS wave-
channel (SC) or frequency-hopping mode (FH) across the 30 to 88 MHz VHF-FM Sight (Nlos) missile launch system slated Sic-T tactical which designated as the PRC-710MB. form implementation consists of a Waveform Application Code, Radio Set Devices
band. Six FH and eight SC presets are available with a choice of clear or encrypted for delivery in early-2010 (a surrogate is communications (Elbit) and Radio System Applications.» Originally, there were 32 JTRS waveforms, which
voice transmission. The Spearhead is an SDR allowing over-the-air electronic remote currently in use). The SFF-J radio will be locations are shown on the RCU’s display, and the GPS system which outfits have since been reduced to the following nine:
filling and software loading. (ITT Communications) on the Sincgars Esip, SRW and Bowman Well-equipped and trained fighting forces the Portuguese the radio’s 15 channels can be split into 䉴 Wideband Networking Waveform (WNW)
receiver facilitates the introduction of Force Tracking
VHF waveforms. are the key to mission success. Providing The PNR-500 from Elbit is a squad Army and Marine four sub-channels that allow each chan- 䉴 Soldier Radio Waveform (SRW)
secure, mobile ad-hoc network. It can run tions and BAE Systems. The GMR will be The HMS segment of the JTRS initia- capabilities to the radio – key to network-centric radio that offers full-duplex Corps Steyr- nel to be allocated to a different group of 䉴 Joint Airborne Networking - Tactical Edge (Jan-TE)
these forces with the means to communicate
multiple waveforms or applications, such rolled out across all of the vehicles tive is being provided by General operations. communication, weighs less than 300 Daimler-Puch users while the commander has access to 䉴 Mobile User Objective System (Muos)
as the wideband networking waveform involved in the US Army’s Future Com- Dynamics C4 Systems which also pro- successfully is our mission. Thales’s AN/ grams and has a twelve-hour battery Pandur II 8 ⫻ 8 all channels. The PNR-500 can link back 䉴 Sincgars
(WNW). This waveform was developed bat System acquisition. duces the JTRS HMS Manpack. Weigh- PRC-148 Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Networked Data Communications. life. A whisper function keeps the user armoured to a vehicle-mounted radio, which can in 䉴 Link-16
for joint-domain networks (multi-chan- A number of JTRS-capable hand-held ing 6.5 kg, the radio has a frequency range Enhanced Multiband Inter/Intra Team Radio, quiet when the situation warrants. personnel carriers, turn connect it to higher-level radio and 䉴 Enhanced Position Location Reporting System (EPLRS)
nel JTRS or legacy radios), the Future radios have hit the market recently. One of 2 MHz to 2.5 GHz and pushes 125 The JEM’s future Mobile Ad Hoc Networking (Elbit Systems) along with static to wider communication networks. 䉴 High Frequency (HF)
Combat System network and the Win-T hears of radios that are JTRS-approved. Watts of power. The JTRS HMS man- or JEM, is the multiband, multirole handheld locations. (EID) Elbit System’s HF-6000 285,000-channel 䉴 UHF Satcom
(MANET) function, layered onto the SINCGARS and
backbone. It provides voice, data, and This means that the radio has been pack supports Type 1 and 2 cryptography radio serving both the individual out on a whisper function for covert operations, manpack radio operates across the 1.5 to
video communication as well as the abil- approved by the JTRS Program Execu- on two channels and runs about 20 wave- CPM waveforms, adds an IP addressable network digital voice coding and a conferencing 30 MHz frequency range and is produced
patrol and the force commander operating
ity to communicate with users on current tive Office as an interim capability for the forms for communication on capability to the existing waveforms that supports self function for up to four users. in 20- and 100-Watt manpack and vehicu- new unit is presumably part of the same The JTRS also includes the Multi-func-
force radio systems. The JTRS GMR pro- overall JTRS programme. To receive brigade/divisional level down combat
out of headquarters. configuration, automatic healing, and multi-hop range Elbit Systems integrated Tadiran lar systems and 100-, 400- and 1000-Watt family as it is to have similar voice, data tional Information Distribution System-

+
gramme will conduct production qualifi- JTRS-approved status the radio must be team level. This radio also includes extension of data. With the JEM, you can be tied into Communications into its cluster in July fixed station assemblies. The same compa- and video transmission capabilities. JTRS (Mids-J) for tactical aircraft that
cation testing in 2009 with a decision on capable of running version 2.2 of the SCA Muos (Mobile User Objective System), 2008 and subsequently inherited Tadi- ny’s THF-8000 long-range tactical man- will run Link-16, Tacan (Tactical Air Nav-
full-rate production to be taken by the and the encryption hardware must be Sincgars (Single Channel Ground and At Thales, we take your mission very seriously, the larger tactical internet through IP networking. ran’s tactical radio product line. This pack radio can transmit up to 19.2 Kbps of igation) plus JTRS waveforms.
Approved Compliance
US Department of Defense in 2010. The
GMR is designed to allow commanders
on the move to draw more data from a
number of sources, which can include
voice, text chat, pictures, video, and inter-
certified by the NSA. But there is report- Airborne Radio System), EPLRS

Actionable Information
designing, manufacturing and supporting products for
situations where success means completing
life-threatening missions and staying alive.
Further, in keeping with U.S. Department of Defense
JTRS program goals, the AN/PRC-148 JEM can
be programmed with current in-service waveforms,
quency hopping modulation, the PRC-710
can carry ten pre-set fixed frequency
channels and ten frequency-hopping anti-
jamming channels. The radio uses voice
video data as well as transmitting voice
signals. The THF-8000 operates across the
1.5 to 30 MHz frequency range and con-
The United States is home to what is
arguably the largest tactical radio pro-
The abiding goal of the JTRS pro-
gramme is to provide a family of single-
and multi-channel SDRs that are fully
interoperable. Such simplicity is decep-
tive, and illustrated by the fact that the
active maps. Mission Critical Benefits. waveforms in development and future waveforms, and and data encryption and performs orthog- programme has grown in cost and com-
In March 2009, it was reported that capabilities that provide increased data throughput, onal frequency-hopping to enhance its plexity, causing it to be extensively
The AN/PRC-148 JEM is the smallest, lightest, and

Complete Guide by
Boeing had delivered the first prototype Comsec. Its power consumption is five restructured on several occasions as con-
GMRs to be installed on US Army most power-efficient multiband tactical handheld radio MANET, and improved satellite communications. Watts, or 20 if using an add-on amplifier. tractors have wrestled with demands
ground vehicles. Known as Engineering in use today and is the first production JTRS radio The PRC-710MB variant is a multi-band/ regarding the respective radios’ weight,
Development Models (EDM), the to receive Software Communications Architecture, Confidence for Leaders at the Forward Edge. multi-role VHF/UHF radio that operates size and power consumption. The JTRS
mobile networking capabilities of these across the 30 to 512-MHz range and pro- programme as a whole is expected to
or SCA, certification. Smaller. You are able to carry With its broad capabilities and flexibility, the AN/
Complete Guide by

Complete Guide by
sets were, at time of writing, expected to vides continuous AM/FM coverage. result in the procurement of over 86,200
be evaluated at Fort Bliss, Texas. The the JEM in more convenient locations on the body or in load-carrying PRC-148 JEM gives both the boots on the ground and commanders The company’s PRC-624 hand- GMRs, around 74,500 HMS sets and
GMR is also expected to complete pro- gear. Lighter. The JEM weighs only 0.86 kg, enabling you to carry the confidence that they will be able to establish and maintain held/manpack radio system weighs 700 11,040 AMF systems. Included in these
duction qualification tests that began in more warfighting equipment. Longer battery life. More than 10 hours communications at the forward edge of the battlefield – readily available grams, operates across the 30 to 88 MHz figures are the 210 GMRs (the balance
September 2008, during which pre-engi- extended VHF band and has 2320 chan- going to the US Army) and over 8800
neering development models of the of battery life means fewer batteries need to be carried for any length and absolutely reliable communications enabling them to face both nels. The radio also contains a built-in HMS systems that the US Marine Corps
GMR had logged more than 100,000 mission. Greater range. Typical receive sensitivity is better than -119 routine and emergency situations with equal confidence. Whatever the retransmission capability. will receive, although the force will not
operating hours. dBm, so you can operate at longer distances with better connectivity. future holds in tactical radio communications, the JEM will be ready to The PNR-500 Personal Network obtain any AMF sets. Around 48% of the
Low-rate initial production of the Faster channel access. Communicating on different links is as simple as Radio allows full-duplex transmission/ AMF stations to be ordered will go to the
radio is expected to begin in 2010 follow-
take it on. Tactical Advantage at the Forward Edge. reception, which enables fire team mem- United States Air Force.
ing Department of Defense approval. moving a switch, ensuring more safety in both routine and emergency bers constant communication with each As far as the GMR domain is con-
According to Boeing the integration of situations. Fewer failures. With greater mean time between failures other. The radio weighs less than 300 cerned, this segment will equip Army and
the radio is coming to a conclusion and (>11,400 hours), the JEM is continuously available. In February 2009 Boeing delivered the first of three legacy communication payload grams and has twelve hours of battery The Falcon III AN/PRC-117G manpack – the first wide/narrow-band tactical radio to Marine Corps ground vehicles with Boe-
the company is looking forward to testing ITT’s RT-1523 Sincgars ground and air radio system is one of the most pervasive www.raytheon.com and digital channeliser to Lockheed Martin in support of the Mobile User Objective life. The range of the system is up to 1500 be deployed by the US Department of Defense – was touted as being 30% smaller ing’s JTRS GMR software-programma-
and fielding the system which it has tactical radios with more than 400,000 units in operation. This software- System (Muos). This equipment will allow the US Navy to use existing ground and metres. The PNR-500 contains 15 net- and lighter than any other manpack in its category when it was launched. The single- ble radio system. Although it is a radio
developed with Northrop Grumman, programmable radio can handle up to 16 Kbps and operates in the 30 to 88 MHz Adapting to the Current Combat Situation. For more information, email solutions@thalescomminc.com space-based UHF systems for worldwide mobile and fixed-site satellite communi- work channels and features a ‘whisper’ channel radio covers 30 MHz to 2 GHz and gives ten Watts operating on VHF and system, the GMR connects similarly
or call +1 240-864-7000 or 1-800-258-4420.
Rockwell Collins, Harris Communica- frequency band. (ITT Communications) The AN/PRC-148’s Remote Control Unit (RCU) with embedded GPS cation.The first Muos satellite launch is scheduled for 2010. (GDC4S) function for covert operations. Each of 20 in the UHF band. (Armada/JK) equipped platforms and sensors into a
© 2009 Raytheon Company. All rights reserved.
Thales Communications, Inc.
provides full radio
“Customer Success control.
Is Our Mission” Situational awareness
is a registered trademark data isCompany.
of Raytheon transmitted 22605 Gateway Center Drive, Clarksburg, MD 20871 USA
18 simultaneously with normal voice communications. Team members’ www.thalescomminc.com 12 13
Tactical Radios 2009
Actionable information in real time
Tactical Radios 2009

Tactical Radios 2009


edly only one JTRS-compliant radio to includes the CNR-9000 manpack, vehicu- OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Digi- sumes 20 Watts of power. The radio fea- gramme in the world. Launched in 1998,
date: the General Dynamics C4 Systems lar or base station radio which debuted in tal Multiplexing) divides the channel into tures digital encryption and frequency the Joint Tactical Radio System, better
HMS AN/PRC-154 single-channel Rifle- 1999. With up to 2320 (or an optional multiple (two or more) orthogonalised hopping functions and weighs 3.9 kg. known by its JTRS acronym (or ‘Jitters’),
man radio. 3120) channels available to the user, the sub-carriers to transmit the data. OFDM, Elbit Systems is due to unveil a new will see the adoption of an SDR system by
CNR-9000 operates across the 30 to 108 the basis for the 802.11g standard, is a software-defined radio towards the end of the US Army, Marine Corps and Air
JTRS Firsts MHz frequency range. The radio has a popular modulation scheme for wideband this year, with production set to begin in Force. The JTRS programme consists of
data transfer rate of 32 Kbps and can communication as it can handle relatively early 2010. The company, although reticent several segments including the US
The AN/PRC-154 is the first JTRS radio include an optional built-in vocoder severe multi-path interference without about providing any details, says that the Army’s Ground Mobile Radio (GMR)
to reach the limited user test (Lut) stage, (voice encoder) and GPS. The CNR- requiring complex equalisation filters and design has the transceiver and amplifier and Handheld, Manpack, Small Form
with the US Army Evaluation Task Force 9000HDR high data-rate radio can trans- it can carry up to 54 Mbps. Some recent housed in the same set, which dramatically Factor (HMS – which also includes the
taking it through its paces at Ft. Bliss, mit up to 115 Kbps across the 25 KHz simulation results have shown that a fre- reduces both the quantity of external Rifleman Radio a.k.a. SFF-C(V)1) set
Texas in November 2008. The radio acts as VHF band. The company claims that this quency-hopping COFDM (coded – cabling required and its weight, which the which is being developed by General
a repeater for voice signals, automatically radio can provide the user with streaming adding an error-correction code) scheme company states should be less than 30 kg Dynamics and Thales and the Airborne
extending range when connection prob- video footage on the move. is capable of achieving a lower packet (making it fit into the fixed-station catego- Maritime Fixed (AMF) station which will
lems arise, and its embedded GPS also has Using orthogonal frequency hopping error rate than that of conventional ry). In parallel, the company is looking for- equip Boeing AH-64 and Boeing CH-47
a repeater function. The radio is referred (actually OFDM and frequency hopping) OFDM. In other words, adding frequency ward to unveiling a new soldier personal Chinook attack and transport helicopters,
to in the JTRS HMS project timeline as and anti-jamming techniques the CNR- hopping to OFDM can aid in signal recep- role radio towards the end of 2009. This and Lockheed Hercules C-130 transports.
the SFF-C(V)1 (Small Form Factor C, 9000HDR includes an optional built-in tion assurance.
version 1) and uses the Soldier Radio data modem, GPS and Comsec, and can The company’s PRC-710 radio is one
Waveform (SRW) exclusively. For com- be used as a vehicular VHF/FM radio. The of the lightest VHF/FM frequency-hop- JTRS Waves by Definition
parison, SFF-C is the squad leader radio HDR variant offers 2320 channels oper- ping hand-helds on the market, weighing

A
and SFF-D will be a single-channel radio ating in the 30 to 108 MHz VHF band. in at just 750 grams. Using advanced fre- fter much deliberation and recognition of the fact that a single radio can have
running Type 2 encryption, flown on Hon- Elbit’s PRC-710 uses orthogonal only so many waveforms packed inside and still operate efficiently, the Joint
eywell’s T-Hawk drone and operating on frequency-hopping techniques for Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Joint Program Executive Office has put its fin-
L-band, the SRW and Bowman VHF. The EID ICC-201 Comsec and consumes up to 20 W ger on what it now sees as the definition of a waveform:
SFF-J will be a dual-channel, Type 1 radio is part of the with an add-on amplifier. A multi-band / «A waveform is the entire set of radio and/or communications functions that
ITT’s small, lightweight Spearhead dismounted soldier radio operates in either single- encryption radio for the Non-Line of backbone for the multi-role variant is also produced occur from the user input to the radio frequency output and vice versa. JTRS wave-
channel (SC) or frequency-hopping mode (FH) across the 30 to 88 MHz VHF-FM Sight (Nlos) missile launch system slated Sic-T tactical which designated as the PRC-710MB. form implementation consists of a Waveform Application Code, Radio Set Devices
band. Six FH and eight SC presets are available with a choice of clear or encrypted for delivery in early-2010 (a surrogate is communications (Elbit) and Radio System Applications.» Originally, there were 32 JTRS waveforms, which
voice transmission. The Spearhead is an SDR allowing over-the-air electronic remote currently in use). The SFF-J radio will be locations are shown on the RCU’s display, and the GPS system which outfits have since been reduced to the following nine:
filling and software loading. (ITT Communications) on the Sincgars Esip, SRW and Bowman Well-equipped and trained fighting forces the Portuguese the radio’s 15 channels can be split into 䉴 Wideband Networking Waveform (WNW)
receiver facilitates the introduction of Force Tracking
VHF waveforms. are the key to mission success. Providing The PNR-500 from Elbit is a squad Army and Marine four sub-channels that allow each chan- 䉴 Soldier Radio Waveform (SRW)
secure, mobile ad-hoc network. It can run tions and BAE Systems. The GMR will be The HMS segment of the JTRS initia- capabilities to the radio – key to network-centric radio that offers full-duplex Corps Steyr- nel to be allocated to a different group of 䉴 Joint Airborne Networking - Tactical Edge (Jan-TE)
these forces with the means to communicate
multiple waveforms or applications, such rolled out across all of the vehicles tive is being provided by General operations. communication, weighs less than 300 Daimler-Puch users while the commander has access to 䉴 Mobile User Objective System (Muos)
as the wideband networking waveform involved in the US Army’s Future Com- Dynamics C4 Systems which also pro- successfully is our mission. Thales’s AN/ grams and has a twelve-hour battery Pandur II 8 ⫻ 8 all channels. The PNR-500 can link back 䉴 Sincgars
(WNW). This waveform was developed bat System acquisition. duces the JTRS HMS Manpack. Weigh- PRC-148 Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Networked Data Communications. life. A whisper function keeps the user armoured to a vehicle-mounted radio, which can in 䉴 Link-16
for joint-domain networks (multi-chan- A number of JTRS-capable hand-held ing 6.5 kg, the radio has a frequency range Enhanced Multiband Inter/Intra Team Radio, quiet when the situation warrants. personnel carriers, turn connect it to higher-level radio and 䉴 Enhanced Position Location Reporting System (EPLRS)
nel JTRS or legacy radios), the Future radios have hit the market recently. One of 2 MHz to 2.5 GHz and pushes 125 The JEM’s future Mobile Ad Hoc Networking (Elbit Systems) along with static to wider communication networks. 䉴 High Frequency (HF)
Combat System network and the Win-T hears of radios that are JTRS-approved. Watts of power. The JTRS HMS man- or JEM, is the multiband, multirole handheld locations. (EID) Elbit System’s HF-6000 285,000-channel 䉴 UHF Satcom
(MANET) function, layered onto the SINCGARS and
backbone. It provides voice, data, and This means that the radio has been pack supports Type 1 and 2 cryptography radio serving both the individual out on a whisper function for covert operations, manpack radio operates across the 1.5 to
video communication as well as the abil- approved by the JTRS Program Execu- on two channels and runs about 20 wave- CPM waveforms, adds an IP addressable network digital voice coding and a conferencing 30 MHz frequency range and is produced
patrol and the force commander operating
ity to communicate with users on current tive Office as an interim capability for the forms for communication on capability to the existing waveforms that supports self function for up to four users. in 20- and 100-Watt manpack and vehicu- new unit is presumably part of the same The JTRS also includes the Multi-func-
force radio systems. The JTRS GMR pro- overall JTRS programme. To receive brigade/divisional level down combat
out of headquarters. configuration, automatic healing, and multi-hop range Elbit Systems integrated Tadiran lar systems and 100-, 400- and 1000-Watt family as it is to have similar voice, data tional Information Distribution System-

+
gramme will conduct production qualifi- JTRS-approved status the radio must be team level. This radio also includes extension of data. With the JEM, you can be tied into Communications into its cluster in July fixed station assemblies. The same compa- and video transmission capabilities. JTRS (Mids-J) for tactical aircraft that
cation testing in 2009 with a decision on capable of running version 2.2 of the SCA Muos (Mobile User Objective System), 2008 and subsequently inherited Tadi- ny’s THF-8000 long-range tactical man- will run Link-16, Tacan (Tactical Air Nav-
full-rate production to be taken by the and the encryption hardware must be Sincgars (Single Channel Ground and At Thales, we take your mission very seriously, the larger tactical internet through IP networking. ran’s tactical radio product line. This pack radio can transmit up to 19.2 Kbps of igation) plus JTRS waveforms.
Approved Compliance
US Department of Defense in 2010. The
GMR is designed to allow commanders
on the move to draw more data from a
number of sources, which can include
voice, text chat, pictures, video, and inter-
certified by the NSA. But there is report- Airborne Radio System), EPLRS

Actionable Information
designing, manufacturing and supporting products for
situations where success means completing
life-threatening missions and staying alive.
Further, in keeping with U.S. Department of Defense
JTRS program goals, the AN/PRC-148 JEM can
be programmed with current in-service waveforms,
quency hopping modulation, the PRC-710
can carry ten pre-set fixed frequency
channels and ten frequency-hopping anti-
jamming channels. The radio uses voice
video data as well as transmitting voice
signals. The THF-8000 operates across the
1.5 to 30 MHz frequency range and con-
The United States is home to what is
arguably the largest tactical radio pro-
The abiding goal of the JTRS pro-
gramme is to provide a family of single-
and multi-channel SDRs that are fully
interoperable. Such simplicity is decep-
tive, and illustrated by the fact that the
active maps. Mission Critical Benefits. waveforms in development and future waveforms, and and data encryption and performs orthog- programme has grown in cost and com-
In March 2009, it was reported that capabilities that provide increased data throughput, onal frequency-hopping to enhance its plexity, causing it to be extensively
The AN/PRC-148 JEM is the smallest, lightest, and

Complete Guide by
Boeing had delivered the first prototype Comsec. Its power consumption is five restructured on several occasions as con-
GMRs to be installed on US Army most power-efficient multiband tactical handheld radio MANET, and improved satellite communications. Watts, or 20 if using an add-on amplifier. tractors have wrestled with demands
ground vehicles. Known as Engineering in use today and is the first production JTRS radio The PRC-710MB variant is a multi-band/ regarding the respective radios’ weight,
Development Models (EDM), the to receive Software Communications Architecture, Confidence for Leaders at the Forward Edge. multi-role VHF/UHF radio that operates size and power consumption. The JTRS
mobile networking capabilities of these across the 30 to 512-MHz range and pro- programme as a whole is expected to
or SCA, certification. Smaller. You are able to carry With its broad capabilities and flexibility, the AN/
Complete Guide by

Complete Guide by
sets were, at time of writing, expected to vides continuous AM/FM coverage. result in the procurement of over 86,200
be evaluated at Fort Bliss, Texas. The the JEM in more convenient locations on the body or in load-carrying PRC-148 JEM gives both the boots on the ground and commanders The company’s PRC-624 hand- GMRs, around 74,500 HMS sets and
GMR is also expected to complete pro- gear. Lighter. The JEM weighs only 0.86 kg, enabling you to carry the confidence that they will be able to establish and maintain held/manpack radio system weighs 700 11,040 AMF systems. Included in these
duction qualification tests that began in more warfighting equipment. Longer battery life. More than 10 hours communications at the forward edge of the battlefield – readily available grams, operates across the 30 to 88 MHz figures are the 210 GMRs (the balance
September 2008, during which pre-engi- extended VHF band and has 2320 chan- going to the US Army) and over 8800
neering development models of the of battery life means fewer batteries need to be carried for any length and absolutely reliable communications enabling them to face both nels. The radio also contains a built-in HMS systems that the US Marine Corps
GMR had logged more than 100,000 mission. Greater range. Typical receive sensitivity is better than -119 routine and emergency situations with equal confidence. Whatever the retransmission capability. will receive, although the force will not
operating hours. dBm, so you can operate at longer distances with better connectivity. future holds in tactical radio communications, the JEM will be ready to The PNR-500 Personal Network obtain any AMF sets. Around 48% of the
Low-rate initial production of the Faster channel access. Communicating on different links is as simple as Radio allows full-duplex transmission/ AMF stations to be ordered will go to the
radio is expected to begin in 2010 follow-
take it on. Tactical Advantage at the Forward Edge. reception, which enables fire team mem- United States Air Force.
ing Department of Defense approval. moving a switch, ensuring more safety in both routine and emergency bers constant communication with each As far as the GMR domain is con-
According to Boeing the integration of situations. Fewer failures. With greater mean time between failures other. The radio weighs less than 300 cerned, this segment will equip Army and
the radio is coming to a conclusion and (>11,400 hours), the JEM is continuously available. In February 2009 Boeing delivered the first of three legacy communication payload grams and has twelve hours of battery The Falcon III AN/PRC-117G manpack – the first wide/narrow-band tactical radio to Marine Corps ground vehicles with Boe-
the company is looking forward to testing ITT’s RT-1523 Sincgars ground and air radio system is one of the most pervasive www.raytheon.com and digital channeliser to Lockheed Martin in support of the Mobile User Objective life. The range of the system is up to 1500 be deployed by the US Department of Defense – was touted as being 30% smaller ing’s JTRS GMR software-programma-
and fielding the system which it has tactical radios with more than 400,000 units in operation. This software- System (Muos). This equipment will allow the US Navy to use existing ground and metres. The PNR-500 contains 15 net- and lighter than any other manpack in its category when it was launched. The single- ble radio system. Although it is a radio
developed with Northrop Grumman, programmable radio can handle up to 16 Kbps and operates in the 30 to 88 MHz Adapting to the Current Combat Situation. For more information, email solutions@thalescomminc.com space-based UHF systems for worldwide mobile and fixed-site satellite communi- work channels and features a ‘whisper’ channel radio covers 30 MHz to 2 GHz and gives ten Watts operating on VHF and system, the GMR connects similarly
or call +1 240-864-7000 or 1-800-258-4420.
Rockwell Collins, Harris Communica- frequency band. (ITT Communications) The AN/PRC-148’s Remote Control Unit (RCU) with embedded GPS cation.The first Muos satellite launch is scheduled for 2010. (GDC4S) function for covert operations. Each of 20 in the UHF band. (Armada/JK) equipped platforms and sensors into a
© 2009 Raytheon Company. All rights reserved.
Thales Communications, Inc.
provides full radio
“Customer Success control.
Is Our Mission” Situational awareness
is a registered trademark data isCompany.
of Raytheon transmitted 22605 Gateway Center Drive, Clarksburg, MD 20871 USA
18 simultaneously with normal voice communications. Team members’ www.thalescomminc.com 12 13
Tactical Radios 2009
Actionable information in real time
Tactical Radios 2009

Tactical Radios 2009


edly only one JTRS-compliant radio to includes the CNR-9000 manpack, vehicu- OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Digi- sumes 20 Watts of power. The radio fea- gramme in the world. Launched in 1998,
date: the General Dynamics C4 Systems lar or base station radio which debuted in tal Multiplexing) divides the channel into tures digital encryption and frequency the Joint Tactical Radio System, better
HMS AN/PRC-154 single-channel Rifle- 1999. With up to 2320 (or an optional multiple (two or more) orthogonalised hopping functions and weighs 3.9 kg. known by its JTRS acronym (or ‘Jitters’),
man radio. 3120) channels available to the user, the sub-carriers to transmit the data. OFDM, Elbit Systems is due to unveil a new will see the adoption of an SDR system by
CNR-9000 operates across the 30 to 108 the basis for the 802.11g standard, is a software-defined radio towards the end of the US Army, Marine Corps and Air
JTRS Firsts MHz frequency range. The radio has a popular modulation scheme for wideband this year, with production set to begin in Force. The JTRS programme consists of
data transfer rate of 32 Kbps and can communication as it can handle relatively early 2010. The company, although reticent several segments including the US
The AN/PRC-154 is the first JTRS radio include an optional built-in vocoder severe multi-path interference without about providing any details, says that the Army’s Ground Mobile Radio (GMR)
to reach the limited user test (Lut) stage, (voice encoder) and GPS. The CNR- requiring complex equalisation filters and design has the transceiver and amplifier and Handheld, Manpack, Small Form
with the US Army Evaluation Task Force 9000HDR high data-rate radio can trans- it can carry up to 54 Mbps. Some recent housed in the same set, which dramatically Factor (HMS – which also includes the
taking it through its paces at Ft. Bliss, mit up to 115 Kbps across the 25 KHz simulation results have shown that a fre- reduces both the quantity of external Rifleman Radio a.k.a. SFF-C(V)1) set
Texas in November 2008. The radio acts as VHF band. The company claims that this quency-hopping COFDM (coded – cabling required and its weight, which the which is being developed by General
a repeater for voice signals, automatically radio can provide the user with streaming adding an error-correction code) scheme company states should be less than 30 kg Dynamics and Thales and the Airborne
extending range when connection prob- video footage on the move. is capable of achieving a lower packet (making it fit into the fixed-station catego- Maritime Fixed (AMF) station which will
lems arise, and its embedded GPS also has Using orthogonal frequency hopping error rate than that of conventional ry). In parallel, the company is looking for- equip Boeing AH-64 and Boeing CH-47
a repeater function. The radio is referred (actually OFDM and frequency hopping) OFDM. In other words, adding frequency ward to unveiling a new soldier personal Chinook attack and transport helicopters,
to in the JTRS HMS project timeline as and anti-jamming techniques the CNR- hopping to OFDM can aid in signal recep- role radio towards the end of 2009. This and Lockheed Hercules C-130 transports.
the SFF-C(V)1 (Small Form Factor C, 9000HDR includes an optional built-in tion assurance.
version 1) and uses the Soldier Radio data modem, GPS and Comsec, and can The company’s PRC-710 radio is one
Waveform (SRW) exclusively. For com- be used as a vehicular VHF/FM radio. The of the lightest VHF/FM frequency-hop- JTRS Waves by Definition
parison, SFF-C is the squad leader radio HDR variant offers 2320 channels oper- ping hand-helds on the market, weighing

A
and SFF-D will be a single-channel radio ating in the 30 to 108 MHz VHF band. in at just 750 grams. Using advanced fre- fter much deliberation and recognition of the fact that a single radio can have
running Type 2 encryption, flown on Hon- Elbit’s PRC-710 uses orthogonal only so many waveforms packed inside and still operate efficiently, the Joint
eywell’s T-Hawk drone and operating on frequency-hopping techniques for Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Joint Program Executive Office has put its fin-
L-band, the SRW and Bowman VHF. The EID ICC-201 Comsec and consumes up to 20 W ger on what it now sees as the definition of a waveform:
SFF-J will be a dual-channel, Type 1 radio is part of the with an add-on amplifier. A multi-band / «A waveform is the entire set of radio and/or communications functions that
ITT’s small, lightweight Spearhead dismounted soldier radio operates in either single- encryption radio for the Non-Line of backbone for the multi-role variant is also produced occur from the user input to the radio frequency output and vice versa. JTRS wave-
channel (SC) or frequency-hopping mode (FH) across the 30 to 88 MHz VHF-FM Sight (Nlos) missile launch system slated Sic-T tactical which designated as the PRC-710MB. form implementation consists of a Waveform Application Code, Radio Set Devices
band. Six FH and eight SC presets are available with a choice of clear or encrypted for delivery in early-2010 (a surrogate is communications (Elbit) and Radio System Applications.» Originally, there were 32 JTRS waveforms, which
voice transmission. The Spearhead is an SDR allowing over-the-air electronic remote currently in use). The SFF-J radio will be locations are shown on the RCU’s display, and the GPS system which outfits have since been reduced to the following nine:
filling and software loading. (ITT Communications) on the Sincgars Esip, SRW and Bowman Well-equipped and trained fighting forces the Portuguese the radio’s 15 channels can be split into 䉴 Wideband Networking Waveform (WNW)
receiver facilitates the introduction of Force Tracking
VHF waveforms. are the key to mission success. Providing The PNR-500 from Elbit is a squad Army and Marine four sub-channels that allow each chan- 䉴 Soldier Radio Waveform (SRW)
secure, mobile ad-hoc network. It can run tions and BAE Systems. The GMR will be The HMS segment of the JTRS initia- capabilities to the radio – key to network-centric radio that offers full-duplex Corps Steyr- nel to be allocated to a different group of 䉴 Joint Airborne Networking - Tactical Edge (Jan-TE)
these forces with the means to communicate
multiple waveforms or applications, such rolled out across all of the vehicles tive is being provided by General operations. communication, weighs less than 300 Daimler-Puch users while the commander has access to 䉴 Mobile User Objective System (Muos)
as the wideband networking waveform involved in the US Army’s Future Com- Dynamics C4 Systems which also pro- successfully is our mission. Thales’s AN/ grams and has a twelve-hour battery Pandur II 8 ⫻ 8 all channels. The PNR-500 can link back 䉴 Sincgars
(WNW). This waveform was developed bat System acquisition. duces the JTRS HMS Manpack. Weigh- PRC-148 Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Networked Data Communications. life. A whisper function keeps the user armoured to a vehicle-mounted radio, which can in 䉴 Link-16
for joint-domain networks (multi-chan- A number of JTRS-capable hand-held ing 6.5 kg, the radio has a frequency range Enhanced Multiband Inter/Intra Team Radio, quiet when the situation warrants. personnel carriers, turn connect it to higher-level radio and 䉴 Enhanced Position Location Reporting System (EPLRS)
nel JTRS or legacy radios), the Future radios have hit the market recently. One of 2 MHz to 2.5 GHz and pushes 125 The JEM’s future Mobile Ad Hoc Networking (Elbit Systems) along with static to wider communication networks. 䉴 High Frequency (HF)
Combat System network and the Win-T hears of radios that are JTRS-approved. Watts of power. The JTRS HMS man- or JEM, is the multiband, multirole handheld locations. (EID) Elbit System’s HF-6000 285,000-channel 䉴 UHF Satcom
(MANET) function, layered onto the SINCGARS and
backbone. It provides voice, data, and This means that the radio has been pack supports Type 1 and 2 cryptography radio serving both the individual out on a whisper function for covert operations, manpack radio operates across the 1.5 to
video communication as well as the abil- approved by the JTRS Program Execu- on two channels and runs about 20 wave- CPM waveforms, adds an IP addressable network digital voice coding and a conferencing 30 MHz frequency range and is produced
patrol and the force commander operating
ity to communicate with users on current tive Office as an interim capability for the forms for communication on capability to the existing waveforms that supports self function for up to four users. in 20- and 100-Watt manpack and vehicu- new unit is presumably part of the same The JTRS also includes the Multi-func-
force radio systems. The JTRS GMR pro- overall JTRS programme. To receive brigade/divisional level down combat
out of headquarters. configuration, automatic healing, and multi-hop range Elbit Systems integrated Tadiran lar systems and 100-, 400- and 1000-Watt family as it is to have similar voice, data tional Information Distribution System-

+
gramme will conduct production qualifi- JTRS-approved status the radio must be team level. This radio also includes extension of data. With the JEM, you can be tied into Communications into its cluster in July fixed station assemblies. The same compa- and video transmission capabilities. JTRS (Mids-J) for tactical aircraft that
cation testing in 2009 with a decision on capable of running version 2.2 of the SCA Muos (Mobile User Objective System), 2008 and subsequently inherited Tadi- ny’s THF-8000 long-range tactical man- will run Link-16, Tacan (Tactical Air Nav-
full-rate production to be taken by the and the encryption hardware must be Sincgars (Single Channel Ground and At Thales, we take your mission very seriously, the larger tactical internet through IP networking. ran’s tactical radio product line. This pack radio can transmit up to 19.2 Kbps of igation) plus JTRS waveforms.
Approved Compliance
US Department of Defense in 2010. The
GMR is designed to allow commanders
on the move to draw more data from a
number of sources, which can include
voice, text chat, pictures, video, and inter-
certified by the NSA. But there is report- Airborne Radio System), EPLRS

Actionable Information
designing, manufacturing and supporting products for
situations where success means completing
life-threatening missions and staying alive.
Further, in keeping with U.S. Department of Defense
JTRS program goals, the AN/PRC-148 JEM can
be programmed with current in-service waveforms,
quency hopping modulation, the PRC-710
can carry ten pre-set fixed frequency
channels and ten frequency-hopping anti-
jamming channels. The radio uses voice
video data as well as transmitting voice
signals. The THF-8000 operates across the
1.5 to 30 MHz frequency range and con-
The United States is home to what is
arguably the largest tactical radio pro-
The abiding goal of the JTRS pro-
gramme is to provide a family of single-
and multi-channel SDRs that are fully
interoperable. Such simplicity is decep-
tive, and illustrated by the fact that the
active maps. Mission Critical Benefits. waveforms in development and future waveforms, and and data encryption and performs orthog- programme has grown in cost and com-
In March 2009, it was reported that capabilities that provide increased data throughput, onal frequency-hopping to enhance its plexity, causing it to be extensively
The AN/PRC-148 JEM is the smallest, lightest, and

Complete Guide by
Boeing had delivered the first prototype Comsec. Its power consumption is five restructured on several occasions as con-
GMRs to be installed on US Army most power-efficient multiband tactical handheld radio MANET, and improved satellite communications. Watts, or 20 if using an add-on amplifier. tractors have wrestled with demands
ground vehicles. Known as Engineering in use today and is the first production JTRS radio The PRC-710MB variant is a multi-band/ regarding the respective radios’ weight,
Development Models (EDM), the to receive Software Communications Architecture, Confidence for Leaders at the Forward Edge. multi-role VHF/UHF radio that operates size and power consumption. The JTRS
mobile networking capabilities of these across the 30 to 512-MHz range and pro- programme as a whole is expected to
or SCA, certification. Smaller. You are able to carry With its broad capabilities and flexibility, the AN/
Complete Guide by

Complete Guide by
sets were, at time of writing, expected to vides continuous AM/FM coverage. result in the procurement of over 86,200
be evaluated at Fort Bliss, Texas. The the JEM in more convenient locations on the body or in load-carrying PRC-148 JEM gives both the boots on the ground and commanders The company’s PRC-624 hand- GMRs, around 74,500 HMS sets and
GMR is also expected to complete pro- gear. Lighter. The JEM weighs only 0.86 kg, enabling you to carry the confidence that they will be able to establish and maintain held/manpack radio system weighs 700 11,040 AMF systems. Included in these
duction qualification tests that began in more warfighting equipment. Longer battery life. More than 10 hours communications at the forward edge of the battlefield – readily available grams, operates across the 30 to 88 MHz figures are the 210 GMRs (the balance
September 2008, during which pre-engi- extended VHF band and has 2320 chan- going to the US Army) and over 8800
neering development models of the of battery life means fewer batteries need to be carried for any length and absolutely reliable communications enabling them to face both nels. The radio also contains a built-in HMS systems that the US Marine Corps
GMR had logged more than 100,000 mission. Greater range. Typical receive sensitivity is better than -119 routine and emergency situations with equal confidence. Whatever the retransmission capability. will receive, although the force will not
operating hours. dBm, so you can operate at longer distances with better connectivity. future holds in tactical radio communications, the JEM will be ready to The PNR-500 Personal Network obtain any AMF sets. Around 48% of the
Low-rate initial production of the Faster channel access. Communicating on different links is as simple as Radio allows full-duplex transmission/ AMF stations to be ordered will go to the
radio is expected to begin in 2010 follow-
take it on. Tactical Advantage at the Forward Edge. reception, which enables fire team mem- United States Air Force.
ing Department of Defense approval. moving a switch, ensuring more safety in both routine and emergency bers constant communication with each As far as the GMR domain is con-
According to Boeing the integration of situations. Fewer failures. With greater mean time between failures other. The radio weighs less than 300 cerned, this segment will equip Army and
the radio is coming to a conclusion and (>11,400 hours), the JEM is continuously available. In February 2009 Boeing delivered the first of three legacy communication payload grams and has twelve hours of battery The Falcon III AN/PRC-117G manpack – the first wide/narrow-band tactical radio to Marine Corps ground vehicles with Boe-
the company is looking forward to testing ITT’s RT-1523 Sincgars ground and air radio system is one of the most pervasive www.raytheon.com and digital channeliser to Lockheed Martin in support of the Mobile User Objective life. The range of the system is up to 1500 be deployed by the US Department of Defense – was touted as being 30% smaller ing’s JTRS GMR software-programma-
and fielding the system which it has tactical radios with more than 400,000 units in operation. This software- System (Muos). This equipment will allow the US Navy to use existing ground and metres. The PNR-500 contains 15 net- and lighter than any other manpack in its category when it was launched. The single- ble radio system. Although it is a radio
developed with Northrop Grumman, programmable radio can handle up to 16 Kbps and operates in the 30 to 88 MHz Adapting to the Current Combat Situation. For more information, email solutions@thalescomminc.com space-based UHF systems for worldwide mobile and fixed-site satellite communi- work channels and features a ‘whisper’ channel radio covers 30 MHz to 2 GHz and gives ten Watts operating on VHF and system, the GMR connects similarly
or call +1 240-864-7000 or 1-800-258-4420.
Rockwell Collins, Harris Communica- frequency band. (ITT Communications) The AN/PRC-148’s Remote Control Unit (RCU) with embedded GPS cation.The first Muos satellite launch is scheduled for 2010. (GDC4S) function for covert operations. Each of 20 in the UHF band. (Armada/JK) equipped platforms and sensors into a
© 2009 Raytheon Company. All rights reserved.
Thales Communications, Inc.
provides full radio
“Customer Success control.
Is Our Mission” Situational awareness
is a registered trademark data isCompany.
of Raytheon transmitted 22605 Gateway Center Drive, Clarksburg, MD 20871 USA
18 simultaneously with normal voice communications. Team members’ www.thalescomminc.com 12 13
Compendium of Tactical Radios 2009
2110M Codan AN/PSC-5D Harris Flexnet Four Thales/ R. Collins MPT3A Reutech PRC-710 Elbit Systems PRC-9651 Aselsan RF-7800V-HH Harris SR600 Kongsberg
1.6 to 30 MHz 0.6 kg 30 to 512 MHz 5.2 kg 2 MHz to 2 GHz 0.6 kg 118 to 400 MHz 5.0 kg 1.6 to 30 MHz 0.6 kg 2 to 30 MHz n/a 30 to 108 MHz 2.7 kg 225 to 400 MHz 0.7 kg
25 Watts 10 or 20 Watts 50 Watts UHF & VHF, open in HF 0.5 or 5 Watts 5 Watts (20 w/amp) n/a 0.25, 2 or 5 Watts 0.1 to 1 Watt
Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: Sincgars Waveforms: Flexnet waveform, PR4G F@stnet, Waveforms: Analogue voice, CVSD, TDMA, Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: VHF/FM low, UHF/WBNR, Waveforms: Fm analogue voice, FSK, Melp, Waveforms: Multi-hop IP-based voice & data
110B, Stanag-4539 open to standard or national waveforms CSMA 110B, Stanag-4539 AFWH frequency hopping, V/UHF-AM TDMA as option
Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: Embedded AES 256-bit
Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: Embedded & customer-specific Encryption: Vocoder, frequency hopping, Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: Frequency hopping, DSSS and Encryption: Citadel II, AES, Quicklook 1A & 2
encryption digital encryptor advanced EPM
Notes: Withstand a Met drop, operates in 100% Notes: Supports parallel voice networks, ad hoc
Notes: Company claims radio can operate for humidity Notes: IP-compliant protocols, one to four Notes: Customisable encryption algorithms, GPS Notes: Company claims radio can operate for Notes: Multi-mode multi-mission radio with Notes: 64 Kbps IP and DTE data, 192 Kbps over IP node (DHCP/routing)
several days on a single battery charge. simultaneous voice, data and video channels. position reporting, 1 metre immersion/2 hours several days on a single battery charge. software programmable architecture IP option

AN/PRC-117G Harris AN/PSC-14 Viasat H4855 PRR Selex MR3000P Rohde & Schwarz PRC-1077 Datron PRC-9661 Aselsan RT-1523 ITT St@r Mille Thales
30 MHz to 2 GHz 4.9 kg *1.6265 to 1.6605 GHz 11 kg 2.4 GHz n/a 25 to 146 MHz n/a 1.6 to 30 MHz 0.6 kg 2 to 30 - 30 to 512 MHz n/a 30 to 88 MHz 3.5 kg 325 to 470 MHz n/a
25 Watts (20 in Satcom mode) 20 Watts 50 Watts 5 Watts 25 Watts 10, 20, 50 Watts 0.1, 5, 10, 50 Watts 0.1 to 1 Watts
Waveforms: Narrowband VHF low/high, UHF Waveforms: QPSK and 16-Qam forward, 4-ary Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: Secom-P digital EPM waveform Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: Various SDR waveforms Waveforms: Sincgars, tactical Internet Waveforms: St@r Mille-S, St@r Mille-P
low, Satcom UHF low QPSK return 110B, Stanag-4539 110B, Stanag-4539
Encryption: frequency hopping and digital Encryption: Alternate HF and V/UHF bands, Encryption: Transec, programmable Type 1 Encryption: Embedded AES 256-bit
Encryption: Sierra II NSA-certified Type I Encryption: Type 1 Haipe v1.3.5, Firefly key Encryption: DSSS, Continuously Variable Slope encryption Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice frequency hopping
generation across 802.11
Notes: Secure or clear frequency hopping, 2320 Notes: Available in both intra-squad and intra-
Notes: First JTRS-approved, multi-band, multi- Notes: Secure high-speed IP data/voice over Notes: US DoD gets 22,000 AN/PRC-343B Notes: Built-in GPS receiver, remote control Notes: Company claims radio can operate for Notes: Member of SDNR family designed for channels, over-the-air remote fill
unit available platoon versions
mission wideband radio. Bgan, (*transmit – 1.225 to 1.559 GHz receive) versions using AES 128 encryption several days on a single battery charge. ground, air and naval applications.

AN/PRC-148 Thales Centaur HCDR ITT HH-7700 Datron MR300xH/U Rohde & Schwarz PRC-1099A Datron RF-5800H-MP Harris RT-1702 ITT THF-8000 Elbit Systems
30 to 512 MHz 0.95 kg 225 to 450 MHz 14 kg 30 to 88 MHz *VHF 0.48 kg 1.6 to 30 MHz n/a 1.6 to 30 MHz 4.4 kg 1.6 to 60 MHz 3.6 kg 30 to 88 MHz 3.5 kg 1.5 to 30 MHz 3.9 kg
0.5 to 5 Watts 20 Watts 0.5, 1 or 5 Watts 10 to 150 Watts (see notes) 5, 20, *100 and 400 Watts 65 Watts 0.1, 5 10, 50 Watts 20 or 125 Watts
Waveforms: Have Quick I/II, Sincgars Waveforms: VHF/HF network data backbone Waveforms: Simplex over FM Waveforms: ALE 2/3G, AM/FM, SSB, Stanag Waveforms: USB, LSB, CW, Ame Waveforms: Narrowband VHF low/high, UHF Waveforms: Sincgars, secure voice, IP data Waveforms: HF voice and data
Encryption: NSA Type 1, Type II DES 4285, Secos, Have Quick I/II and Stanag 4246 low, UHF wideband
Encryption: Embedded ECCM and Comsec Encryption: Default orthogonal hopsets Encryption: Digital encryption and frequency
Encryption: AES 256-bit Encryption: Optional voice scrambler Encryption: Secom-H/-V/-P and vocoders hopping, digital vocoder
Encryption: AES
Notes: Supplied to the US Army in 2007. Notes: Integrated GPS and position reporting, Notes: 100 programmable channels, Fed-Std- Notes: 12-channel GPS, voice/data retransmit
Notes: Embedded IP router/gateway, Internet- Notes: Splash proof, alphanumeric LCD, 2320 or Notes: 19.2 Kbps data, Stanag 5066 controller,
AN/PRC-148V3/V4 Jem upgrade makes it HF 1.5 to 30 MHz - 20 or 150 W; VHF 30 to 108 - 1054 Ale, * vehicle configurations Notes: Contains an integral GPS receiver
on-the-move 4640 channels (*300 Hz to 3 MHz FM) PRC manpack/VRC vehicle versions
compatible with JTRS frequency range. 10 or 50 W; ATC 108 to 512 MHz - 10 or 50 W

AN/PRC-150(C) Harris CNR-2000 Selex JTRS GMR Boeing PR20 Dicom PRC-2090 Barrett RF-5800V-HH Harris Soldier Radio ITT VHF-90M Q-Mac
1.6 to 60 MHz 4.7 kg 1.6 to 60 MHz 3.7 kg 2.4 to 2.48 GHz 0.23 kg 1.6 to 30 MHz 3.9 kg 30 to 108 MHz <1.0 kg 30 MHz to 1.85 GHz 1.0 kg 30 to 88 MHz 1.0 kg
in development - prototype stage only
1, 5, 20 Watts 10 to 25 Watts 0.1 Watts 10 or 30 Watts* .25, 2 or 5 Watts variable Wattage (see notes) 25 Watts
Waveforms: HF SSB, AM SSB, CW, VHF, FM, Waveforms: CW (J2A), USB/LSB/FM voice, Waveforms: Wideband Networking Waveform Waveforms: OFDM, squad radio Waveforms: USB, LSB, AM, CW, AFSK, Ale Waveforms: FM analogue voice, FSK Waveforms: Hosts JTRS waveforms, CNR, Waveforms: Low-band VHF, voice AFF,
Melp, LPC-10, 3G FSK, NPSK phase shift keying and NQAM voice/data SCA 2.2.2 design voice/data DFF, FM (F3E)
Encryption: n/a Encryption: Time and frequency hopping, Encryption: 5 or 25/sec freq hopping w/o
Encryption: NSA-certified Type 1, Melp Encryption: Transec, Comsec spread spectrum master station Encryption: Citadel I Encryption: Programmable crypto subsystem Encryption: Advanced digital voice and data
vocoder Notes: Delivered 1st two EMD models in Feb frequency hopping/encryption
Notes: 500 programmable channels, GPS
Notes: 75 programmable presets, Ale & datalink Notes: Embedded GPS; HF-to-HF/VHF-to-HF 2009. Decision on full-rate production by US Notes: Auto rebroadcasting, space diversity tracking, digital crypto handset interface, * 100 Notes: Provides the performance of Falcon II Notes: 9000 UHF and 40,000 VHF channels, 1, 4, Notes: 10 channel presets, -20dB whisper mode,
protocols. rebroadcast, Gen-3 Ale transmission, groups up to 30 users. Watts in vehicle dock radios at squad level 16, 63 and 250 mW, 1, 2 and 5 Watts field programming, radio-radio cloning
Department of Defense in 2010.

AN/PRC-152(C) Harris CNR-9000 Elbit Tadiran JTRS HMS GDC4S PR4G F@stnet Thales PRC-2150 Datron RF-7800M-MP Harris Spearhead ITT Wavepac L-3 Linkabit
30 to 512 MHz 1.1 kg 30 to 108 MHz 0.6 kg 2 MHz to 2.5 GHz 6.5 kg 30 to 88 MHz 0.87 kg 30 MHz 4.2 kg 30 MHz to 2 DHz 3.7 kg 30 to 88 MHz 0.65 kg 1.6 to 108 MHz 5.78 kg
5 Watts (10 in Satcom mode) 25 Watts 125 Watts 2 Watts hand-held (see notes) 0.5 to 10 Watts * 20 Watts 0.1, 1*, 2 or 5 Watts 1, 5 or 20 Watts
Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: High data rate combat net radio Waveforms: Soldier Radio Waveform, Muos, Waveforms: Isochronous TDMA, Melp, Secom-H, Waveforms: VHF, voice, data, FM FF, simplex Waveforms: Narrowband VHF low, VHF high, Waveforms: Nato squelch, clear or secure Waveforms: Mil-STD-188-110B, Qam, Stanag
110B, Stanag-4539 Encryption: Orthogonal frequency hopping Sincgars, EPLRS, HB SSB, Satellite and Ale Have Quick I/II, FM, SSB or half-duplex UHF low. Wideband UHF, ANW2 voice, Sincgars, tactical Internet 4415, WB FSK, Melpe
Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice and anti-jamming Encryption: Type 1 and 2 cryptography Encryption: ECCM against narrow- and Encryption: Optional analogue encryption Encryption: AES 256-bit Encryption: Secure orthogonal frequency Encryption: AES, voice & data 128, 192 or 256-
broadband jammers hopping, bit key length
Notes: Fixed, manpack or vehicular, embedded
Notes: Company claims radio can operate for Notes: 115 Kbps data transfer, optional vocoder, Notes: 74,500 HMS sets go to US Army – the Notes: Radio family uses Mux mode, continuous Notes: Internal GPS receiver and TNC antenna 12-channel GPS, 2400 bps Melpe, ad hoc Notes: Embedded OTA position reporting, 12- Notes: HF, VHF, Internal GPS, immersion one
several days on a single battery charge. GPS, streaming on-the-move video US Marine Corps gets 8800. voice and data, 10 Watts manpack 50 vehicle. connector, * 0.5 to 75 Watts vehicular/fixed networking channel GPS receiver, *International version metre for 30 minutes, 101 programmable presets

AN/PRC-154 GDC4S/Thales Flexnet One Thales/ R. Collins Microlight DH500 Raytheon PRC-525A EID PRC-5712 Aselsan RF-7800S-TR Harris Spearnet ITT WM600 Kongsberg
5 to 15 GHz 1.1 kg 30 to 512 MHz in development 225 MHz to 2.0 GHz 0.76 kg 1.5 to 512 MHz 5.5 kg 380 to 400 MHz n/a 350 to 450 MHz 0.3 kg 1.2 to 1.4 GHz 0.7 kg 225 to 400 MHz 4.1 kg
2 Watts UHF, 5 L-band 50 Watts UHF & VHF 0.1 to 4 Watts 100 mW to 20 Watts* 0.1 Watts 2 Watts 0.6 Watts 0.1 to 5 Watts
Waveforms: Soldier Radio Waveform voice and Waveforms: Waveform customisation, supports Waveforms: 8-hop relay, CPSM with DSSS, Waveforms: HF, VHF, V/UHF, Have Quick, Waveforms: Full-duplex data and voice, TDMA Waveforms: FSK or GMSK data/voice Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: IPv4 multi-hop data or voice &
data, UHF, L-band PR4G F@stnet waveform TDMA, CDMA and DFMA CNR, PRN, SCRA, IPoA 110B, Stanag-4539 data
Encryption: Digital voice coding Encryption: Citadel II Asic, AES
Encryption: Programmable NSA Type II Encryption: Programmable Infosec, customer- Encryption: AES for secure-but-unclassified Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: DSSS, AES 256-bit Encryption: Embedded AES 256-bit
comsec/transec specific encryption transmission
Notes: Includes a whisper function, can reach to Notes: Full-duplex to six talkers, GPS position Notes: Demonstrated out to a range of six km,
Notes: Continuous location reporting, SDR, first Notes: SCA-compliant V/UHF narrow/wide- Notes: Web browser, VoIP, data, video and Notes: Compatible with the R&S M3TR family, Notes: Long-range C4ISR SDR comms, 2.5
72 Kbps data rate, *depending on configuration. one kilometre, four-user conferencing report, range to one kilometre in jungle AES key management, tactical Lan on-the-
JTRS radio into user tests (2008) band, multimedia to 6 Mbps, first int’l SDR position info. move Mbps data

Complete Guide by ©2009


Compendium of Tactical Radios 2009
2110M Codan AN/PSC-5D Harris Flexnet Four Thales/ R. Collins MPT3A Reutech PRC-710 Elbit Systems PRC-9651 Aselsan RF-7800V-HH Harris SR600 Kongsberg
1.6 to 30 MHz 0.6 kg 30 to 512 MHz 5.2 kg 2 MHz to 2 GHz 0.6 kg 118 to 400 MHz 5.0 kg 1.6 to 30 MHz 0.6 kg 2 to 30 MHz n/a 30 to 108 MHz 2.7 kg 225 to 400 MHz 0.7 kg
25 Watts 10 or 20 Watts 50 Watts UHF & VHF, open in HF 0.5 or 5 Watts 5 Watts (20 w/amp) n/a 0.25, 2 or 5 Watts 0.1 to 1 Watt
Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: Sincgars Waveforms: Flexnet waveform, PR4G F@stnet, Waveforms: Analogue voice, CVSD, TDMA, Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: VHF/FM low, UHF/WBNR, Waveforms: Fm analogue voice, FSK, Melp, Waveforms: Multi-hop IP-based voice & data
110B, Stanag-4539 open to standard or national waveforms CSMA 110B, Stanag-4539 AFWH frequency hopping, V/UHF-AM TDMA as option
Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: Embedded AES 256-bit
Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: Embedded & customer-specific Encryption: Vocoder, frequency hopping, Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: Frequency hopping, DSSS and Encryption: Citadel II, AES, Quicklook 1A & 2
encryption digital encryptor advanced EPM
Notes: Withstand a Met drop, operates in 100% Notes: Supports parallel voice networks, ad hoc
Notes: Company claims radio can operate for humidity Notes: IP-compliant protocols, one to four Notes: Customisable encryption algorithms, GPS Notes: Company claims radio can operate for Notes: Multi-mode multi-mission radio with Notes: 64 Kbps IP and DTE data, 192 Kbps over IP node (DHCP/routing)
several days on a single battery charge. simultaneous voice, data and video channels. position reporting, 1 metre immersion/2 hours several days on a single battery charge. software programmable architecture IP option

AN/PRC-117G Harris AN/PSC-14 Viasat H4855 PRR Selex MR3000P Rohde & Schwarz PRC-1077 Datron PRC-9661 Aselsan RT-1523 ITT St@r Mille Thales
30 MHz to 2 GHz 4.9 kg *1.6265 to 1.6605 GHz 11 kg 2.4 GHz n/a 25 to 146 MHz n/a 1.6 to 30 MHz 0.6 kg 2 to 30 - 30 to 512 MHz n/a 30 to 88 MHz 3.5 kg 325 to 470 MHz n/a
25 Watts (20 in Satcom mode) 20 Watts 50 Watts 5 Watts 25 Watts 10, 20, 50 Watts 0.1, 5, 10, 50 Watts 0.1 to 1 Watts
Waveforms: Narrowband VHF low/high, UHF Waveforms: QPSK and 16-Qam forward, 4-ary Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: Secom-P digital EPM waveform Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: Various SDR waveforms Waveforms: Sincgars, tactical Internet Waveforms: St@r Mille-S, St@r Mille-P
low, Satcom UHF low QPSK return 110B, Stanag-4539 110B, Stanag-4539
Encryption: frequency hopping and digital Encryption: Alternate HF and V/UHF bands, Encryption: Transec, programmable Type 1 Encryption: Embedded AES 256-bit
Encryption: Sierra II NSA-certified Type I Encryption: Type 1 Haipe v1.3.5, Firefly key Encryption: DSSS, Continuously Variable Slope encryption Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice frequency hopping
generation across 802.11
Notes: Secure or clear frequency hopping, 2320 Notes: Available in both intra-squad and intra-
Notes: First JTRS-approved, multi-band, multi- Notes: Secure high-speed IP data/voice over Notes: US DoD gets 22,000 AN/PRC-343B Notes: Built-in GPS receiver, remote control Notes: Company claims radio can operate for Notes: Member of SDNR family designed for channels, over-the-air remote fill
unit available platoon versions
mission wideband radio. Bgan, (*transmit – 1.225 to 1.559 GHz receive) versions using AES 128 encryption several days on a single battery charge. ground, air and naval applications.

AN/PRC-148 Thales Centaur HCDR ITT HH-7700 Datron MR300xH/U Rohde & Schwarz PRC-1099A Datron RF-5800H-MP Harris RT-1702 ITT THF-8000 Elbit Systems
30 to 512 MHz 0.95 kg 225 to 450 MHz 14 kg 30 to 88 MHz *VHF 0.48 kg 1.6 to 30 MHz n/a 1.6 to 30 MHz 4.4 kg 1.6 to 60 MHz 3.6 kg 30 to 88 MHz 3.5 kg 1.5 to 30 MHz 3.9 kg
0.5 to 5 Watts 20 Watts 0.5, 1 or 5 Watts 10 to 150 Watts (see notes) 5, 20, *100 and 400 Watts 65 Watts 0.1, 5 10, 50 Watts 20 or 125 Watts
Waveforms: Have Quick I/II, Sincgars Waveforms: VHF/HF network data backbone Waveforms: Simplex over FM Waveforms: ALE 2/3G, AM/FM, SSB, Stanag Waveforms: USB, LSB, CW, Ame Waveforms: Narrowband VHF low/high, UHF Waveforms: Sincgars, secure voice, IP data Waveforms: HF voice and data
Encryption: NSA Type 1, Type II DES 4285, Secos, Have Quick I/II and Stanag 4246 low, UHF wideband
Encryption: Embedded ECCM and Comsec Encryption: Default orthogonal hopsets Encryption: Digital encryption and frequency
Encryption: AES 256-bit Encryption: Optional voice scrambler Encryption: Secom-H/-V/-P and vocoders hopping, digital vocoder
Encryption: AES
Notes: Supplied to the US Army in 2007. Notes: Integrated GPS and position reporting, Notes: 100 programmable channels, Fed-Std- Notes: 12-channel GPS, voice/data retransmit
Notes: Embedded IP router/gateway, Internet- Notes: Splash proof, alphanumeric LCD, 2320 or Notes: 19.2 Kbps data, Stanag 5066 controller,
AN/PRC-148V3/V4 Jem upgrade makes it HF 1.5 to 30 MHz - 20 or 150 W; VHF 30 to 108 - 1054 Ale, * vehicle configurations Notes: Contains an integral GPS receiver
on-the-move 4640 channels (*300 Hz to 3 MHz FM) PRC manpack/VRC vehicle versions
compatible with JTRS frequency range. 10 or 50 W; ATC 108 to 512 MHz - 10 or 50 W

AN/PRC-150(C) Harris CNR-2000 Selex JTRS GMR Boeing PR20 Dicom PRC-2090 Barrett RF-5800V-HH Harris Soldier Radio ITT VHF-90M Q-Mac
1.6 to 60 MHz 4.7 kg 1.6 to 60 MHz 3.7 kg 2.4 to 2.48 GHz 0.23 kg 1.6 to 30 MHz 3.9 kg 30 to 108 MHz <1.0 kg 30 MHz to 1.85 GHz 1.0 kg 30 to 88 MHz 1.0 kg
in development - prototype stage only
1, 5, 20 Watts 10 to 25 Watts 0.1 Watts 10 or 30 Watts* .25, 2 or 5 Watts variable Wattage (see notes) 25 Watts
Waveforms: HF SSB, AM SSB, CW, VHF, FM, Waveforms: CW (J2A), USB/LSB/FM voice, Waveforms: Wideband Networking Waveform Waveforms: OFDM, squad radio Waveforms: USB, LSB, AM, CW, AFSK, Ale Waveforms: FM analogue voice, FSK Waveforms: Hosts JTRS waveforms, CNR, Waveforms: Low-band VHF, voice AFF,
Melp, LPC-10, 3G FSK, NPSK phase shift keying and NQAM voice/data SCA 2.2.2 design voice/data DFF, FM (F3E)
Encryption: n/a Encryption: Time and frequency hopping, Encryption: 5 or 25/sec freq hopping w/o
Encryption: NSA-certified Type 1, Melp Encryption: Transec, Comsec spread spectrum master station Encryption: Citadel I Encryption: Programmable crypto subsystem Encryption: Advanced digital voice and data
vocoder Notes: Delivered 1st two EMD models in Feb frequency hopping/encryption
Notes: 500 programmable channels, GPS
Notes: 75 programmable presets, Ale & datalink Notes: Embedded GPS; HF-to-HF/VHF-to-HF 2009. Decision on full-rate production by US Notes: Auto rebroadcasting, space diversity tracking, digital crypto handset interface, * 100 Notes: Provides the performance of Falcon II Notes: 9000 UHF and 40,000 VHF channels, 1, 4, Notes: 10 channel presets, -20dB whisper mode,
protocols. rebroadcast, Gen-3 Ale transmission, groups up to 30 users. Watts in vehicle dock radios at squad level 16, 63 and 250 mW, 1, 2 and 5 Watts field programming, radio-radio cloning
Department of Defense in 2010.

AN/PRC-152(C) Harris CNR-9000 Elbit Tadiran JTRS HMS GDC4S PR4G F@stnet Thales PRC-2150 Datron RF-7800M-MP Harris Spearhead ITT Wavepac L-3 Linkabit
30 to 512 MHz 1.1 kg 30 to 108 MHz 0.6 kg 2 MHz to 2.5 GHz 6.5 kg 30 to 88 MHz 0.87 kg 30 MHz 4.2 kg 30 MHz to 2 DHz 3.7 kg 30 to 88 MHz 0.65 kg 1.6 to 108 MHz 5.78 kg
5 Watts (10 in Satcom mode) 25 Watts 125 Watts 2 Watts hand-held (see notes) 0.5 to 10 Watts * 20 Watts 0.1, 1*, 2 or 5 Watts 1, 5 or 20 Watts
Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: High data rate combat net radio Waveforms: Soldier Radio Waveform, Muos, Waveforms: Isochronous TDMA, Melp, Secom-H, Waveforms: VHF, voice, data, FM FF, simplex Waveforms: Narrowband VHF low, VHF high, Waveforms: Nato squelch, clear or secure Waveforms: Mil-STD-188-110B, Qam, Stanag
110B, Stanag-4539 Encryption: Orthogonal frequency hopping Sincgars, EPLRS, HB SSB, Satellite and Ale Have Quick I/II, FM, SSB or half-duplex UHF low. Wideband UHF, ANW2 voice, Sincgars, tactical Internet 4415, WB FSK, Melpe
Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice and anti-jamming Encryption: Type 1 and 2 cryptography Encryption: ECCM against narrow- and Encryption: Optional analogue encryption Encryption: AES 256-bit Encryption: Secure orthogonal frequency Encryption: AES, voice & data 128, 192 or 256-
broadband jammers hopping, bit key length
Notes: Fixed, manpack or vehicular, embedded
Notes: Company claims radio can operate for Notes: 115 Kbps data transfer, optional vocoder, Notes: 74,500 HMS sets go to US Army – the Notes: Radio family uses Mux mode, continuous Notes: Internal GPS receiver and TNC antenna 12-channel GPS, 2400 bps Melpe, ad hoc Notes: Embedded OTA position reporting, 12- Notes: HF, VHF, Internal GPS, immersion one
several days on a single battery charge. GPS, streaming on-the-move video US Marine Corps gets 8800. voice and data, 10 Watts manpack 50 vehicle. connector, * 0.5 to 75 Watts vehicular/fixed networking channel GPS receiver, *International version metre for 30 minutes, 101 programmable presets

AN/PRC-154 GDC4S/Thales Flexnet One Thales/ R. Collins Microlight DH500 Raytheon PRC-525A EID PRC-5712 Aselsan RF-7800S-TR Harris Spearnet ITT WM600 Kongsberg
5 to 15 GHz 1.1 kg 30 to 512 MHz in development 225 MHz to 2.0 GHz 0.76 kg 1.5 to 512 MHz 5.5 kg 380 to 400 MHz n/a 350 to 450 MHz 0.3 kg 1.2 to 1.4 GHz 0.7 kg 225 to 400 MHz 4.1 kg
2 Watts UHF, 5 L-band 50 Watts UHF & VHF 0.1 to 4 Watts 100 mW to 20 Watts* 0.1 Watts 2 Watts 0.6 Watts 0.1 to 5 Watts
Waveforms: Soldier Radio Waveform voice and Waveforms: Waveform customisation, supports Waveforms: 8-hop relay, CPSM with DSSS, Waveforms: HF, VHF, V/UHF, Have Quick, Waveforms: Full-duplex data and voice, TDMA Waveforms: FSK or GMSK data/voice Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: IPv4 multi-hop data or voice &
data, UHF, L-band PR4G F@stnet waveform TDMA, CDMA and DFMA CNR, PRN, SCRA, IPoA 110B, Stanag-4539 data
Encryption: Digital voice coding Encryption: Citadel II Asic, AES
Encryption: Programmable NSA Type II Encryption: Programmable Infosec, customer- Encryption: AES for secure-but-unclassified Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: DSSS, AES 256-bit Encryption: Embedded AES 256-bit
comsec/transec specific encryption transmission
Notes: Includes a whisper function, can reach to Notes: Full-duplex to six talkers, GPS position Notes: Demonstrated out to a range of six km,
Notes: Continuous location reporting, SDR, first Notes: SCA-compliant V/UHF narrow/wide- Notes: Web browser, VoIP, data, video and Notes: Compatible with the R&S M3TR family, Notes: Long-range C4ISR SDR comms, 2.5
72 Kbps data rate, *depending on configuration. one kilometre, four-user conferencing report, range to one kilometre in jungle AES key management, tactical Lan on-the-
JTRS radio into user tests (2008) band, multimedia to 6 Mbps, first int’l SDR position info. move Mbps data

Complete Guide by ©2009


Compendium of Tactical Radios 2009
2110M Codan AN/PSC-5D Harris Flexnet Four Thales/ R. Collins MPT3A Reutech PRC-710 Elbit Systems PRC-9651 Aselsan RF-7800V-HH Harris SR600 Kongsberg
1.6 to 30 MHz 0.6 kg 30 to 512 MHz 5.2 kg 2 MHz to 2 GHz 0.6 kg 118 to 400 MHz 5.0 kg 1.6 to 30 MHz 0.6 kg 2 to 30 MHz n/a 30 to 108 MHz 2.7 kg 225 to 400 MHz 0.7 kg
25 Watts 10 or 20 Watts 50 Watts UHF & VHF, open in HF 0.5 or 5 Watts 5 Watts (20 w/amp) n/a 0.25, 2 or 5 Watts 0.1 to 1 Watt
Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: Sincgars Waveforms: Flexnet waveform, PR4G F@stnet, Waveforms: Analogue voice, CVSD, TDMA, Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: VHF/FM low, UHF/WBNR, Waveforms: Fm analogue voice, FSK, Melp, Waveforms: Multi-hop IP-based voice & data
110B, Stanag-4539 open to standard or national waveforms CSMA 110B, Stanag-4539 AFWH frequency hopping, V/UHF-AM TDMA as option
Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: Embedded AES 256-bit
Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: Embedded & customer-specific Encryption: Vocoder, frequency hopping, Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: Frequency hopping, DSSS and Encryption: Citadel II, AES, Quicklook 1A & 2
encryption digital encryptor advanced EPM
Notes: Withstand a Met drop, operates in 100% Notes: Supports parallel voice networks, ad hoc
Notes: Company claims radio can operate for humidity Notes: IP-compliant protocols, one to four Notes: Customisable encryption algorithms, GPS Notes: Company claims radio can operate for Notes: Multi-mode multi-mission radio with Notes: 64 Kbps IP and DTE data, 192 Kbps over IP node (DHCP/routing)
several days on a single battery charge. simultaneous voice, data and video channels. position reporting, 1 metre immersion/2 hours several days on a single battery charge. software programmable architecture IP option

AN/PRC-117G Harris AN/PSC-14 Viasat H4855 PRR Selex MR3000P Rohde & Schwarz PRC-1077 Datron PRC-9661 Aselsan RT-1523 ITT St@r Mille Thales
30 MHz to 2 GHz 4.9 kg *1.6265 to 1.6605 GHz 11 kg 2.4 GHz n/a 25 to 146 MHz n/a 1.6 to 30 MHz 0.6 kg 2 to 30 - 30 to 512 MHz n/a 30 to 88 MHz 3.5 kg 325 to 470 MHz n/a
25 Watts (20 in Satcom mode) 20 Watts 50 Watts 5 Watts 25 Watts 10, 20, 50 Watts 0.1, 5, 10, 50 Watts 0.1 to 1 Watts
Waveforms: Narrowband VHF low/high, UHF Waveforms: QPSK and 16-Qam forward, 4-ary Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: Secom-P digital EPM waveform Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: Various SDR waveforms Waveforms: Sincgars, tactical Internet Waveforms: St@r Mille-S, St@r Mille-P
low, Satcom UHF low QPSK return 110B, Stanag-4539 110B, Stanag-4539
Encryption: frequency hopping and digital Encryption: Alternate HF and V/UHF bands, Encryption: Transec, programmable Type 1 Encryption: Embedded AES 256-bit
Encryption: Sierra II NSA-certified Type I Encryption: Type 1 Haipe v1.3.5, Firefly key Encryption: DSSS, Continuously Variable Slope encryption Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice frequency hopping
generation across 802.11
Notes: Secure or clear frequency hopping, 2320 Notes: Available in both intra-squad and intra-
Notes: First JTRS-approved, multi-band, multi- Notes: Secure high-speed IP data/voice over Notes: US DoD gets 22,000 AN/PRC-343B Notes: Built-in GPS receiver, remote control Notes: Company claims radio can operate for Notes: Member of SDNR family designed for channels, over-the-air remote fill
unit available platoon versions
mission wideband radio. Bgan, (*transmit – 1.225 to 1.559 GHz receive) versions using AES 128 encryption several days on a single battery charge. ground, air and naval applications.

AN/PRC-148 Thales Centaur HCDR ITT HH-7700 Datron MR300xH/U Rohde & Schwarz PRC-1099A Datron RF-5800H-MP Harris RT-1702 ITT THF-8000 Elbit Systems
30 to 512 MHz 0.95 kg 225 to 450 MHz 14 kg 30 to 88 MHz *VHF 0.48 kg 1.6 to 30 MHz n/a 1.6 to 30 MHz 4.4 kg 1.6 to 60 MHz 3.6 kg 30 to 88 MHz 3.5 kg 1.5 to 30 MHz 3.9 kg
0.5 to 5 Watts 20 Watts 0.5, 1 or 5 Watts 10 to 150 Watts (see notes) 5, 20, *100 and 400 Watts 65 Watts 0.1, 5 10, 50 Watts 20 or 125 Watts
Waveforms: Have Quick I/II, Sincgars Waveforms: VHF/HF network data backbone Waveforms: Simplex over FM Waveforms: ALE 2/3G, AM/FM, SSB, Stanag Waveforms: USB, LSB, CW, Ame Waveforms: Narrowband VHF low/high, UHF Waveforms: Sincgars, secure voice, IP data Waveforms: HF voice and data
Encryption: NSA Type 1, Type II DES 4285, Secos, Have Quick I/II and Stanag 4246 low, UHF wideband
Encryption: Embedded ECCM and Comsec Encryption: Default orthogonal hopsets Encryption: Digital encryption and frequency
Encryption: AES 256-bit Encryption: Optional voice scrambler Encryption: Secom-H/-V/-P and vocoders hopping, digital vocoder
Encryption: AES
Notes: Supplied to the US Army in 2007. Notes: Integrated GPS and position reporting, Notes: 100 programmable channels, Fed-Std- Notes: 12-channel GPS, voice/data retransmit
Notes: Embedded IP router/gateway, Internet- Notes: Splash proof, alphanumeric LCD, 2320 or Notes: 19.2 Kbps data, Stanag 5066 controller,
AN/PRC-148V3/V4 Jem upgrade makes it HF 1.5 to 30 MHz - 20 or 150 W; VHF 30 to 108 - 1054 Ale, * vehicle configurations Notes: Contains an integral GPS receiver
on-the-move 4640 channels (*300 Hz to 3 MHz FM) PRC manpack/VRC vehicle versions
compatible with JTRS frequency range. 10 or 50 W; ATC 108 to 512 MHz - 10 or 50 W

AN/PRC-150(C) Harris CNR-2000 Selex JTRS GMR Boeing PR20 Dicom PRC-2090 Barrett RF-5800V-HH Harris Soldier Radio ITT VHF-90M Q-Mac
1.6 to 60 MHz 4.7 kg 1.6 to 60 MHz 3.7 kg 2.4 to 2.48 GHz 0.23 kg 1.6 to 30 MHz 3.9 kg 30 to 108 MHz <1.0 kg 30 MHz to 1.85 GHz 1.0 kg 30 to 88 MHz 1.0 kg
in development - prototype stage only
1, 5, 20 Watts 10 to 25 Watts 0.1 Watts 10 or 30 Watts* .25, 2 or 5 Watts variable Wattage (see notes) 25 Watts
Waveforms: HF SSB, AM SSB, CW, VHF, FM, Waveforms: CW (J2A), USB/LSB/FM voice, Waveforms: Wideband Networking Waveform Waveforms: OFDM, squad radio Waveforms: USB, LSB, AM, CW, AFSK, Ale Waveforms: FM analogue voice, FSK Waveforms: Hosts JTRS waveforms, CNR, Waveforms: Low-band VHF, voice AFF,
Melp, LPC-10, 3G FSK, NPSK phase shift keying and NQAM voice/data SCA 2.2.2 design voice/data DFF, FM (F3E)
Encryption: n/a Encryption: Time and frequency hopping, Encryption: 5 or 25/sec freq hopping w/o
Encryption: NSA-certified Type 1, Melp Encryption: Transec, Comsec spread spectrum master station Encryption: Citadel I Encryption: Programmable crypto subsystem Encryption: Advanced digital voice and data
vocoder Notes: Delivered 1st two EMD models in Feb frequency hopping/encryption
Notes: 500 programmable channels, GPS
Notes: 75 programmable presets, Ale & datalink Notes: Embedded GPS; HF-to-HF/VHF-to-HF 2009. Decision on full-rate production by US Notes: Auto rebroadcasting, space diversity tracking, digital crypto handset interface, * 100 Notes: Provides the performance of Falcon II Notes: 9000 UHF and 40,000 VHF channels, 1, 4, Notes: 10 channel presets, -20dB whisper mode,
protocols. rebroadcast, Gen-3 Ale transmission, groups up to 30 users. Watts in vehicle dock radios at squad level 16, 63 and 250 mW, 1, 2 and 5 Watts field programming, radio-radio cloning
Department of Defense in 2010.

AN/PRC-152(C) Harris CNR-9000 Elbit Tadiran JTRS HMS GDC4S PR4G F@stnet Thales PRC-2150 Datron RF-7800M-MP Harris Spearhead ITT Wavepac L-3 Linkabit
30 to 512 MHz 1.1 kg 30 to 108 MHz 0.6 kg 2 MHz to 2.5 GHz 6.5 kg 30 to 88 MHz 0.87 kg 30 MHz 4.2 kg 30 MHz to 2 DHz 3.7 kg 30 to 88 MHz 0.65 kg 1.6 to 108 MHz 5.78 kg
5 Watts (10 in Satcom mode) 25 Watts 125 Watts 2 Watts hand-held (see notes) 0.5 to 10 Watts * 20 Watts 0.1, 1*, 2 or 5 Watts 1, 5 or 20 Watts
Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: High data rate combat net radio Waveforms: Soldier Radio Waveform, Muos, Waveforms: Isochronous TDMA, Melp, Secom-H, Waveforms: VHF, voice, data, FM FF, simplex Waveforms: Narrowband VHF low, VHF high, Waveforms: Nato squelch, clear or secure Waveforms: Mil-STD-188-110B, Qam, Stanag
110B, Stanag-4539 Encryption: Orthogonal frequency hopping Sincgars, EPLRS, HB SSB, Satellite and Ale Have Quick I/II, FM, SSB or half-duplex UHF low. Wideband UHF, ANW2 voice, Sincgars, tactical Internet 4415, WB FSK, Melpe
Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice and anti-jamming Encryption: Type 1 and 2 cryptography Encryption: ECCM against narrow- and Encryption: Optional analogue encryption Encryption: AES 256-bit Encryption: Secure orthogonal frequency Encryption: AES, voice & data 128, 192 or 256-
broadband jammers hopping, bit key length
Notes: Fixed, manpack or vehicular, embedded
Notes: Company claims radio can operate for Notes: 115 Kbps data transfer, optional vocoder, Notes: 74,500 HMS sets go to US Army – the Notes: Radio family uses Mux mode, continuous Notes: Internal GPS receiver and TNC antenna 12-channel GPS, 2400 bps Melpe, ad hoc Notes: Embedded OTA position reporting, 12- Notes: HF, VHF, Internal GPS, immersion one
several days on a single battery charge. GPS, streaming on-the-move video US Marine Corps gets 8800. voice and data, 10 Watts manpack 50 vehicle. connector, * 0.5 to 75 Watts vehicular/fixed networking channel GPS receiver, *International version metre for 30 minutes, 101 programmable presets

AN/PRC-154 GDC4S/Thales Flexnet One Thales/ R. Collins Microlight DH500 Raytheon PRC-525A EID PRC-5712 Aselsan RF-7800S-TR Harris Spearnet ITT WM600 Kongsberg
5 to 15 GHz 1.1 kg 30 to 512 MHz in development 225 MHz to 2.0 GHz 0.76 kg 1.5 to 512 MHz 5.5 kg 380 to 400 MHz n/a 350 to 450 MHz 0.3 kg 1.2 to 1.4 GHz 0.7 kg 225 to 400 MHz 4.1 kg
2 Watts UHF, 5 L-band 50 Watts UHF & VHF 0.1 to 4 Watts 100 mW to 20 Watts* 0.1 Watts 2 Watts 0.6 Watts 0.1 to 5 Watts
Waveforms: Soldier Radio Waveform voice and Waveforms: Waveform customisation, supports Waveforms: 8-hop relay, CPSM with DSSS, Waveforms: HF, VHF, V/UHF, Have Quick, Waveforms: Full-duplex data and voice, TDMA Waveforms: FSK or GMSK data/voice Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: IPv4 multi-hop data or voice &
data, UHF, L-band PR4G F@stnet waveform TDMA, CDMA and DFMA CNR, PRN, SCRA, IPoA 110B, Stanag-4539 data
Encryption: Digital voice coding Encryption: Citadel II Asic, AES
Encryption: Programmable NSA Type II Encryption: Programmable Infosec, customer- Encryption: AES for secure-but-unclassified Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: DSSS, AES 256-bit Encryption: Embedded AES 256-bit
comsec/transec specific encryption transmission
Notes: Includes a whisper function, can reach to Notes: Full-duplex to six talkers, GPS position Notes: Demonstrated out to a range of six km,
Notes: Continuous location reporting, SDR, first Notes: SCA-compliant V/UHF narrow/wide- Notes: Web browser, VoIP, data, video and Notes: Compatible with the R&S M3TR family, Notes: Long-range C4ISR SDR comms, 2.5
72 Kbps data rate, *depending on configuration. one kilometre, four-user conferencing report, range to one kilometre in jungle AES key management, tactical Lan on-the-
JTRS radio into user tests (2008) band, multimedia to 6 Mbps, first int’l SDR position info. move Mbps data

Complete Guide by ©2009


Compendium of Tactical Radios 2009
2110M Codan AN/PSC-5D Harris Flexnet Four Thales/ R. Collins MPT3A Reutech PRC-710 Elbit Systems PRC-9651 Aselsan RF-7800V-HH Harris SR600 Kongsberg
1.6 to 30 MHz 0.6 kg 30 to 512 MHz 5.2 kg 2 MHz to 2 GHz 0.6 kg 118 to 400 MHz 5.0 kg 1.6 to 30 MHz 0.6 kg 2 to 30 MHz n/a 30 to 108 MHz 2.7 kg 225 to 400 MHz 0.7 kg
25 Watts 10 or 20 Watts 50 Watts UHF & VHF, open in HF 0.5 or 5 Watts 5 Watts (20 w/amp) n/a 0.25, 2 or 5 Watts 0.1 to 1 Watt
Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: Sincgars Waveforms: Flexnet waveform, PR4G F@stnet, Waveforms: Analogue voice, CVSD, TDMA, Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: VHF/FM low, UHF/WBNR, Waveforms: Fm analogue voice, FSK, Melp, Waveforms: Multi-hop IP-based voice & data
110B, Stanag-4539 open to standard or national waveforms CSMA 110B, Stanag-4539 AFWH frequency hopping, V/UHF-AM TDMA as option
Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: Embedded AES 256-bit
Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: Embedded & customer-specific Encryption: Vocoder, frequency hopping, Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: Frequency hopping, DSSS and Encryption: Citadel II, AES, Quicklook 1A & 2
encryption digital encryptor advanced EPM
Notes: Withstand a Met drop, operates in 100% Notes: Supports parallel voice networks, ad hoc
Notes: Company claims radio can operate for humidity Notes: IP-compliant protocols, one to four Notes: Customisable encryption algorithms, GPS Notes: Company claims radio can operate for Notes: Multi-mode multi-mission radio with Notes: 64 Kbps IP and DTE data, 192 Kbps over IP node (DHCP/routing)
several days on a single battery charge. simultaneous voice, data and video channels. position reporting, 1 metre immersion/2 hours several days on a single battery charge. software programmable architecture IP option

AN/PRC-117G Harris AN/PSC-14 Viasat H4855 PRR Selex MR3000P Rohde & Schwarz PRC-1077 Datron PRC-9661 Aselsan RT-1523 ITT St@r Mille Thales
30 MHz to 2 GHz 4.9 kg *1.6265 to 1.6605 GHz 11 kg 2.4 GHz n/a 25 to 146 MHz n/a 1.6 to 30 MHz 0.6 kg 2 to 30 - 30 to 512 MHz n/a 30 to 88 MHz 3.5 kg 325 to 470 MHz n/a
25 Watts (20 in Satcom mode) 20 Watts 50 Watts 5 Watts 25 Watts 10, 20, 50 Watts 0.1, 5, 10, 50 Watts 0.1 to 1 Watts
Waveforms: Narrowband VHF low/high, UHF Waveforms: QPSK and 16-Qam forward, 4-ary Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: Secom-P digital EPM waveform Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: Various SDR waveforms Waveforms: Sincgars, tactical Internet Waveforms: St@r Mille-S, St@r Mille-P
low, Satcom UHF low QPSK return 110B, Stanag-4539 110B, Stanag-4539
Encryption: frequency hopping and digital Encryption: Alternate HF and V/UHF bands, Encryption: Transec, programmable Type 1 Encryption: Embedded AES 256-bit
Encryption: Sierra II NSA-certified Type I Encryption: Type 1 Haipe v1.3.5, Firefly key Encryption: DSSS, Continuously Variable Slope encryption Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice frequency hopping
generation across 802.11
Notes: Secure or clear frequency hopping, 2320 Notes: Available in both intra-squad and intra-
Notes: First JTRS-approved, multi-band, multi- Notes: Secure high-speed IP data/voice over Notes: US DoD gets 22,000 AN/PRC-343B Notes: Built-in GPS receiver, remote control Notes: Company claims radio can operate for Notes: Member of SDNR family designed for channels, over-the-air remote fill
unit available platoon versions
mission wideband radio. Bgan, (*transmit – 1.225 to 1.559 GHz receive) versions using AES 128 encryption several days on a single battery charge. ground, air and naval applications.

AN/PRC-148 Thales Centaur HCDR ITT HH-7700 Datron MR300xH/U Rohde & Schwarz PRC-1099A Datron RF-5800H-MP Harris RT-1702 ITT THF-8000 Elbit Systems
30 to 512 MHz 0.95 kg 225 to 450 MHz 14 kg 30 to 88 MHz *VHF 0.48 kg 1.6 to 30 MHz n/a 1.6 to 30 MHz 4.4 kg 1.6 to 60 MHz 3.6 kg 30 to 88 MHz 3.5 kg 1.5 to 30 MHz 3.9 kg
0.5 to 5 Watts 20 Watts 0.5, 1 or 5 Watts 10 to 150 Watts (see notes) 5, 20, *100 and 400 Watts 65 Watts 0.1, 5 10, 50 Watts 20 or 125 Watts
Waveforms: Have Quick I/II, Sincgars Waveforms: VHF/HF network data backbone Waveforms: Simplex over FM Waveforms: ALE 2/3G, AM/FM, SSB, Stanag Waveforms: USB, LSB, CW, Ame Waveforms: Narrowband VHF low/high, UHF Waveforms: Sincgars, secure voice, IP data Waveforms: HF voice and data
Encryption: NSA Type 1, Type II DES 4285, Secos, Have Quick I/II and Stanag 4246 low, UHF wideband
Encryption: Embedded ECCM and Comsec Encryption: Default orthogonal hopsets Encryption: Digital encryption and frequency
Encryption: AES 256-bit Encryption: Optional voice scrambler Encryption: Secom-H/-V/-P and vocoders hopping, digital vocoder
Encryption: AES
Notes: Supplied to the US Army in 2007. Notes: Integrated GPS and position reporting, Notes: 100 programmable channels, Fed-Std- Notes: 12-channel GPS, voice/data retransmit
Notes: Embedded IP router/gateway, Internet- Notes: Splash proof, alphanumeric LCD, 2320 or Notes: 19.2 Kbps data, Stanag 5066 controller,
AN/PRC-148V3/V4 Jem upgrade makes it HF 1.5 to 30 MHz - 20 or 150 W; VHF 30 to 108 - 1054 Ale, * vehicle configurations Notes: Contains an integral GPS receiver
on-the-move 4640 channels (*300 Hz to 3 MHz FM) PRC manpack/VRC vehicle versions
compatible with JTRS frequency range. 10 or 50 W; ATC 108 to 512 MHz - 10 or 50 W

AN/PRC-150(C) Harris CNR-2000 Selex JTRS GMR Boeing PR20 Dicom PRC-2090 Barrett RF-5800V-HH Harris Soldier Radio ITT VHF-90M Q-Mac
1.6 to 60 MHz 4.7 kg 1.6 to 60 MHz 3.7 kg 2.4 to 2.48 GHz 0.23 kg 1.6 to 30 MHz 3.9 kg 30 to 108 MHz <1.0 kg 30 MHz to 1.85 GHz 1.0 kg 30 to 88 MHz 1.0 kg
in development - prototype stage only
1, 5, 20 Watts 10 to 25 Watts 0.1 Watts 10 or 30 Watts* .25, 2 or 5 Watts variable Wattage (see notes) 25 Watts
Waveforms: HF SSB, AM SSB, CW, VHF, FM, Waveforms: CW (J2A), USB/LSB/FM voice, Waveforms: Wideband Networking Waveform Waveforms: OFDM, squad radio Waveforms: USB, LSB, AM, CW, AFSK, Ale Waveforms: FM analogue voice, FSK Waveforms: Hosts JTRS waveforms, CNR, Waveforms: Low-band VHF, voice AFF,
Melp, LPC-10, 3G FSK, NPSK phase shift keying and NQAM voice/data SCA 2.2.2 design voice/data DFF, FM (F3E)
Encryption: n/a Encryption: Time and frequency hopping, Encryption: 5 or 25/sec freq hopping w/o
Encryption: NSA-certified Type 1, Melp Encryption: Transec, Comsec spread spectrum master station Encryption: Citadel I Encryption: Programmable crypto subsystem Encryption: Advanced digital voice and data
vocoder Notes: Delivered 1st two EMD models in Feb frequency hopping/encryption
Notes: 500 programmable channels, GPS
Notes: 75 programmable presets, Ale & datalink Notes: Embedded GPS; HF-to-HF/VHF-to-HF 2009. Decision on full-rate production by US Notes: Auto rebroadcasting, space diversity tracking, digital crypto handset interface, * 100 Notes: Provides the performance of Falcon II Notes: 9000 UHF and 40,000 VHF channels, 1, 4, Notes: 10 channel presets, -20dB whisper mode,
protocols. rebroadcast, Gen-3 Ale transmission, groups up to 30 users. Watts in vehicle dock radios at squad level 16, 63 and 250 mW, 1, 2 and 5 Watts field programming, radio-radio cloning
Department of Defense in 2010.

AN/PRC-152(C) Harris CNR-9000 Elbit Tadiran JTRS HMS GDC4S PR4G F@stnet Thales PRC-2150 Datron RF-7800M-MP Harris Spearhead ITT Wavepac L-3 Linkabit
30 to 512 MHz 1.1 kg 30 to 108 MHz 0.6 kg 2 MHz to 2.5 GHz 6.5 kg 30 to 88 MHz 0.87 kg 30 MHz 4.2 kg 30 MHz to 2 DHz 3.7 kg 30 to 88 MHz 0.65 kg 1.6 to 108 MHz 5.78 kg
5 Watts (10 in Satcom mode) 25 Watts 125 Watts 2 Watts hand-held (see notes) 0.5 to 10 Watts * 20 Watts 0.1, 1*, 2 or 5 Watts 1, 5 or 20 Watts
Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: High data rate combat net radio Waveforms: Soldier Radio Waveform, Muos, Waveforms: Isochronous TDMA, Melp, Secom-H, Waveforms: VHF, voice, data, FM FF, simplex Waveforms: Narrowband VHF low, VHF high, Waveforms: Nato squelch, clear or secure Waveforms: Mil-STD-188-110B, Qam, Stanag
110B, Stanag-4539 Encryption: Orthogonal frequency hopping Sincgars, EPLRS, HB SSB, Satellite and Ale Have Quick I/II, FM, SSB or half-duplex UHF low. Wideband UHF, ANW2 voice, Sincgars, tactical Internet 4415, WB FSK, Melpe
Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice and anti-jamming Encryption: Type 1 and 2 cryptography Encryption: ECCM against narrow- and Encryption: Optional analogue encryption Encryption: AES 256-bit Encryption: Secure orthogonal frequency Encryption: AES, voice & data 128, 192 or 256-
broadband jammers hopping, bit key length
Notes: Fixed, manpack or vehicular, embedded
Notes: Company claims radio can operate for Notes: 115 Kbps data transfer, optional vocoder, Notes: 74,500 HMS sets go to US Army – the Notes: Radio family uses Mux mode, continuous Notes: Internal GPS receiver and TNC antenna 12-channel GPS, 2400 bps Melpe, ad hoc Notes: Embedded OTA position reporting, 12- Notes: HF, VHF, Internal GPS, immersion one
several days on a single battery charge. GPS, streaming on-the-move video US Marine Corps gets 8800. voice and data, 10 Watts manpack 50 vehicle. connector, * 0.5 to 75 Watts vehicular/fixed networking channel GPS receiver, *International version metre for 30 minutes, 101 programmable presets

AN/PRC-154 GDC4S/Thales Flexnet One Thales/ R. Collins Microlight DH500 Raytheon PRC-525A EID PRC-5712 Aselsan RF-7800S-TR Harris Spearnet ITT WM600 Kongsberg
5 to 15 GHz 1.1 kg 30 to 512 MHz in development 225 MHz to 2.0 GHz 0.76 kg 1.5 to 512 MHz 5.5 kg 380 to 400 MHz n/a 350 to 450 MHz 0.3 kg 1.2 to 1.4 GHz 0.7 kg 225 to 400 MHz 4.1 kg
2 Watts UHF, 5 L-band 50 Watts UHF & VHF 0.1 to 4 Watts 100 mW to 20 Watts* 0.1 Watts 2 Watts 0.6 Watts 0.1 to 5 Watts
Waveforms: Soldier Radio Waveform voice and Waveforms: Waveform customisation, supports Waveforms: 8-hop relay, CPSM with DSSS, Waveforms: HF, VHF, V/UHF, Have Quick, Waveforms: Full-duplex data and voice, TDMA Waveforms: FSK or GMSK data/voice Waveforms: Mil-Std-188-110A, Mil-Std-188- Waveforms: IPv4 multi-hop data or voice &
data, UHF, L-band PR4G F@stnet waveform TDMA, CDMA and DFMA CNR, PRN, SCRA, IPoA 110B, Stanag-4539 data
Encryption: Digital voice coding Encryption: Citadel II Asic, AES
Encryption: Programmable NSA Type II Encryption: Programmable Infosec, customer- Encryption: AES for secure-but-unclassified Encryption: Frequency hopping and voice Encryption: DSSS, AES 256-bit Encryption: Embedded AES 256-bit
comsec/transec specific encryption transmission
Notes: Includes a whisper function, can reach to Notes: Full-duplex to six talkers, GPS position Notes: Demonstrated out to a range of six km,
Notes: Continuous location reporting, SDR, first Notes: SCA-compliant V/UHF narrow/wide- Notes: Web browser, VoIP, data, video and Notes: Compatible with the R&S M3TR family, Notes: Long-range C4ISR SDR comms, 2.5
72 Kbps data rate, *depending on configuration. one kilometre, four-user conferencing report, range to one kilometre in jungle AES key management, tactical Lan on-the-
JTRS radio into user tests (2008) band, multimedia to 6 Mbps, first int’l SDR position info. move Mbps data

Complete Guide by ©2009


Tactical Radios 2009
Actionable information in real time
Tactical Radios 2009

Tactical Radios 2009


edly only one JTRS-compliant radio to includes the CNR-9000 manpack, vehicu- OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Digi- sumes 20 Watts of power. The radio fea- gramme in the world. Launched in 1998,
date: the General Dynamics C4 Systems lar or base station radio which debuted in tal Multiplexing) divides the channel into tures digital encryption and frequency the Joint Tactical Radio System, better
HMS AN/PRC-154 single-channel Rifle- 1999. With up to 2320 (or an optional multiple (two or more) orthogonalised hopping functions and weighs 3.9 kg. known by its JTRS acronym (or ‘Jitters’),
man radio. 3120) channels available to the user, the sub-carriers to transmit the data. OFDM, Elbit Systems is due to unveil a new will see the adoption of an SDR system by
CNR-9000 operates across the 30 to 108 the basis for the 802.11g standard, is a software-defined radio towards the end of the US Army, Marine Corps and Air
JTRS Firsts MHz frequency range. The radio has a popular modulation scheme for wideband this year, with production set to begin in Force. The JTRS programme consists of
data transfer rate of 32 Kbps and can communication as it can handle relatively early 2010. The company, although reticent several segments including the US
The AN/PRC-154 is the first JTRS radio include an optional built-in vocoder severe multi-path interference without about providing any details, says that the Army’s Ground Mobile Radio (GMR)
to reach the limited user test (Lut) stage, (voice encoder) and GPS. The CNR- requiring complex equalisation filters and design has the transceiver and amplifier and Handheld, Manpack, Small Form
with the US Army Evaluation Task Force 9000HDR high data-rate radio can trans- it can carry up to 54 Mbps. Some recent housed in the same set, which dramatically Factor (HMS – which also includes the
taking it through its paces at Ft. Bliss, mit up to 115 Kbps across the 25 KHz simulation results have shown that a fre- reduces both the quantity of external Rifleman Radio a.k.a. SFF-C(V)1) set
Texas in November 2008. The radio acts as VHF band. The company claims that this quency-hopping COFDM (coded – cabling required and its weight, which the which is being developed by General
a repeater for voice signals, automatically radio can provide the user with streaming adding an error-correction code) scheme company states should be less than 30 kg Dynamics and Thales and the Airborne
extending range when connection prob- video footage on the move. is capable of achieving a lower packet (making it fit into the fixed-station catego- Maritime Fixed (AMF) station which will
lems arise, and its embedded GPS also has Using orthogonal frequency hopping error rate than that of conventional ry). In parallel, the company is looking for- equip Boeing AH-64 and Boeing CH-47
a repeater function. The radio is referred (actually OFDM and frequency hopping) OFDM. In other words, adding frequency ward to unveiling a new soldier personal Chinook attack and transport helicopters,
to in the JTRS HMS project timeline as and anti-jamming techniques the CNR- hopping to OFDM can aid in signal recep- role radio towards the end of 2009. This and Lockheed Hercules C-130 transports.
the SFF-C(V)1 (Small Form Factor C, 9000HDR includes an optional built-in tion assurance.
version 1) and uses the Soldier Radio data modem, GPS and Comsec, and can The company’s PRC-710 radio is one
Waveform (SRW) exclusively. For com- be used as a vehicular VHF/FM radio. The of the lightest VHF/FM frequency-hop- JTRS Waves by Definition
parison, SFF-C is the squad leader radio HDR variant offers 2320 channels oper- ping hand-helds on the market, weighing

A
and SFF-D will be a single-channel radio ating in the 30 to 108 MHz VHF band. in at just 750 grams. Using advanced fre- fter much deliberation and recognition of the fact that a single radio can have
running Type 2 encryption, flown on Hon- Elbit’s PRC-710 uses orthogonal only so many waveforms packed inside and still operate efficiently, the Joint
eywell’s T-Hawk drone and operating on frequency-hopping techniques for Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Joint Program Executive Office has put its fin-
L-band, the SRW and Bowman VHF. The EID ICC-201 Comsec and consumes up to 20 W ger on what it now sees as the definition of a waveform:
SFF-J will be a dual-channel, Type 1 radio is part of the with an add-on amplifier. A multi-band / «A waveform is the entire set of radio and/or communications functions that
ITT’s small, lightweight Spearhead dismounted soldier radio operates in either single- encryption radio for the Non-Line of backbone for the multi-role variant is also produced occur from the user input to the radio frequency output and vice versa. JTRS wave-
channel (SC) or frequency-hopping mode (FH) across the 30 to 88 MHz VHF-FM Sight (Nlos) missile launch system slated Sic-T tactical which designated as the PRC-710MB. form implementation consists of a Waveform Application Code, Radio Set Devices
band. Six FH and eight SC presets are available with a choice of clear or encrypted for delivery in early-2010 (a surrogate is communications (Elbit) and Radio System Applications.» Originally, there were 32 JTRS waveforms, which
voice transmission. The Spearhead is an SDR allowing over-the-air electronic remote currently in use). The SFF-J radio will be locations are shown on the RCU’s display, and the GPS system which outfits have since been reduced to the following nine:
filling and software loading. (ITT Communications) on the Sincgars Esip, SRW and Bowman Well-equipped and trained fighting forces the Portuguese the radio’s 15 channels can be split into 䉴 Wideband Networking Waveform (WNW)
receiver facilitates the introduction of Force Tracking
VHF waveforms. are the key to mission success. Providing The PNR-500 from Elbit is a squad Army and Marine four sub-channels that allow each chan- 䉴 Soldier Radio Waveform (SRW)
secure, mobile ad-hoc network. It can run tions and BAE Systems. The GMR will be The HMS segment of the JTRS initia- capabilities to the radio – key to network-centric radio that offers full-duplex Corps Steyr- nel to be allocated to a different group of 䉴 Joint Airborne Networking - Tactical Edge (Jan-TE)
these forces with the means to communicate
multiple waveforms or applications, such rolled out across all of the vehicles tive is being provided by General operations. communication, weighs less than 300 Daimler-Puch users while the commander has access to 䉴 Mobile User Objective System (Muos)
as the wideband networking waveform involved in the US Army’s Future Com- Dynamics C4 Systems which also pro- successfully is our mission. Thales’s AN/ grams and has a twelve-hour battery Pandur II 8 ⫻ 8 all channels. The PNR-500 can link back 䉴 Sincgars
(WNW). This waveform was developed bat System acquisition. duces the JTRS HMS Manpack. Weigh- PRC-148 Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Networked Data Communications. life. A whisper function keeps the user armoured to a vehicle-mounted radio, which can in 䉴 Link-16
for joint-domain networks (multi-chan- A number of JTRS-capable hand-held ing 6.5 kg, the radio has a frequency range Enhanced Multiband Inter/Intra Team Radio, quiet when the situation warrants. personnel carriers, turn connect it to higher-level radio and 䉴 Enhanced Position Location Reporting System (EPLRS)
nel JTRS or legacy radios), the Future radios have hit the market recently. One of 2 MHz to 2.5 GHz and pushes 125 The JEM’s future Mobile Ad Hoc Networking (Elbit Systems) along with static to wider communication networks. 䉴 High Frequency (HF)
Combat System network and the Win-T hears of radios that are JTRS-approved. Watts of power. The JTRS HMS man- or JEM, is the multiband, multirole handheld locations. (EID) Elbit System’s HF-6000 285,000-channel 䉴 UHF Satcom
(MANET) function, layered onto the SINCGARS and
backbone. It provides voice, data, and This means that the radio has been pack supports Type 1 and 2 cryptography radio serving both the individual out on a whisper function for covert operations, manpack radio operates across the 1.5 to
video communication as well as the abil- approved by the JTRS Program Execu- on two channels and runs about 20 wave- CPM waveforms, adds an IP addressable network digital voice coding and a conferencing 30 MHz frequency range and is produced
patrol and the force commander operating
ity to communicate with users on current tive Office as an interim capability for the forms for communication on capability to the existing waveforms that supports self function for up to four users. in 20- and 100-Watt manpack and vehicu- new unit is presumably part of the same The JTRS also includes the Multi-func-
force radio systems. The JTRS GMR pro- overall JTRS programme. To receive brigade/divisional level down combat
out of headquarters. configuration, automatic healing, and multi-hop range Elbit Systems integrated Tadiran lar systems and 100-, 400- and 1000-Watt family as it is to have similar voice, data tional Information Distribution System-

+
gramme will conduct production qualifi- JTRS-approved status the radio must be team level. This radio also includes extension of data. With the JEM, you can be tied into Communications into its cluster in July fixed station assemblies. The same compa- and video transmission capabilities. JTRS (Mids-J) for tactical aircraft that
cation testing in 2009 with a decision on capable of running version 2.2 of the SCA Muos (Mobile User Objective System), 2008 and subsequently inherited Tadi- ny’s THF-8000 long-range tactical man- will run Link-16, Tacan (Tactical Air Nav-
full-rate production to be taken by the and the encryption hardware must be Sincgars (Single Channel Ground and At Thales, we take your mission very seriously, the larger tactical internet through IP networking. ran’s tactical radio product line. This pack radio can transmit up to 19.2 Kbps of igation) plus JTRS waveforms.
Approved Compliance
US Department of Defense in 2010. The
GMR is designed to allow commanders
on the move to draw more data from a
number of sources, which can include
voice, text chat, pictures, video, and inter-
certified by the NSA. But there is report- Airborne Radio System), EPLRS

Actionable Information
designing, manufacturing and supporting products for
situations where success means completing
life-threatening missions and staying alive.
Further, in keeping with U.S. Department of Defense
JTRS program goals, the AN/PRC-148 JEM can
be programmed with current in-service waveforms,
quency hopping modulation, the PRC-710
can carry ten pre-set fixed frequency
channels and ten frequency-hopping anti-
jamming channels. The radio uses voice
video data as well as transmitting voice
signals. The THF-8000 operates across the
1.5 to 30 MHz frequency range and con-
The United States is home to what is
arguably the largest tactical radio pro-
The abiding goal of the JTRS pro-
gramme is to provide a family of single-
and multi-channel SDRs that are fully
interoperable. Such simplicity is decep-
tive, and illustrated by the fact that the
active maps. Mission Critical Benefits. waveforms in development and future waveforms, and and data encryption and performs orthog- programme has grown in cost and com-
In March 2009, it was reported that capabilities that provide increased data throughput, onal frequency-hopping to enhance its plexity, causing it to be extensively
The AN/PRC-148 JEM is the smallest, lightest, and

Complete Guide by
Boeing had delivered the first prototype Comsec. Its power consumption is five restructured on several occasions as con-
GMRs to be installed on US Army most power-efficient multiband tactical handheld radio MANET, and improved satellite communications. Watts, or 20 if using an add-on amplifier. tractors have wrestled with demands
ground vehicles. Known as Engineering in use today and is the first production JTRS radio The PRC-710MB variant is a multi-band/ regarding the respective radios’ weight,
Development Models (EDM), the to receive Software Communications Architecture, Confidence for Leaders at the Forward Edge. multi-role VHF/UHF radio that operates size and power consumption. The JTRS
mobile networking capabilities of these across the 30 to 512-MHz range and pro- programme as a whole is expected to
or SCA, certification. Smaller. You are able to carry With its broad capabilities and flexibility, the AN/
Complete Guide by

Complete Guide by
sets were, at time of writing, expected to vides continuous AM/FM coverage. result in the procurement of over 86,200
be evaluated at Fort Bliss, Texas. The the JEM in more convenient locations on the body or in load-carrying PRC-148 JEM gives both the boots on the ground and commanders The company’s PRC-624 hand- GMRs, around 74,500 HMS sets and
GMR is also expected to complete pro- gear. Lighter. The JEM weighs only 0.86 kg, enabling you to carry the confidence that they will be able to establish and maintain held/manpack radio system weighs 700 11,040 AMF systems. Included in these
duction qualification tests that began in more warfighting equipment. Longer battery life. More than 10 hours communications at the forward edge of the battlefield – readily available grams, operates across the 30 to 88 MHz figures are the 210 GMRs (the balance
September 2008, during which pre-engi- extended VHF band and has 2320 chan- going to the US Army) and over 8800
neering development models of the of battery life means fewer batteries need to be carried for any length and absolutely reliable communications enabling them to face both nels. The radio also contains a built-in HMS systems that the US Marine Corps
GMR had logged more than 100,000 mission. Greater range. Typical receive sensitivity is better than -119 routine and emergency situations with equal confidence. Whatever the retransmission capability. will receive, although the force will not
operating hours. dBm, so you can operate at longer distances with better connectivity. future holds in tactical radio communications, the JEM will be ready to The PNR-500 Personal Network obtain any AMF sets. Around 48% of the
Low-rate initial production of the Faster channel access. Communicating on different links is as simple as Radio allows full-duplex transmission/ AMF stations to be ordered will go to the
radio is expected to begin in 2010 follow-
take it on. Tactical Advantage at the Forward Edge. reception, which enables fire team mem- United States Air Force.
ing Department of Defense approval. moving a switch, ensuring more safety in both routine and emergency bers constant communication with each As far as the GMR domain is con-
According to Boeing the integration of situations. Fewer failures. With greater mean time between failures other. The radio weighs less than 300 cerned, this segment will equip Army and
the radio is coming to a conclusion and (>11,400 hours), the JEM is continuously available. In February 2009 Boeing delivered the first of three legacy communication payload grams and has twelve hours of battery The Falcon III AN/PRC-117G manpack – the first wide/narrow-band tactical radio to Marine Corps ground vehicles with Boe-
the company is looking forward to testing ITT’s RT-1523 Sincgars ground and air radio system is one of the most pervasive www.raytheon.com and digital channeliser to Lockheed Martin in support of the Mobile User Objective life. The range of the system is up to 1500 be deployed by the US Department of Defense – was touted as being 30% smaller ing’s JTRS GMR software-programma-
and fielding the system which it has tactical radios with more than 400,000 units in operation. This software- System (Muos). This equipment will allow the US Navy to use existing ground and metres. The PNR-500 contains 15 net- and lighter than any other manpack in its category when it was launched. The single- ble radio system. Although it is a radio
developed with Northrop Grumman, programmable radio can handle up to 16 Kbps and operates in the 30 to 88 MHz Adapting to the Current Combat Situation. For more information, email solutions@thalescomminc.com space-based UHF systems for worldwide mobile and fixed-site satellite communi- work channels and features a ‘whisper’ channel radio covers 30 MHz to 2 GHz and gives ten Watts operating on VHF and system, the GMR connects similarly
or call +1 240-864-7000 or 1-800-258-4420.
Rockwell Collins, Harris Communica- frequency band. (ITT Communications) The AN/PRC-148’s Remote Control Unit (RCU) with embedded GPS cation.The first Muos satellite launch is scheduled for 2010. (GDC4S) function for covert operations. Each of 20 in the UHF band. (Armada/JK) equipped platforms and sensors into a
© 2009 Raytheon Company. All rights reserved.
Thales Communications, Inc.
provides full radio
“Customer Success control.
Is Our Mission” Situational awareness
is a registered trademark data isCompany.
of Raytheon transmitted 22605 Gateway Center Drive, Clarksburg, MD 20871 USA
18 simultaneously with normal voice communications. Team members’ www.thalescomminc.com 12 13
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Tactical Radios 2009
The Soldier’s Wave
ITT Communications Systems is also
involved with the HMS segment of the
JTRS programme. As the developer of
the JTRS Soldier Radio Waveform, ITT
is working with General Dynamics to
integrate the SRW into the HMS radio
system. The SRW can carry voice and
data with a high bit rate to meet mission
requirements.
On 11 February 2009 the JTRS Joint
Programme Executive Office reported
delivery of the SRW version 1.0c Unat-
tended Ground Sensor/Non-line of
Sight/Soldier System software release
package to the JTRS Information Repos-
itory – which in effect makes it available to
Department of Defense and authorised
industry-wide users. This followed formal
qualification testing of the Soldier System
version of the SRW in January. SRW v1.0c
is the first formally qualified JTRS Incre-
ment I networking waveform.
Away from JTRS, ITT also provides
the pervasive RT-1523 Sincgars (Single
ITT’s SpearNet radio can transmit and receive video footage at a rate of 1.5 Mbps. Channel Ground and Air Radio System),
The radio has a range in the region of two kilometres, although ranges of up to six which the company claims is the most
kilometres have been demonstrated. (ITT Communications) prolific dual-use vehicle and manpack
radio system in the world with over
(Enhanced Position Location Reporting aircraft and satellites. This increment is 400,000 built and delivered, the majority
System), HB SSB, satellite communica- aligned with the FCS programme and of which to the US Army. The RT-1523 is
tions and Ale. plans to embed JC4ISR radios into FCS a software programmable radio that sup-
The radio can retransmit voice and platforms. The Netops segment will offer ports secure communications across the
data on two chancels and can be used to network management, information dis- 30 to 88 MHz band and transmits voice
support self-forming ad hoc networks. semination management and information and data at up to 16 Kbps. Moreover, a
Another General Dynamics C4 Systems’ assurance and spectrum planning for all teaming agreement between ITT and
product is the AN/PRC-112G – the battlefield emitters. User testing is sched- General Dynamics C4 Systems has yield-
Hook2 survival radio, which has Sierra-II uled for 2011 with fielding in 2014. ed the Small Form Fit Sidehat (SFF-S)
cryptography and weighs 900 grams. The Lastly, Increment 4 is designed to pro- addition to the ATCS RT-1702 Sincgars
waveforms that the radio can support vide protected satellite communication radio that will interoperate with other
include Sincgars over VHF and UHF and should take advantage of the extra JTRS radio sets.
transmission plus AM/FM communica- bandwidth from the US defense depart- ITT’s ATCS RT-1702 tactical radio
tions, Have Quick II frequency-hopping ment’s planned Tsat programme. Integra- operates across the 30 to 88 MHz range
and Mil-Std-188-181B UHF satellite tion of Tsat with Win-T is expected some- and supports country-specific encryption
communications standard. time in 2016. along with single-channel clear or secure
General Dynamics Satcom Technolo-
gies received a $ 19 million contract mod-
ification in early June to provide addi-
tional earth terminals for Increment One
of the US Army’s Win-T programme. The
Warfighter Information Network-Tacti-
cal (Win-T) will provide the US Army
with a high-speed, high-capacity commu-
nication network that links the battlefield
with the Global Information Grid. Win-T
will introduce synchronised mobile, ad-
hoc, self-configuring, self-healing, satcom
Complete Guide by

on-the-move network operations for


mobile forces.
The Win-T team consists of General
Dynamics C4 Systems and Lockheed
Martin, BAE Systems, Harris, L-3 Com-
munications, Juniper Networks and Cisco
Systems. Win-T’s Increment 1 introduced
‘satcom at-the-halt’ capabilities through
what was initially known as the Joint Net-
work Node. Increment 2 – initial net-
working on-the-move – adds a mobile
communication network down to compa-
ny level. Fielding for Increment 2 is to
begin in 2009. From Harris RF Communications, the RF-7800S-TR is a secure personal radio providing
Increment 3 will provide full on-the- full-duplex, secure digitised voice and data over the 350 to 450 MHz band. A built-in
move networking through traditional line- GPS delivers automatic position reporting and 256-bit encryption and automatic
of-sight, and airborne via drones, manned whisper mode keep the user’s comms in the ‘quiet’. (Harris)

20
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Tactical Radios 2009
Eye On the Falcon
The AN/PRC-148
JTRS Enhanced The name Harris Communications is syn-
Mbitr radio is the onymous with battlefield radios. The
ubiquitous covert company’s Falcon III product line
ops hand-held, includes the AN/PRC-117G, which
having been received JTRS-approved status in Octo-
developed for the ber 2008. It is a multi-band, multi-mission
US Special wideband SDR that transmits secure
Operations data to the tactical Internet at rates up to
Command. The five Mbps. The small manpack also trans-
JTRS-compatible mits narrowband VHF, UHF and Dama
unit operates across satellite communication (satcom) UHF
the 30 to 512 MHz and operates in the 30 MHz to 2 GHz
frequency band, range. The radio’s power consumption is
has Type 1 ten or 20 Watts when in satcom mode, but
encryption and will higher when used with a vehicular ampli-
be compatible with fier adapter. The AN/PRC-117G uses
all JTRS-approved software-programmable Sierra II NSA-
radios. (Thales certified Type 1 encryption module,
Communications) which clears it to carry US Top Secret
voice and data traffic. The set weighs 4.9
kg with battery.
Stanag-4204 single-channel VHF wave- and smaller groups. Bowman also com- Other Falcon III products include the
forms. Other features for the ATCS RT- prises VHF sets, such as ITT’s UK/ JTRS-approved AN/PRC-152(C) Type 1
1702 include a PPP (Point-to-Point Pro- PRC354 5W VHF transceiver, the UK/ multi-band, multi-mission hand-held
tocol) interface for tactical Internet use, PRC355 5W manpack, UK/PRC356 16W radio, which, with the 50,000th set having
eight single-channel and six frequency- manpack, UK/VRC357 16W vehicle clip- been delivered in October 2008, is report-
hopping presets. The hand-held compan- in radio, UK/VRC358 16W low power edly the most widely deployed JTRS-
ion to the RT-1702 is the Spearhead. This vehicle-mounted radio and UK/VRC359 approved radio thus far. The AN/PRC-
radio has GPS, the Sincgars waveform 50W vehicle-mounted high-power radio. 152(C) has a frequency range of 30 to 512
and performs in the same frequency band The Bowman programme also includes MHz and includes the Sierra II crypto
as the RT-1702. aircraft-mounted radios such as ITT’s module. The radio includes an embedded
Operating across 1.2 to 1.4 GHz, the UK/ARC341 VHF system. Frequency- GPS system, a night vision goggle com-
Spearnet team member radio can handle hopping radios that will be acquired for patible keypad and supports the Sincgars,
a 1.5-Mbps voice and data throughput Bowman include the UK/PRC235 20W VHF/UHF, AM and FM and Have Quick
which can also include video traffic. manpack radio and UK/VRC328/9 100W I/II waveforms and includes an option to
Moreover, Spearnet has demonstrated a vehicle mounted system. support the Apco P25 Land Mobile
range of up to two kilometres, although Bowman equipment has already been Radio waveform. The radio can also sup-
this can be extended via the radio's ad deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan to pro- port satcom.
hoc self-forming network capabilities. vide secure voice and data communica- On the multi-band networking and
This extension capability has been cus- tions to the infantry squad level, although VHF fronts, the company’s Falcon III
tomer proven at six kilometres with min- the radio system supports all echelons up family also includes the RF-7800M-MP
imal audio and data delay. The Spearnet to division level. The programme is to multi-band narrow-/wideband network-
can perform a six Mbps data burst trans- replace all of the previous Clansmen ing radio. This is a non-Type 1 encryption
mission rate and has embedded GPS. radios in British army service. One of the radio set, therefore built for the interna-
ITT also supplies its RC340 High latest features to be added to the pro- tional market. This single-channel
Capacity Data Radio (HCDR) as the gramme was the Bcip 5 (Common Battle- HCDR set covers the 30 MHz to 2 GHz
backbone for the British Army’s Bow- field Applications Tools, Infrastructure range and provides 20 Watts of output
man system (more than 4000 UHF radios and Platform Battlefield Information Sys- power. It was built around the SCA v2.2
delivered). The HCDR uses Internet Pro- tem Applications) which adds a GPS, operating environment and uses the Har-
tocol networks that can self-form with allowing all Bowman-equipped units to ris Adaptive Networking Wideband
troop and vehicle movement on the bat- transmit their location throughout the net- Waveform (ANW2) to provide high-
tlefield. The HCDR can carry up to 500 work. The installation of Bowman will be speed data transmission, and has an
Kbps (effective throughput) of data, oper- rolled out across over 22,800 land vehicles, embedded twelve-channel GPS receiver.
ates across the 225 to 450 MHz sector of over 130 naval vessels and 230 aircraft. The RF-7800M-MP is complemented by
the UHF spectrum, and has demonstrat-
ed robust networks of over 120 members
Elbit’s SDR-7200
Complete Guide by

in the field. For the British Bowman pro-


gramme ITT will deliver more than radio can perform
40,000 VHF and UHF radios. the simultaneous
ITT has built the HCDR-M for mar- transmission of
itime platforms, the HCDR-C for com- voice and data at a
mand-level appointments and the foun- rate of up to
dation HCDR. Each iteration weighs 14 115 Kbps, and can
kg, has a >5000-hr MTBF rate, embedded be used for self-
256-bit AES encryption and provides the forming ad hoc
backbone for tactical data networks. networking. One
radio is also
Bowman Unstrung capable of
handling several
The Bowman acquisition includes a num- networks. (Elbit
ber of other systems, notably the Selex Systems)
H4855 PRR (see above), which will pro-
vide communications for infantry sections

22
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sales1@bren-tronics.com – www.bren-tronics.com
Serving the Industry and Military for over 32 years
Certified to ISO 9001:2000 with design
Tactical Radios 2009
field management applications and a waveform across 300 Hz to 3 MHz and
vehicular solution that connects the team works in conditions of 90% humidity.
radios to vehicle communication assets An unusual feature for an American
and the broader battlefield network. The company such as Datron, is that the firm’s
sleight 500-gram radios use AES and entire line was designed for the interna-
Harris Citadel II crypto modules for tional market, which accounts for an inter-
transmission security. In open terrain, the national dealer network in more than 80
radio has a range of up to three kilome- countries. The 480-gram HH7700 hand-
tres and operates across a UHF frequen- held boasts 16 operating channels with 116
cy range of 350 to 450 MHz. Joining the programmable and 2320 possible at 25
RF-7800S is the RF-300S secure person- kHz spacing, (4640 at 12.5 kHz) spread
al radio built to address the US Depart- across the 30 to 88 MHz bandwidth. Inter-
ment of Defense rifleman radio pro- estingly, Datron enjoys mentioning that
gramme. Capable of running the SRW, the HH7700 is sold in a ‘grab-n-go’ kit, so
the RF-300S uses AES 256 encryption. when smaller quantities are sold the cus-
Covering the 225 to 470 MHz frequency tomer simply opens the wrapper, turns the
range the Harris SPR set also supports radio on and is communicating (radio, bat-
the APCO-P25 waveform for first- tery and all accessories are packaged
responder interoperability. together). This may sound simple but
The Falcon II line includes a similar when it’s not this easy things can become
combination of Type 1 and international logistically very complicated.
encryption products, led by the AN/PRC- The company also produces a tactical
150(C) HF manpack radio. This is fully VHF squad radio family called the PRC-
compatible with a host of cryptographic 1060-70-80, the radios of which operate
devices and can handle data rates to 9600 across 30 to 88 MHz in 25 kHz steps with
Kbps. Other Falcon II members include 2320 channels and nine pre-sets. These
Datron’s HH7700 comes as a the RF-5800H-MP manpack HF radio, five-Watt radios include built-in partial-
‘package deal’, with battery and all with a data rate of 9600 Kbps integral GPS band frequency-hopping and digital
accessories sealed together for a receiver. The RF-5800H-MP covers the encryption – Datron suggests these are
complete off-the-shelf purchase. The 1.6 to 60 MHz spectrum. VHF systems for situations where a high probability of
radio provides user-selectable 500 include the hand-held RF-5800V-HH, jamming or interception is present. A
mW, one and five Watts RF outputs. which operates across the 30 to 108 MHz vehicle docking station (MT1060DS) is
An optional voice scrambler is frequency range and features embedded available.
available. (Datron) Harris Citadel II encryption. Larger products produced by Datron
include the PRC-1077 tactical manpack
the new RF-7800V-HH VHF tactical More Americans VHF radio which also operates across 30
hand-held which debuted at Idex 2009 in to 88 MHz and has optional embedded
Abu Dhabi. This can handle up to 192 Datron World Communications of Cali- encryption. The Spectre-V family
Kbps of data in wideband mode, includes fornia has supplied the Afghan National includes the PRC-2100V and PRC-2150.
the new TDMA BMS waveform, pro- Army with the company’s HH7700, of The former operates across 30 to 88 MHz
vides dual push-to-talk capability, direct which 7000 sets have been ordered. This and has 100 programmable memory
USB or Ethernet connectivity, and oper- VHF radio operates across 30 to 88 MHz channels. The PRC-2100V is available
ates across the 30 to 108 MHz frequency and has an optional voice scrambler sys- either as a ten-Watt man-portable sys-
bands. Dual split screens allow the user to tem for cryptography. It supports the FM tem, or a 75-Watt vehicular- or fixed sta-
monitor circuits both up and down the
echelon chain. Security is provided by
either embedded Citadel II or AES
encryption.
Harris also offers a suite of wideband
infrastructure radios which includes the
RF-7800W High-Capacity Line of Sight
radio and RF-7800B Broadband Global
Area Networking satellite communica-
tions terminal, each providing communica-
tion extension with high volume data capa-
bility. The RF-7800W operates in the 4.4 to
5 GHz frequency band and can be config-
ured for point-to-point or point-to-multi-
Complete Guide by

point communications, providing Ethernet


data rates that can exceed 80 Mbps.
The RF-7800B is offered in man-
portable and vehicular or fixed position
designs. Operating over the commercial
L-band, the RF-7800B can be configured
to integrate with the AN/PRC-117G or
RF-7800M-MP wideband tactical radios,
providing a global reach to high data-rate
applications beyond line-of-sight.
The company’s RF-7800S wide-/nar-
rowband, secure, full duplex, priority- Lockheed Martin has reported the first Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF)
based voice conferencing personal radio military communication satellite is undergoing final thermal vacuum testing, to
system is comprised of a soldier-level determine its operational capabilities in the extreme hot and cold environment during
radio for intra-squad communication, a its expected 14-year earth orbit deployment. Lockheed reports that one (of three) AEHF
team-leader radio that provides expand- satellite will provide more than five times the data rate and more total capacity than
ed PDA-like capabilities enabling battle- the entire Milstar constellation. (Lockheed Martin)

24
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Tactical Radios 2009
L-3 Communications Linkabit intro-
L-3 Communi- duced its Wavpac multi-band manpack at
cations Linkabit’s Eurosatory 2008. The radio’s extended
new Wavpac is a frequency range allows users to replace
lightweight dual HF and VHF radios with a single
manpack with 101 system. The Wavpac is a 20-Watt SDR
programmable net featuring Mil-STD-188-141B Ale, accepts
presets over the 1.6 a multitude of waveforms and in wide-
to 108 MHz band FSK mode transfer up to 16 Kbps of
bandwidth using data in VHF bandwidth.
J3E, A1A, J2A, The Wavpac provides digital voice
A3E, F3E, J1D and transmission (HF Melpe), digital AES
F2D modes. A 150- encryption and features an embedded
Watt power automatic antenna tuner through its
amplifier and a complete range of 1.6 to 108 MHz.
rugged AC/DC
converter are Down Under
available. (L-3
Linkabit) Australian Company Codan (see cover
photo) has designed its 2110M manpack
radio to tangle with harsh environments
tion set. An embedded GPS receiver is AN/PSC-5D series terminal has 142 pre- as it complies with MIL-STD-810F envi-
included, along with partial or full fre- set channels and operates across the 30 to ronmental standards. The 25-Watt radio
quency-hopping and digital voice and 512 MHz segment of the spectrum. The operates across the 1.6 to 30 MHz frequen-
data encryption. AN/PSC-5C series terminal has 142 preset cy range and offers up to 600 channels
The PRC-2150 VHF manpack system channels and operates across the 30 to 420 and 20 networks. At 2.6 kg, the 2110M is
also operates across 30 to 88 MHz and MHz segment of the spectrum. amongst the lightest HF Manpacks avail-
includes 100 programmable memory In October 2008 Raytheon reported able. The 2110M supports frequency hop-
channels. Like the PRC-2100V, it con- reaching a key production milestone with ping and voice encryption, compliance to
sumes either ten or 75 Watts of power,
depending on whether the set is the man-
portable or mobile version. The radio fea- Raytheon has
tures internal optional analogue encryp- developed the
tion for communications security. Datron DM200 small form
produces the PRC-1099A – an HF tacti- fit radio for
cal manpack radio. This system operates dismounted infantry
across the 1.6 to 30 MHz frequency range squads. Using US
and includes 120 preset channels. Type-1 encryption,
Raytheon produces the AN/PSC-5 the unit can handle
series UHF/VHF line-of-sight and UHF 1 Mbps of data
satcom communication terminals. The traffic. The US
AN/PSC-5D and AN/PSC-5C use the Have Department of
Quick I/II frequency-hopping waveform Defense designates
and are compatible with Sincgars and the DM200 the
various cryptographic systems. The RT-1922.
(Raytheon)

its 20,000th Enhanced Position Location JITC certified Mil-STD-188-141B Ale


Reporting System – a mobile, ad hoc net- and Fed-STD-1045 Ale, and is interoper-
working system that provides simultane- able with other military transceivers.
ous video, data and situational awareness Barrett Communications is another
information. The EPLRS has been in pro- Australian offering with its PRC-2090
duction since 1986 for the US and Cana- tactical HF radio system, which is sched-
dian military forces – it enables voice uled for initial production in the second-
communication as well as sharing com- half 2009 as the company’s first forage
mand and control information. into the military market. Since 2005 Bar-
Raytheon also produces the pocket-sized rett’s PRC-2050 has been a standard with
Complete Guide by

Microlight-DH500 and Microlight-DM200 United Nations peacekeepers. The PRC-


small form fit radios, which are designed for 2090 offers a frequency hopping choice of
dismounted infantry. The ML-DH500 model either five or 20 hops/sec using a ten-digit
operates across 225 MHz to 2 GHz range encryption key at a user-selectable band-
and contains AES security with a one-Mbps width (to suit the antenna in use).
data flow rate and can support either fixed
or mobile ad hoc networking. The ML- Further Afield
DM200 (RT-1922 in US Department of
Defense parlance) is a hands-free software- Specifications for Russian and Chinese
defined radio which operates across 420 to tactical radios can be hard to find, howev-
The Selex H4855 PRR was designed 450 MHz, can transfer up to one Mbps of er a few notable products have been pro-
for intra-squad use, and operates on data and uses Type 1 encryption. Raytheon’s duced by manufacturers in these two
2.4 GHz over 500 metres. The radio Microlight-I portable radio operates across countries. For example, the R-159 is a
uses spread-spectrum transmission to the same frequency spread as the ML- UHF set which has been manufactured in
penetrate walls and floors. Standard DM200, includes AES security and pro- the Russian Federation. This FM transis-
kit contains radio, dual PTT and vides an Ethernet interface to support a torised simplex UHF radio is designed
headset. (Selex Communications) host computer. Its data rate is one Mbps. for operations in rolling terrain across the

26
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secto
Advancing Military Communications
in Support of Future Operations in the
Network-Enabled Battlespace
• Understand the future strategies and key of national SDR
programmes including insights from the French MoD’s INFOSEC
Branch, Finnish MoD, the Spanish MoD’s National Armament
Directorate, the Italian MoD’s TELEDIFE Branch and the Joint
Telecom Branch of the Swedish Armed Forces
General/Flag
• Benchmark the progress of global SDR leaders Officers 1*
and evaluate industry developments in
and above
intelligent networking and spectrum
go free
management and modern crypto solutions
• Find out about the major multinational activities
and how they aid your progress with future projects,
with briefings from the ESSOR programme at
OCCAR, the EDA and the NATO C3 Agency

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Tactical Radios 2009
China’s Xinshidai produces the
A complete, PRC-7501 VHF 30 to 88 MHz frequency
deployable package hopping hand-held along with the
that is now in use PRC-146 20-Watt/125-Watt HF digital
with the Afghan frequency-hopping manpack/shipboard
police and other radios.
border patrol and
anti-terrorism units, The Stretch
the MRX from
Australia’s Codan Tactical communication is permeating
can push125, 500 throughout the wideband domain due to
or 1000 Watts and the saturated nature of the electromag-
offers the user a cell- netic spectrum on the battlefield. What
phone-like interface. was once viewed as a panacea for tactical
The MRX is under a talking, wideband comms are now
twelve-year, multi- acknowledged as a complement to nar-
country contract that rowband combat network communica-
can award Codan tion. The airwaves will remain under con-
between six and stant attack from all quarters, but
ten million dollars technology seems to keep the pace in pro-
per phase. (Codan) viding the warfighter with maps, video and
orders shouted by platoon leaders. a

30 to 75 MHz frequency range. Its power


consumption is five Watts and the radio Switzerland’s Ascom
is said to have a range of up to 50 km Military offers its
and handle 16 Kbps of data. The vehi- Openaccess Tactical
cular-mounted R-163-50U operates across Access Node R, which
a similar frequency band to the R-159. It delivers secure IP-based
has a range of around 20 km and has been voice, data and video
designed to operate in severe counter- and tactical radio
measures conditions according to its manu- integration between HF
facturer, the Sarapul Radio Works. and VHF and Wlan, 3G,
Other Russian products include the Wimax and commercial
R-163-05R portable tactical FM set which trunk communication.
operates in the 44 to 54 MHz range and (Ascom Military)
weighs 1.33 kg. Finally, the Russian Fed-
eration’s R-163-1Y tactical FM radio is
designed for both fixed and mobile instal-
lation, and operates across the 30 to 80
MHz range. This radio is produced by the
Yarostavl Radioworks.
Looking towards China, Wall Interna-
tional China produces the PRC1077 tac-
tical manpack radio. Operating across 30
to 88 MHz, it has ten preset memory Index to Advertisers
channels. The same company also pro- Aeroflex 19 L-3 Communications 7
duces the PRC1088 VHF/FM radio sys- Bernier 27 Lemo 21
tem which covers a similar frequency Bren-Tronics 23 Nacre 9
range to the PRC1077. China National
Codan 27 Naval Defense Indonesia 2009 21
Electronic Import and Export supplies
Datron World Communications C3 SDR Europe 09 27
the VRC-90 VHF/FM tactical vehicular
DSA 2010 25 Smartronix 23
radio set. Operating over the 30 to 88
Elbit Systems 25 Thales Communications 11
MHz segment of the spectrum, the radio
General Dynamics C4S C4 Ultralife C2/1
can handle up to 16 Kbps of data and
ITT 5
weighs 23 kg.

Complete Guide Tactical Radios 2009 Advertising Sales Offices Eastern USA – East of the Mississippi River
Supplement to issue 4/2009 Margie Brown
Complete Guide by

Austria, Benelux, Switzerland


Cornelius W. Bontje Phone: (540) 341 7581, margiespub@rcn.com
Volume 33, Issue No. 4, August/September 2009 Phone: +41 55 216 17 81, cornelius.bontje@armada.ch Western USA – West of the Mississippi River
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28