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UNIT V Short Answer Questions

1. What is DSL technology?

A. Digital subscriber line (DSL) technology is one of the most promising for
supporting High-speed digital communication over the existing local loops.
2. Write different types of DSL technologies available.
 ADSL-Asynchronous
 VDSL-very high speed
 HDSL-high speed
 SDSL-synchronous
3. Identify the function of ADSL modem.
o ADSL modem installed at a customer’s site.
o ADSL modem modulates and demodulates the data, using
DMT, and creates downstream and upstream channels.
4. What is DSLAM?
o At the telephone company site, instead of an ADSL modem, A
device called a DSLAM is installed that functions similarly.
o It packetizes the data to be sent to the Internet (ISP server).
5. Write the basic data rate of STS-1 signal.
A. 51.840 Mbps.
6. What are the different layers available in SONET?
A. Path, Line, Section, Photonic
7. Define section used in SONET.
A. A section is the optical link connecting two neighbour devices:
multiplexer to multi-plexer, multiplexer to regenerator, or regenerator to
8. Identify the functions of Photonic layer.
A. The photonic layer corresponds to the physical layer of the OSI model. It
includes physical specifications for the optical fiber channel, the sensitivity
of the receiver, multiplexing functions, and also uses NRZ encoding with
the presence of light representing 1 and the absence of light representing 0.
9. What is the data rate of STS-3 signal?
A. 155.520 Mbps.
10.How many number of columns and Rows present in any STS frame.
A. 9 Rows and 90 Columns
11.What Discrete multi-tone technique (DMT).
A.DMT is the modulation technique for ADSL which combines both FDM
and QAM.
12.What are the three major overheads used in STS frame format.
A. Line over head, Section over head , Path over head
13.Mention different types of Virtual Tributaries.
A. VT 1.5
B. VT 2
C. VT 3
D. VT 6
14.Regenerator is a 2 layered device

15.Add/Drop Mux is a 3 layered device.

16.STS Mux/STS De-Mux is a 4-layered device.

17.What is the bandwidth of Co-axial cable: 5MHz to 750 MHz .

18.Expand DOCSIS: Data Over Cable System Interface Specifications

19. Purpose of Add/Drop Multiplexer:

 It can add signals coming from different sources into a given path or

 remove a desired signal from a path and

 Redirect it without demultiplexing the entire signal.

20. point to point sonet network

21. Multipoint sonet network