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Formative Test 3.4 dan 3.

5 BIG Semester 3

Smoking in restaurants is just not on. It must not be allowed because it is rude,
harmful to others and dangerous for the smokers.
Firstly, smoking in a restaurant is impolite. The smell of the smoke affects all people
and can turn them off their food. People pay to taste good food and not to be put off
by foul smelling smoke.
Another reason smoking should not be allowed in restaurant is the harm it can do to
others. Passive smoking that is breathing in smoke made by a smoker can lead to
asthma attacks and even cancer.
Finally, smoking is dangerous and a health risk to the smokers. Cigarettes cause
heart and lung disease and people should not smoke anywhere, not just in
restaurants.
Therefore, smoking in restaurants is impolite, harmful to others and a health risk to
the smokers and should not be allowed in any restaurants.

1. Smoking in the restaurants must be avoided because……


a) It is harmful to others
b) It is impolite
c) It’s dangerous to the smokers
d) It can cause heart and lung disease
e) All answers are correct

2. We have many reasons to say that smoking must be avoided. The word reasons
mean…..
a) Conclusion
b) point of view
c) argument
d) reinforcement
e) statement

3. From the text we can conclude that?


a) Smoking is dangerous
b) Smoking in restaurant is not allowed
c) Smoking can cause diseases.
d) Smoking can cause disease for passive smoker
e) Smoking is good for our health.

4. What is the purpose of the text?


a) To inform the readers to the readers
b) To persuade to the readers
c) To describe to the readers
d) To tell a story to the readers
e) To argue about smoking to the readers

5. The synonym of the word dangerous in the text is……


a) rude
b) impolite
c) health risk
d) harmful
e) secure

6. Smoking in restaurants is just not on. It must not be allowed because it is rude,
harmful to others and dangerous for the smokers.
The sentence above characterize as….. of the text.
a) thesis
b) arguments
c) reiteration
d) topic sentence
e) supporting details

7. Smoking in restaurant should not be allowed. It means that…..


a) people should do smoking in restaurant
b) people should not do smoking in restaurant
c) people must not be smoking in restaurant
d) people must not smoke in restaurant
e) people should smoke in restaurant

The Dangerous of Using Drugs


Everybody must pay attention of drugs. Drugs are very dangerous for us. Why it is
very dangerous for us? Because its can caused harm to our body.
In terms of health, many organs in our body can be harm because using drug. In
general, the impact of using drug are can unconscious, make us hallucinate, can
harm our nerve, and cause addictive effect. Beside that, using drugs can make the
users depressed, liver disease, schizophrenia, blockage of blood vessels,
dehydration, optic nerve damage, brain damage, and finally it can cause DEATH!
When viewed in terms of Islamic law, drugs are forbidden. Because it is cause
badness, self harm, debilitate. And Islam proscribes all that can cause badness, self
harm because it is included zhalim. Also if we using drugs, it means we already do
the forbidden things in Islam, it means we sin. So, in terms of Islamic law, using
drugs also dangerous.
Furthermore, if the users of drugs are teenagers, it can endanger their future, and
endanger their homeland, their country. From the data, 32 percent of drugs users in
Indonesia are teenagers, so, if many teenagers –in this case Indonesia- use drugs, it
can be endanger this country, harm youth generation, whereas youths are nation
expectation. If the youth using drugs, our nation can be destroy!
So, from now on we must pay attention of drugs, because it’s very dangerous, both
in terms of health, religion (Islam), nationality and state.

8. What is the similar word of proscribes ?


a. allow
b. suggest
c. demand
d. ask
e. prohibit

9. Why drugs are prohibited by Islamic law ?


a. Because it is cause badness, self harm, debilitate
b. Because it is very good
c. Because it is good for our bodies
d. Because it is not dangerous
e. It is therefore very useful

10. What is the type of text about ?


a. Report text
b. Description text
c. Analytical text
d. Narrative text
e. Spoof text

11. What is generic structure of text about ?


a. Thesis, arguments, reiteration
b. Orientation, event, re-orientation
c. General classification, description
d. Orientation, complication, resolution, re-orientation
e. Orientaation, complication, re-orientation

The Unhealthy Fast Food

Fast food nowadays is considered a normal eating venture. People are not
just eating out on special occasions or weekends anymore. It means that all the time
they mostly eat fast foods. However is fast food good for health?

Fast food has its popularity in the 1940’s. Within a few years, fast-food
operations popped up everywhere. With the compelling rise in fast-food restaurants
since the 1940’s, oddly it started the rise in obesity and cancer during that same time
period.

Fast food is highly processed with a wide array of additives. To ensure fast
food’s low cost, the fast food products are made with highly-processed ingredients to
give it shelf-life, to hold consistency, and to enhance flavor. Fast food is altered from
its original healthy form.

It is not the calories in fast food which damage health and waistline. It is the
chemical additives such as aspartame and MSG (monosodium glutamate). Studies
show that the chemical additives lead to weight and disease issues.

So, there is absolutely nothing nutritional about fast food. Fast food simply
feeds hunger and craving.
12. What is title of text about ?
a. Fast food
b. Description of the fast food
c. The unhealthy fast food
d. Nutrition of the fast food
e. Fast food is very good

13. What is the synonym of waistline?


a. The amount.
b. The size.
c. The length.
d. The bell.
e. The fat.

14. Based on the text above, fast food is?


a. Recommended
b. Unhealthy
c. Preferable
d. affordable
e. Healthy

15. What is the similar meaning of craving?


a. Starving
b. Desire
c. Appetite
d. Willingness
e. Intention

Do you want to buy a mobile phone? Don’t be hasty. There are many things to consider. Be
reasonable before making a decision.

First, you can start by asking yourself the usefulness of the equipment. The question might be,
“do I want it for prestige or its usefulness?”
Then you should make a choice be the type of the mobile phone. There are various choices in
the market, so you should decide the one that meets your needs and whether you can afford it
or not.

The consequence of using a mobile phone is its high operational cost. You have to pay more for
a mobile phone compared to a fixed telephone. Therefore you should only use the mobile phone
only for important talks.

16. What is the text about ?

A. the various types of mobile phones

B. how to use a mobile phone effectively

C. the advantages of using a mobile phone

D. the consequences of using a mobile phone

E. things to consider before buying a mobile phone

17. According to the text which of the following is not true about a mobile phone ?

A. practical

B. expensive

C. prestigious

D. economical

E. easy to carry

18. Which of the following is the most important things to consider before buying a mobile
phone ?

A. the type

B. the price

C. your choice

D. your money

E. your prestige
Agriculture

Nowadays, many people have realized that agriculture is much more important than as
the supporting tools in economic development. In indonesia, agriculture should be the priority of
development because of some good reasons.

First of all, the agriculture’s contribution in the beginning of the development is highest
among the other sectors. At present, almost half of total indonesian labors are working in
agriculture sector, but the contribution of agiculture sector does not reach 30 percent.

Second, agriculture sector is excpected to fulfill the need of food in a country. As the
number of population increase in an alarming rate each year, food supply must also increase.
But in developing countries, food production per capita never increase more than one percent
each year, and in some extreme case, it even stagnant.

Last but not least, without agricultural development, the growth of industrial sector will be
hampered because the growth that comes from industry will bring a wider gap into the internal
economy in that country. In turn, this gap will create serious poverty problem, wider inequality of
income distribution, and increase unemployment.

Based of the above discussion, it is obvious that the government should put agriculture
as the priority of national development.

19. What is title of text about ?

a. Agriculture

b. Economic development

c. Description of agriculture

d. Agricultural development

e. Problem agriculture

20. Paragraph 2 mainly explain about ?

a. agriculture contributes the highest among other sectors

b. agriculture contributes more than 30 percent for development

c. agriculture provides less working fields for the workers

d. less than half of indonesian workers are working in agriculture sectors

e. agriculture contributie the least among other sectors


21. What is title of text about ?

a. Report text

b. Description text

c. Analytical text

d. Narrative text

e. Spoof text

22. What is generic structure of text about ?

a. Thesis, arguments, reiteration

b. Orientation, event, re-orientation

c. General classification, description

d. Orientation, complication, resolution, re-orientation

e. Orientation, complication, re-orientation

The importance of Reading

I personally think that reading is a very important activity in our life. Why do I say so? Firstly, by
reading we can get a lot of knowledge about many things in the world such as Science,
technology. Sports, arts, culture, etc written in either books, magazine, newspaper, etc.

Secondly, by reading we can get a lot of news and information about something happening in
any parts of the world which can we see directly.

Another reason, reading can give us pleasure too. When we are tired, we read books,
newspaper or magazine on the entertainment coloumn such as comedy, short story, quiz, etc.
To make us relaxed.

The last, reading can also take us to other parts of the world. By reading a book about Irian
Jaya we may feel we’re really sitting in the jungles not at home in our rooms.
From the facts above, it’s obvious that everyone needs to read to get knowledge, information
and also entertainment. Or in summary we can say reading is truly important in our life.

23. Why is reading very important in our life? Because…..


a. By reading, we can get a lot of friends, relatives, experience, etc.
b. By reading, we can get little knowledge but a lot of entertainment.
c. By reading, we are always relaxed.
d. By reading, we are always happy.
e. By reading we can get a lot of knowledge, news, information and entertainment

24. If we want to get knowledge, what should we do?


a. buy a lot of books
b. borrow a lot of books
c. look for newspaper and magazine
d. sell and buy many expensive books
e. Read a lot of books and other printed materials.
25. What does the text tell us about?
a. The description of reading
b. The function of reading
c. The importance of reading
d. The disadvantages of reading
e. The purpose of reading

26. Tom opens the door. The passive is...

A. The door was opened by Tom

B. The door opened by Tom

C. The door is opened by Tom

D. The door is being opened by Tom

E. The door opens by Tom


27. Mary helped the boy. The passive is ...

A. The boy is helped by Mary

B. The boy was helped by Mary

C. The boy is being helped by Mary

D. The boy helps by Mary

E. The boy were helped by Mary

28. The waiter is serving the customer. The passive is....

A. The customer is served by the waiter

B. The customer are served by the waiter

C. The customer is being served by the waiter

D. The customer was being served by the customer

E. The customer was served by the customer

29. We are attending the agenda. The passive is ...

A. The agenda are attended by us

B. The agenda is attended by us

C. The agenda was attended by us

D. The agenda were attended by us

E. The agenda is being attended by us

30. Dr. Ikada developed the theory. The passive is ...

A. The theory is developed by Dr. Ikada

B. The theory is being developed by Dr. Ikada


C. The theory developed by Dr. Ikada

D. The theory is being developed by Dr. Ikada

E. The theory was developed by Dr. Ikada

31. A hurricane destroyed a few houses. The passive is ...

A. A few houses were destroyed by a hurricane

B. A few houses was destroyed by a Hurricane

C. A few houses is destroyed by a Hurricane

D. A few houses are destroyed by a Hurricane

E. A few houses destroyed by a Hurricane

32. Government will build a new palace next year. The passive is ...

A. A new palace will built by the government

B. A new palace will be build by the government

C. A new palace will be built by the government

D. A new palace will build by the government

E. A new palace will built by the government

33. Juan has studied Math for a test. The passive is ...

A. Math has studied by Juan for a test

B. Math has been studied by Juan for a test

C. Math has been study by Juan for a test

D. Math has studied by Juan for a test

E. Math has study by Juan for a test


34. Tiara was eating popcorn at the cinema. The passive is ...

A. Popcorn is being eaten by Tiara at the cinema

B. Popcorn was eaten by Tiara at the cinema

C. Popcorn is eaten by Tiara at the cinema

D. Popcorn was being eaten by Tiara at the cinema

E. Popcorn was being ate by Tiara at the cinema.

35. I must begin my studying right now. The passive is ...

A. My studying must be begin by me right now

B. My studying must have been begin by me right now

C. My studying must begin by me right now

D. My studying must began by me right now

E. My studying must be begun by me right now

36. Andi Travelled to Maldive last year. The passive is ...

A. Maldive was travelled by Andi last year

B. Maldive is travelled by Andi last year

C. No Change

D. Maldive will be travelled by Andi last year

E. Maldive travelled by Andi last year

37. Omar wrote a letter last night. The passive sentence is ....

A. A letter were written by Omar last night

B. A letter is written by Omar last night

C. A letter are written by Omar last night


D. A letter is being wrote by Omar last night

E. A letter was written by Omar last night

38. “They are wearing jacket s in the class.” The passive is ...

A. Jackets were being wore by them in the class

B. Jackets are being wore by them in the class

C. Jackets is being worn by them in the class

D. Jackets are being worn by them in the class

E. Jackets were being worn by them in the class

39. “She broke the window yesterday”. The passive is ....

A. The window is broke by her yesterday

B. The window is break by her yesterday

C. The window is being broken by her yesterday

D. The window was broken by her yesterday

E. The window were broken by her yesterday

40. “Students are drawing the scenery”. The passive is ...

A. The scenery are drew by students

B. The scenery is drew by students

C. The scenery are being drawn by students

D. The scenery is being drew by students

E. The scenery is being drawn by students

41. “Pilot flies the plane twice a week”. The passive is ...
A. The plane is being flew by pilot twice a week

B. The plane is flown by pilot twice a week

C. The plane is flew by pilot twice a week

D. The plane is being flown by pilot twice a week

E. The plane is fly by pilot twice a week

42. “Math is being taught by Mr. Heri”. The active sentence is ..

A. Mr. Heri teaches Math

B. Mr. Heri taught Math

C. Mr. Heri was teaching Math

D. Mr. Heri is teaching Math

E. Mr. Heri will teach Math

43. “The electricity will be repaired by technician”. The active sentence is ...

A. The technician will repairs the electricity

B. The technician will repaired the electricity

C. The technician will repair the electicity

D. The technician will be repairs the electricity

E. The technician will be repairing the electricity

44. “The victim may be killed by the robber”. The active is ...

A. The robber may kill the victim

B. The robber may kills the victim

C. The robber may be kill the victim

D. The robber may killed the victim


E. The robber may be killed the victim

45. “Life on the Mississippi was written by Mark Twain.” The Active is ...

A. Mark Twain is writing Life on the Mississippi

B. Mark Twain writes Life on the Mississippi

C. Mark Twain has written Life on the Mississippi

D. Mark Twain wrote Life on the Mississippi

E. Mark Twain written Life on the Mississippi

46. This plant had been watered by her for 5 minutes when I got here

A. She had watered this plant for 5 minutes when I got here

B. She have watered this plant for 5 minutes when i got here

C. She was watered this plant for 5 minutes when I got here

D. She were watered this plant for 5 minutes when I got here

E. She watered this plant for 5 minutes when I got here

47. The assignments are being collected by teacher. The active is ....

A. Teacher had collected the assignments

B. Teacher is collecting the assignments

C. Teacher is being collected by the assignments

D. Teacher had been collecting the assignments

E. Teacher collected the assignments

48. The contract is being signed by Mr. Thomas. The active is ...

A. Mr. Thomas signing the contract


B. Mr. Thomas has been signing the contract

C. Mr. Thomas will have signing the contract

D. Mr. Thomas is signing the contract

E. Mr. Thomas signed the contract

49. Some students are arranging a reunion party in the class room. The passive is ...

A. A reunion party is being arranged by some students in the class room.

B. A reunion party had been arranged by some students in the class room.

C. A reunion party is arranged by some students in the class room.

D. A reunion party will had been arranged by some students in the class room.

E. A reunion party are arranged by some students in the class room.

50. Neither James nor Jenny told the truth. The passive is ...

A. Truth isn’t being told either by James or Jenny.

B. Truth isn’t told either by James or Jenny.

C. Truth was not told neither by James nor Jenny.

D. Truth isn’t being told neither by James nor Jenny.