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*Read at ur own risk. Made for my friends, mostly for visual learners .

Tables were lifted from the


supertable anatomy made by one of our batchmate, I just added pictures para mas madaling maalala
and maintindihan. This is from the review session done by Doc Ja =)

Yes madaming pages…nilakihan q kasi ung picture =)

Enjoy guys! Goodluck!!

Go Batch 2016! 100% =)


ANATOMY Reviewer

Vertebral levels
Vertebra Surface markings

CERVICAL
C1 • Mastoid Process of
Skull Bone
• Jefferson
Fracture

C2 Uvula, Soft
US(dito palate, Angle of
nakakabili ng mandible,
C2 bottle) Hangman
fracture

C2
C2

C3 Hyoid
Say HI to C3
C4 Common Carotid
Kinurot kita! bifurcation
You: “Ouch!
What for?”

C5 Thyroid Cartilage
Cart
dumaan sa
C5

C6 Chassaniac
Maniac, X X Triangle, Cricoid
San Cartilage,
nakipag-sex end of LarynX ->
lyingmaniac? start of Trachea,
sa cricoid end of
cartilage PharynX -> start
of esophagus,
*First
Esophageal
Constriction
Site
C7 Thoracic Duct,
Say Thank Thyroid Isthmus
you to C7
C7-T1 Apex of lungs
(above the
clavicle)

Thoracic
T1 Sternoclavicular
joint
T2-T3 Suprajugular
Channel 23 - Notch
Superman
T4 Manubrium

8 markers at T4

1. Crossing of
thoracic duct
2. Start of aortic
and end of aortic
arch
3. Bifurcation of
trachea
4. Marker for left
trachea
5. Second
constriction site
of esophagus(
T4-T5) *3rd
constriction
T10(hiatal
opening))

6. Commencement
of SVC to heart
7. Azygous vein
drains to SVC
8. Pulmonary
artery
bifurcation to R
and L
T4-T5 Sternal Angle of
Louis
T5 Body of Sternum
(T5-T9)
Heart/
pericardium(T5-T9)

T5

T7-T8 Nipple
Doc Ja’s bday T8- Caval diaphragm – IVC and R phrenic nerve
=)
4/10/1978 -
Nipple is at
Dermatome
level T4, 10
cm
from midline,
at Verterbral
level T7-T8

T9-T10 Xiphoid T10 - Esophagus and vagus nerve


T12 – abdominal aorta and thoracic Duct
LUMBAR
L1 What it bisects:
(listed on the
pic but below
are some
important
points)

GU Tract: Hilum
(of Kidneys),
Renal Pelvis,

First
Constriction of
Ureter (where is
exits the **Guide for the different anatomical planes
Kidney)

GI Tract:
Transpyloric

Gallbladder (9th
Costal Cartilage)

*the 1st 1-2 cm of the duodenum is the


only segment that is considered
Intraperitoneal the rest is
retroperitoneal
L2-L3 Head of
Pancreas

L3-L4 Umbilicus
(Dermatome:T10)

L5-S1 Second
Constriction of
Ureter (where is
passes the
Pelvic Brim)
S1-S2 Third
Constriction of
Ureter (where it
pierces the
bladder)
S3 End of Sigmoid
Colon (Start of
Sigmoid is
at Iliac Fossa),
Start of Rectum

Last PLE:

Remember : Water UNDER the bridge (ureter is placed posteriorly to ovarian/testicular artery)
THE THORACIC CAGE

POINTS: Relax, pic overload but just


remember ATYPICAL vs TYPICAL and
their features and the placement of
the rib =)
At this part: remember Atypical vs Typical

*ATYPICAL  lahat may 1 =)

TYPICAL RIBS
Features
PART 2

Muscles that assists in Respiration


INSPIRATION

(up arrow – levators; down arrow – depressors)


*main muscle that increases AP diameter: EXTERNAL INTERCOSTALS

*main muscle that increases the VERTICAL diameter of thorax: DIAPHRAGM (passive recoil @exhalation)

FORCED INSPIRATION this two muscle participates: scalenous and sternocleidomastoid

FORCED EXPIRATION  ABDOMINAL muscle : Oblique and Rectus muscle


Superior thoracic
Artery

Thoracoacromial artery

Anterior and posterior


humeral circumflex Lateral Thoracic Artery

Subscapularis artery
Part 3
ABDOMINAL AORTA
The subsequent pages are full of pictures. To make it easier for you, the first pic emphasizes on the
major branches first, try to draw it on ur own to be familiarized =)
Also known as Gonadal
IVC

GB
Chevron
Note: Hernia is discussed more detailed on surgery supplemental hand out =)
Planes and 9 divisions

-END-