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1999 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 50/17

Category C 200 out of 5 642 posts occupied;

Category D 32 out of 842 posts occupied;

Category LA 145 out of 1 889 posts occupied;

Total 849 out of 17 961 posts occupied.

Since the beginning of 1995, the Directorate general for energy has recruited 9 officials and other servants of this
nationality (6 A; 1 B; 2 C).

Since 1995, in the Commission as a whole, 138 officials and other servants of this nationality have been recruited
(57 A; 23 B; 23 C; 3 D; 32 LA).

(1999/C 50/024) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1193/98

by María Sornosa Martínez (GUE/NGL) to the Commission

(24 April 1998)

Subject: Russian mafias in Spain

On 27 January 1997 the Commission replied to Written Question E-3385/96 (1) which had been submitted by the
author of this question on the subject of money laundering in Gibraltar.

At that time the Spanish Ministry of the Interior acknowledged that there were 16 criminal gangs active in various
parts of Spain.

Despite the efforts of the Member States to apply, and ensure compliance with, Council Directive 91/308/EEC of
10 June 1991 (2), criminal activities continue.

In its reply the Commission referred to a number of cooperation initiatives and schemes to develop the strategies
set up by the EDU (the Europol Drugs Unit, which is dealing with the money laundering activities associated with
the types of crime for which it is competent and which is cooperating with the Member States in the
implementation of the recommendations and other initiatives relating to the fight against money laundering).
The results of the activities undertaken do not, however, seem particularly encouraging.

In view of the fact that the situation is worsening as the criminal organizations concerned become more firmly
established, and given that a comprehensive European money-laundering network exists, despite there being a
directive on this subject,

1. What action is the Commission going to take in order to ensure that money obtained by criminal means is not
kept in European accounts?

2. What international cooperation strategy is the Commission intending to devise in order to put a stop to this

(1) OJ C 186, 18.6.1997, p. 81.

(2) OJ L 166, 28.6.1991, p. 77.

Answer given by Mr Monti on behalf of the Commission

(14 July 1998)

The Commission believes that Council Directive 91/308/EEC of 10 June 1991 on prevention of the use of the
financial system for the purpose of money laundering has had a deterrent effect, notably as a result of the
mobilisation of the banking sector. This has without doubt made it more difficult for criminal money to gain
access to the Community’s financial system.

The Commission will very soon be presenting to Parliament and the Council a second report on the
implementation of the Directive. The report concludes that, in the light of the wishes expressed by Parliament
in its Resolution (1) on the Commission’s first report and the recommendations of the action plan on organised
crime (2) approved at the Amsterdam European Council, it is now necessary to update and extend the 1991
Directive. A proposal for a directive to that end will be presented to Parliament and the Council in the coming
C 50/18 Official Journal of the European Communities EN 22.2.1999

At the same time the Commission is fully aware that if it is to be effective the fight against money laundering
must be a global effort. The Commission is a member and firm supporter of the Financial action task force on
money laundering (FATF), the only world body dedicated solely to combating money laundering. The recent
Birmingham G7 Summit endorsed the decision of the FATF to extend its mandate for a further five years and
agreed that the major task during this period should be the establishment of a world-wide anti-money laundering
network encompassing all continents and regions of the world.

The Commission is seeking to give support to that strategy wherever possible. The Commission’s efforts to
promote international cooperation in this area are described in the report cited above.

(1) OJ C 198, 8.7.1996.

(2) OJ C 251, 15.8.1997.

(1999/C 50/025) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1220/98

by Ernesto Caccavale (UPE) to the Commission

(29 April 1998)

Subject: Alleged irregularities in the management of cooperation funds by CESTAS

In 1993, DG VIII of the European Commission awarded the management of a cooperation project for urgent
assistance in the health sector in Angola to CESTAS, an Italian NGO in Bologna. The total value of the project
originally came to approximately Lire 6 billion. After establishing that the NGO in question was having
difficulties implementing the project owing to the unstable situation in Angola, the Commission asked it to
reschedule it and extended the time scale of the action.

Will the Commission therefore:

1. Evaluate the emergency heading under which the funds were granted?

2. Specify the level of contributions already granted to the NGO for this emergency medical assistance?

3. Indicate to whom the Commission request to reschedule the project was directed?

4. Verify the explanations given by CESTAS for its continued failure to begin operations in Angola and for the
extremely costly and numerous planning missions undertaken by its members?

5. Indicate the steps it intends to take should any irregularities be proven?

Answer given by Mr Pinheiro on behalf of the Commission

(25 June 1998)

Rehabilitation projects in Angola are financed by the Commission in accordance with the essential requirements
it has identified and the priorities it has chosen. In 1995, the Commission (DG VIII and ECHO) drew up a
cooperation strategy aimed at rehabilitating health services, in collaboration with the Health Ministry and other

The Cestas project, like all other ongoing NGO (non-governmental organisation) projects, was reviewed in the
light of changing circumstances in the country, the Commission’s priorities and the need to coordinate the various
operations in each province.

Since 1992 the Commission has granted the NGO Cestas a total of ECU 1 441 000 for health sector rehabilitation
initiatives in Angola. The outstanding payment of ECU 123 743 will be made after the activities related to the
project have been completed and approved by the Commission.

The decision to revise the project was taken after consultations between the Commission, the NGO officials and
the provincial health authorities.

While the project was being actively executed, the NGO was present in and was represented in Angola. Missions
were provided for in the contract, notably for the purpose of holding meetings and seminars with the local bodies
involved in the project.