Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 70
1.3 Well Completion 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

1.3 Well Completion

1.3 Well Completion 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
1.3 Well Completion 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

1.3 Well Completion 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Well Drilling - Hole Problems

Well Drilling - Hole Problems 2 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Unconsolidated Swelling Abrasive Instability

2 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Unconsolidated

Swelling

Abrasive

Instability

Fractured

Salt layer

Unsealed fault Overpressured

NExT. All rights reserved Unconsolidated Swelling Abrasive Instability Fractured Salt layer Unsealed fault Overpressured

Casing String Types

Casing

The reasons for running and cementing

casing:

Isolate zones,

Prevent mud contamination of fresh water aquifers,

Support well head equipment and BOPs,

Keep hole open

Seal off lost circulation zones,

Control inflow from the producing zone(s),

3 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

lost circulation zones, • Control inflow from the producing zone(s), 3 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights

Conductor casings are cemented to prevent fluids circulating outside the are cemented to prevent fluids circulating outside the

casing causing erosion.

Surface casings are cemented to prevent hydrocarbons encroaching into fresh are cemented to prevent hydrocarbons encroaching into fresh

water zones, to anchor blow-out preventers and to support deeper casing

strings.

Intermediate casing strings are cemented to isolate formations which might break strings are cemented to isolate formations which might break

down and cause a loss of circulation in

the well

Production casings are cemented to stop are cemented to stop

oil migrating to thief zones and to

prevent the sloughing of formations causing a drop in productivity

4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Casing String

the sloughing of formations causing a drop in productivity 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Example of Casing Series

Offset Exploration well Development well data 5 casings 4 casings 30” Conductor 20” 20” Surface
Offset
Exploration well
Development well
data
5 casings
4 casings
30”
Conductor
20”
20”
Surface casing
13-3/8”
13-3/8”
Intermediate
9-5/8”
Intermediate
9-5/8”
Reservoir

5 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

7” Production casing

9-5/8” Intermediate 9-5/8” Reservoir 5 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved 7” Production casing

Production Casing

Production Casing

Final string to be run for production or testing,

The primary purpose is to isolate the production zones thus allowing proper control

of the reservoir,

Cementing is very important to prevent communication in the annulus,

Covers worn or damaged intermediate string,

– Common sizes: 7”, 7-5/8” & 9-5/8”.

6 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

string, – Common sizes: 7”, 7 - 5/8” & 9 - 5/8”. 6 Copyright ©2012 NExT.
string, – Common sizes: 7”, 7 - 5/8” & 9 - 5/8”. 6 Copyright ©2012 NExT.

Well Completion

Well Completion 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Well Completion 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Well Classification according to Completions

1.

Wellbore - reservoir interaction

4.

Wellbore configuration

Openhole (Barefoot)

Vertical

Cased, cemented and perforated

Deviated

Slim-hole

Horizontal

 

Multilateral

2.

Number of completed zones

 

Single

5.

Flowing method

Multiple

Natural flow

 

Artificial lift

3.

Production capacity

 

Not stimulated

6.

Sand control

Stimulated

Slotted liner

Fractured

Gravel & Frac-pack

8 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Screen

liner • Fractured • Gravel & Frac-pack 8 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved • Screen

1. ACCORDING TO WELLBORE & RESERVOIR INTERACTION

HOPEN HOLE

OPEN HOLE

TO WELLBORE & RESERVOIR INTERACTION HOPEN HOLE OPEN HOLE Surface Casing Production Casing Tubing Packer RESERVOIR

Surface

Casing

Production

Casing

Tubing

Packer

RESERVOIR

RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR

9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

HOLE OPEN HOLE Surface Casing Production Casing Tubing Packer RESERVOIR 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights

OPEN HOLE

COMPLETION

Application

• Consolidated formations

• Naturally fractured reservoirs

Advantages

• Simple

• Saving in cost and time

Disadvantages

• No selective control

• Difficult to prevent water or gas breakthrough

• Can not avoid cross flow

• Not suitable for unconsolidated/unstable formations

10 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

cross flow • Not suitable for unconsolidated/unstable formations 1 0 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

1. ACCORDING TO WELLBORE & RESERVOIR INTERACTION

SLOTTED LINER HOPEN HOLE

& RESERVOIR INTERACTION SLOTTED LINER HOPEN HOLE 1 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Surface
& RESERVOIR INTERACTION SLOTTED LINER HOPEN HOLE 1 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Surface
& RESERVOIR INTERACTION SLOTTED LINER HOPEN HOLE 1 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Surface

11 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Surface Casing Tubing Production Casing Packer RESERVOIR
Surface
Casing
Tubing
Production
Casing
Packer
RESERVOIR

1. ACCORDING TO WELLBORE & RESERVOIR INTERACTION

SCREENS HOPEN HOLE

Wire Wrapped Screens

INTERACTION SCREENS HOPEN HOLE Wire Wrapped Screens Pre-Pack Screens 1 2 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights

Pre-Pack Screens

SCREENS HOPEN HOLE Wire Wrapped Screens Pre-Pack Screens 1 2 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

12 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Screens 1 2 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Surface Casing Production Casing Tubing Packer RESERVOIR

Surface

Casing

Production

Casing

Tubing

Screens 1 2 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Surface Casing Production Casing Tubing Packer RESERVOIR

Packer

RESERVOIR

RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
Screens 1 2 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Surface Casing Production Casing Tubing Packer RESERVOIR

OPEN HOLE COMPLETION WITH SLOTTED, PERFORATED OR SCREEN LINER

Advantage:

• Simple

• Cheaper than cemented casing

• Sand control

Disadvantage:

• No selective control

• Difficult to isolate water or gas breakthrough

• Cross flow can not be controlled

• Not suitable for unstable Formation

Application:

• Sandy wells

• Horizontal wells completion.

13 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Formation Application: • Sandy wells • Horizontal wells completion. 1 3 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights

1. ACCORDING TO WELLBORE & RESERVOIR INTERACTION

CEMENTED AND PERFORATED CASING

Surface Casing Tubing Production Casing Packer Perforated Interval RESERVOIR
Surface
Casing
Tubing
Production
Casing
Packer
Perforated
Interval
RESERVOIR

14 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Tubing Production Casing Packer Perforated Interval RESERVOIR 1 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

COMPLETION WITH CEMENTED AND PERFORATED

CASING

Application

• Consolidated formation.

• Multi reservoirs with different pressures.

• When dual completions are required

Advantage

• Selective production

• Zone isolation

• Water/Gas shut-off

Disadvantage

• Extra cost (casing, cement, perforation)

• Promotes formation damage

15 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Extra cost (casing, cement, perforation) • Promotes formation damage 1 5 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights

CEMENTED AND PERFORATED CASING

Communicating Well and Reservoir

Surface Casing Tubing Production Casing Packer Perforated Interval RESERVOIR
Surface
Casing
Tubing
Production
Casing
Packer
Perforated
Interval
RESERVOIR

16 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Tubing Production Casing Packer Perforated Interval RESERVOIR 1 6 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

CAPSULE GUNS

CAPSULE GUNS • Scallop Guns (1 11/16 & 2 1/8-in.) • HEGS (3 1/8 & 4-in.)

Scallop Guns (1 11/16 & 2 1/8-in.)

HEGS (3 1/8 & 4-in.)

Port Plug Guns (4-in.)

HSD (2 ½ to 7-in.)

17 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

TYPES OF GUNS

CARRIER GUN

rights reserved TYPES OF GUNS C A R R I E R G U N •

Enerjet (1 11/16 & 2 1/8-in.)

Pivot Gun (1 11/16-in.)

reserved TYPES OF GUNS C A R R I E R G U N • Enerjet

PERFORATING GUN

PERFORATING GUN 1 8 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

18 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

PERFORATING GUN 1 8 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

PERFORATING CHARGE

PERFORATING CHARGE 1 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

19 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

PERFORATING CHARGE 1 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

WELLBORE & RESERVOIR INTERACTION

PERFORATING TECHNIQUES

Derrick Wireline Truck Electric Tubing Wireline Packer
Derrick
Wireline Truck
Electric
Tubing
Wireline
Packer

Electric

Wireline

Conveyed

Perforating

Guns

20 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Tubing

Conveyed

Perforating

(TCP)

Guns

Conveyed Perforating Guns 2 0 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Tubing Conveyed Perforating (TCP) Guns

PERFORATING TECHNIQUES

WIRELINE CASING GUN

PERFORATING TECHNIQUES WIRELINE CASING GUN 2 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved WIRELINE THRU TUBING

21 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

WIRELINE

THRU TUBING GUN

WIRELINE CASING GUN 2 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved WIRELINE THRU TUBING GUN TUBING

TUBING CONVEYED GUN

WIRELINE CASING GUN 2 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved WIRELINE THRU TUBING GUN TUBING

TUBING-CONVEYED PERFORATING TECHNIQUE

DROP BAR PACKER FIRING HEAD GUN
DROP BAR
PACKER
FIRING HEAD
GUN
PERFORATING TECHNIQUE DROP BAR PACKER FIRING HEAD GUN GUN RELEASE SUB DEBRIS CIRCULATING SUB 2 2
PERFORATING TECHNIQUE DROP BAR PACKER FIRING HEAD GUN GUN RELEASE SUB DEBRIS CIRCULATING SUB 2 2
PERFORATING TECHNIQUE DROP BAR PACKER FIRING HEAD GUN GUN RELEASE SUB DEBRIS CIRCULATING SUB 2 2
PERFORATING TECHNIQUE DROP BAR PACKER FIRING HEAD GUN GUN RELEASE SUB DEBRIS CIRCULATING SUB 2 2

GUN RELEASE SUB DEBRIS CIRCULATING SUB

22 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

FORMATION PERMEABILITY, MD

PERFORATING TECHNIQUES

UNDERBALANCE PERFORATION

1000

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

UNDERBALANCE PRESSURE NEEDED TO MINIMIZE PERFORATION

DAMAGE IN OIL ZONES (After King et al)

LEGEND ACID DID IMPROVE PRODUCTION ACID DID NOT IMPROVE PRODUCTION

LEGEND

LEGEND ACID DID IMPROVE PRODUCTION ACID DID NOT IMPROVE PRODUCTION

ACID DID IMPROVE PRODUCTION

ACID DID NOT IMPROVE PRODUCTION

100

1000

10000

23 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

TOTAL UNDERBALANCE, PSI

ACID DID NOT IMPROVE PRODUCTION 100 1000 10000 2 3 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

PERFORATING PHASING ANGLE

PERFORATING PHASING ANGLE 2 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

24 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

PERFORATING PHASING ANGLE 2 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

PERFORATING PENETRATION

PERFORATING PENETRATION 2 5 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

25 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

PERFORATING PENETRATION 2 5 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

PERFORATING AND SKIN EFFECT

LINER COLLAPSE AND JET FORMATION

26

DETONATIOIN WAVE

WIRELINE SHAPED CHARGE CHARGE DETONATION CONTROLLED WEAK DETONATING CORD POINT HEAD CASE LINER PRIMER CHARGE
WIRELINE
SHAPED CHARGE
CHARGE
DETONATION
CONTROLLED WEAK
DETONATING CORD
POINT HEAD
CASE
LINER
PRIMER CHARGE
COLLAR LOCATOR
EXPLOSIVE
SHAPED CHARGES
(HELICAL PATTERN)
JET
LINER-STRETCHING PHENOMENON
JET TIP PRESSURE: 15x10 6 psi
REAR JET (SLUG))
VELOCITY 3000 Ft/sec
JET TAIL
VELOCITY 3000-7000 Ft/sec
JET TIP
VELOCITY 25000-30000 Ft/sec
LINEAR VELOCITY GRADIENT
Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

PERFORATING AND SKIN EFFECT

PERFORATED TUNNEL CASING CEMENT UNDAMAGED ZONE CRUSHED ZONE PERFORATED TUNNEL FORMATION DAMAGE
PERFORATED TUNNEL
CASING
CEMENT
UNDAMAGED ZONE
CRUSHED ZONE
PERFORATED TUNNEL
FORMATION
DAMAGE

27 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

UNDAMAGED ZONE CRUSHED ZONE PERFORATED TUNNEL FORMATION DAMAGE 2 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

PERFORATING AND SKIN EFFECT

PERFORATING AND SKIN EFFECT Damaged Mud Undamaged Zone Virgin Formation Filtrate Zone Zone PERFORATED TUNNEL
Damaged Mud Undamaged Zone Virgin Formation Filtrate Zone Zone PERFORATED TUNNEL Crushed Debris Compacted
Damaged
Mud
Undamaged Zone
Virgin Formation
Filtrate
Zone
Zone
PERFORATED TUNNEL
Crushed
Debris
Compacted
Perforating
Zone
Zone
Debris
Cement
Cement
Casing
Casing
28 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

PERFORATING AND SKIN EFFECT

Perforation Debris

PERFORATING AND SKIN EFFECT Perforation Debris 2 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

29 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

PERFORATING AND SKIN EFFECT Perforation Debris 2 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Gun/Charge Selection

BH (Big Hole Charge) or DP (Deep Penetration

Charge)

BH only for gravel pack completion and fracturing

Gun Size

generally, larger the guns, better the performance

Shot Density

higher the shot density, better the performance

Shot Phasing

60, 90, 120 are better than 180 or 0 degree phasing

180 or 0 degree guns for oriented perforation

30 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

0 degree phasing • 180 or 0 degree guns for oriented perforation 3 0 Copyright ©2012

30

1. ACCORDING TO WELLBORE & RESERVOIR INTERACTION

SLIM HOLE COMPLETIONS

Slim hole describes a significantly smaller than a standard drilling and completion approach, commonly a wellbore less than 6 in. in diameter, reducing the hole and casing sizes for each hole interval.

Conventional US Standard size completion

each hole interval. Conventional US Standard size completion 3 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

31 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Slim hole US Standard completion

US Standard size completion 3 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Slim hole US Standard

Well Classification according to Completions

1.

Wellbore - reservoir interaction

4.

Wellbore configuration

Open hole (Barefoot)

Vertical

Pre-perforated or slotted liners

Deviated

Cased, cemented and perforated

Horizontal

Slim-hole

Multilateral

2.

Number of completed zones

5.

Flowing method

Single

Natural flow

Multiple

Artificial lift

3.

Production capacity

6.

Sand control

Not stimulated

Slotted liner

Stimulated

Gravel & Frac-pack

Fractured

Screen

32 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

• Gravel & Frac-pack • Fractured • Screen 3 2 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

2.

ACCORDING TO NUMBER OF

COMPLETED ZONES

SELECTIVE COMPLETION

SLIDING SLEEVES ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3
SLIDING SLEEVES
ZONE 1
ZONE 2
ZONE 3

33 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ZONES SELECTIVE COMPLETION SLIDING SLEEVES ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3 3 3 Copyright ©2012 NExT.

Producing a Zone between Packers

34

OPEN CLOSED Sliding Sleeve Perforated Interval Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
OPEN
CLOSED
Sliding Sleeve
Perforated
Interval
Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Top Packer

Sleeve Perforated Interval Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Top Packer Bottom Packer Animation 1 Animation
Sleeve Perforated Interval Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Top Packer Bottom Packer Animation 1 Animation
Sleeve Perforated Interval Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Top Packer Bottom Packer Animation 1 Animation

Bottom Packer

Sleeve Perforated Interval Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Top Packer Bottom Packer Animation 1 Animation

MULTIPLE COMPLETIONS

Application

• Consolidated formation

• Stacked reservoirs with different pressures

• When dual completions are required

Advantage

• Selective production

• Zone isolation

• Water/Gas shut-off

Disadvantage

• Extra cost (casing and cement, perforation)

• Promotes formation damage

35 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

cost (casing and cement, perforation) • Promotes formation damage 3 5 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights

MULTIPLE COMPLETION (DOUBLE)

MULTIPLE COMPLETION (DOUBLE) Tubing 1 Tubing 2 Double Packer ZONE 1 ZONE 2 3 6 Copyright
MULTIPLE COMPLETION (DOUBLE) Tubing 1 Tubing 2 Double Packer ZONE 1 ZONE 2 3 6 Copyright
MULTIPLE COMPLETION (DOUBLE) Tubing 1 Tubing 2 Double Packer ZONE 1 ZONE 2 3 6 Copyright
MULTIPLE COMPLETION (DOUBLE) Tubing 1 Tubing 2 Double Packer ZONE 1 ZONE 2 3 6 Copyright

Tubing 1

MULTIPLE COMPLETION (DOUBLE) Tubing 1 Tubing 2 Double Packer ZONE 1 ZONE 2 3 6 Copyright
MULTIPLE COMPLETION (DOUBLE) Tubing 1 Tubing 2 Double Packer ZONE 1 ZONE 2 3 6 Copyright

Tubing 2

Double

Packer

MULTIPLE COMPLETION (DOUBLE) Tubing 1 Tubing 2 Double Packer ZONE 1 ZONE 2 3 6 Copyright

ZONE 1

ZONE 1
ZONE 1
ZONE 1

ZONE 2

ZONE 2
ZONE 2
ZONE 2
ZONE 2
ZONE 2

36 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

COMPLETION (DOUBLE) Tubing 1 Tubing 2 Double Packer ZONE 1 ZONE 2 3 6 Copyright ©2012

MULTIPLE COMPLETION (TRIPLE)

ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3 37 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
ZONE 1
ZONE 2
ZONE 3
37 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

MULTIPLE COMPLETION WITH

PRODUCTION THROUGH THE ANNULUS

ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3
ZONE 1
ZONE 2
ZONE 3

38 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

COMPLETION WITH PRODUCTION THROUGH THE ANNULUS ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3 3 8 Copyright ©2012

Well Classification according to Completions

1.

Wellbore - reservoir interaction

4.

Wellbore configuration

Open hole (Barefoot)

Vertical

Pre-perforated or slotted liners

Deviated

Cased, cemented and perforated

Horizontal

Slim-hole

Multilateral

2.

Number of completed zones

5.

Flowing method

Single

Natural flow

Multiple

Artificial lift

3.

Production capacity

6.

Sand control

Not stimulated

Slotted liner

Stimulated

Gravel & Frac-pack

Fractured

Screen

39 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

• Gravel & Frac-pack • Fractured • Screen 3 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

2.

ACCORDING TO WELL PRODUCTION CAPACITY

MATRIX TREATMENT

Matrix stimulation treatments include acid, solvent and chemical treatments to improve the permeability of the near- wellbore formation, enhancing the productivity of a well. Matrix stimulation is a process of injecting a fluid into the formation, either an acid or solvent at pressures below the fracturing pressure

Eliminates formation damage caused by drilling fluids RESERVOIR
Eliminates formation damage
caused by drilling fluids
RESERVOIR

Treatment

Treatment

is

injected

at

pressures

below

the

formation fracture

40 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

is injected at pressures below the formation fracture 4 0 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

2.

ACCORDING TO WELL PRODUCTION CAPACITY

WELL FRACTURING

In some reservoirs, the rocks have low permeability, and the hydrocarbons cannot be extracted for production. Other times, production is hampered by formation damage, when drilling into the reservoir rock lessens permeability.

Production can be achieved in these wells via a production stimulation method called well fracturing

Propant Treatment is injected at pressures above the formation fracture RESERVOIR
Propant
Treatment is injected at
pressures above the
formation fracture
RESERVOIR

41 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

is injected at pressures above the formation fracture RESERVOIR 4 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights

WELL STIMULATION

Application

• Eliminate formation damage

• Improve reservoir permeability

Advantage

• Increase well production capacity

• Increase EUR

Disadvantage

• Extra cost (treatment and fracturing are expensive)

• May cause environmental damage

42 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

and fracturing are expensive) • May cause environmental damage 4 2 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights

Well Classification according to Completions

1.

Wellbore - reservoir interaction

4.

Wellbore configuration

Open hole (Barefoot)

Vertical

Pre-perforated or slotted liners

Deviated

Cased, cemented and perforated

Horizontal

Slim-hole

Multilateral

2.

Number of completed zones

5.

Flowing method

Single

Natural flow

Multiple

Artificial lift

3.

Production capacity

6.

Sand control

Not stimulated

Slotted liner

Stimulated

Gravel & Frac-pack

Fractured

Screen

43 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

• Gravel & Frac-pack • Fractured • Screen 4 3 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

HORIZONTAL WELL COMPLETION

Slotted Liner
Slotted Liner

44 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

HORIZONTAL WELL COMPLETION Slotted Liner 4 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Application of Horizontal Wells

Exploiting thin oil or gas zones

Reducing water/gas coning

Intersecting natural fractures

Enhance heavy oil recovery (steam flood)

Kv>>>Kh

Increasing sweep efficiency

Connecting discontinuous zones

Drill geologically optimized wells (navigation in the reservoir according to a drainage architecture

which depends on the reservoir geological model

and static model.

45 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

which depends on the reservoir geological model and static model. 4 5 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All

HORIZONTAL WELL COMPLETIONS

HORIZONTAL WELL COMPLETIONS 4 6 EXTERNAL CASING PACKERS Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved OPEN HOLE
HORIZONTAL WELL COMPLETIONS 4 6 EXTERNAL CASING PACKERS Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved OPEN HOLE

46

EXTERNAL CASING PACKERS

HORIZONTAL WELL COMPLETIONS 4 6 EXTERNAL CASING PACKERS Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved OPEN HOLE
HORIZONTAL WELL COMPLETIONS 4 6 EXTERNAL CASING PACKERS Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved OPEN HOLE

Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

OPEN HOLE

SLOTTED LINER

LINER WITH PARTIAL ISOLATIONS

CEMENTED AND

PERFORATED LINER

©2012 NExT. All rights reserved OPEN HOLE SLOTTED LINER LINER WITH PARTIAL ISOLATIONS CEMENTED AND PERFORATED

HORIZONTAL WELLS

Required new/modified completion equipment

or techniques

Zonal isolation

Placement of equipment in horizontal

Stimulation techniques

Perforating

Production logging

Intervention Issues

47 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

• Perforating • Production logging • Intervention Issues 4 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

HORIZONTAL COMPLETIONS

Openhole Completion

True openhole

Slotted or pre-perforated liner/casing

Segmented uncemented liner/casing

Cased and Cemented Completion

Premium completion

Liner / casing run to end of horizontal and

cemented in place

48 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

• Liner / casing run to end of horizontal and cemented in place 4 8 Copyright

SLOTTED

LINER

IN OPEN HORIZONTAL HOLE

Packer

Used worldwide

Prevents hole collapse

Eases re-entry

Total lack of zone isolation options

Liner hanger

Do not use where water

breakthrough is anticipated

Do not use if stimulation may be

Slotted Liner

required

• Do not use if stimulation may be Slotted Liner required 4 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT.
• Do not use if stimulation may be Slotted Liner required 4 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT.
• Do not use if stimulation may be Slotted Liner required 4 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT.
• Do not use if stimulation may be Slotted Liner required 4 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT.
• Do not use if stimulation may be Slotted Liner required 4 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT.
• Do not use if stimulation may be Slotted Liner required 4 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT.
• Do not use if stimulation may be Slotted Liner required 4 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT.
• Do not use if stimulation may be Slotted Liner required 4 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT.
• Do not use if stimulation may be Slotted Liner required 4 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT.

49 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

• Do not use if stimulation may be Slotted Liner required 4 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT.

50

Cemented Conventional

Packer North Sea Far East • control options Liner hanger • Expensive Cement • Perforations
Packer
North Sea
Far East
control options
Liner hanger
Expensive
Cement
Perforations

Europe

Alaska

Conventional completion

turned horizontal

All zone isolation & flow

Perforation damage

completion turned horizontal All zone isolation & flow Perforation damage Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Multilateral Well Completion

Multilateral Well Completion 5 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

51 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Multilateral Well Completion 5 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

MULTILATERAL WELL COMPLETION

FLOW CONTROL WELLBORES PACKER EQUIPMENT ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3
FLOW CONTROL
WELLBORES
PACKER
EQUIPMENT
ZONE 1
ZONE 2
ZONE 3

OPEN HOLE LATERAL

52 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

WELLBORES PACKER EQUIPMENT ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3 OPEN HOLE LATERAL 5 2 Copyright ©2012

Multilateral Well

CASING 7” - N80 Leg “A” Leg “B” Azimuth 197° Azimuth 48° MD = 1421
CASING 7” - N80
Leg “A”
Leg “B”
Azimuth 197°
Azimuth 48°
MD = 1421 m
Dev = 89.3°
TVD = 1106
KOP = 1040 m
MD = 1435 m
Dev = 90.6°
TVD = 1102
KOP = 1054 m
Casing 3 1/2”
Open Hole 6 1/8”
Open Hole 6 1/8”
240 m
311 m
53
Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
TVD

TAML (Technology Advancement MultiLateral)

TAML (Technology Advancement MultiLateral) 5 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
TAML (Technology Advancement MultiLateral) 5 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

54 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

TAML (Technology Advancement MultiLateral) 5 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Well Classification according to Completions

1.

Wellbore - reservoir interaction

4.

Wellbore configuration

Open hole (Barefoot)

Vertical

Pre-perforated or slotted liners

Deviated

Cased, cemented and perforated

Horizontal

Slim-hole

Multilateral

2.

Number of completed zones

5.

Flowing method

Single

Natural flow

Multiple

Artificial lift

3.

Production capacity

6.

Sand control

Not stimulated

Slotted liner

Stimulated

Gravel & Frac-pack

Fractured

Screen

55 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

• Gravel & Frac-pack • Fractured • Screen 5 5 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO WELL FLOWING METHOD

GAS LIFT

ACCORDING TO WELL FLOWING METHOD GAS LIFT 5 6 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

56 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO WELL FLOWING METHOD GAS LIFT 5 6 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO WELL FLOWING METHOD

Sucker Rod Pumps

Hydraulic Pumps

Progresive Cavity Pumps

Sucker Rod Pumps Hydraulic Pumps Progresive Cavity Pumps 5 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
Sucker Rod Pumps Hydraulic Pumps Progresive Cavity Pumps 5 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

57 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Electric Submersible Pumps

Hydraulic Pumps Progresive Cavity Pumps 5 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Electric Submersible Pumps
Hydraulic Pumps Progresive Cavity Pumps 5 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved Electric Submersible Pumps

Well Classification according to Completions

1.

Wellbore - reservoir interaction

4.

Wellbore configuration

Open hole (Barefoot)

Vertical

Pre-perforated or slotted liners

Deviated

Cased, cemented and perforated

Horizontal

Slim-hole

Multilateral

2.

Number of completed zones

5.

Flowing method

Single

Natural flow

Multiple

Artificial lift

3.

Production capacity

6.

Sand control

Not stimulated

Slotted liner

Stimulated

Gravel & Frac-pack

Fractured

Screen

58 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

• Gravel & Frac-pack • Fractured • Screen 5 8 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL 5 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

59 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL 5 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL

OPEN HOLE GRAVEL PACK

PACKER
PACKER

CASING

TUBING

SURFACE

CASING

PRODUCTION

LINER HANGER

SLOTTED,PERFORATED OR

SCREEN LINER

GRAVEL PACK

RESERVOIR

60 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

LINER HANGER SLOTTED,PERFORATED OR SCREEN LINER GRAVEL PACK RESERVOIR 6 0 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL

UNDERREAMED OPEN HOLE GRAVEL PACK

Packer
Packer

Tubing

Liner Hanger

Production Casing

Slotted, Perforated or Screen Liner

Underreamed hole

RESERVOIR

Gravel

61 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Slotted, Perforated or Screen Liner Underreamed hole RESERVOIR Gravel 6 1 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL

INSIDE GRAVEL PACK

Tubing Packer
Tubing
Packer

Gravel

Liner Hanger

Production Casing Perforations

Slotted, Perforated

or Screen Liner

RESERVOIR

62 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Casing Perforations Slotted, Perforated or Screen Liner RESERVOIR 6 2 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL

FRACK AND PACK

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL FRACK AND PACK Tubing Packer Liner Hanger Production Casing

Tubing

Packer

Liner Hanger

Production Casing Perforations

Slotted Liner

RESERVOIR

RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR
RESERVOIR

Gravel

Hydraulic Fracture

63 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Casing Perforations Slotted Liner RESERVOIR Gravel Hydraulic Fracture 6 3 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL

INSIDE GRAVEL PACK

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All

64 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 4 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL

HIGH RATE INSIDE GRAVEL PACK

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL HIGH RATE INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 5 Copyright ©2012
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL HIGH RATE INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 5 Copyright ©2012

65 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL HIGH RATE INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 5 Copyright ©2012
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL HIGH RATE INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 5 Copyright ©2012
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL HIGH RATE INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 5 Copyright ©2012
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL HIGH RATE INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 5 Copyright ©2012
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL HIGH RATE INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 5 Copyright ©2012
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL HIGH RATE INSIDE GRAVEL PACK 6 5 Copyright ©2012

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL

SQUEEZE AND PACK

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZE AND PACK 6 6 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZE AND PACK 6 6 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZE AND PACK 6 6 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZE AND PACK 6 6 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZE AND PACK 6 6 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZE AND PACK 6 6 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All

66 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL

SQUEEZEPACK

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZEPACK 6 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZEPACK 6 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZEPACK 6 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZEPACK 6 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZEPACK 6 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZEPACK 6 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SQUEEZEPACK 6 7 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

67 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL

SCREENLESS SQUEEZEPACK

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SCREENLESS SQUEEZEPACK 6 8 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights

68 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SCREENLESS SQUEEZEPACK 6 8 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SCREENLESS SQUEEZEPACK 6 8 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SCREENLESS SQUEEZEPACK 6 8 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SCREENLESS SQUEEZEPACK 6 8 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights
ACCORDING TO THE NEED OF SAND CONTROL SCREENLESS SQUEEZEPACK 6 8 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights

RESIN CURABLE SAND

RESIN CURABLE SAND 6 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

69 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

RESIN CURABLE SAND 6 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
RESIN CURABLE SAND 6 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
RESIN CURABLE SAND 6 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved
RESIN CURABLE SAND 6 9 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

Comparison of Some Sand Control Techniques

1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 0 50 100 150 PRESSURE, psi
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
0
50
100
150
PRESSURE, psi

OIL RATE, bbl/d

70 Copyright ©2012 NExT. All rights reserved

600 400 200 0 0 50 100 150 PRESSURE, psi OIL RATE, bbl/d 7 0 Copyright