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Cherish all the happy moments’ they cushion your old age
Forget Old-Age Homes, How India's Senior Citizens Are Giving Life a Golden Lining
The United Nations Population Fund and Help Age India estimate the number of
elderly people to increase to 173 million by 2026. In India, there is serious demand for
housing for senior citizens
However, the senior citizens, referred to as elders, face certain problems as a
consequence of the social transformation. This is reflected in the transition from the
traditional ways of life to modern patterns, which require many compromises and
adjustments. One of these involve old age homes (OAHs). What is the genesis of old
age homes and how have they changed life patterns for the elders? These questions
need to be examined dispassionately.
In another pattern, elders live with relatives or in old age homes, either with spouse
or alone, with financial, health and emotional insecurity. Elders, both men and
women, who remained single without marriage invariably landed in OAHs. Each of
these situations has its own merits and demerits. While many elders accept the
change, others are unable to adjust, and start grumbling and sulking, which is
understandable considering the age and exposure to circumstances.


With advancing age, people often lose motor functions. Performing day to day
activities becomes a daunting task. In an old age home, the association helps with
daily activities. An alternative to this is having a dedicated caregiver who can help
with the everyday chores around the house.
Since old age homes are for senior citizens, doctors are always at hand and
emergency services are available 24×7. Alternately, the elderly should have someone
with them who can schedule appointments with doctors and go with them to the
chamber. In case of a medical emergency, it’s good to have a person who can take
care of hospitalization.
Safety is definitely an issue for senior citizens. The steady security in an old age
home gives them protection from intruders and helps them live a safe and secure life.
One of the factors that make old age homes attractive to elders is the
companionship. They are in constant company of people their own age. If their
children are away from home, they have to live alone and that can cause stress and
depression. Living in an old age home may give rise to feelings of abandonment as
well. Loneliness is also an issue. Ideally, there should be a companion at home who
can fill this void. Companionship is paramount, especially for those who have lost
their spouses.


To provide comprehensive and quality care and to ensure that the resident senior
citizens live with respect and dignity in a secure, compassionate, congenial
environment and surroundings.
To act as a centre where the knowledge and experiences of life of the senior citizens
are utilized in a constructive manner so as to contribute more meaningfully to both,
the residents and the society.
To establish a social institution where society not only interacts and looks after
senior citizens but also learns from them “the much needed values of a healthy and
peaceful society”.
To provide companionship, emotional support, therapeutic occupation, recreation
facilities and activities to overcome social isolation.
To provide independence to senior citizens in daily life, and to re-establish high
values of life nurtured by them


Though the senior housing sector in India is at a nascent stage, it presents huge
opportunities for real estate developers, service providers, healthcare players and
operators. According to a report by the PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry,
titled ‘Senior Housing: A Sunrise Sector in India’, developers felt that this sector has
the potential to reach USD 7.7 billion by 2030, from USD 1.26 billion in 2016, on
account of the conducive framework in our country.
According to the survey, around 78 per cent of senior housing projects in India are
operating in the western and southern regions, while only 22 per cent exist in
northern India.
The key cities that emerged as a retirement-friendly destinations in the northern
region are NCR, Chandigarh, Dehradun, Lucknow, Jaipur and Amritsar. In the north-
eastern region, the emerging retirement cities are Guwahati and Shillong.
In the eastern region, Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Kolkata and Patna are the emerging
cities. Mumbai, Pune, Nasik, Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Panaji and Surat are the cities
opted by residents in the western region.
Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, Coimbatore, Mysore and Puducherry are the key
cities in the southern region, which have emerged as preferred post-retirement
The key factors that contributed to cities being considered as retirement-friendly
destinations, include better connectivity, being native places, familiarity with the
area, climatic familiarity, better employment opportunities for children, etc.
According to the survey, around 30 per cent of the developers have been operating
senior housing projects in India for about 2-5 years, 25 per cent for around 1-2 years
and 5-7 years each and only 20 per cent for more than seven years.
The top ten priorities of residents, while choosing a senior housing project
1. Location of the project
2. Size and space of the project
3. Comfort and design features
4. Independence
5. Security
6. Quality of life
7. Price of buying a unit
8. Cost of maintenance
9. Healthcare services
10. Facilities offered by service provider.
The key challenges for the senior housing sector in India, are lack of availability of
skilled manpower, lack of affordability, social stigma, and lack of awareness and high
cost of marketing. The size of the elderly population in India, i.e., persons above the
age of 60 is growing rapidly. For a developing country like India, this may put
pressure on various socio-economic fronts, including pension outlays, healthcare
expenditure, fiscal discipline, savings, etc. Hence, there is an urgent need to pay
attention to ageing-related issues and promote holistic policies and programmers.
There is a need to introduce a single-window mechanism for the elderly, to enable
them to obtain all facilities including life insurance, health insurance and information
about senior living apartments under one roof. The government can also facilitate
developers, by setting up hospitals, police stations, health camps, etc., near senior
housing projects to boost its acceptability, the study added.

As the demand for such projects grew, even those in their mid-40s and from places
like Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai started to look at investing in senior citizen homes
here in Coimbatore. There were instances of bookings happening even when
developers just hinted about an upcoming proposal. While the demand for residential
properties seemed tepid, those for senior citizen homes surged, especially in this
textile city, which is now looked upon as a hotspot for retiree homes.


The doors are wider and so are the rooms.

Switches and bathroom fittings are such that a person on a wheelchair can easily use
All elevators are broad enough to accommodate stretchers.
Other common features include anti-slip flooring and railings for support. All areas
from reception to bedroom are flat. Clubhouses and ATMs are close to the homes.

These also have medical assistance available for primary care.

If the health issue is bigger, the person is rushed to a nearby hospital.
For those who need regular care, say a physiotherapist, these projects tie-up with
medical practitioners to provide doorstep service.
a super-speciality hospital
There might be a mess facility offering customised or home-cooked food daily, in
addition to a concierge, housekeeping and laundry services.
Indoor games, community hall, library, screening hall for movies, arrangement for
visits to art galleries, malls and museums could be other attractions.
celebrating festivals, holding game tournaments and other competitions.

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