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Chapter 1

Introduction to Indian Constitution


Meaning of the term Constitution
A constitution defines the principles upon which the state is based, the procedure in which
laws are made and by whom. Some constitutions, especially codified constitutions, also
act as limiters of state power, by establishing lines which a state's rulers cannot cross, such
as fundamental rights. A constitution is a set of fundamental principles, rules or established
precedents according to which the government of a country is run. A written document in
which we find such rules is called a Constitution. Constitution, [countable] a set of basic
laws or principles for a country that describe the rights and duties of its citizens and the way
in which it is governed. The US Constitution guarantees freedom of the press. The UK
does not have a written constitution, the basic principles and laws of a nation, state, or
social group that determine the powers and duties of the government and guarantee certain
rights to the people in it.

Preamble of the Constitution


Preamble constitution India Preamble gives the intention of the drafting committee,
intention to create a welfare state with secular beliefs. We the People of the United States, in
Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide
for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to
ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States,
The Preamble is the opening statement to the United States Constitution. The
preamble explains the reasons why the Framers of the Constitution made our government a
republic. By doing this, the founding fathers replaced the Articles of Confederation.
A preamble is the introduction to the Constitution. It is the expressionary statement in a
document and explains the Constitution's purpose and underlying philosophy.
The Preamble is important because : It contains the philosophy on which the
entire Constitution has been built, The fundamentals of the Indian
Constitution are contained in the Preamble which secures its citizens, Justice, social,
economic and political, Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship, Equality of
status and opportunity, and to promote among them all Fraternity assuring the dignity of the
individual .

Constituent Assembly

Constituent assembly, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, A constituent


assembly or constitutional assembly is a body or assembly of popularly elected
representatives composed for the purpose of drafting or adopting a document called
the constitution. The Constitution making process was organized around the deliberations of
the Constituent Assembly. The members of the Constituent Assembly were elected ,
The Constituent Assembly met for the first time in New Delhi on 9 December, 1946 in the
Constitution Hall which is now known as the Central Hall of Parliament , The Constituent
Assembly met for the first time in New Delhi on 9 December, 1946 in the Constitution Hall
which is now known as the Central Hall of Parliament ... A constituent assembly is a body
of representatives that is elected to create or change. The Constitution of India was drafted by
the Constituent Assembly, and it was implemented under the Cabinet Mission Plan on 16
May 1946. The members of the Constituent Assembly were elected by the provincial
assemblies by a single, transferable-vote system of proportional representation.

The Salient Features of Indian Constitution

The Indian Constitution contains all the federal features of governance like dual system
of government (centre and states), division of powers between the three organs of state
(executive, judiciary and legislature), Supremacy of the Constitution, independent Judiciary and
bicameralism (lower house and upper house). The basic structure of the Constitution i.e. its most
fundamental features can be described as: Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles,
Secularism, Federalism, Republicanism, Independence of Judiciary, Rule of Law, and Liberal
Democracy, Salient features of Indian Constitution, Originally having 395 Articles divided
into 22parts and 8 schedules, a lengthiest constitution of the world with systematic elaboration
on every topic. At present, it contains 448 Articles with 12 schedules as a result of various
amendments

Features of the Indian Constitution

 The bulkiest constitution of the world.


 Rigidity and flexibility. ...
 Parliamentary system of government. ...
 Federal system with a unitary bias. ...
 Fundamental rights and fundamental duties. ...
 Directive principles of state policy. ...
 Secularism. ...
 Independent judiciary.
India has features of a federation (a codified, supreme constitution, a three-tier
governmental structure [central, state and local], division of powers, bicameralism and an
independent judiciary) and unitary features such as a single constitution, single citizenship, an
integrated judiciary, a flexible constitution