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C 150/382 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 28.5.


Thursday 11 February 1999

1. Denounces the many irregularities that have taken place during the process of the presidential
elections in Kazakhstan;

2. Regrets the setback that the conduct of the elections has caused to the democratisation process in
Kazakhstan and urges the President of Kazakhstan to call free and fair parliamentary and local elections;

3. Calls on the President and the Government of Kazakhstan to urgently reinforce the process of
democratisation and the development of the rule of law in Kazakhstan in line with its commitments as an
OSCE participating State;

4. Urges the government to repeal the decree disqualifying candidates who have been convicted of
minor and arbitrarily defined offences;

5. Calls on the Commission and the Council to strengthen their support for the democratisation process
and respect for human and citizens’ rights in Kazakhstan and to link the further implementation of the
Partnership and Cooperation Agreement with substantial progress in the democratisation process;

6. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Commission, the Council, the OSCE and the
President, Government and Parliament of Kazakhstan.

9. Ethiopia

B4-0165, 0182, 0195 and 0210/99

Resolution on the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea

The European Parliament,

− having regard to its previous resolution of 18 June 1998 (1),

− having regard to the European Union declaration of 15 January 1999,

− having regard to UN Security Council Resolutions 1177 and 1226,

A. whereas fighting recently resumed between Ethiopia and Eritrea,

B. recalling that, in mid-June 1998, those two countries signed a moratorium on attacks from the air
under the aegis of the United Nations,

C. recalling that, since early May 1998, those two countries have been fighting over part of their common
frontier in the south of Eritrea and the north of Ethiopia, and whereas thousands of people have died
since June 1998,

D. deploring the fact that international mediation efforts have failed because of the reluctance of both
countries to work seriously for a peaceful settlement,

E. regretting the fact that hostilities have resumed, although the Organisation of African Unity has
proposed to the two belligerent nations a peace plan which is designed to settle their frontier dispute
and is fully supported by the European Union and the United Nations,

F. dismayed that the two countries have resorted once again to violence although, until the outbreak of
the conflict, they were both members of IGAD (the intergovernmental development authority) which
endeavoured to promote peace and stability in the region,

G. wishing to prevent an escalation of the conflict between these countries from destabilising the entire
Horn of Africa,

H. having regard to the deplorable conditions in which a large part of the population of the two countries
are living and to the deterioration of the humanitarian and social situation resulting from this war,

(1) OJ C 210, 6.7.1998. p. 206.

28.5.1999 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 150/383

Thursday 11 February 1999

1. Condemns the resumption of violence between Ethiopia and Eritrea;

2. Urges both belligerents to declare an immediate cease-fire and to reach a peaceful and equitable
settlement of their frontier dispute by subscribing fully to the OAU and UN peace plans;

3. Reaffirms that the conflict cannot be solved by armed force and that the continuation of fighting is
undermining the international credibility of both countries and is a serious setback to the hopes of
improving the present deplorable living conditions of their inhabitants;

4. Calls on the belligerent parties to cooperate fully with the Organisation of African Unity with a view
to securing by negotiation a satisfactory agreement based on its proposed peace plan;

5. Supports the mediation efforts undertaken at international level and calls on the European Union and
on the OAU to step up their efforts with a view to finding a political solution to the conflict;

6. Calls on the Council and the Commission to link development aid and Lomé-related benefits to
respect by both countries for international law and procedures for the peaceful settlement of disputes;

7. Calls on all the political forces and all components of civil society in Ethiopia and Eritrea to do their
utmost to exert pressure on their respective governments with a view to a peaceful solution being found to
the conflicts;

8. Calls on both countries to refrain from any policy involving the forced displacement of people,
particularly on ethnic grounds;

9. Calls on the Commission to provide for an increase in the humanitarian aid it already provides to the
inhabitants of Ethiopia and Eritrea, particularly to refugees and other persons displaced because of the

10. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Co-Presidents
of the ACP-EU Joint Assembly, the Secretaries-General of the OAU, the UN and IGAD and to the
Governments of Ethiopia and Eritrea.

10. Human rights

(a) B4-0188/99

Resolution on the death sentence handed down on Greg Summers in Texas, USA

The European Parliament,

− having regard to its previous resolutions on the death penalty,

A. noting that Greg Summers was convicted on 21 August 1991 and sentenced to death on a charge of
conspiracy in the murder of his mother, father and uncle,

B. emphasising that Greg Summers was convicted on the basis of an out-of-court accusation by the
self-confessed and convicted murderer of his family and that several further doubts may be raised
about the propriety of his trial,

C. noting that Greg Summers has always maintained his innocence, that his lawyers tabled an appeal
against his conviction at the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals on 30 September 1997 and that no
response has yet been given to this appeal,

D. noting that two German citizens, the brothers Karl Hinze and Walter Burnhary LaGrand, were
sentenced to death on the charges of bank robbery and murder in the State of Arizona in 1984 and are
facing imminent execution on 24 February and 3 March 1999,