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December 29, 2019

FIITJEE
CBSE PART TEST – I
ALL XTH STUDYING BATCHES

MATHS
Time: 1:30 Hours Max Marks: 40

Instructions:

1. The question paper consist of 20 questions divided into four sections. A, B, C and D.
2. Section A contains 10 questions of 1 mark each. Section B contains 3 questions of 2
marks each. Section C contains 4 questions of 3 marks each. Section D contains 3
questions of 4 marks each.
3. All questions are compulsory. However, internal choices are given.
4. Use of calculator is not permitted.

Name of the Candidate : .................................................................................................

Enroll Number : .................................................................................................

Date of Examination : .................................................................................................

1
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Section - A
1 Mark Questions
1. The graph of y = f(x) is given below. How many zeroes are there of f(x)? [1]
y

x x

y
(A) 0 (B) 1
(C) 2 (D) 3

2. Find the product of the zeroes of −2x2 + kx + 6. [1]


(A) −3 (B) −6
(C) 6 (D) 3

3. If ,  are the zeroes of a polynomial, such that  +  = 10 and  = 6, then write the polynomial.
[1]
(A) g(x) = k(x – 10x + 6)
2
(B) g(x) = k(x – 10x + 5)
2

(C) g(x) = k(x2 + 10x − 6) (D) g(x) = k(x2 – 10x − 6)

4. For what value of k, are the roots of the quadratic equation 3x2 + 2kx + 27 = 0 real and equal.
[1]
(A) k =  9 (B) k = 3
(C) k =  1 (D) None of these

5. For what value of p, are 2p + 1, 13, 5p – 3 three consecutive terms of an AP? [1]
(A) p = 2 (B) p = 3
(C) p = 4 (D) p = 5

6. In an A.P., if a = 3, n = 8, Sn = 192, find d. [1]


OR
Which term of the AP 21, 18, 15, ….., is zero?

7. Solve the following equation by the method of completing the square: [1]
9x2 + 24x + 16 = 0

8. Find the roots/solution of the quadratic equation by factorization: [1]


x2 – 9x + 20 = 0

9. If 2x2 – (2 + k)x + k = 0 where k is a real number, find the roots of the equation. [1]

10. ,  are zeroes of the polynomial x2 – 6x + a. Find the value of a, if 3 + 2 = 20. [1]
OR
Find the sum of the zeroes of the given quadratic polynomial −3x2 + k.

Section -B
2 Mark Questions

11. If the polynomial 6x4 + 8x3 + 17x2 + 21x + 7 is divided by another polynomial 3x2 + 4x + 1, the
remainder comes out to be (ax + b), find a and b. [2]

12. If −4 is a root of the quadratic equation x2 + px – 4 = 0 and the quadratic equation x2+px+k=0 has
equal roots, find the value of k. [2]

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13. In an A.P., the 24th term is twice the 10th term. Prove that the 36th term is twice the 16th term.
[2]
OR
Is −150 a term of the AP 17, 12, 7, 2 …..?

Section - C
3 Mark Questions

14. If product of the zeroes of the polynomial kx2 + 41x + 42 is 7 then find the zeroes of the
polynomial (k – 4)x2 + (k + 1)x + 5. [3]
OR
Find the zeroes of the quadratic polynomial 3x2 – 2 and verify the relationship between the zeroes
and the coefficients.

15. Using quadratic formula, solve the following quadratic equation for x: [3]
p x + (p – q )x – q = 0.
2 2 2 2 2

OR
If a and b are roots of the equation 2x2 + 7x + 5 = 0 then write a quadratic equation whose roots
are 2a + 3 and 2b + 3.

16. Seven years ago Varun’s age was five times the square of Swati’s age. Three years hence
Swati’s age will be two-fifth of Varun’s age. Find their present ages. [3]

 1
17. Show that the sum of first n even natural numbers is equal to  1 +  times the sum of the first n
 n
odd natural numbers. [3]

Section - D
4 Mark Questions

18. If the polynomial x4 – 6x3 + 16x2 – 25x + 10 is divided by (x2 – 2x + k) the remainder comes out to
be x + a, find k and a. [4]
OR
p(x) is a polynomial of degree more than 2. When p(x) is divided by x – 2, it leaves remainder 1
and when it is divided by x – 3 it leaves a remainder 3. Find the remainder when p(x) is divided by
(x – 2) (x – 3).

 2x − 1  x+3  1
19. Solve for x : 2   − 3  = 5; given that x  −3, x  . [4]
 x+3   2x − 1 2

20. An A.P., consists of 21 terms. The sum of the three terms in the middle is 129 and of the last
three is 237. Find the A.P. [4]
OR
The first and the last terms of an AP are 8 and 350 respectively. If its common difference is 9,
how many terms are there and what is their sum?

3
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HINTS AND SOLUTIONS

1. B
Sol. Graph of y = f(x) intersect x-axis in one point only.
Therefore number of zeroes of f(x) is one.

2. A
Sol. Here a = −2, b = k, c = 6
c
Product of zeroes =
a
6
i.e.,  = = −3
−2

3. A
Sol. ,  are the zeroes of a polynomial.
Sum of zeroes, S =  +  = 10, product of zeroes, P =  = 6
The required polynomial g(x) is given by
g(x) = k(x2 – Sx + P)
g(x) = k(x2 – 10x + 6)
where k is any non zero real number.

4. A
Sol. D = b2 – 4ac  D = (2k)2 – 4 × 3 × 27 = 4k2 – 324
For real and equal roots, D = 0  4k2 – 324 = 0  4k2 = 324
324
 k2 =  k 2 = 81 k9
4

5. C
Sol. If terms are in A.P., then 13 – (2p + 1) = (5p – 3) – 13
 13 – 2p – 1 = 5p – 3 – 13  28 = 7p  p = 4

n 8
6. Sn = 2a + (n − 1) d  192 = 2  3 + ( 8 − 1)  d
2 2
192
= 6 + 7d  7d = 48 − 6 = 42  d = 6
4
OR
Here, a = 21, d = 18 – 21 = −3
Let an = 0
 a + (n – 1)d = 0  21 + (n – 1)(−3) = 0
−21
 (n – 1)(−3) = −21  n −1= =7n=8
−3

 24 16 
7. Here given equation 9x2 + 24x + 16 = 0  9  x2 + x+ =0
 9 9 
2 2
8 16 8 4 16  4 
 x2 + x+ =0  x2 + x+  + − =0
3 9 3 3 9  3 
2 2
 4 16 16  4
 x + 3 + 9 − 9 = 0  x +  = 0
   3
4 4
 x+ =0 x=−
3 3

8. Given equation is x2 – 9x + 20 = 0  x2 – 5x – 4x + 20 = 0
 x(x – 5) – 4(x – 5) = 0  (x – 5) (x – 4) = 0
4
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 either x – 5 = 0 or x – 4 = 0  x = 5 or x = 4
 x = 4 or 5 are the roots/solution of the given quadratic equation.

9. Given quadratic equation is 2x2 – (2 + k)x + k = 0. Here, a = 2, b = −(2 + k), c = k


Now, a + b + c = 2 + [−(2 + k)] + k = 0
k
 roots are 1 and
2
c
(If a + b + c = 0, then roots of the quadratic equation are 1 and )
a

10.  +  = 6,  = a
Now 3 + 2 = 20
  + 2 + 2 = 20   + 2( + ) = 20
  + 2 × 6 = 20   = 20 – 12 = 8
  = −2
Now  = a
 8 × (−2) = a  −16
OR
Since polynomial is is −3x + 0x + k  a = −3, b = 0, c = k
2

−b
and sum of zeroes =
a
−b 0
i.e., += += =0
a −3

11. 2x 2 + 5
3x 2 + 4x + 1 6x 4 + 8x 3 + 17x 2 + 21x + 7
6x 4 + 8x3 + 2x 2
− − −
15x 2 + 21x + 7
15x 2 + 20x + 5
− − −
x+2
but given remainder is ax + b.
then ax + b = x + 2  a = 1, b = 2.

12. −4 is a root of quadratic equation x2 + px – 4 = 0


 (−4)2 + p(−4) – 4 = 0  16 – 4p – 4 = 0  p = 3
Putting p = 3 in equation x2 + px + k = 0, we get x2 + 3x + k = 0
Equation has equal roots D = 0  b2 – 4ac = 0
9
 (3)2 – 4 × 1 × k = 0  −4k = −9  k =
4

13. Let 1st term = a, common difference = d


a10 = a + 9d, a24 = a + 23d
According to the question, a24 = 2 × a10
 a + 23d = 2(a + 9d)  a + 23d = 2a + 18d  a = 5d
Now, a16 = a + 15d = 5d + 15d = 20d
a36 = a + 35d = 5d + 35d = 40d
From (i) and (ii), we get
a36 = 2 × a16
OR
17, 12, 7, 2, ……
Here, a = 17, d = 12 – 17 = −5
Let an = −150
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a + (n – 1)d = −150  17 + (n – 1)(−5) = −150
 (n – 1)(−5) = −150 – 17  (n – 1)(−5) = −167
167 167
 n −1=  n= +1
5 5
167 + 5 172 2
 n= = = 34
5 5 5
n is not a whole number.
 −150 is not a term of the A.P.

14. Here f(x) = kx2 + 41x + 42


a = k, b = 41, c = 42
A.T.Q. product of zeroes = 7
c
 =7
a
42
 = 7  42 = 7k  k = 6
k
Putting k = 6 in polynomial
p(x) = (k – 4)x2 + (k + 1)x + 5
we get p(x) = (6 – 4)x2 + (6 + 1)x + 5
 p(x) = 2x2 + 7x + 5
2
For zeroes of p(x), 2x + 7x + 5 = 0
2x2 + 5x + 2x + 5 = 0
 x(2x + 5) + 1(2x + 5) = 0
 (x + 1) (2x + 5) = 0
−5
 x = −1, x =
2
−5
 zeroes are −1,
2
OR
Here p(x) = 3x2 – 2
For zeroes of p(x), p(x) = 0
 3x2 – 2 = 0  3x2 = 2
2 2
 x2 =  x = 
3 3
2 2
 zeroes are and −
3 3
Also a = 3, b = 0 and c = −2
2  2
Now sum of zeroes = + − =0
3  3 
−b −0 −b
Also = = 0  Sum of zeroes =
a 3 a
2 2 −2
and product of zeroes = − =
3 3 3
c −2 c
Also =  Product of zeroes =
a 3 a

15. p2x2 + (p2 – q2)x – q2 = 0


Here ( )
a = p2 ,b = p2 − q2 ,c = −q2,

( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
D = b2 − 4ac = p2 − q2 − 4  p2  −q2 = p2 + q2

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−b + D −b − D
Now x= 
2a 2a

( ) (p ) ( ) (p )
2 2
− p2 − q2 + 2
+ q2 − p2 − q2 − 2
+ q2
 x= ; x=
2  p2 2  p2
q2
 x= , −1
p2
OR
Here given quadratic equation is 2x2 + 7x + 5 = 0
−7
a and b are roots  a+b= …(i)
2
5
and a b = …(ii)
2
Now, quadratic equation whose roots are 2a + 3 and 2b + 3 is
x 2 − 2a + 3 + 2b + 3 x + ( 2a + 3 )( 2b + 3 ) = 0
 x 2 − 2 ( a + b ) + 6  x + (4ab + 6 ( a + b ) + 9] = 0
  −7    5  −7  
 x 2 − 2   + 6 x + 4  + 6    + 9 = 0 [using eq. (i) and (ii)]
  2    2  2  
 x +x–2=0
2

16. Let Varun’s present age be x years and Swati’s present age be y years.
Case-I: 7 years ago
Varun’s age was (x – 7) years and Swati’s age was (y – 7) years
ATQ (x – 7) = 5(y – 7)2  x = 5 (y – 7)2 + 7 …(i)
Case – II: 3 years hence
Varun’s age will be (x + 3) years and Swati’s age will be (y + 3) years
2
ATQ y + 3 = ( x + 3)
5

5 
 (
y + 3 =  5 ( y − 7 ) + 7 + 3
2 2
 ) [Using eq. (i)]


2 2
y + 3 =  5 ( y − 7 ) +  10  y + 3 = 2 y 2 − 14y + 49 + 4
5
2
5
( )
 y + 3 = 2y − 28y + 98 + 4
2
 2y2 − 29y + 99 = 0
 2y2 – 18y – 11y + 99 = 0  2y (y – 9) – 11(y – 9) = 0
11
 (y – 9) (2y – 11) = 0  y = 9, y = (rejecting)
2
 y=9  x = 5(9 – 7)2 + 7 [From (i)]
 Present age of Swati = 9 years and Varun = 27 years.

17. Let S1 be the sum of first n even natural numbers.


Then S1 = 2 + 4 + 6 + ..... + 2n
n
 S1 = 2  2 + (n − 1) 2
2
n
 S1 =  4 + 2n − 2 = n (n + 1) …(i)
2
Let S2 be the sum of first n odd natural numbers.
n
Then S2 = 2  1 + ( n − 1) 2 = n2
2
 1
S1 =  1 +  S2 [From (i)]
 n 
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18. P(x) = x4 – 6x3 + 16x2 – 25x + 10, g(x) = x2 – 2x + k
r(x) = x + a. let q(x) = px2 + qx + r
P(x) = g(x) q(x) + r(x)
 x4 – 6x3 + 16x2 – 25x + 10 = (x2 – 2x + k) (px2 + qx + r) + x + a
 P(x) = px4 + qx3 + rx2 – 2px3 – 2qx2 – 2rx + kpx2 + kqx + kr + x + a
 P(x) = px4 + (q – 2p)x3 + (r – 2q + kp)x2 + (kq – 2r + 1)x + kr + a
 x4 – 6x3 + 16x2 – 25x + 10 = px4 + (q – 2p)x3 + (r – 2q + kp)x2 + (kq – 2r + 1)x + kr + a]
Equating the coefficients, we get
p = 1, q – 2p = −6  q – 2 × 1 = −6  q = −4
Also kq – 2r + 1 = 25
 k × (−4) – 2r = −26  −4k – 2r = −26
 2k + r = 13 …(i)
Using r – 2q + kp = 16
 r – 2 × (−4) + k × 1 = 16  r + k = 8 …(ii)
From (i) and (ii) we get r = 3, k = 5
 kr + a = 10  5 × 3 + a = 10  a = −5
OR
Let r(x) = ax + b, when p(x) is divided by (x – 2)(x – 3).
According to division algorithm,
 p(x) = (x – 2)(x – 3)  q(x) + r(x)
 p(x) = (x – 2)(x – 3) q(x) + ax + b
Now, p(2) = 1
 (2 – 2) (2 – 3) q(2) + a × 2 + b = 1
 2a + b = 1 …(i)
Also, p(3) = 3
 (3 – 2) (3 – 3) q(3) + a × 3 + b = 3
 3a + b = 3 …(ii)
Solving (i) and (ii), we get a = 2, b = −3  r(x) = 2x – 3

 2x − 1  x+3 
19. 2  − 3 =5
 x+3   2x − 1
2x − 1
Let =y
x+3
1
 Given equation becomes 2y − 3  = 5  2y 2 − 3 = 5y  2y 2 − 5y − 3 = 0
y
 2y2 − 6y + y − 3 = 0  2y ( y − 3 ) + 1( y − 3 ) = 0
1
 ( y − 3 )( 2y + 1) = 0  y = 3, y = −
2
2x − 1 2x − 1 1
 = 3 or =−  2x − 1 = 3x + 9 or 4x − 2 = −x − 3
x+3 x+3 2
−1
 − x = 10 or 5x = −1  x = −10 or x =
5
−1
 x = −10,
5

20. Let 1st term of A.P. be a and common difference be d.


Now, three middle terms of this A.P. are a10, a11 and a12
A.T.Q., a10 + a11 + a12 = 129
 (a + 9d) + (a + 10d) + (a + 11d) = 129
 3a + 30d = 129
 a = 10d = 43  a = 43 – 10d …(i)
Also, last three terms are a19, a20 and a21

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 a19 + a20 + a21 = 237
 (a + 18d) + (a + 19d) + (a + 20d) = 237
 3a + 57d = 237  a + 19d = 79
 43 – 10d + 19d = 79 [Using (i)]
 9d = 36  d = 4
When d = 4, equation (i) becomes
a = 43 – 10 × 4 = 3
 A.P. is 3, 7, 11, 15, ……
OR
Here, a = 8, = 350, d = 9
Using formula, = a + (n – 1)d, we get
a + (n – 1)d = 350
 8 + (n – 1)9 = 350  (n – 1)9 = 350 – 8
342
 (n − 1) 9 = 342  n −1=
9
 n – 1 = 38  n = 38 + 1 = 39
n
From formula, Sn = ( a + ) , we get
2
39 39
S39 = ( 8 + 350 ) =  358 = 6981
2 2

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