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# FTRE

on
December 29, 2019

FIITJEE
CBSE PART TEST – I
ALL XTH STUDYING BATCHES

MATHS
Time: 1:30 Hours Max Marks: 40

Instructions:

1. The question paper consist of 20 questions divided into four sections. A, B, C and D.
2. Section A contains 10 questions of 1 mark each. Section B contains 3 questions of 2
marks each. Section C contains 4 questions of 3 marks each. Section D contains 3
questions of 4 marks each.
3. All questions are compulsory. However, internal choices are given.
4. Use of calculator is not permitted.

## Date of Examination : .................................................................................................

1
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Section - A
1 Mark Questions
1. The graph of y = f(x) is given below. How many zeroes are there of f(x)? 
y

x x

y
(A) 0 (B) 1
(C) 2 (D) 3

## 2. Find the product of the zeroes of −2x2 + kx + 6. 

(A) −3 (B) −6
(C) 6 (D) 3

3. If ,  are the zeroes of a polynomial, such that  +  = 10 and  = 6, then write the polynomial.

(A) g(x) = k(x – 10x + 6)
2
(B) g(x) = k(x – 10x + 5)
2

## (C) g(x) = k(x2 + 10x − 6) (D) g(x) = k(x2 – 10x − 6)

4. For what value of k, are the roots of the quadratic equation 3x2 + 2kx + 27 = 0 real and equal.

(A) k =  9 (B) k = 3
(C) k =  1 (D) None of these

5. For what value of p, are 2p + 1, 13, 5p – 3 three consecutive terms of an AP? 
(A) p = 2 (B) p = 3
(C) p = 4 (D) p = 5

## 6. In an A.P., if a = 3, n = 8, Sn = 192, find d. 

OR
Which term of the AP 21, 18, 15, ….., is zero?

7. Solve the following equation by the method of completing the square: 
9x2 + 24x + 16 = 0

## 8. Find the roots/solution of the quadratic equation by factorization: 

x2 – 9x + 20 = 0

9. If 2x2 – (2 + k)x + k = 0 where k is a real number, find the roots of the equation. 

10. ,  are zeroes of the polynomial x2 – 6x + a. Find the value of a, if 3 + 2 = 20. 
OR
Find the sum of the zeroes of the given quadratic polynomial −3x2 + k.

Section -B
2 Mark Questions

11. If the polynomial 6x4 + 8x3 + 17x2 + 21x + 7 is divided by another polynomial 3x2 + 4x + 1, the
remainder comes out to be (ax + b), find a and b. 

12. If −4 is a root of the quadratic equation x2 + px – 4 = 0 and the quadratic equation x2+px+k=0 has
equal roots, find the value of k. 

2
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13. In an A.P., the 24th term is twice the 10th term. Prove that the 36th term is twice the 16th term.

OR
Is −150 a term of the AP 17, 12, 7, 2 …..?

Section - C
3 Mark Questions

14. If product of the zeroes of the polynomial kx2 + 41x + 42 is 7 then find the zeroes of the
polynomial (k – 4)x2 + (k + 1)x + 5. 
OR
Find the zeroes of the quadratic polynomial 3x2 – 2 and verify the relationship between the zeroes
and the coefficients.

15. Using quadratic formula, solve the following quadratic equation for x: 
p x + (p – q )x – q = 0.
2 2 2 2 2

OR
If a and b are roots of the equation 2x2 + 7x + 5 = 0 then write a quadratic equation whose roots
are 2a + 3 and 2b + 3.

16. Seven years ago Varun’s age was five times the square of Swati’s age. Three years hence
Swati’s age will be two-fifth of Varun’s age. Find their present ages. 

 1
17. Show that the sum of first n even natural numbers is equal to  1 +  times the sum of the first n
 n
odd natural numbers. 

Section - D
4 Mark Questions

18. If the polynomial x4 – 6x3 + 16x2 – 25x + 10 is divided by (x2 – 2x + k) the remainder comes out to
be x + a, find k and a. 
OR
p(x) is a polynomial of degree more than 2. When p(x) is divided by x – 2, it leaves remainder 1
and when it is divided by x – 3 it leaves a remainder 3. Find the remainder when p(x) is divided by
(x – 2) (x – 3).

 2x − 1  x+3  1
19. Solve for x : 2   − 3  = 5; given that x  −3, x  . 
 x+3   2x − 1 2

20. An A.P., consists of 21 terms. The sum of the three terms in the middle is 129 and of the last
three is 237. Find the A.P. 
OR
The first and the last terms of an AP are 8 and 350 respectively. If its common difference is 9,
how many terms are there and what is their sum?

3
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HINTS AND SOLUTIONS

1. B
Sol. Graph of y = f(x) intersect x-axis in one point only.
Therefore number of zeroes of f(x) is one.

2. A
Sol. Here a = −2, b = k, c = 6
c
Product of zeroes =
a
6
i.e.,  = = −3
−2

3. A
Sol. ,  are the zeroes of a polynomial.
Sum of zeroes, S =  +  = 10, product of zeroes, P =  = 6
The required polynomial g(x) is given by
g(x) = k(x2 – Sx + P)
g(x) = k(x2 – 10x + 6)
where k is any non zero real number.

4. A
Sol. D = b2 – 4ac  D = (2k)2 – 4 × 3 × 27 = 4k2 – 324
For real and equal roots, D = 0  4k2 – 324 = 0  4k2 = 324
324
 k2 =  k 2 = 81 k9
4

5. C
Sol. If terms are in A.P., then 13 – (2p + 1) = (5p – 3) – 13
 13 – 2p – 1 = 5p – 3 – 13  28 = 7p  p = 4

n 8
6. Sn = 2a + (n − 1) d  192 = 2  3 + ( 8 − 1)  d
2 2
192
= 6 + 7d  7d = 48 − 6 = 42  d = 6
4
OR
Here, a = 21, d = 18 – 21 = −3
Let an = 0
 a + (n – 1)d = 0  21 + (n – 1)(−3) = 0
−21
 (n – 1)(−3) = −21  n −1= =7n=8
−3

 24 16 
7. Here given equation 9x2 + 24x + 16 = 0  9  x2 + x+ =0
 9 9 
2 2
8 16 8 4 16  4 
 x2 + x+ =0  x2 + x+  + − =0
3 9 3 3 9  3 
2 2
 4 16 16  4
 x + 3 + 9 − 9 = 0  x +  = 0
   3
4 4
 x+ =0 x=−
3 3

8. Given equation is x2 – 9x + 20 = 0  x2 – 5x – 4x + 20 = 0
 x(x – 5) – 4(x – 5) = 0  (x – 5) (x – 4) = 0
4
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 either x – 5 = 0 or x – 4 = 0  x = 5 or x = 4
 x = 4 or 5 are the roots/solution of the given quadratic equation.

## 9. Given quadratic equation is 2x2 – (2 + k)x + k = 0. Here, a = 2, b = −(2 + k), c = k

Now, a + b + c = 2 + [−(2 + k)] + k = 0
k
 roots are 1 and
2
c
(If a + b + c = 0, then roots of the quadratic equation are 1 and )
a

10.  +  = 6,  = a
Now 3 + 2 = 20
  + 2 + 2 = 20   + 2( + ) = 20
  + 2 × 6 = 20   = 20 – 12 = 8
  = −2
Now  = a
 8 × (−2) = a  −16
OR
Since polynomial is is −3x + 0x + k  a = −3, b = 0, c = k
2

−b
and sum of zeroes =
a
−b 0
i.e., += += =0
a −3

11. 2x 2 + 5
3x 2 + 4x + 1 6x 4 + 8x 3 + 17x 2 + 21x + 7
6x 4 + 8x3 + 2x 2
− − −
15x 2 + 21x + 7
15x 2 + 20x + 5
− − −
x+2
but given remainder is ax + b.
then ax + b = x + 2  a = 1, b = 2.

## 12. −4 is a root of quadratic equation x2 + px – 4 = 0

 (−4)2 + p(−4) – 4 = 0  16 – 4p – 4 = 0  p = 3
Putting p = 3 in equation x2 + px + k = 0, we get x2 + 3x + k = 0
Equation has equal roots D = 0  b2 – 4ac = 0
9
 (3)2 – 4 × 1 × k = 0  −4k = −9  k =
4

## 13. Let 1st term = a, common difference = d

a10 = a + 9d, a24 = a + 23d
According to the question, a24 = 2 × a10
 a + 23d = 2(a + 9d)  a + 23d = 2a + 18d  a = 5d
Now, a16 = a + 15d = 5d + 15d = 20d
a36 = a + 35d = 5d + 35d = 40d
From (i) and (ii), we get
a36 = 2 × a16
OR
17, 12, 7, 2, ……
Here, a = 17, d = 12 – 17 = −5
Let an = −150
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a + (n – 1)d = −150  17 + (n – 1)(−5) = −150
 (n – 1)(−5) = −150 – 17  (n – 1)(−5) = −167
167 167
 n −1=  n= +1
5 5
167 + 5 172 2
 n= = = 34
5 5 5
n is not a whole number.
 −150 is not a term of the A.P.

## 14. Here f(x) = kx2 + 41x + 42

a = k, b = 41, c = 42
A.T.Q. product of zeroes = 7
c
 =7
a
42
 = 7  42 = 7k  k = 6
k
Putting k = 6 in polynomial
p(x) = (k – 4)x2 + (k + 1)x + 5
we get p(x) = (6 – 4)x2 + (6 + 1)x + 5
 p(x) = 2x2 + 7x + 5
2
For zeroes of p(x), 2x + 7x + 5 = 0
2x2 + 5x + 2x + 5 = 0
 x(2x + 5) + 1(2x + 5) = 0
 (x + 1) (2x + 5) = 0
−5
 x = −1, x =
2
−5
 zeroes are −1,
2
OR
Here p(x) = 3x2 – 2
For zeroes of p(x), p(x) = 0
 3x2 – 2 = 0  3x2 = 2
2 2
 x2 =  x = 
3 3
2 2
 zeroes are and −
3 3
Also a = 3, b = 0 and c = −2
2  2
Now sum of zeroes = + − =0
3  3 
−b −0 −b
Also = = 0  Sum of zeroes =
a 3 a
2 2 −2
and product of zeroes = − =
3 3 3
c −2 c
Also =  Product of zeroes =
a 3 a

## 15. p2x2 + (p2 – q2)x – q2 = 0

Here ( )
a = p2 ,b = p2 − q2 ,c = −q2,

( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
D = b2 − 4ac = p2 − q2 − 4  p2  −q2 = p2 + q2

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−b + D −b − D
Now x= 
2a 2a

( ) (p ) ( ) (p )
2 2
− p2 − q2 + 2
+ q2 − p2 − q2 − 2
+ q2
 x= ; x=
2  p2 2  p2
q2
 x= , −1
p2
OR
Here given quadratic equation is 2x2 + 7x + 5 = 0
−7
a and b are roots  a+b= …(i)
2
5
and a b = …(ii)
2
Now, quadratic equation whose roots are 2a + 3 and 2b + 3 is
x 2 − 2a + 3 + 2b + 3 x + ( 2a + 3 )( 2b + 3 ) = 0
 x 2 − 2 ( a + b ) + 6  x + (4ab + 6 ( a + b ) + 9] = 0
  −7    5  −7  
 x 2 − 2   + 6 x + 4  + 6    + 9 = 0 [using eq. (i) and (ii)]
  2    2  2  
 x +x–2=0
2

16. Let Varun’s present age be x years and Swati’s present age be y years.
Case-I: 7 years ago
Varun’s age was (x – 7) years and Swati’s age was (y – 7) years
ATQ (x – 7) = 5(y – 7)2  x = 5 (y – 7)2 + 7 …(i)
Case – II: 3 years hence
Varun’s age will be (x + 3) years and Swati’s age will be (y + 3) years
2
ATQ y + 3 = ( x + 3)
5

5 
 (
y + 3 =  5 ( y − 7 ) + 7 + 3
2 2
 ) [Using eq. (i)]

2 2
y + 3 =  5 ( y − 7 ) +  10  y + 3 = 2 y 2 − 14y + 49 + 4
5
2
5
( )
 y + 3 = 2y − 28y + 98 + 4
2
 2y2 − 29y + 99 = 0
 2y2 – 18y – 11y + 99 = 0  2y (y – 9) – 11(y – 9) = 0
11
 (y – 9) (2y – 11) = 0  y = 9, y = (rejecting)
2
 y=9  x = 5(9 – 7)2 + 7 [From (i)]
 Present age of Swati = 9 years and Varun = 27 years.

## 17. Let S1 be the sum of first n even natural numbers.

Then S1 = 2 + 4 + 6 + ..... + 2n
n
 S1 = 2  2 + (n − 1) 2
2
n
 S1 =  4 + 2n − 2 = n (n + 1) …(i)
2
Let S2 be the sum of first n odd natural numbers.
n
Then S2 = 2  1 + ( n − 1) 2 = n2
2
 1
S1 =  1 +  S2 [From (i)]
 n 
7
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18. P(x) = x4 – 6x3 + 16x2 – 25x + 10, g(x) = x2 – 2x + k
r(x) = x + a. let q(x) = px2 + qx + r
P(x) = g(x) q(x) + r(x)
 x4 – 6x3 + 16x2 – 25x + 10 = (x2 – 2x + k) (px2 + qx + r) + x + a
 P(x) = px4 + qx3 + rx2 – 2px3 – 2qx2 – 2rx + kpx2 + kqx + kr + x + a
 P(x) = px4 + (q – 2p)x3 + (r – 2q + kp)x2 + (kq – 2r + 1)x + kr + a
 x4 – 6x3 + 16x2 – 25x + 10 = px4 + (q – 2p)x3 + (r – 2q + kp)x2 + (kq – 2r + 1)x + kr + a]
Equating the coefficients, we get
p = 1, q – 2p = −6  q – 2 × 1 = −6  q = −4
Also kq – 2r + 1 = 25
 k × (−4) – 2r = −26  −4k – 2r = −26
 2k + r = 13 …(i)
Using r – 2q + kp = 16
 r – 2 × (−4) + k × 1 = 16  r + k = 8 …(ii)
From (i) and (ii) we get r = 3, k = 5
 kr + a = 10  5 × 3 + a = 10  a = −5
OR
Let r(x) = ax + b, when p(x) is divided by (x – 2)(x – 3).
According to division algorithm,
 p(x) = (x – 2)(x – 3)  q(x) + r(x)
 p(x) = (x – 2)(x – 3) q(x) + ax + b
Now, p(2) = 1
 (2 – 2) (2 – 3) q(2) + a × 2 + b = 1
 2a + b = 1 …(i)
Also, p(3) = 3
 (3 – 2) (3 – 3) q(3) + a × 3 + b = 3
 3a + b = 3 …(ii)
Solving (i) and (ii), we get a = 2, b = −3  r(x) = 2x – 3

 2x − 1  x+3 
19. 2  − 3 =5
 x+3   2x − 1
2x − 1
Let =y
x+3
1
 Given equation becomes 2y − 3  = 5  2y 2 − 3 = 5y  2y 2 − 5y − 3 = 0
y
 2y2 − 6y + y − 3 = 0  2y ( y − 3 ) + 1( y − 3 ) = 0
1
 ( y − 3 )( 2y + 1) = 0  y = 3, y = −
2
2x − 1 2x − 1 1
 = 3 or =−  2x − 1 = 3x + 9 or 4x − 2 = −x − 3
x+3 x+3 2
−1
 − x = 10 or 5x = −1  x = −10 or x =
5
−1
 x = −10,
5

## 20. Let 1st term of A.P. be a and common difference be d.

Now, three middle terms of this A.P. are a10, a11 and a12
A.T.Q., a10 + a11 + a12 = 129
 (a + 9d) + (a + 10d) + (a + 11d) = 129
 3a + 30d = 129
 a = 10d = 43  a = 43 – 10d …(i)
Also, last three terms are a19, a20 and a21

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 a19 + a20 + a21 = 237
 (a + 18d) + (a + 19d) + (a + 20d) = 237
 3a + 57d = 237  a + 19d = 79
 43 – 10d + 19d = 79 [Using (i)]
 9d = 36  d = 4
When d = 4, equation (i) becomes
a = 43 – 10 × 4 = 3
 A.P. is 3, 7, 11, 15, ……
OR
Here, a = 8, = 350, d = 9
Using formula, = a + (n – 1)d, we get
a + (n – 1)d = 350
 8 + (n – 1)9 = 350  (n – 1)9 = 350 – 8
342
 (n − 1) 9 = 342  n −1=
9
 n – 1 = 38  n = 38 + 1 = 39
n
From formula, Sn = ( a + ) , we get
2
39 39
S39 = ( 8 + 350 ) =  358 = 6981
2 2

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