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Psychology

Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Its immediate goal is to understand humanity by both discovering general
[1] [2]

principles and exploring specific cases,[3][4] and its ultimate aim is to benefit society.[5][6] In this field, a professional practitioner or
researcher is called a psychologist, and can be classified as a social scientist, behavioral scientist, or cognitive scientist.
Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the
physiological and neurobiological processes that underlie certain functions and behaviors.
Psychologists explore such concepts as perception, cognition, attention, emotion, phenomenology motivation, brain functioning,
personality, behavior, and interpersonal relationships. Some, especially depth psychologists, also consider the unconscious mind.a
Psychologists employ empirical methods to infer causal and correlational relationships between psychosocial variables. In addition,
or in opposition, to employing empirical and deductive methods, some—especially clinical and counseling psychologists—at times
rely upon symbolic interpretation and other inductive techniques. Psychology incorporates research from the social sciences,
natural sciences, and humanities.
While psychological knowledge is typically applied to the assessment and treatment of mental health problems, it is also applied to
understanding and solving problems in many different spheres of human activity. Although the majority of psychologists are
involved in some kind of therapeutic role (clinical, counseling, and school positions); many do scientific research on a wide range of
topics related to mental processes and social behavior (typically in university psychology departments) and/or teach such
knowledge in academic settings; and some are employed in industrial and organizational settings, and in other areas[7] such as
human development and aging, sports, health, the media, law, and forensics.

Etymology
The word psychology literally means, "study of the soul" (psychē, meaning "breath", "spirit", or "soul"); and "-λογία" (-logia,
translated as "study of" or "research"[not in citation given]).[8] The Latin word psychologia was first used by the Croatian humanist and
Latinist Marko Marulić in his book, Psichiologia de ratione animae humanae in the late 15th century or early 16th century.[9] The
earliest known reference to the word psychology in English was by Steven Blankaart in 1693 in The Physical Dictionary which refers
to "Anatomy, which treats of the Body, and Psychology, which treats of the Soul."[10]
Business psychology is the application of clinical psychology´s traditional knowledge and skill base to people working in
business settings.
Business psychology is about people who do the work for corporations of all sizes including one person´s corporations.
It's all about maximising the prime asset of any organisation - its people. This is achieved
by recognising the impact behavioural issues have on the bottom line of any enterprise
and creating the most synergistic balance through education, information and teamwork.

Information and communications technology or information and communication technology,[1] usually called ICT,
is often used as a synonym for information technology (IT) but is usually a more general term that stresses the role of
telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals) in modern information technology. ICT consists of all
technical means used to handle information and aid communication, including both computer and network hardware as
well as necessary software. In other words, ICT consists of IT as well as telephony, broadcast media, and all types of
audio and video processing and transmission.[2] The expression was first used in 1997[3] in a report by Dennis Stevenson
to the UK government[4] and promoted by the new National Curriculum documents for the UK in 2000.
ICT is often used in the context of "ICT roadmap" to indicate the path that an organization will take with their ICT
needs.[5][6]
The term ICT is now also used to refer to the merging (convergence) of telephone networks with computer networks
through a single cabling or link system. There are large economic incentives (huge cost savings due to elimination of the
telephone network) to merge the telephone network with the computer network system. See VOIP. This in turn has
spurred the growth of organizations with the term ICT in their names to indicate their specialization in the process of
merging the two network systems.