Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4

LESSON 4

UNIT 1 (1.2)

PROPERTIES OF THE ISM-STATUS (WORD AFTER ‘OF’)

Status of the word After ‘of’

Really quick review, how many kinds of words are there in Arabic? Ans. ‘three’.

سٱ

ۡ

1) م

ۡ

2) ل عِف

3) ف ۡ ح َ

ر

ۡ م سٱ ۡ ل عِف َ ف ر ۡ ح
ۡ
م
سٱ
ۡ
ل
عِف
َ
ف ر ۡ
ح

is a Person, Place, Thing, Idea, Adjective, Adverb & more.

is a word stuck in the past tense, present tense or future tense.

is a word that makes no sense unless another word comes after it.

Of these 3 we are studying the م

سٱ ۡ

The م سٱ has 4 properties. The 4 properties of the م سٱ are:

ۡ

ۡ

1) STATUS

2) NUMBER

3) GENDER

4) TYPE

The hardest of these 4 properties is: ‘STATUS’. That’s why we are studying ‘Status’ first.

There are 3 types of ‘STATUS’ or 3 ‘forms’ of ‘STATUS’:

1) DOER STATUS

2) DETAIL STATUS

3) – We study today

More examples on DOER / DETAL STATUS before we study 3 rd type:

e.g. sentence “The Messenger of Allah Taught Us” Who is the ‘Doer’? – ans: ‘Messenger’ Whats the detail? – ans: ‘of Allah’? X WRONG Imagine ‘of Allah’ is not there, and phrase is:

“The Messenger Taught Us”

ۡ

“Taught” is a ل عِف so it can’t be a ‘DETAIL’

عِف ۡ

The ‘Details’ are of the ل

عِف ۡ

DOER = DOER of the ل

عِف ۡ

DETAIL = DETAIL about the ل

So you are asking questions and the questions are to do with the ل

e.g. “I ate an apple yesterday outside the house quickly”

عِف ۡ

Bayyinah TV - Arabic with Husna – UNIT 1 (1.2)

1
1

Notes by Musarrat Bano

m_bano@hotmail.com

LESSON 4

ل

عِف ۡ ? ans: ‘ATE’

ۡ

Who ate? ans: ‘I’ rephrase: Who is the Doer of the ل عِف of eating?

ل

عِف ۡ is the ACT. Who did the ACT? = DOER

When I say, ‘When did I eat?’, ‘Where did I eat?’, ‘How did I eat?’, ‘What did I eat?’ } what word kept coming up over and over again?

Ans: ‘EAT’ So even the DETAIL questions are about the ل

عِف ۡ .

e.g. “The Messenger of Allah Taught Us Turn ‘of Allah’ phrase into a question - ? e.g to turn 1 st part into a question – would be “who taught”? Ans: would be ‘Messenger Taught’

e.g Who did the Messenger teach? Ans: ‘Us’ ‘Taught Us’ this part of the sentence was turned into a question.

Phrase ‘Of Allah’ turn into a question – what would question be? Ans: ‘Whose Messenger was he?’ – question & ‘Of Allah’ = answer. When I ask ‘Whose Messenger is he? Did I mention anything about ‘teaching’? ans: ‘No’.

My question – when I ask about the DOER – did I say ‘Who Taught’? ans: ‘yes’ When I ask ‘Who is the DOER’? ‘Who did the ACT of Teaching’? So the word ‘Teaching’ came up.

Create the question behind ‘Us’ – ans: ‘Who did the Messenger teach?’ Did the word ‘teach’ come up again? Ans: ‘yes’

So DOER question and the DETAIL question have to do with ‘Teaching’.

When I ask question ‘Whose Messenger is he?’

- Did the word ‘teaching’ come up? Ans: ‘No’

- So the phrase ‘OF ALLAH’ is not a DETAIL of teaching, it has nothing to do with teaching, that’s why it’s not going to be a Detail, it is going to be something else.

* Learn the powerful skill of how to ask questions. *

e.g. sentence: “Islam Teaches Us Respect

- What’s the Doer? Ans: ‘Islam’

- What’s the ل عِف / the ACT? Ans: ‘Teaches’

- What are the Details? Ans: ‘Us’ & ‘Respect’

ۡ

How do you create questions out of this sentence?

- e.g ‘Islam teaches’ : What’s the question? Ans: ‘Who teaches? / What teaches?’

- e.g ‘Us’ : turn to question? ans: ‘Who does Islam teach?’

- e.g. word ‘respect’ – What’s the question? ans: ‘What does Islam teach us?’

‘Us’ = Doer or Detail? Ans: ‘DETAIL’. ‘Respect’ – Doer or Detail? Ans: ‘Detail’.

Bayyinah TV - Arabic with Husna – UNIT 1 (1.2)

2
2

Notes by Musarrat Bano

m_bano@hotmail.com

LESSON 4

e.g. sentence: “Our Parents Will Pray For Our Success

- What’s the ل عِف ? – ans: ‘Will Pray’

- Whose the Doer? – ans: ‘Parents’

- What’s the question behind the DOER? Ans: ‘Who prays for your success?’

- What do they pray for? Ans: ‘Our Success’ – this is DETAIL.

ۡ

Now the 3rd STATUS. 1 st ) DOER STATUS

2 nd ) DETAIL STATUS

3 rd ) AFTER ‘OF’ STATUS

e.g. sentence: “The Messenger of Allah Taught Us” - What word came After ‘of’? ans: the word ‘Allah’

e.g. sentence: “Islam Teaches Us Respect

- Is there any After ‘of’ here? Ans: ‘No’. Only DOER & DETAIL Status.

- You don’t have to find all 3 every time.

e.g. sentence: “Our Parents Will Pray For Our Success

- ‘Our Parents’ – In English is there another way to say this?

- Ans: ‘Yes, parents of ours’

- What word would have the AFTER ‘OF’ STATUS? Ans: ‘Ours’

- Any other AFTER ‘OF’ STATUS in this sentence? Ans: ‘Success of Ours’

- So word ‘Our’ would have After ‘of’ Status.

e.g. sentence: “I Was Eating Too Much Chocolate

- ‘I’ – Doer or Detail? Ans: ‘ Doer’

- ‘Was eating’ = Doer or Detail? Or what? Ans: ‘ل

عِفۡ

- ‘Was eating’ – ل عِف because in the PAST TENSE

- ‘Too Much Chocolate’: ans: ‘Detail’. Question would be: ‘What was I eating?’

- What’s the question behind ‘I’? ans: ‘Who was eating?’

ۡ

e.g. sentence: ‘My Teeth Began Aching

- Is there another way to say ‘My Teeth’? ans: ‘Teeth of mine’

- Word ‘My’ – Doer / Detail / After ‘of’ STATUS? Ans: ‘After ‘of’’

- Because ‘My Teeth’ is secretly what phrase? Ans: ‘Teeth of mine’

- You have to discover the ‘of’ sometimes. Sometimes spelt out, sometimes not spelt out.

- Word ‘Teeth’: Doer / Detail? Ans: ‘DOER’

‘My Dentist’: e.g. sentence: “My Dentist Gave Me A Root Canal

- Are there any words with any Status? Eg. Doer / Detail / After ‘of’

- My – After ‘of’ Status (Dentist of mine)

- Dentist – DOER – Doer of giving me the root canal.

- Gave لعِف Can’t be Doer / Detail. Can’t have any Status

- Me – Detail

- A Root Canal – Detail

Now make all the questions, out this last sentence:

- ‘Dentist’ – question behind ‘Dentist’ is: ans: ‘Who gave you the root canal’

- ‘Me’ – What’s the question? Ans: ‘Who got the root canal?’

ۡ

Bayyinah TV - Arabic with Husna – UNIT 1 (1.2)

3
3

Notes by Musarrat Bano

m_bano@hotmail.com

LESSON 4

- ‘A root canal’ – What’s the question behind this? Ans: ‘What did the dentist give me?’

- ‘Who GAVE me the root canal?’ Answer to that question gave me the DOER. The word ‘Gave’ was there.

- Who did he GIVE it to? Ans: ‘Me’ – Is the word GIVE there still? Ans: ‘yes’

- What did the dentist GIVE me? Ans: ‘root canal’ – is the word GIVE still there? Ans: ‘yes’.

- Whose dentist was he? Did word GIVE come up? Ans: ‘No’.

- In the DOER question and DETAIL question the لعِف comes up.

- Who did you GIVE? / What did you GIVE? / Who GAVE?

ۡ

ۡ

- In the AFTER ‘OF’ question the لعِف doesn’t come up

- The AFTER ‘OF’ has nothing to do with the

- That’s really really important.

ۡ

لعِف

Now im going to give you 3 words & test you on these words in the next session.

From today on:

we will never say DOER STATUS we will say: ع ر STATUS

ۡ

ف

َ

we will never say DETAIL STATUS we will say ب

ص ن STATUS

ۡ

َ

we will never say AFTER ‘OF’ STATUS we will say

َ

ج STATUS

ّ

ر

Im going to give you the English, quickly give me the Arabic:

DOER STATUS……………

ans:

AFTER ‘OF’ STATUS………ans:

ۡ

ف َ

ع ر STATUS

َ

ج STATUS

ّ

ر

DETAIL STATUS…………

َ

ans: ب

ۡ

ص

ن STATUS

Bayyinah TV - Arabic with Husna – UNIT 1 (1.2)

4
4

Notes by Musarrat Bano

m_bano@hotmail.com