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DEENBANDHU CHHOTU RAM UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND

TECHNOLOGY

DEPARMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

COMPUTER AIDED DESGIN LAB


EXPERIMENT REPORT

SUBMITTED BY

NILANJAN SARKAR

17001005037

3RD YEAR

DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERIG


EXPERIMENT PAGE DATE TEACHER
NO SIGN
1 SIMULATION OF HEAT 1-4
EXCHANGER
2 SIMULATION OF SHORTCUT 5-7
DISTILLATION COLUMN
3 SIMULATION OF CSTR 8-10
4 SIMULATION OF PLUG FLOW 11-13
REACTOR
5 SIMULATION OF 14-18
MULTICOMPONENT
DISTILLATION
6 PLOT OF VAPOR- LIQUID 19-20
EQUILLIBRIUM CURVE
7 SIMULATION OF PACKED TOWER 21-22

TABLE OF CONTENT

Experiment-1
Simulation: Shell and Tube type Heat exchanger using DWSIM

Objective: To calculate outlet temperature of water and methanol stream coming at temperature 5◦ C
and 85◦ C respectively.

Flow rate water: 15000 kg/hr

Flow rate methanol:36000kg/hr

Flow sheet:

Flow sheet summary:


DWSIM Simulation Results Report
Simulation File: C:\Users\srish\Documents\HEAT EXCHANGER.dwxmz
Date created: 24-11-2019 14:07:16

Object: WATER OUT (Material Stream)

Temperature 5.75395 C
Pressure 0.996095 bar
Mass Flow 15000 kg/h
Molar Flow 599.315 kmol/h
Volumetric Flow 16.8033 m3/h
Mixture Density 892.682 kg/m3
Mixture Molar Weight 25.0286 kg/kmol
Mixture Specific Enthalpy -1702.64 kJ/kg
Mixture Specific Entropy -5.84567 kJ/[kg.K]
Mixture Molar Enthalpy -42614.6 kJ/kmol
Mixture Molar Entropy -146.309 kJ/[kmol.K]
Mixture Thermal Conductivity 0.28829 W/[m.K]

Object: METHANOL OUT (Material Stream)

Temperature 89.6985 C
Pressure 0.652737 bar
Mass Flow 3600 kg/h
Molar Flow 143.836 kmol/h
Volumetric Flow 6647.58 m3/h
Mixture Density 0.54155 kg/m3
Mixture Molar Weight 25.0286 kg/kmol
Mixture Specific Enthalpy 104.247 kJ/kg
Mixture Specific Entropy 0.712057 kJ/[kg.K]
Mixture Molar Enthalpy 2609.15 kJ/kmol
Mixture Molar Entropy 17.8218 kJ/[kmol.K]
Mixture Thermal Conductivity 0.0225376 W/[m.K]

Object: METHANOL IN (Material Stream)

Temperature 90 C
Pressure 1.01325 bar
Mass Flow 3600 kg/h
Molar Flow 143.836 kmol/h
Volumetric Flow 4285.94 m3/h
Mixture Density 0.839956 kg/m3
Mixture Molar Weight 25.0286 kg/kmol
Mixture Specific Enthalpy 104.748 kJ/kg
Mixture Specific Entropy 0.567363 kJ/[kg.K]
Mixture Molar Enthalpy 2621.69 kJ/kmol
Mixture Molar Entropy 14.2003 kJ/[kmol.K]
Mixture Thermal Conductivity 0.0225662 W/[m.K]

Object: WATER IN (Material Stream)


Temperature 5 C
Pressure 1 bar
Mass Flow 15000 kg/h
Molar Flow 599.315 kmol/h
Volumetric Flow 16.795 m3/h
Mixture Density 893.122 kg/m3
Mixture Molar Weight 25.0286 kg/kmol
Mixture Specific Enthalpy -1705.26 kJ/kg
Mixture Specific Entropy -5.87263 kJ/[kg.K]
Mixture Molar Enthalpy -42680.1 kJ/kmol
Mixture Molar Entropy -146.984 kJ/[kmol.K]
Mixture Thermal Conductivity 0.288254 W/[m.K]

Object: HE-004 (Heat Exchanger)

Global Heat Transfer Coefficient (U) 0 W/[m2.K]


Heat Exchange Area (A) 319.125 m2
Heat Load 0 kW
Cold fluid outlet temperature 5.75395 C
Hot fluid outlet temperature 89.6985 C
[Shell and Tube] Internal Shell Diameter 1000 mm
[Shell and Tube] Shell Fouling Factor 0.00035 K.m2/W
[Shell and Tube] Baffle Cut 25 %
[Shell and Tube] Shells in Series 1
[Shell and Tube] Baffle Spacing 250 mm
[Shell and Tube] Internal Tube Diameter 15 mm
[Shell and Tube] External Tube Diameter 20 mm
[Shell and Tube] Tube Length 5 m
[Shell and Tube] Tube Fouling factor 0.00035 K.m2/W
[Shell and Tube] Tube Passes Per Shell 4
[Shell and Tube] Number of Tubes 1024
[Shell and Tube] Tube Pitch 25 mm
[Shell and Tube] Fouling Factor (Design) 0.000816667 K.m2/W
[Shell and Tube] LMTD Correction Factor (F) 0.999998
Logarithmic mean temperature difference LMTD 84.4134 C.
[Shell and Tube] Resistance heat transfer pipes 0.00351457 K.m2/W
[Shell and Tube] Resistance thermal conductivity pipes ∞ K.m2/W
[Shell and Tube] Resistance heat transfer shell 0.0155281 K.m2/W
[Shell and Tube] Reynolds number shell 11050.9
[Shell and Tube] Reynolds number tubes 1245.58
Thermal Efficiency 0 %
Maximum Theoretical Heat Exchange 1810 kW
Minimum Temperature Difference 0 C.
Heat Loss 0 kW
Experiment 2

Simulation: Shortcut Distillation column using DWSIM

Objective:204 kmol/h of a benzene of mol% benzene (LK) and 40 mol% toluene (HK) is to be separated
into a liquid distillate and a liquid bottoms product of 95 mol % and 5 mol% benzene, respectively. The
feed enters the column with a molar percent vaporization of 0.611 and a Reflux ratio of 1.6. Compute, at
1 atm:

(a) Minimum number of stages


(b)Actual number of stages

(c) the optimal feed-stage location.

Flow sheet:

Flow sheet summary:

DWSIM Simulation Results Report


Simulation File: C:\Users\srish\Documents\shortcut distillation.dwxmz
Date created: 24-11-2019 14:06:18

Object: Bottom (Material Stream)


Temperature 108.166 C
Pressure 101.325 kPa
Mass Flow 46403.2 kg/d
Molar Flow 12022.4 m3/d @ SC
Volumetric Flow 75.1141 m3/d
Mixture Density 617.77 kg/m3
Mixture Molar Weight 91.4371 kg/kmol
Mixture Specific Enthalpy -254.395 kJ/kg
Mixture Specific Entropy -0.612285 kJ/[kg.K]
Mixture Molar Enthalpy -23261.2 kJ/kmol
Mixture Molar Entropy -55.9855 kJ/[kmol.K]
Mixture Thermal Conductivity 0.112477 W/[m.K]

Object: Distilate (Material Stream)

Temperature 81.1881 C
Pressure 101.325 kPa
Mass Flow 39996.8 kg/d
Molar Flow 12022.4 m3/d @ SC
Volumetric Flow 49.368 m3/d
Mixture Density 810.175 kg/m3
Mixture Molar Weight 78.8132 kg/kmol
Mixture Specific Enthalpy -326.126 kJ/kg
Mixture Specific Entropy -0.885707 kJ/[kg.K]
Mixture Molar Enthalpy -25703.1 kJ/kmol
Mixture Molar Entropy -69.8054 kJ/[kmol.K]
Mixture Thermal Conductivity 0.125477 W/[m.K]

Object: Feed (Material Stream)

Temperature 25 C
Pressure 8.13955 kPa
Mass Flow 86400 kg/d
Molar Flow 24044.8 m3/d @ SC
Volumetric Flow 99.4641 m3/d
Mixture Density 868.655 kg/m3
Mixture Molar Weight 85.1251 kg/kmol
Mixture Specific Enthalpy -422.295 kJ/kg
Mixture Specific Entropy -1.10194 kJ/[kg.K]
Mixture Molar Enthalpy -35947.9 kJ/kmol
Mixture Molar Entropy -93.803 kJ/[kmol.K]
Mixture Thermal Conductivity 0.137856 W/[m.K]

Object: Condenser Duty (Energy Stream)

Energy Flow 4.09696E+07 kJ/d

Object: Boiler Duty (Energy Stream)

Energy Flow 5.26071E+07 kJ/d


Object: Distillation column (Shortcut Column)

Reflux Ratio 1.6


Heavy Key Molar Fraction 0.05
Light Key Molar Fraction 0.05
Condenser Pressure 101.325 kPa
Reboiler Pressure 101.325 kPa
Minimun Reflux Ratio 0.670561
Minimum Stages 4.88801
Optimal Feed Stage 3.90296
Stripping Liquid Molar Flow 43280.6 m3/d @ SC
Rectify Liquid Molar Flow 19235.8 m3/d @ SC
Stripping Vapor Molar Flow 31258.2 m3/d @ SC
Rectify Vapor Molar Flow 31258.2 m3/d @ SC
Condenser Duty 4.09696E+07 kJ/d
Reboiler Duty 5.26071E+07 kJ/d

Experiment 3

Simulation: Continuous Stirred Tank reactor using DWSIM

Objective: Mass flow rate of feed stream is 3600 kg/hr at 70◦c and 1 bar pressure, stream contains ethyl
alcohol, acetic acid and water with mole fraction 0.48,0.5,0.02 respectively. The reaction is isothermal
reaction with ra=K0CACB, K=0.005 and n=2.

Chemical reaction: C2H5OH(l)+CH3CHOOH(l)=CH3COOC2H5(l)+H2O(l)

Flow sheet:
Flow sheet summary

DWSIM Simulation Results Report


Simulation File: C:\Users\srish\Documents\CSTR.dwxmz
Date created: 24-11-2019 14:08:05

Object: product (Material Stream)

Temperature 70 C
Pressure 1 bar
Mass Flow 3600 kg/h
Molar Flow 67.8475 kmol/h
Volumetric Flow 4.02671 m3/h
Mixture Density 894.031 kg/m3
Mixture Molar Weight 53.0602 kg/kmol
Mixture Specific Enthalpy -638.27 kJ/kg
Mixture Specific Entropy -1.49074 kJ/[kg.K]
Mixture Molar Enthalpy -33866.7 kJ/kmol
Mixture Molar Entropy -79.0991 kJ/[kmol.K]
Mixture Thermal Conductivity 0.163857 W/[m.K]

Object: Feed (Material Stream)

Temperature 70 C
Pressure 1 bar
Mass Flow 3600 kg/h
Molar Flow 67.8475 kmol/h
Volumetric Flow 4.10959 m3/h
Mixture Density 875.999 kg/m3
Mixture Molar Weight 53.0602 kg/kmol
Mixture Specific Enthalpy -681.149 kJ/kg
Mixture Specific Entropy -1.53802 kJ/[kg.K]
Mixture Molar Enthalpy -36141.9 kJ/kmol
Mixture Molar Entropy -81.6078 kJ/[kmol.K]
Mixture Thermal Conductivity 0.159533 W/[m.K]

Object: Energy (Energy Stream)

Energy Flow -16.7393 kW

Object: CSTR-001 (CSTR)

Pressure Drop 0 bar


Residence time 0.0347678 h
Volume 0.14 m3
Temperature delta 0 C.
Heat load -16.7393 kW
Outlet Temperature 70 C
Calculation Mode G6
Water: Conversion 68.1518 %
Ethanol: Conversion 68.1519 %
Acetic acid: Conversion 68.1519 %
Ethyl acetate: Conversion 68.1518 %
Experiment 4

Simulation: Plug Flow reactor in DWSIM

Objective: The mass flow of rate of feed stream is 3600 kg/hr containing nitrogen and hydrogen with
mole fraction 0.5 and 0.5 respectively at temperature 425◦ and pressure 200 bar in a isothermal Plug
flow reactor with ra=KCna , K=0.004 and n=1.

Chemical reaction: N2(g)=3H2(g)=2NH3(g)

Flow sheet
Flow sheet summary

DWSIM Simulation Results Report


Simulation File: C:\Users\srish\Documents\PFR.dwxmz
Date created: 24-11-2019 14:03:27

Object: Feed (Material Stream)

Temperature 425 C
Pressure 200 bar
Mass Flow 3600 kg/h
Molar Flow 229.495 kmol/h
Volumetric Flow 69.6018 m3/h
Mixture Density 51.7228 kg/m3
Mixture Molar Weight 15.6866 kg/kmol
Mixture Specific Enthalpy 840.709 kJ/kg
Mixture Specific Entropy 0.758565 kJ/[kg.K]
Mixture Molar Enthalpy 13187.9 kJ/kmol
Mixture Molar Entropy 11.8993 kJ/[kmol.K]
Mixture Thermal Conductivity 0.158454 W/[m.K]
Mixture Molar Fraction
Hydrogen 0.333333
Nitrogen 0.333333
Ammonia 0.333333

Object: Product (Material Stream)

Temperature 425 C
Pressure 199.271 bar
Mass Flow 3600 kg/h
Molar Flow 198.561 kmol/h
Volumetric Flow 59.3858 m3/h
Mixture Density 60.6206 kg/m3
Mixture Molar Weight 18.1304 kg/kmol
Mixture Specific Enthalpy 758.952 kJ/kg
Mixture Specific Entropy 0.638059 kJ/[kg.K]
Mixture Molar Enthalpy 13760.1 kJ/kmol
Mixture Molar Entropy 11.5683 kJ/[kmol.K]
Mixture Thermal Conductivity 0.111593 W/[m.K]
Mixture Molar Fraction
Hydrogen 0.151579
Nitrogen 0.307368
Ammonia 0.541053

Object: PFR-001 (PFR)

Pressure Drop 0.728516 bar


Residence time 0.0143675 h
Volume 1 m3
Length 1.5 m
Catalyst loading 0 kg/m3
Catalyst diameter 0 mm
Catalyst void fraction 0
Temperature delta 0 C.
Heat load -476.148 kW
Calculation Mode G6
Hydrogen: Conversion 60.6558 %
Nitrogen: Conversion 20.2186 %
Ammonia: Conversion 40.4372 %
Ammonia synthesis: Reaction Extent 0.0154669 kmol/h
Ammonia synthesis: Reaction Rate 0.0154669 kmol/[m3.h]
Ammonia synthesis: Reaction Heat -394.389 kW
Experiment-5

Simulation: Multi component Distillation by using ChemCAD.

Objective:- To separate equal wt% of feed of mixture of benzene, Toluene, Xylene into 3 Stream each at
least 99.9 wt% pure by selecting of better process sequence out of the following configuration at
R/Rmin- 1.28 and 1.12 for both column respectively. Remove Xylene from bottom of the 1st column
then separate benzene and toluene from 2nd column. Feed condition:

Temp = 110 degree C

P = 1 atm

Total flow = 2000 kg/hr

Flow Sheet
Flow sheet summary
Experiment 6

Simulation: Plotting Vapour-liquid equilibrium curves in Chemcad

Objective: Feed stream containing 0.5 kmol/h each of acetone and water enters the heat
exchanger at 293K and 1 atm pressure and leaves at 373K. Plot TPXY curve.

FLOWSHEET:
PLOTS:
Experiment 7

AIM : Designing of the Packed Tower.

Objective: A packed tower consisting of 20 segments has inlet solvent stream entering at 50 psia
pressure and 100◦ F with composition of H2O and HCl as 250lbmol/hr and 1 lbmol/hr respectively. The
gas stream enters at second feed stage at pressure 50 psia and 100◦ F and composition of nitrogen,
oxygen and HCl as 80 lbmol/hr, 20 lbmol/hr and 30 lbmol/hr respectively. Packed tower diameter is
1.08097 ft and packing height is 30 ft. Column pressure drop is 14.7 psia.

Flow sheet :

Flow Sheet Summary: