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Intensive SPM Seminar

2015

ADDITIONAL
MATHEMATICS
Mr. West Wong
 1

Paper 1

Answer ALL questions

1.
Diagram shows the function 𝑓𝑓 maps 𝑥𝑥 to 𝑦𝑦 and the function 𝑔𝑔 maps 𝑦𝑦 to 𝑧𝑧. Determine

(a) 𝑓𝑓(2)
𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔 (2)
(b) (3 marks)
𝑔𝑔−1 (12)

2. A ball is dropped from a height of 20 m above the ground. The height is 𝑥𝑥, in metres, of the

ball after 𝑦𝑦 seconds is approximately 𝑥𝑥(𝑦𝑦) = 20 − 5𝑦𝑦 2 . Find

(a) the height of the ball when 𝑦𝑦 = 1.2.

(b) the time when the ball hits the ground. (2 marks)

3. Given𝑓𝑓: 𝑔𝑔 → 𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥 + 𝑦𝑦, when 𝑥𝑥 and 𝑦𝑦 are constants, 𝑥𝑥 > 0 and 𝑓𝑓 2 : 𝑔𝑔 → 16𝑔𝑔 − 15, find the value of

𝑥𝑥 + 𝑦𝑦. (3 marks)

4. (a) Solve the following quadratic equation: 2𝑎𝑎2 − 9𝑎𝑎 + 4 = 0

(b)The quadratic equation 𝑎𝑎𝑥𝑥 2 + 𝑏𝑏(3𝑥𝑥 + 1) + 𝑏𝑏 = 0, where 𝑎𝑎 and 𝑏𝑏 are constants, has two equal

roots. Express 𝑎𝑎 in terms of 𝑏𝑏. (4 marks)

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5.
Diagram shows the graph of the quadratic function 𝑓𝑓(𝑥𝑥) = 9 − (𝑥𝑥 − 2)2. State

(a) the equation of the axis of symmetry of the curve.

(b) the coordinates of the maximum point of the curve.

(c) the range of values of 𝑥𝑥 when 𝑓𝑓(𝑥𝑥) is positive. (3 marks)

6.
Diagram shows the graph of a quadratic function 𝑦𝑦 = 𝑥𝑥 2 − 4𝑥𝑥 − 5. The graph cuts the 𝑥𝑥-axis at

point 𝐴𝐴 and 𝐵𝐵. Find

(a) the coordinates if 𝐴𝐴 and 𝐵𝐵.

(b) the range of values of 𝑥𝑥 for which 𝑦𝑦 > 0. (3 marks)

7. Solve the equation: 32(23𝑥𝑥+4 ) = 1 (2 marks)

8. Given log 𝑝𝑝 4 = 2, find the value of

(a) 𝑝𝑝.
1
(b) log16( ). (4 marks)
𝑝𝑝

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9. The first three terms if an arithmetic progression are 35, 31 and 27. The 𝑛𝑛th term of this

progression is negative. Find the least value if 𝑛𝑛. (3 marks)

10.
A ball is thrown from a cliff 5m above the water as shown in diagram above. The height, ℎ, of
1
the ball above the water is given by ℎ(𝑥𝑥) = − 4 𝑥𝑥 2 + 2𝑥𝑥 + 5, where 𝑥𝑥 is the horizontal distance

of the ball from the base of the cliff. Find

(a) the maximum height of the ball.

(b) the distance from the base of the cliff when the ball hits the water. (4 marks)

11. The third term of a geometric progression is 12. The sum of the third term and the fourth

term is 9. Find

(a) the first term and the common ratio if the progression.

(b) the sum to infinity of the progression. (4

marks)

12.
The variables 𝑥𝑥 and 𝑦𝑦 are related by the equation 𝑦𝑦 2 = 3𝑥𝑥(5 − 𝑥𝑥). A straight line graph is
𝑦𝑦 2
obtained by plotting 𝑥𝑥
against 𝑥𝑥, as shown in diagram above. Find the value of 𝑝𝑝 and of 𝑞𝑞.

(3 mark)

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13.
Diagram shows a straight line passing through 𝐴𝐴(4,0) and 𝐵𝐵(0,8).
𝑥𝑥 𝑦𝑦
(a) Write the equation of the straight line 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 in the form + = 1.
𝑎𝑎 𝑏𝑏

(b) A point 𝑃𝑃(𝑥𝑥. 𝑦𝑦) moves such that 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 = 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃. Find the equation of the locus of 𝑃𝑃. (3 marks)

14. The points 𝐴𝐴(2,3), 𝐵𝐵(5,1) and 𝐶𝐶(𝑥𝑥, 7) are the vertices of a triangle. Given the area of the

triangle is 7 units2, find the values of 𝑥𝑥. (3 marks)

15.
Diagram shows a triangle PQR. The point T lies on QR such that QT:TR=4:1. Express, in terms

of a and b,

(a) → .
𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄

(b) →. (3 marks)
𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃

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16.
Diagram shows a trapezium ABCD with BC=2AD. Express in term of a and/or b,

(a) → − → .
𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴

(b) → . (3 marks)
𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵

17.
Diagram shows the sectors of two concentric circles with centre O. Given that the length of

arc AB is 12cm and OA: AC=3:1. Find

(a) the length, in cm, of OA.

(b) the perimeter, in cm, of the shaded region. (4 marks)

18. Solve the equation 2 cot2𝜃𝜃 + cosec 𝜃𝜃 = 4 for 0° ≤ 𝑦𝑦 ≤ 360°. (4 marks)

19. The point 𝐴𝐴 lies on the curve 𝑞𝑞 = (𝑝𝑝 − 3)2 . It is given that the gradient of the normal at 𝑃𝑃
1
is− . Find the coordinates of 𝐴𝐴. (3
6

marks)

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20.
Diagram shows a logo consisting of two circles of equal size, with centre 𝐴𝐴 and 𝐵𝐵 respectively

and respectively and radius of 13cm. overlapping each other. If their centers are 20cm apart,

calculate (use 𝜋𝜋 = 3.142)

(a) the value of 𝜃𝜃, in radians.

(b) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region. (4 marks)

21.
Diagram shows the curve 𝑥𝑥 = 𝑓𝑓(𝑦𝑦) cutting the 𝑦𝑦-axis at 𝑦𝑦 = 𝑎𝑎 and 𝑦𝑦 = 𝑏𝑏. Given that the area of
𝑏𝑏 1
the shaded region is 4 unit2, find the value of ∫𝑎𝑎 𝑓𝑓(𝑦𝑦)𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑. (2 marks)
2

𝑑𝑑 𝑦𝑦 3
22. Given ( ) = 𝑔𝑔(𝑦𝑦), find ∫1 𝑞𝑞(𝑦𝑦)𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑. (2 marks)
𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 1−2𝑦𝑦

Runner Time (second)

Q 10.89 11.34 11.28

S 11.24 11.20 11.16

23. A coach of an athletic team wants to choose either one of two runners to represent state in a

national-level competition. Table 23 shows the times clocked by the two runners Q and S in

the 100m race. Who will be chosen for the competition? Explain your answer. (4 marks)

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Color Number of balls

Yellow 3

Black 5

Pink 2

24. Table shows the number of colored balls in a basket. Two balls are picked at random from

basket. Find the probability that both balls are the same color. (3 marks )

25.
Diagram shows a standard normal distribution graph. The probability represented by the area

of the shaded region is 0.4192. (a) Find the value of𝑚𝑚. (b) 𝑋𝑋 is a continuous random variable

which is normally distributed with a mean of 62 and variance of 25. Find the value of 𝑥𝑥 when

the 𝑧𝑧-score is 𝑚𝑚. (4 marks)

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Paper 2

Section A.

Answer ALL questions.

1. Solve the following simultaneous equations. (5 marks)


3 𝑏𝑏
2𝑎𝑎 + 𝑏𝑏 = 7 and 𝑎𝑎
−4=1

1 1
2. (a) Prove that log 9 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 = 2 log 3 𝑎𝑎 + 2
log 3 𝑏𝑏. (2 marks)
𝑎𝑎2
(b) Hence, solve the equation log 9 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 = 2 and log 3 ( 𝑦𝑦 ) = −10. (4 marks)

3.
r r+2 r+4

A roll of wire with the length of 99𝜋𝜋 cm is bent to form 9 semicircles. The first tree

semicircles are shown in diagram 3.

The first semicircle has a radius of r cam. For each subsequent semicircles, the

increases by 2cm.

(a) Show that the circumference of the semicircle from an arithmetic progression and

hence, state its common difference. (2 marks)

(b) Find the radius of the first semicircle. (2 marks)

(c) Find the maximum number of semicircles that can be formed by using a roll of wire

with the length of 185𝜋𝜋 cm. (3 marks)

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4. (a) Sketch the graph of 𝑏𝑏 = 2 sin 𝑎𝑎 + 1 for 0≤ 𝑎𝑎 ≤ 2𝜋𝜋. (4 marks)

(b) On the same axes, sketch a suitable straight line to find all the solutions which
2 𝑎𝑎
satisfy the equation 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑎𝑎 = 2 − 𝜋𝜋 for 0 ≤ 𝑎𝑎 ≤ 2𝜋𝜋. State the number of solution.

(4 marks)

5. Diagram 5 shows part of the graph of function 𝑦𝑦 = 𝑓𝑓(𝑥𝑥) which passes through point

𝑝𝑝(3,4). The gradient function of the curve is 𝑓𝑓 ′ (𝑥𝑥) = 2𝑥𝑥 − 3.

(a)(i) Express 𝑓𝑓(𝑥𝑥) in terms of 𝑥𝑥.

(ii) Hence, find the value of 𝑘𝑘. (4marks)

6. Table 6 shows some information about the study group A and study group B.

Study group Number of students Total age (year) Variance

A 3 𝑥𝑥 21

B 5 149 𝑦𝑦

(a) Given the mean age of the students of study group A is 36, find the value of 𝑦𝑦.

(1 mark)

(b) (i) For study group B, ∑(𝑥𝑥 − 𝑥𝑥̅ )2 = 80, find the value of 𝑥𝑥.

(ii) Hence, find the sum of squares of the age of study group B’s students.

(3 marks)

(c) Calculate the mean and the standard deviation of the two study group age

altogether. (4 marks)

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Section B

Answer FOUR questions from this section.

7. Table 7 shows the value of two variables,𝑎𝑎 and 𝑏𝑏, obtained from an experiment. The
𝑥𝑥
variable 𝑎𝑎 and 𝑏𝑏 are related by the equation 𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦 = 𝑏𝑏 + 𝑏𝑏, where 𝑥𝑥 and 𝑦𝑦 are constants.

𝑎𝑎 0.80 1.00 1.20 1.40 1.60 2.00


𝑏𝑏 4.00 19.00 30.00 40.95 52.00 70.50

Table 7
𝑎𝑎 1
(a) Based on Table 7, construct a table for the value of 𝑏𝑏
and 𝑏𝑏 2
. (2 marks)
𝑎𝑎 1 1
(b) Plot 𝑏𝑏
against 𝑏𝑏 2
, using a scale of 2 cm to 0.2 units on the 𝑏𝑏 2
-axis and 2 cm to 5
𝑎𝑎
units on the 𝑏𝑏
–axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit. (3 marks)

(c) Use the graph in 7(b) to find the value of (5 marks)

(i) 𝑏𝑏 when 𝑎𝑎 = 1.32.

(ii) 𝑥𝑥.

(iii) 𝑦𝑦.

8.
Solution by scale drawing is not accepted.

Diagram 8 shows a rhombus𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃. Point 𝑆𝑆 lies on 𝑥𝑥-axis.

(a) Find the coordinate of midpoint of 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃. (1 mark)

(b) (i) Find the equation of the straight line 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄.

(ii) Hence, state the coordinates of 𝑄𝑄 and 𝑆𝑆. (3 marks)

(c) Point 𝐻𝐻(𝑥𝑥, 𝑦𝑦) moves such that its distance form 𝑃𝑃 is always two times its distance

from 𝑆𝑆. Find the locus of 𝐻𝐻. (3 marks)

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9.
Diagram 9 shows a circular lake with centre 𝑂𝑂. Given that diameter 𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺 = 24m and the

length of arc ℎ𝑘𝑘 = 15m. Point 𝐽𝐽 is right above 𝐻𝐻. Martin owns a villa in the shaded

region 𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻. The segment of 𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺 is used as fish rearing farm. Use 𝜋𝜋 = 3.142.

(a) Show that 𝛼𝛼 = 0.625 radian. (2 marks)

(b) Calculate the perimeter of fish farm 𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺. (4 marks)

(c) Calculate the area, in m2, of Martin’s villa. (4

marks)

10. (a) In a survey, it is found that 2 out of 5 employees in a company wear ring.

(i) If 12 employees are chosen at random, find the probability that less than 3 of them

wear ring.

(ii) Given that the standard deviation of the employees who are wearing ring is √432.

Find the total number of employees in that company. (4

marks)

(b) The height of the badminton player in a state follows a normal distribution with a

mean of 180 cm and a standard deviation of 12 cm.

(i) A badminton player is chosen at random. If his height is 183 cm, find the 𝑥𝑥-score of

his height. (1 mark)

(ii) Find the probability that a chosen badminton player has a height of less than 183

cm. (2 marks)

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(iii) Given that 71.23% of the badminton players have the height of more than 𝑥𝑥 cm.

Find the value of 𝑥𝑥. (3 marks)

11.
Diagram 11 shows a triangle 𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂. The point 𝑇𝑇 lies on 𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 and point 𝑄𝑄 lies on 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃. The

straight line 𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 intersects the straight line 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 at 𝑈𝑈. It is given that 𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂: 𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇 = 1: 3,

3𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 = 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃, → = 15𝑥𝑥 and → = 10𝑦𝑦.


𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂

(a) Express the following in terms of 𝑥𝑥 and 𝑦𝑦. (3 marks)

(i) → (ii) →
𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆 𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂

(b) Using → = ℎ → and → = 𝑘𝑘 → , find the value of ℎ and 𝑘𝑘. (5 marks)


𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇 𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇

(c) Given that |𝑥𝑥| = 1 unit and |𝑦𝑦| = 3 units, find the area, in units2, of∆𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂. (2 marks)

Section C

Answer TWO questions from this section.

12. A particle moves along a straight line and passes through a fixed point 𝐴𝐴. Its velocity,

𝑥𝑥 = 𝑞𝑞 2 − 7𝑞𝑞 + 10, when 𝑞𝑞 is the time, in seconds, after passing through 𝐴𝐴. (Assume

motion to the right is positive.)

(a)Find (3 marks)

(i) the initial velocity if the particle.

(ii) the range of values of 𝑞𝑞 during which the particle moves to the left.

(b) Hence, find the minimum velocity, in ms-1, of the particle. (2 marks)

(c) Sketch the velocity-time graph of the motion of the particle for 0 ≤ 𝑞𝑞 ≤ 5.

(2 marks)

(c) Calculate the total distance, in m, travelled by the particle in the first 5 seconds.

(3 marks)

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13.
Diagram 13 shows three triangles 𝐽𝐽𝐽𝐽𝐽𝐽, 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 and 𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀.

(a) Find ∠𝐽𝐽𝐽𝐽𝐽𝐽. (2 marks)

(b) Find the length, in cm, of 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃. (2 marks)

(c) Find the length, in cm, of 𝐽𝐽𝐽𝐽. (3 marks)

(d) Calculate the area, in cm2. Of quadrilateral 𝐽𝐽𝐽𝐽𝐽𝐽𝐽𝐽. (3 marks)

14. Table 14 shows the price indices of 4 components used in the production of an electric

kettle.

Component Price index in 2017 based on the year 2015 (RM) Weightage

W 130 8

X 105 𝑎𝑎

Y 𝑏𝑏 5

Z 92 3

(a) The price of component Y in the year 2015 and 2017 are RM2.40 and RM2.88

respectively. Find the value of 𝑏𝑏. (2 marks)

(b) The price index of component X in the year 2017 based on the 2013 is 123.9.

Find the price index of component X in the year 2015 based on the year 2013.

(2

marks)

(c) The composite index for the cost of production of an electric kettle in the year

2017 based on the year 2015 is 116.8. (4 marks)

(i) Calculate the value of 𝑎𝑎.

(ii) If the price of an electric kettle in the year 2015 is RM35, find its price in

the year 2017.

(d) If the price of all the components increases by 30%, find the composite index

for the cost of production in the year 2019 based on the year2015. (2 marks)

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15. Sunway Lagoon is having a special promotion on one Sunday. A school plans to organize

a trip to Sunway Lagoon. The trip was participated by 𝑝𝑝 boys and 𝑞𝑞 girls. The number

of students participating the trip is based on the following constraints:

(i) The total number of participants in the trip is not more than 80.

(ii) The number of girls more than the number of boys by at most 20.

(iii) The number of boys is not more than three times the number of girls.

(a) Write three inequalities, other than 𝑝𝑝 ≥ 0 and 𝑞𝑞 ≥ 0, which satisfies all the

above constraints. (3 marks)

(b) Using a scale of 2cm to 10 units on both axes, construct and shade the region 𝑍𝑍

which satisfy all the constraints above. (3 marks)

(c) By using your graph in 15(b), find (4 marks)

(i) the maximum number of boy participants if the numbers of girl participants

are 15.

(ii) the maximum cost for the trip if the cost for a boy is RM30 and the cost

for a girl is RM25.

Edunation Brickfields Asia College Intensive SPM Seminar October 2015