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1.

INTRODUCTION
Capacity is the maximum hourly rate at which vehicles reasonably can be expected to
traverse a point or a uniform section of a lane or roadway during a given time period
under prevailing roadway, traffic and control conditions.
Level of Service (LOS) is a qualitative measure describing operational conditions within
a traffic stream and their perception by motorists and/or passengers. Multilane highways
generally have posted speed limits of 60 to 90 km/h. They usually have a total of four or
six lanes, counting both directions, often with medians. However, they also may be
undivided.

Multilane highways typically are located in suburban communities, leafing into central
cities, or along high-volume rural corridors connecting two cities or two significant
activities that generate a substantial number of daily trips.

The prediction of LOS for a multilane highway involves three steps:

 Determination of free-flow speed


 Adjustment of volume
 Determination of level of service

This analysis will attempt to determine the (LOS) for main road campus UTHM Pagoh.

2. OBJECTIVE
The objective is to determine the level of service at main road campus UTHM Pagoh.

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3. APPARATUS / EQUIPMENT

Equipment Picture

Measuring Tape / Odometer

Forms HC1, HC2, and HC3


Analog Counter (optional)
Safety Vest

Safety Cones

Flags

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4. PROCEDURE

1. Conduct a traffic count at the location (1 km in length) for an hour in segments of


15 minutes. Record the data in form HC1.

2. Measure the lane width, shoulder width and median width using either a measuring
tape or measuring wheel. Record the data in form HC2.

3. Conduct a walk-through survey of the 1 km section to determine the number of


access points. Observe the type of median. Record the data in form HC2.

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4. Record the posted speed limit of the multilane highway in form HC2.

5. Calculate the Free Flow Speed (FFS).


6. Record the number of lanes (per direction) in form HC3.
7. From form HC1, determine the hourly volume (V) and percentage of heavy
vehicles. Record the data in form HC3.
8. Calculate the Flow Rate (vp).
9. Calculate the Density (D).

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5. DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULT

Form HC1

LOCATION: MAIN ROAD CAMPUS UTHM PAGOH DAY: SUNDAY


DATE: 24 MAC 2019 TIME: 09.45 AM WEATHER: SUNNY

Time Traffic Count


(min) Vehicle Class
1 2 3 4
llll llll llll llll llll llll llll llll llll llll ll
9.45 - llll llll llll llll llll llll llll llll
10.00 llll llll llll
llll ll

llll llll llll llll llll llll llll llll llll llll
10.00 – llll llll llll llll llll
10.15 llll llll llll
llll llll llll
llll llll
llll l llll llll llll llll llll llll llll l
10.15- llll llll llll llll
10.30 llll llll llll
llll

llll llll llll llll llll llll llll llll llll llll llll lll
10.30 – lll llll llll llll llll
10.45 llll llll llll
llll llll llll
llll llll

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Vehicle Class Traffic Volume (vehicles/hour)
Class 1(Motorcycles) 73
Class 2 (Cars) 239
Class 3 (Vans & Medium Trucks) 79
Class 4 (Heavy Trucks & Buses) 30
Total 421

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Form HC2
FREE FLOW SPEED

Posted Speed Limit = 80 km/h


+ 12.3 km/h
Base Free Flow Speed (BFFS) = 92 km/h
Median Type
(Divided / Undivided )
FM = 0 km/h
Lane Width
= 3.6 meters
FLW = 0.0 km/h
Shoulder width = 2.4 meters
Median width = 3.0 meters

Total Lateral Clearance


=Shoulder width + median width
=2.4 + 3.0
= 5.4 meters
FLC = 0 km/h
Access Point Density
= 25 per km
FA = 16.0 km/h
Free Flow Speed (FFS) = 76 km/h

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Form HC3
FLOW RATE

Volume, V =421 veh/hour

Peak Hour Factor, PHF = 0.92

Number of Lanes, N =2

Terrain Level

Percentage of Heavy Vehicles, PT = 7.13%

Passenger Car Equivalent For Heavy Vehicles, ET = 1.5


( By referring to table 5 )

Heavy vehicle Adjustment Factor, fHV = 0.28

Driver population Factor, fP = 1.00

Flow Rate(Vp) = 817.16 pc/h/lane

6. DISCUSSION

From the result that we get there is some error that has been occur which is we do not take
measurement on the Access Point Density (the distances between 1st road lamp to 2nd road lamp),
and cannot get correct measurement because of so many car moving at the road. The total vehicles
that we record is 421 nos form 9.45am -10.45am. The flow speed is 76 km/h and the flow rate is
817.16 pc/h/lane.

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7. CONCLUSION

In conclusion the important of doing this experiment is impact on car following, lane
change, vehicle merge, safety simulation, and evaluation, exploring the characteristics of vehicle
headway under lane management considering the car-truck interaction could have a promising
help to these areas.