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ZCR 4E, ZCS 4E, ZZN 4E, ZCS 5E IEC 870—5—103 protocol 06-11-09

Protocol IEC 870—5—103 in protection devices.

1. IEC 870—5—103 COMMUNICATION PROTOCOL IN PROTECTION DEVICES............................... 2

2. CHARACTERISTIC OF PROTOCOL IMPLEMENTATION.....................................................................2

3.BASIC APPLICATION FUNCTIONS.............................................................................................................. 3

4. SPONTANEOUS EVENTS & FUNCTION GI ELEMENTS LIST...............................................................5

5. MEASURED VALUES LIST.............................................................................................................................7

Protections:
ZCS 4E from v 7.0
ZCR 4E from v 7.0
ZZN 4E/S from v 7.0
ZZN 4E/RP from v7.0
ZCS 5E from v 5.0

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ZCR 4E, ZCS 4E, ZZN 4E, ZCS 5E IEC 870—5—103 protocol 06-11-09

1. IEC 870—5—103 communication protocol in protection devices.


Protection devices are equipped with communication connector servicing standard IEC 870—
5—103.
In devices ZCR 4E, ZCS 4E, ZZN 4E there are logically visible two devices in IEC protocol:
first–protection, second–disturbance recorder.
Their IEC address are:
for protection (with event recorder) equal to lower byte C&C's protocol identifier
increased by 1 (one), wchich C&C identifier should be written in hexadecimal;
for disturbance recorder even identifier equal to lower byte C&C's protocol
identifier, wchich C&C identifier should be written in hexadecimal;
Example.
Portection in device ZCS 4E has got address 5003 in protocol C&C BUS, and incorporated
disturbance recorder has got address 5002 in protocol C&C BUS. Adequate hexadecimals are:
identifier 138B)hex for protection with 5003 C&C BUS identifier
identifier 138A)hex for disturbance recorder with 5002 C&C BUS identifier.
In result, protection ZCS 4E has got IEC address IEC 8B)hex, disturbance recorder has got IEC
address 8A)hex.
In devices ZCS 5E, there is logically visible one device in IEC protocol–protection, wchich
address could be set using ZCS 5E's keyboard.

2. Characteristic of protocol implementation.


Physical layer.
In devices ZCR 4E, ZCS 4E, ZZN 4E are used seriall RS 232, RS485 interfeaces; there is
possibility of choosing speed of transmission from 300 to 57600 [bits/s], character format is:
1 bit start, 8 data bits, 1 even parity bit, e.g. 8E1.
In devices ZCS 5E is used only RS 485 seriall interfeace with parametrs as given above.

Trasnsmission speed could be programmed using device's keyboard – for this purpose: select
from device's menu option TRANSFER, press S – it appears menu with selection beetwen
C&C BUS and IEC BUS. Using arrows keys up/down it is possible to change required
transmission speed, and using key N to choose right protocol. Protocol's speed wchich is to be
changed will blink. Selected speed is confirmed with E key.

Link layer.
Special character <0x5e> is not used, negative acknowledgments are short frames (frames
without data).

Application layer.
There has been implemented following appilaction functions (acc. to IEC 870—5—103
norm):
time synchronisation;
command transmission;
general interrogation function;
station initialisation;
There is no generic service, compatibility level lies in mentioned above functions.

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ZCR 4E, ZCS 4E, ZZN 4E, ZCS 5E IEC 870—5—103 protocol 06-11-09

Cyclic data—measurements are available via link function nr 11 (request class 2 data), as
ASDU 9, without frequency measurement. For devices ZZN are valid only current
measurements.

Factor of fixed value k is equal k=1,2 for all measurements.

Spontaneous data—Are available via setting bit ACD by protection device in field „Control”
protocol's frame in course of device's polling (reading cyclic data) via link function 10
(request class 1 data).
These data may be, as weell, read using only link function nr 10 (request class 1 data).

Spontaneous data are buffered, nevertheles, it can take place overriding data buffer, then is
information loss, so user appropriate care is read transmision buffer as quickly as it is
necessary.

Fault location, INF=73, ASDU=4 is expressed in Ohms at primary side.

Par example.
For voltage measuring tarnsformers with transformation 1100 and current measuring
tarnsformers with transformation 120, for obtaining identity ASDU=4, INF=73 with value
displayed by protection, it should be divided by number 9.17=1100/120.

Spontaneous data, events, with following codes INF:

160 ÷ 174 inputs state RZK WD1 ÷ WD15


176 ÷ 186 outputs state ZCS WD1 ÷ WD11
192 ÷ 206 internal signals SWE1 ÷ SWE 15

are events about latest change, e.g. are not recorded in events log, and number of recorded
events for all previous mentioned INF–s amounts exactly 1 (one).

Function Type field—sort of protecion, fifth field in ASDU–s units, has got value:

128—for protections type of ZCS, ZCR;


131—for incorporated in ZCS4, ZCR4, ZZN4 disturbance recorder;
160—for protections type of ZZN/S, ZZN/S STER;
192—for protections type of ZZN/RP.

3.Basic application functions.


There were implemented following basic aplication functions:

Time synchronization—
in ZCR 4E, ZCS 4E, ZZN 4E refers to disturbance recorder, in ZCS 5E refers to protection:
time synchronization function is realised as broadcast or with confirmation with ASDU 6.

Station initialization—
refers to protection:
as confirmation of station initialization is returned ASDU 5

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ZCR 4E, ZCS 4E, ZZN 4E, ZCS 5E IEC 870—5—103 protocol 06-11-09
General Interrogation function (GI)—
refers to protection:
are available ASDU 1 i ASDU 2 with information numbers INF listed in table in point 4.

Command transmission.
refers to protection:
commands are executed sending ASDU 20 to the device.
ASDU INF ZCR ZCS ZZN/S ZZN/S ZZN/
STER. RP
20 19 LEDs reset x x x x x
20 31 manual circuit breaker control (on/off) x x x x x
20 53 events recorder reset x x x x x
20 60 connector number 1 control* x x x x x
20 61 connector number 2 control* x x x x x
20 62 connector number 3 control* x x x x x
20 63 connector number 4 control* x x x x x
20 64 connector number 5 control* x x x x x
20 65 connector number 6 control* x x x x x
20 66 connector number 7 control* x x x x x
20 67 connector number 8 control* x x x x x
20 68 connector number 9 control* x x x x x
20 69 connector number 10 control* x x x x x
20 70 connector number 11 control* x x x x x
20 71 connector number 12 control* x x x x x
20 72 connector number 13 control* x x x x x
20 73 connector number 14 control* x x x x x
20 74 connector number 15 control* x x x x x
20 82 PU 1 relay control x x x x x
20 83 PU 2 relay control x x x x x
20 84 PU 3 relay control x x x x x
20 85 PU 4 relay control x x x x x
20 86 PU 5 relay control x x x x x
20 87 PU 6 relay control x x x x x
20 88 PU 7 relay control x x x x x
20 89 PU 8 relay control x x x x x
20 90 PU 9 relay control x x x x x
20 91 PU 10 relay control x x x x x
20 92 PU 11 relay control x x x x x
20 93 PU 12 relay control x x x x x
20 94 PU 13 relay control x x x x x
20 95 PU 14 relay control x x x x x
20 96 PU 15 relay control x x x x x
20 97 PU 16 relay control x x x x x
20 98 PU 17 relay control x x x x x
20 99 PU 18 relay control x x x x x
20 108 function fxl_9 x x x x x
20 109 function fxl_10 x x x x x
20 110 function fxl_11 x x x x x
20 111 function fxl_12 x x x x x
20 112 function fxl_13 x x x x x
20 113 function fxl_14 x x x x x
20 114 function fxl_15 x x x x x

* connector means: circuit breaker or recloser or earthing switch

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ZCR 4E, ZCS 4E, ZZN 4E, ZCS 5E IEC 870—5—103 protocol 06-11-09

4. Spontaneous events & function GI elements list.


Refers to protection:
in the table below are given spontaneous evets INF–s and GI (General Interrogation) INF–s.

ASDU INF ZCR ZCS ZZN/S ZZN/S ZZN/


STER. RP
1 16 auto-recloser active x x x x x
1 18 protection active x x x x x
1 23 characteristic 1 x x x x x
1 24 characteristic 2 x x x x x
1 25 characteristic 3 x x x x x
1 26 characteristic 4 x x x x x
1 31 manual circuit breaker control (on/off) x x x x x
1 36 trip circuit supervision: circuit 1 or circuit 2 x x x x x
1 37 overcurrent backup operation x x x x x
1 38 voltage transformer fuse failure x x x x x
1 39 teleprotection disturbed x x
1 48 earth fault L1,R x x x
1 49 earth fault L2,S x x x
1 50 earth fault L3,T x x x
1 51 earth fault forward (line) x x x x x
1 52 earth fault reverse (busbar) x x x
2 64 start/pickup L1,R x x x
2 65 start/pickup L2,S x x x
2 66 start/pickup L3,T x x x
2 67 start/pickup fazy N,E x x x x x
2 68 general trip x x x x x
2 72 trip, ovecurrent (I>>) x x x x x
4 73 fault location X in Ohm x x
2 74 fault forward/line x x x x x
2 75 fault rverse/busbar x x x
2 76 teleprotection signal transmitted x x
2 77 teleprotection signal received x x
2 78 zone 1 x x
2 79 zone 2 x x
2 80 zone 3 x x
2 81 zone 4 x x
2 82 zone 5 x x
2 83 zone 6 x x
2 84 general start/pickup x x x x x
2 85 breaker failure x x x x x
2 86 phases differnce out of range x x
2 87 modules differnce out of range x x
2 88 circuit breaker failure starting signal x x x x x
2 90 trip, overcurrent stage I> x x x
2 91 trip, overcurrent stage I>> x x x
2 92 trip, overcurrent stage IN x x x x x
2 94 start/pickup overcurrent stage I> x x x
2 95 start/pickup overcurrent stage I>> x x x
2 96 trip, differential-current stage x x x
2 97 currents assymetry x x x x x
2 98 device error x x x x x
2 99 transmission error ∆IL x x
2 100 start/pickup, directional overcurrent stage x x x x x
Io k 1
2 101 start/pickup, directional ovecurrent stage Io x x x x x
k2
2 102 trip, directional overcurrent stage Io k1 or Io x x x x x
k2
2 104 start/pickup, stage IN x x x x x

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ZCR 4E, ZCS 4E, ZZN 4E, ZCS 5E IEC 870—5—103 protocol 06-11-09
ASDU INF ZCR ZCS ZZN/S ZZN/S ZZN/
STER. RP
2 105 remote control active (connector 1-15) from version 5.1
2 106 field controller parameters were written x x x x x
2 107 field controller parameters error x x x x x
2 108 field controller mapping error x x x x x
2 109 field controller lock of command executing x x x x x
2 111 command ”open” from panel*) x x x x x
2 112 command ”close” from panel*) x x x x x
2 113 command ”open” from systeml*) x x x x x
2 114 command ”close” from system *) x x x x x
2 115 connector 1 position** x x x x x
2 116 connector 2 position** x x x x x
2 117 connector 3 position** x x x x x
2 118 connector 4 position** x x x x x
2 119 connector 5 position** x x x x x
2 120 connector 6 position** x x x x x
2 121 connector 7 position** x x x x x
2 122 connector 8 position** x x x x x
2 123 connector 9 position** x x x x x
2 124 connector 10 position** x x x x x
2 125 connector 11 position** x x x x x
2 126 connector 12 position** x x x x x
2 127 connector 13 position** x x x x x
1 128 circuit breaker ”on” by auto-recloser x x x x x
2 131 connector 14 position** x x x x x
2 132 connector 15 position** x x x x x
2 160 RZK WD1 input x x x x x
2 161 RZK WD2 input x x x x x
2 162 RZK WD3 input x x x x x
2 163 RZK WD4 input x x x x x
2 164 RZK WD5 input x x x x x
2 165 RZK WD6 input x x x x x
2 166 RZK WD7 input x x x x x
2 167 RZK WD8 input x x x x x
2 168 RZK WD9 input x x x x x
2 169 RZK WD10 input x x x x x
2 170 RZK WD11 input x x x x x
2 171 RZK WD12 input x x x x x
2 172 RZK WD13 input x x x x x
2 173 RZK WD14 input x x x x x
2 174 RZK WD15 input x x x x x
2 176 ZCS WD1 input x x x x x
2 177 ZCS WD2 input x x x x x
2 178 ZCS WD3 input x x x x x
2 179 ZCS WD4 input x x x x x
2 180 ZCS WD5 input x x x x x
2 181 ZCS WD6 input x x x x x
2 182 ZCS WD7 input x x x x x
2 183 ZCS WD8 input x x x x x
2 184 ZCS WD9 input x x x x x
2 185 ZCS WD10 input x x x x x
2 186 ZCS WD11 input x x x x x
2 192 internal signal SWE1 x x x x x
2 193 internal signal SWE2 x x x x x
2 194 internal signal SWE3 x x x x x
2 195 internal signal SWE4 x x x x x
2 196 internal signal SWE5 x x x x x
2 197 internal signal SWE6 x x x x x
2 198 internal signal SWE7 x x x x x
2 199 internal signal SWE8 x x x x x
2 200 internal signal SWE9 x x x x x
2 201 internal signal SWE10 x x x x x

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ZCR 4E, ZCS 4E, ZZN 4E, ZCS 5E IEC 870—5—103 protocol 06-11-09
ASDU INF ZCR ZCS ZZN/S ZZN/S ZZN/
STER. RP
2 202 internal signal SWE11 x x x x x
2 203 internal signal SWE12 x x x x x
2 204 internal signal SWE13 x x x x x
2 205 internal signal SWE14 x x x x x
2 206 internal signal SWE15 x x x x x
2 210 IEC mask error*) x x x x x
2 214 connector 1 mapping error** x x x x x
2 215 connector 2 mapping error** x x x x x
2 216 connector 3 mapping error** x x x x x
2 217 connector 4 mapping error** x x x x x
2 218 connector 5 mapping error** x x x x x
2 219 connector 6 mapping error** x x x x x
2 220 connector 7 mapping error** x x x x x
2 221 connector 8 mapping error** x x x x x
2 222 connector 9 mapping error** x x x x x
2 223 connector 10 mapping error** x x x x x
2 224 connector 11 mapping error** x x x x x
2 225 connector 12 mapping error** x x x x x
2 226 connector 13 mapping error** x x x x x
2 227 connector 14 mapping error** x x x x x
2 228 connector 15 mapping error** x x x x x

*—is
not present in GI
**—connector means: circuit breaker or recloser or earthing switch

5. Measured values list.


ASDU INF ZCR ZCS ZZN/S ZZN/S ZZN/
STER. RP
9 148 current L1 x x x
current L2 x x x
current L3 x x x
voltage L1 x x
voltage L2 x x
voltage L3 x x
active power P x x
passive power Q x x

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