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Document kind Document identity Revision

Document kind

Document identity

Revision

Painting system for machines -

3AAM100203

B

 

Painting System “C3”

Owner organization

Document type

Date of revision (yyyy-mm-dd)

Status

Page(s)

ABB BU 4130 Machines

Machine Description Document

15.04.2008

Valid

1(4)

Division/Department

Prepared by

Approved by

Security level

ITIND/DMPB

Davide Tacconi

Kenneth Kullinger

External

Painting system for machines – Painting System “C3”

Motor type

Inspected by

Date

Motor type

Inspected by

Date

X

AMA

Toni Tiihonen

2006-06-08

X

AMS

Stefan Palmgren

2006-06-08

X

AMC

Stefan Palmgren

2006-06-08

X

AMZ

Toni Tiihonen

2006-06-08

X

AMD

Davide Tacconi

2006-06-08

X

DMI

Stefan Palmgren

2006-06-08

X

AMG

Toni Tiihonen

2006-06-08

X

HXR

Toni Tiihonen

2006-06-08

X

AMI

Stefan Palmgren/ Toni Tiihonen

2006-06-08

X

LAN

Stefan Palmgren

2006-06-08

X

AMK

Davide Tacconi

2006-06-08

       

X

AML

Davide Tacconi

2006-06-08

       

Note! This document covers product families that are marked with “X”. Restrictions to the scope of the document have been described in the body text.

1) HV machine

Table of Contents

1 Purpose

1

2 General

1

3 References

2

4 Typical environment, corrosivity category and durability

2

5 Surface treatment

2

5.1 Steel and Cast-Iron Structures Cleaned with Blast-cleaning

2

5.2 Un-abraded Sheet Metal Structures, certain Aluminium and Zinc Surfaces

3

6 Paint System

3

6.1 Steel and Cast-Iron Structures Cleaned with Blast-cleaning

3

6.2 Unabranded Sheet Metal Structures, certain Aluminium and Zinc Surfaces

3

7 Final color

3

8 Painting work

4

8.1 Priming and Intermediate Coating

4

8.2 Final painting

4

9 Quality control - Measuring the Thickness of the Paint

4

1 Purpose

This Machine Description Document is meant to describe the standard Painting System “C3” applied to ABB electrical machines related to the document title.

The document intended to explain to a third party the technical details of an offer.

2 General

This MDD covers the technical data and procedures for the Painting System “C3”, applied for ABB electrical machines. This paint system is standard for the machines if other paint system is not separately required.

The specification is valid in all cases it is referred to.

ABB Library Document Kind Name

Valid

3AAM100203

B

Painting system for machines – Painting system “C3”

15.04.2008

2(4)

3 References

3AAM100234

General presentation on the painting systems and selection guide.

ISO 8501-1

Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related products -- Visual assessment of surface cleanliness -- Part 1: Rust grades and preparation grades of uncoated steel substrates and of steel substrates after overall removal of previous coatings.

ISO 8503

Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related products – Surface roughness characteristics of blast-cleaned steel substrates.

ISO 12944

Paints and varnishes -- Corrosion protection of steel structures by protective paint systems.

4 Typical environment, corrosivity category and durability

Paint system “C3” it is suitable for most industrial atmospheres, indoor and outdoor (atmospheres with moderate pollution and aggressive ambient). The painting systems fulfil the requirements specified in the table below:

Typical environment characteristics

Corrosion category (according to ISO 12944-2&5)

Durability (according to ISO 12944-2)

Urban and industrial indoor and outdoor atmospheres with moderate sulphur dioxide pollution. Coastal areas with low salinity.

C3

H

5 Surface treatment

The preparation is done according to respective materials. For painting surfaces prepared with blast-cleaning, painting is made according to the section 5.1 and 6.1. For other surfaces, the surface treatment and painting is made like described in the section 5.2 and 6.2.

5.1 Steel and Cast-Iron Structures Cleaned with Blast-cleaning

As standard, the paint system described in this section is applied to all steel and zinc surfaces, which are cleaned by blast-cleaning. Steel structures over 3 mm thickness and parts made of cast iron always belong to this group. The surface preparation is made according to the ISO 12944-4 and related standards.

Preliminary cleaning: Solid impurities are removed. Water-soluble salts, greases and oils are removed by using an alkaline or emulsion wash (ISO 12944-4). The surfaces are rinsed with water.

Steel and cast-iron surfaces:

Blast-cleaning to grade Sa 2½ according to standard ISO 8501 and Roughness ISO 8503 Grade Fine to Medium.

Aluminium surfaces:

The surfaces are roughened by grinding, or washing with an alkaline detergent, and rinsed with water.

Zinc surfaces:

Surfaces are lightly blast-cleaned by using clean and dry quartz sand as the cleaning material.

Welds are carefully cleaned from spatters and holes before blast cleaning and painting. Any oil and grease contamination shall be removed prior to blasting operation. Layers with a hard surface (e.g. flame-cut surfaces of thick plates) are abraded before blast cleaning.

ABB Library Document Kind Name

Valid

3AAM100203

B

Painting system for machines – Painting system “C3”

15.04.2008

3(4)

5.2 Un-abraded Sheet Metal Structures, certain Aluminium and Zinc Surfaces

The paint systems described in this section can be used as an alternative to 5.1, for metal surfaces that are difficult to prepare with blast cleaning and that can be processed on a powder coating line. Parts within this class include steel structures with a thickness of 3 mm or less and certain aluminium and zinc surfaces.

The surface preparation is made according to ISO 12944-4 and related standards.

Preliminary cleaning: Solid impurities are removed. Water-soluble salts, greases and oils are removed by using an alkaline or emulsion wash (ISO 12944-4). The surfaces are rinsed with water.

Steel surfaces (sheet metal):

Aluminium surfaces:

Zinc phosphatising, and passivating if possible (ISO 12944-4).

Chromating (ISO 12944-4).

Zinc surfaces:

White rust is removed with alkaline wash (ISO 12944-4), and the surfaces are zinc phosphatising or chromatized (ISO 12944-4).

6

Paint System

6.1 Steel and Cast-Iron Structures Cleaned with Blast-cleaning

Possible paint type

2-component epoxy primer

2-component acrylic topcoat (or 2-component polyurethane)

TOTAL NOMINAL DRY THICKNESS FILM

Thickness

120-140 μm

40-60 μm

180 μm

N° of coats

1-2 coat

1 coat

1) In case the specified colour is not available in Acrylic, polyurethane will be used

6.2 Unabraded Sheet Metal Structures, certain Aluminium and Zinc Surfaces

Possible paint type

Powder paint based on a epoxy primer

2-component polyamide-cured epoxy primer

2-component acrylic topcoat

(or 2-component polyurethane)

TOTAL DRY THICKNESS FILM

Thickness

60-80μm

40-60μm

40-60μm

180 μm

N° of coats

1 coat

1coat

1 coat

1) In case the specified colour is not available in Acrylic, polyurethane will be used

7 Final color

Standard top coat colour is ABB blue:

- Mûnsell

- NCS 4822-B 05 G

- RAL

: 8B 4.5/3.25

: (NCS = Natural Colour System)

: Exact RAL-code is not available for ABB Blue; a similar colour in the RAL-code is the RAL 5010.

(referring to the American colour designation system)

We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. © Copyright 2008 ABB

ABB Library Document Kind Name

Valid

3AAM100203

B

Painting system for machines – Painting system “C3”

15.04.2008

4(4)

Final colour can be changed according to specific customer requests in this case the colour needs to be specified in the purchase order.

8 Painting work

Painting is performed according to the instructions in the paint manufacturer's product data sheet. Paints are applied by airless high-pressure spraying, making very attention to the all surfaces that are difficult to access, for example edges, corners, welds and hidden corners. A brush is used for hard-to-spray and small objects.

All external surfaces of the machines are painted except the followings: shaft end, machined surfaces on the machine’s feet, contact surfaces on earthing components, titanium, copper, brass, plastic, stainless steel, chrome-plated, nickel-plated surfaces. Also steel and cast iron surfaces that have above 40 μm zinc coating shall not be painted (zinc paint is not considered as zinc coating).

Flameproof joints for Ex-d machines and enclosures are not be painted, according to Ex standards requirement. The parts that must remain free of paint are protected before application of the paint.

A reduced surface treatment is used inside the machines.

Pipes made of stainless steel connected to carbon steel are painted in such a way that the paint overlaps the stainless steel by 50 mm.

8.1 Priming and Intermediate Coating

Parts of the machines are sprayed with primer immediately after surface preparation. Nominal dry film thickness

of the primer is according to tables of section 6.

Active parts (such as rotor and stator) are painted with special selected primers. The paints are accurately and rigorously tested to guarantee compatibility with insulation system. These primers aren’t changed depending on the selected painting system.

8.2 Final painting

After final assembly, the external surface of the machine is finished according to section 6.

9 Quality control - Measuring the Thickness of the Paint

The quality of paintwork and fulfilment of the required coat thicknesses will be monitored. Inspections will be performed in accordance with this document and ISO 12944 standard. A summary of the results will be included

in the painting inspection record.

The permitted minimum coating thickness at any individual measuring point is 80% of the nominal coating thickness (upper limit 300%), according to ISO 12944-5.