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douglas (jed3339) – Practice Midterm 03 – yao – (54790) 1

This print-out should have 15 questions. Two parallel wires carry equal currents in
Multiple-choice questions may continue on the opposite directions. Point A is midway
the next column or page – find all choices between the wires, and B is an equal distance
before answering. on the other side of the wires.

001 10.0 points


An inductor is connected to a 9.77 Hz power
supply that produces a 64.9 V rms voltage. A B
What minimum inductance is needed to
keep the maximum current in the circuit be-
low 117 mA?
1. 5.87404
2. 7.31602
3. 6.71467 What is the ratio of the magnitude of the
4. 5.68687 magnetic field at point A to that at point B?
5. 3.56375
6. 12.7791 BA 10
1. =
7. 3.23962 BB 3
8. 5.29422 BA 4
9. 11.2239 2. =
BB 3
10. 9.77407 BA
3. =2
BB
Correct answer: 12.7791 H.
BA 1
Explanation: 4. =
BB 2
BA
5. =0
Let : Vmax = 64.9 V and BB
Irms = 117 mA = 0.117 A . BA 1
6. =
BB 3
The rms current is BA 2
7. =
Irms BB 3
Imax ≤ √ . BA
2 8. = 3 correct
BB
Since BA 5
9. =
Vmax Vmax Vmax BB 2
Imax = = = ,
XL ωL 2πf L BA
10. =4
BB
Vmax Imax Explanation:
≤ √
2πf L 2 The magnetic field due to a long wire is

2 Vmax µ0 I
L≥ B= .
2 π f Irms 2πr

2 (64.9 V)
= Let the distance between the wires be r.
2 π (9.77 Hz) (0.117 A)
The magnetic field at A due to the upgoing
= 12.7791 H . wire is
µ0 I µ0 I
Bup,A = = .
002 10.0 points 2 π (r/2) πr
douglas (jed3339) – Practice Midterm 03 – yao – (54790) 2
The right-hand rule tells us the direction is In which direction does the magnetic field
into the paper. Due to the fact that A is point?
the same distance from both wires, the other
wire gives a magnetic field at A of the same 1. out of the page correct
magnitude, also directed into the paper due
to the right-hand rule. The total magnetic 2. toward the top of the page
field at A is
2 µ0 I 3. to the right
BA = 2 Bup,A = .
πr
Now, the field at B due to the upgoing wire is 4. into the page
µ0 I µ0 I
Bup,B = = , 5. to the left
2 π (3 r/2) 3πr
again into the paper, while
6. toward the bottom of the page
µ0 I µ0 I
Bdown,B = =
2 π (r/2) πr
out of the paper. So
BB = Bdown,B − Bup,B
 
µ0 I 1
= 1−
πr 3 Explanation:
2 µ0 I +q
= , −
3πr
out of the paper. Comparing magnitudes, we m
+ hole −
find
2 µ0 I + − B
BA E
= πr = 3 .
BB 2 µ0 I

3πr +
+ −
003 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
Because the particle curves down, the direc-
A positively charged particle of mass m and ~ points down. By the right-hand
tion of ~v × B
charge q is accelerated from rest in the plane ~ must point out of the page .
rule, B
of the page through a potential difference of
E between two parallel plates as shown. The 004 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
particle is injected through a hole in the right- If the particle were accelerated across a po-
hand plate into a region containing a uniform tential difference of 4 E, what would be the
magnetic field of magnitude B. The particle new radius of the semicircular path in the
curves in a semicircular path of radius R and magnetic field?
strikes a detector.
q Region of 1. R
m Magnetic
hole Field B 2. 4 R

E 3. R/2

4. 2 R correct

5. R/4
douglas (jed3339) – Practice Midterm 03 – yao – (54790) 3
Explanation: 1
L=
First, the change in kinetic energy of the 4 π2 C f02
charged particle is equal to the work done by 1
the potential difference: =
4 π 2 (1.6 × 10−12
F)
1
r
1 2 2qE ×
m v = q E =⇒ v = (4.61219 × 107 Hz)2
2 m
Second, the radius of circular path of a 106 µ H
×
charged particle in a perpendicular magnetic 1H
field B is given by = 7.44227 µH .
mv
r=
qB
Thus increasing the acceleration voltage by a 006 10.0 points
factor of 4 will cause the particle to gain twice Two long parallel wires carry the same
the speed, which results in twice the radius in amount of current and attract each other with
F
the magnetic field. a force per unit length of f = .
l
If both currents are halved and the wire
005 10.0 points separation is also halved, what is the force
What value of inductance should be used in per unit length?
series with a capacitor of 1.6 pF to form an os-
cillating circuit that will radiate a wavelength 1. f
of 6.5 m?
1. 28.4092 2. 8 f
2. 5.6703
3. 4.14467 f
3. correct
4. 8.35507 2
5. 5.23614 f
6. 17.1482 4.
4
7. 4.20877
8. 4.07658 5. 4 f
9. 3.7594
10. 7.44227 6. 2 f
f
Correct answer: 7.44227 µH. 7.
8
Explanation:
Explanation:

Let : c = 2.99792 × 108 m/s ,


λ = 6.5 m , and µ0 I 1 I 2 µ0 I 2 I2
f= = ∝
C = 1.6 pF = 1.6 × 10−12 F . 2πr 2πr r
(1/2) 2 f
c 2.99792 × 108 m/s f′ = f=
f0 = = 1/2 2
λ 6.5 m
= 4.61219 × 107 Hz.
007 10.0 points
The frequency is
A negatively charged particle is moving to the
1 right, directly above a wire having a current
f0 = √
2π LC flowing to the right, as shown in the figure. In
douglas (jed3339) – Practice Midterm 03 – yao – (54790) 4
which direction is the magnetic force exerted A rigid rectangular loop, which measures
on the particle? 0.30 m by 0.40 m, carries a current of 5.5 A,
as shown in the figure. A uniform external
magnetic field of magnitude 2.9 T in the neg-
ative x direction is present. Segment CD is in
the xz-plane and forms a 35◦ angle with the
z-axis, as shown. An external torque is ap-
plied to keep the loop in static equilibrium.
1. Downward Find the magnitude of the external torque.

2. Out of the page

3. Upward correct

4. Into the page

5. The magnetic force is zero since the ve-


locity is parallel to the current.
Explanation:
The magnetic field created by the wire at
the position of the particle is out of the page,
resulting in a magnetic force that is directed
in the upward direction.

008 10.0 points


The secondary coil of an ideal transformer
provides 10.0 mA at 7500 V to a neon dis-
charge display. The primary coil operates on
120 V. What current does the primary coil 1. 1.10 N · m correct
draw?
2. 1.46 N · m
1. 0.625 mA
3. 0.73 N · m
2. 0.160 mA
4. 1.91 N · m
3. 0.625 A correct
5. 1.57 N · m
4. 0.160 A
Explanation: Explanation:
For an ideal transformer, the voltages and The external torque must be equal in mag-
currents in the primary coil with N1 turns and nitude to the magnetic torque on the loop,
secondary coil with N2 turns are given by: which is given by τ = µB sin θ. Here
τ = (5.5 A)(0.3 m)(0.4 m) is the magnetic mo-
V2 I1 N2 ment of the loop, B = 2.9 T is the magnetic
= = .
V1 I2 N1 field, and θ = 35◦ is the angle between the
For V1 = 120 V, V2 = 7500 V, and I2 = magnetic moment and the magnetic field.
0.010 A, we have I1 = 0.625 A.
010 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
009 10.0 points
douglas (jed3339) – Practice Midterm 03 – yao – (54790) 5
A straight rod moves along parallel con-
ducting rails, as shown. The rails are con-
nected at the left side through a resistor so B
that the rod and rails form a closed rectangu-
lar loop. A uniform field perpendicular to the

m
R
movement of the rod exists throughout the re-


I
gion. Assume the rod remains in contact with
the rails as it moves. The rod experiences no
friction or air drag. The rails and rod have B
negligible resistance.

From Ohm’s Law, the emf inside the loop is


2.8 T
E =IR
0.73 A

1.5 m
9.4 g
6Ω

and the motional emf is

E = Bℓv
E IR
2.8 T v= =
Bℓ Bℓ
(0.73 A) (6 Ω)
= = 1.04286 m/s .
At what speed should the rod be moving to (2.8 T) (1.5 m)
produce the downward current in the resistor?
1. 0.615 011 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
2. 0.402457 What motion does the rod exhibit?
3. 1.97308
4. 0.715 1. Moving either left or right, since both
5. 0.848485 directions produce the same result
6. 1.04286
7. 3.12162 2. Moving to the left
8. 2.14898
9. 0.427083 3. Stationary
10. 1.35199
4. Moving to the right correct
Correct answer: 1.04286 m/s.
Explanation:
The downward current through the resis-
tor reduces the existing flux ΦB in the loop;
Explanation: i.e., the current produces magnetic flux in the
opposite direction as the existing flux, into
the paper. Such a response counteracts the
reduction of enclosed flux within the rail and
rod loop that arises if the rod moves to the
right, as would follow from Lenz’ law.
Let : I = 0.73 A , Therefore the rod must be moving to the
right.
ℓ = 1.5 m ,
m = 9.4 g ,
012 10.0 points
R = 6 Ω , and Consider an electromagnetic plane wave with
B = 2.8 T . a time averaged intensity 356 W/m2 .
douglas (jed3339) – Practice Midterm 03 – yao – (54790) 6

The speed of light is 2.99792 × 108 m/s the energy stored in the inductor after the
and the permeability of free space is 4 π × switch has been closed for a long time?
10−7 T·N/A .
What is the maximum magnetic field?
1. 1.12884e-06
2. 1.59116e-06
3. 1.10254e-06
4. 9.24719e-07
5. 1.80121e-06
6. 1.76833e-06
7. 1.26208e-06
8. 1.34254e-06 1. It increases by a factor of 2.
9. 1.52112e-06
10. 1.72757e-06 2. It remains the same.

Correct answer: 1.72757 × 10−6 T. 3. It decreases by a factor of 2. correct


Explanation: 4. It increases by a factor of 4.

5. It decreases by a factor of 4.
Let : I = 356 W/m2 ,
µ0 = 4 π × 10−7 T·m/A , and Explanation:
c = 2.99792 × 108 m/s . The energy stored in an inductor is given
by
The average intensity of an electromagnetic 1 2 1
 2
V
wave is the magnitude of its average Poynting U = LI = L ,
2 2 R
vector
so if both L and R are doubled, the energy
EB Emax Bmax decreases by a factor of 2.
I = Save = =
µ0 2µ0
Since E = c B, 014 10.0 points
A circular coil is made of N turns of cop-
2
Bmax c per wire as shown in the figure. A resistor
I= R is inserted in the copper wire. Initially, a

r 0 uniform external magnetic field points hori-
2 µ0 I zontally from left to right through the coil.
Bmax =
q c
= 2 (4 π × 10−7 T·N/A)
s
356 W/m2
×
2.99792 × 108 m/s
Magnetic
−6 Field B(t)
= 1.72757 × 10 T .
R

013 10.0 points During a time interval t, the external mag-


An inductor with inductance L and a resistor netic field first decreases to zero at a a con-
with resistance R are connected in series to a stant rate, then increases from zero at the
DC voltage source. If both the resistance and same constant rate, but in the opposite direc-
the inductance are doubled, what happens to tion, until a reversed field (i.e., from right to
douglas (jed3339) – Practice Midterm 03 – yao – (54790) 7
left) equal in magnitude to the initial field is the second polarizer?
reached.
What is the direction of the induced current 5
1. I2 = I0
in the resistor R? 16
1
2. I2 = I0
1. There is no induced current. 16
9
2. It first flows from left to right, and then 3. I2 = I0
16
from right to left. 1
4. I2 = I0
2
3. It first flows from right to left, and then
5
from left to right. 5. I2 = I0
8
4. It flows from right to left. 1
6. I2 = I0
4
5. It flows from left to right. correct 3
7. I2 = I0
16
Explanation: 1
As the left-to-right magnetic field decreases 8. I2 = I0
8
(and eventually flipping sign and increasing
3
in magnitude) it follows from Lenz’s law (op- 9. I2 = I0 correct
position to the change in magnetic field will 8
tend to keep the current constant and flow- 7
10. I2 = I0
ing in the same direction) that the induced 16
emf will produce a left-to-right magnetic field Explanation:
arising from induced currents in the coil. The beam intensity after the first polarizer
By the right hand rule, the induced current is
flows counter-clockwise when viewed from I0
E0 = .
the right and the coils are wound counter- 2
clockwise as the wire goes from the right to We use the formula for the intensity of the
left terminals. The current must enter the transmitted (polarized) light. Thus the beam
loop from the right terminal and exit at the intensity after the second polarizer is
left terminal.
Since the current is continuous, the current I = E0 cos2 θ
must flow through the resistor in the left-to- I0
= cos2 (30◦ )
right direction. 2
3 I0
=
015 10.0 points 8
An unpolarized light beam with intensity of
I0 passes through 2 polarizers shown in the
picture.
Unpolarized
light Polarizer
E0 Analyzer
θ
E 0 cos θ

Transmission Polarized
axis lihgt

If θ = 30◦ ,what is the beam intensity after