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COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

Department of Civil Engineering
Sessional II Examination

Class: BCV- 3A & 3B Date: 08th December, 2017

Subject: Elementary Fluid Mechanics Instructor: Engr. Kashif Mehmood
Time Allowed: 110 min Max Marks: 60

Note: All questions carry equal marks. Use illustrations, wherever required and assume missing
data suitably, if any, and state clearly the assumptions made.

Q2. Drive the following principles by using basic assumptions CLO2 (PLO1-C3)

a) What is Archimedes’ principle? Derive the mathematical relationship for buoyant force by
enclosing the body in a parallelepiped.

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b) Derive Bernoulli’s equation by integration of Euler’s equation. State assumption made for
such derivation. (5)

Q3. Calculate the following: CLO2 (PLO2-C4)

a) A 4 m long curved gate is located in the side of reservoir containing water as shown in Figure
01. Determine the magnitude of the horizontal and vertical components of the force of the
water on the gate. Will this force pass through point A? Explain. (6)

b) The 4 diameter circular gate is located in the inclined wall of a large reservoir containing
liguid (γ=8.80 KN/m3) as shown in Figure 02. The gate is mounted on a shaft along its
horizontal diameter, and the water depth is 10 m above the shaft. Determine the magnitude
and location of resultant force exerted on the gate by the water. (6)

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c) A block of wood floats in water with 40mm projecting above the water surface. When placed
in glycerin of sp gr 1.35, the block projects 70mm above the surface of that liquid. Calculate
the sp gr of wood. (6)

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d) A solid wood cylinder has a diameter of 0.6m and a height of 1.2m. The sp.gr. of the wood is
0.6. If the cylinder is placed vertically in oil of sp.gr. 0.85, analyze that it is stable or not. (6)

e) On a circular pipe there are different diameters: diameter D1 = 2 m changes into D2 = 3 m. The
velocity in the entrance profile was measured: v1 = 3 m/s. Calculate the discharge and mean
velocity at the outlet profile (see figure.). Determine also type of flow in both pipe profiles,
whether the flow is laminar or turbulent. Take μ=1.24x 10-3 N-S/m2. (6)

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