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Analysis:

 One of the possible errors in the experiment is the observation of the uniform or constant speed
(or motion) of the block for both parts of the experiment because it is based on human judgement
which is not accurate.
 Another possible source of error is the inaccurate reading of the height and base in finding the
angle of repose.
 The weight added to the block and the pan are only in multiples of 5, meaning it cannot give more
accurate results.
 The main concept used in this experiment is the concept of friction.
 Friction is known as the force that opposes the motion of a body (or the block).
 The friction force is denoted as f = µ N. In solving for the coefficient friction (µ) which is the
constant of proportionality and is presumed to be proportional to the frictional force.
 Angle of repose is the angle between the horizontal and incline which can also give the value
coefficient friction.
 In the experiment, constant motion must be observed which means there must be a constant
friction applying on the block.
 The values for the coefficient of friction are near each other which is obtained from the
𝑓
proportion of the weight of the pan and the weight of the block. The equation µ= 𝑁 is used where
f is the frictional force or the weight of the pan (Wp), and the N as the weight normal force or the
Wp
weight of the block (Wb) leading to the equation, µ= . It can be inferred from the equation that
Wb

to have a constant value of the coefficient of friction, the proportion of the pan and the block must
be constant, meaning if you increase the value of Wb you also must increase the value of Wp, vice
versa.
 The coefficient of friction was determined by the ratio of the horizontal distance and the vertical
height (µ = tan θ = height/base), and the angle of repose is computed from the value of the
coefficient of friction which means that the angle of repose can also be used to get the coefficient
of friction. The angle of repose can be solved by θ = tan -1 (height/base). The angle of repose can
be substituted back to tan θ to solve for the coefficient of friction.
Conclusion:

 The objectives of the experiment were met. The objective was to determine the coefficient
friction and establish the relationship between the angle of repose and the coefficient of friction.
The objectives were met because the group was able to determine the coefficient of friction for
part A which averaged 0.42 and the group was able to establish the relationship between the angle
of repose and the coefficient of friction which showed that the coefficient of friction can be
solved using the angle of repose. Comparing the values of the coefficient of friction from part A
and the coefficient friction of part B from the angle of repose are near each other.
 The concepts about friction, frictional force and angle of repose towards solving for the
coefficient of friction helped the researchers to achieve their objectives. The applied concepts that
were used in this experiment are the frictional force is proportional to the coefficient of friction
where in the experiment, when weight is added to the pan, weight must also be added to the
block. Another concept is that friction works against the motion and acts in opposite direction that
when a body is moving constantly, the friction applied is also constant. A body sliding down in
an inclined plane due to its own weight means that the angle among the incline and the horizontal
is called the angle of repose. Lastly, the coefficient of friction is equal to the tangent of the angle
of repose.
 Throughout the experiment, it was observable that the coefficient of friction is a constant of
proportionality. The coefficient of friction can be solved from the proportion of the weight of the
pan and the weight of the block, and from the base and height. It is also observable that constant
motion means that there is a constant friction applied to a body.
 There was inaccuracy of the values collected because of the errors. The error may be minimized
if there was something used to measure the constant motion because human judgement was used
in the experiment. Also, having more blocks that can weigh less than 5 grams can provide more
accurate data.
 Friction is important in electronics engineering because most of the gadgets are touch screen
which means that it also uses friction in detecting or reading the gestures we are doing towards
the gadgets. The gadget will read the opposite force that we are applying on the screens then
encodes or processes it and then giving its response. Example is swiping up down, left or right.