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PROJECT

KYAW THAR ENGINEERING &


CALC BY CHECK BY DATE
CONSTRUCTION CO. LTD.
DESIGN OF PURLIN CALCULATION
1. GEOMETRY DATA 1.1 MATERIAL PROPERTIES
Simple Span Length 4.57 m. 15 ft Steel Modulus of Elasticity Es 2.10E+06 ksc.
Purlin Spacing ,S (@) 0.91 m. 3 ft Yield Strength Fy 4500 ksc.
Dead load ,DL 24 Kg./m2 5.00 psf Allowable Tensile Stress Fb=0.6Fy 2700 ksc.
Live load ,LL 24 Kg./m2 5.00 psf Allowable Shear Stress Fv=0.4Fy 1800 ksc.
Presure of Wind Load ,Pn 50 Kg./m2 10.24 psf
Angle of Roof 20.0 Deg.

2. CALCULATION GRAVITY LOADS ON PURLIN


2.1 Summaries Load (DL+LL)xS = 45 Kg./m
2.2 Wind Load ,S.2Pn.sin/(1+sin2), Wd = 28.0 Kg./m

Wy = 44.6159707406279 cos20 = 69.9 Kg./m Vy = 159.8 Kg.


Wx = 44.6159707406279 sin20 = 15.3 Kg./m Vx = 17.4 Kg.
Mx = Wy.L2/8 = 182.7 Kg.-m
My = Wx.L2/8 = - Kg.-m
Wx.L2/32 = 10.0 Kg.-m ( For Design Sag Rod at Mid Span)
Required Sx = Mx/Fb = 6.8 cm3

3. PROVIDE PURLIN MEMBER


Use C 100x50x20x2.3 1 33
width, bf= 5.0 cm moment of inertia, Ix = 80.7 cm4
depth, d = 10.0 cm Iy = 19.0 cm4
3
thick of web, tw= 0.23 cm section modulus, Sx = 16.0 cm OK
3
thick of flange, tf= 0.23 cm Sx = 6.1 cm
section area, Ax = 5.17 cm2 radius of gyration, rx = 4.0 cm
weight , w = 4.06 kg/m

4. DETERMINE TENSILE & SHEARING STRESS


4.1 fb= Mx/Sx + 2My/Sy = 1,470.4 Kg./m fb <Fb, OK.
4.2 fv= Vx/Af + Vy/Aw = 89.53 Kg. fv <Fv, OK.

5. DEFLECTION CHECK
Allowable Deflection allow = L/360 = 1.27 cm.
Actural Deflecton max = WyL4/145.EIx = 1.24 cm. OK. <Cont. Span>

*** PROVIDE, Purlin C 100x50x20x2.3mm.Thk, 4.06 kg/m ****

6. DESIGN SAG RODesign

Axial Force in Sag Rog = 10 Vx = 174.3 Kg.


Sag Rod Length, L = 91 cm.
Tiral Rod, RB 14 mm. (Min 15 mm.)
Ax = 1.54 cm2
rx = 0.35 cm , rx = (Ix/Ax)^0.5 = d/4 ,for round bar
Tensile Stress ,fa =P/Ax = 113.3 ksc. OK.
Check Slenderness ratio
K = 1.0 , KL/rx = 261 < 300 ,OK

*** PROVIDE, RB 14 mm. Sag Rod ****