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Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации

Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное


учреждение
высшего профессионального образования
«Алтайский государственный технический
университет им. И. И. Ползунова»

И.В. Рогозина, А.В. Кремнева, Н.Н. Столярова, Н.П. Попова

УЧЕБНОЕ ПОСОБИЕ
ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ
(ЧАСТЬ I)

Изд-во АлтГТУ

Барнаул 2015
Учебное пособие по английскому языку : (ч. 1) : учеб. пособие / И. В.
Рогозина, А. В. Кремнева, Н. Н. Столярова, Н. П. Попова ; Алт. гос. техн. ун-т
им. И. И. Ползунова. – Барнаул : Изд-во АлтГТУ, 2015. – 132 с.

Учебное пособие по английскому языку предназначено для студентов 1-го


курса, обучающихся по различным специальностям и направлениям подготовки
неязыкового вуза. Пособие состоит из 12 уроков, четыре из которых находятся в
приложении, предназначенном для групп с продвинутым уровнем подготовки.
Каждый урок включает аутентичный текст, активный словарь с транскрипцией,
вопросы для проверки понимания текста, грамматический справочник,
упражнения на развитие лексико-грамматических и коммуникативных навыков.
Учебное пособие является частью УМК дисциплины «Иностранный язык»,
включающего также учебные пособия для 2, 3, 4-го семестров, комплект аудио -
и видеоматериалов для каждого из разделов УМК, тесты промежуточного и
итогового контроля, тестологическую базу АСТ.

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СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

MODULE I. PRESENT CONTINUOUS


UNIT 1. A LETTER TO A FRIEND ........................................................................ 4
UNIT 2. MY FAMILY IS FORTRESS.................................................................... 13
MODULE II. PRESENT SIMPLE
UNIT 3. ANOTHER DAY, ANOTHERDOLLAR ................................................. 31
UNIT 4. A TRIP TO EXETER ................................................................................ 43
MODULE III. PAST SIMPLE
UNIT 5. DINNER DISASTER .............................................................................. 53
UNIT 6. A SPANISH RESTAURANT.................................................................... 66
MODULE IV. PRESENT PERFECT
UNIT 7. ALICE ASHTON‟S TRAVEL WEBLOG ............................................... 74
UNIT 8. THAILAND - LAND OF SMILES .......................................................... 89
APPENDIX
PRESENT CONTINUOUS ................................................................................... 106
PRESENT SIMPLE............................................................................................... 112
PAST SIMPLE....................................................................................................... 119
PRESENT PERFECT ............................................................................................ 125

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UNIT 1

A LETTER TO A FRIEND
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I. LISTENING AND READING

Listen to the text

Read and translate the text

A LETTER TO A FRIEND
Paola is an Italian student of English at a school in
London. This is her letter to her friend David.

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II. NOTES

Spain [speɪn] Испания


France [frɑːns] Франция
Japan [dʒəˈpæn] Япония
Argentina [ˌɑ:rdʒənˈti:nə] Аргентина
Switzerland [ˈswɪtsələnd] Швейцария
Thailand [ˈtaɪlənd] Тайланд
Peter Briscall [ˈp i:tə ˈbrɪskɔl] Питер Брискол
Hyde Park [ˈhaɪd pɑːk] Гайд-парк
Green Park [ɡriːn pɑːk] Грин-парк
St. James‟ Park [sənt ˈdʒeɪmzɪz] Сентджеймский парк
Paola [ˈpʌɔlə] Паола

III. VOCABULARY

1. letter [ˈletə] письмо


to send a letter to a friend отправить письмо другу
2. international [ˌɪntəˈnæʃənəl] международный, иностранный
international school of English международная школа английского
3. address [ə'dres] адрес
My new address is at the top of the Мой новый адрес – наверху письма.
letter.
4. friendly [ˈfrendli] дружелюбный, приветливый
The English are very friendly. Англичане очень приветливы.
5. to understand [ˌʌndəˈstænd] понимать
to understand English понимать английский
6. weather [ˈweðə] погода
The weather is good – cold but sunny. Погода хорошая – прохладная, но
солнечная.
7. beautiful [ˈbjuːtəfəl] красивый
The parks are beautiful in London. Лондонские парки очень красивы.
8. the Underground [ˈʌndəˌɡraʊnd] метро
to use [juːz] the Underground пользоваться метро, ездить на метро
9. expensive [ɪkˈspensɪv] дорогой
The Underground is very expensive. Метро очень дорогое.
10. horrible [ˈhɒrəbl] ужасный
The coffee is horrible. Кофе ужасен.

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VI. COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS


1. Why is Paola in London now?
2. How many international students are there in her class?
3. What is her teacher‟ name? What kind of teacher is he?
4. What kind of family are the Browns?
5. What is Paola‟s new address?
6. How old are the children?
7. What kind of city is London?
8. What is the weather like in London?

2. MATCH EACH PICTURE TO A PART OF THE LETTER

3. SAY IF THE SENTENCES ARE TRUE OR FALSE

Examples: Paola is Italian. – Yes, she is. She is Italian.


She‟s in Rome. – No, she isn’t. She’s in London.
1. Paola is on holiday.
2. Paola is a student of Russian.
3. She is happy in London.
4. It‟s a very big class.
5. The students in her class are all from Europe.
6. Paola‟s teacher is horrible.
7. The teacher‟s name is David.
8. Paola is staying at a nice hotel.
9. Mr. and Mrs. Brown have two sons and a daughter.
10. The Browns are very friendly.
11. It is difficult to understand the Browns.
12. The weather is very warm.
13. The Underground is cheap.
14. The food in London is horrible.

V. GRAMMAR: PRESENT SIMPLE OF THE VERB TO BE


(ГЛАГОЛ TO BE В НАСТОЯЩЕМ ПРОСТОМ ВРЕМЕНИ)

1. УПОТРЕБЛЕНИЕ ГЛАГОЛА TO BE

Глагол to be употребляется в предложении в следующих основных значениях:


1. «быть», 2. «являться», 3. «находиться».

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2. ФОРМЫ ГЛАГОЛА TO BE В PRESENT SIMPLE
В настоящем простом времени глагол to be имеет 3 формы – am, is, are.
число / лицо Утвердительная Отрицательная Вопросительная
форма форма форма
1 л. ед. ч. I am I am not Am I?
2 л. ед. ч. You are You are not Are you?
He is He is not Is he?
3л. ед. ч. She is She is not Is she?
It is It is not Is it ?
1 л. мн. ч. We are We are not Are we?
2 л. мн. ч. You are You are not Are you?
3 л. мн. ч. They are They are not Are they?

3. СТРУКТУРА ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ С ГЛАГОЛОМ TO BE

CТРУКТУРА УТВЕРДИТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

Именная часть
Глагол сказуемого или
Подлежащее
to be обстоятельство
места
I am a student.
They are here.
He is on holiday.

Hi, I am Tom Johnson.


I am very happy.
I am on holiday in Spain.
It is summer.
The weather is good.
It is warm and sunny.
The water and the sky are blue.

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СТРУКТУРА ОТРИЦАТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

Именная часть
Глагол Частица сказуемого или
Подлежащее
to be not обстоятельство
места
It is not warm.
I am not happy.
You are not on holiday.

ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ: в отрицательных предложениях частица not


ставится после глагола to be.

Hi, I am Bill Peterson.


I’m on holiday in Spain, but I am not happy.
It is not summer, it’s winter.
The weather is not good, it’s bad.
It is not warm, it’s very cold.
The water and the sky are not blue, they are dark and grey.

СТРУКТУРА ВОПРОСИТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

Именная часть
Глагол сказуемого или
Подлежащее
to be обстоятельство
места
Are you a student?
Is he on holiday?

What is your name? – I am George Smith.


How are you, George? – I’m fine.
Are you from America? – Yes, I am.
Are you on holiday? – Yes, I am.

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VI. EXERCISES
1. Read the transcribed words.

A. [ni:], [i:l], [ni:t], [fi:d], [bi:t], [bli:d], [ni:d], [mi:t], [fi:t], [bi:],
[ben], [tel], [ten], [tent], [bed], [pen], [men], [pet], [met], [net],
[end], [det], [bet], [vet], [dip], [tip], [bit], [it], [litl], [lip], [pil], [til],
[bit], [bizi], [piti], [sin], [nit], [in], [mait], [mai], [taim], [tai], [faiv], [laif], [naif],
[laim], [taip], [nain], [lai], [fain], [saiz], [laiz], [paips], [taips], [si:z], [si:s], [pens],
[penz], [set], [zed], [si:ts], [si:dz], [li:dz], [pits], [tips], [sni:z], [nais], [naivz], [wi:],
[wi:l], [wit], [wai], [wet], [waild], [wen], [windi], [waif], [west].
B. [ˈletə], [frend], [ˌɪntəˈnæʃənəl], [əˈdres], [ˈweðə], [ˈrestrɒnt], [ɪkˈspensɪv],
[həʊˈtel], [ˈsekrətri], [ˌsɪɡəˈret], [ˌeɪˈtiːn], [ˈɪntəˌnet], [ˈhɒrəbl], [ˈhɒlɪdeɪ], [ˈdɒktə],
[ˈsʌni], [ˈkʌmftəbl], [ˈʌndəˌɡraʊnd], [ˈdɔːtə], [wɔːm], [tʃiːp], [biːtʃ], [ˈtiːtʃə], [ˈiːmeɪl],
[brəˈzɪl], [pɑːm], [ˈsaɪəntɪst].
2. Fill in the blanks with am, is or are.

Example: The weather is very nice today.


1. I …not happy.
2. This tree … very tall.
3. The palm … on the beach.
4. Look! There … Tom.
5. I … hot. Can you open the window, please?
6. This hotel … near the beach.
7. My brother and I … good tennis players.
8. I … on holiday but my brother … at home.
9. I … a student. My sister … a teacher.
10. My parents … at work. My mother … a secretary and my father … a driver.
3. Fill in the blanks with am, is or are.

1. What … your name? – My name … Tom Johnson. 2. What


… your address? – My address … 175 Gran Bay. 3. What …
your phone number? – My phone number … 754 832. 4.
Where … you from? – I … from New York. 5. How old …
you? – I … eighteen. 6. … you a student? – Yes, I am. 7. …
your family big? - Yes, it … . 8. … your father a teacher? – No, my father … a
scientist. 9. What … your mother? – She … a doctor. 10. … your brother young? –
Yes, he … fifteen. He … at school now. 11. … your sister a student? – No, she … not.
She … a typist. 12. … they at home? – No, they … not at home, they … at work now.

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4. Translate the sentences.

1. Он врач. 2. Я студент. 3. Она учитель. 4. Мы студенты. 5.


Они врачи. 6. Я дома. 7. Они на работе. 8. Он молодой. 9. Я
из России. 10. Она из Испании. 11. Мы в отпуске. 12. Она в
Лондоне. 13. Мне двадцать лет. 14. Он в школе. 15. Наша
семья большая.

5. Use am, is or are to make sentences.

Example: (My shoes very dirty) – My shoes are very dirty.

1. (I not happy today)


2. (your cigarettes in your bag)
3. (my bed very comfortable)
4. (this restaurant very expensive)
5. (the shops not open today)
6. (My sister ten years old)
7. (the houses in this street very old)
8. (the examination not difficult)
9. (those flowers very beautiful)
10. (my friend Paola Italian)

6. Make true sentences.

Example: We … students. – We are students.

1. We … in class.
2. It … Monday today.
3. I … at home.
4. The teacher‟s name … David.
5. Paris … the capital of France.
6. I … married.
7. England and France … in Africa.
8. I … tired.
9. My parents … at work.
10. I … hungry.
11. It … warm today.
12. Rome … in Spain.
13. I … afraid of dogs.
14. My hands … cold.
15. The Amazon … in Africa.
11
7. Put questions to the sentences.
Example: My mother is at home. – Is your mother at home?

1. Madonna is a pop star.


2. I am interested in art.
3. The shops are open today.
4. My friends are angry with me.
5. This hotel is expensive.
6. They are British.
7. Books are expensive in my country.
8. This seat is free.
9. My shoes are comfortable.
10. I am eighteen years old.

8. Translate the sentences.

A. 1. Как ее зовут? 2. Как его зовут? 3. Как их зовут? 4. Как зовут вашего друга?
5. Как зовут вашу сестру? 6. Сколько тебе лет? 7. Сколько ей лет? 8. Сколько им
лет? 9. Сколько лет вашему другу? 10. Сколько лет вашему университету? 11.
Чем вы занимаетесь? 12. Кто по профессии ваш отец? 13. Чем занимается ваш
друг? 14. Откуда она родом? 15. Откуда родом ваша подруга? 16. Какого цвета
ваши туфли? 17. Какого цвета их машина? 18. Чей это компьютер? 19. Чьи это
книги?

B. 1. Как тебя зовут? – Меня зовут Дэвид. 2. Какой у тебя адрес? – Мой адрес
Оксфорд Стрит, 45. 3. Откуда ты родом? – Я из Англии. 4. Чем ты занимаешься?
– Я студент. 5. Кто эта девушка на фотографии? – Это моя подруга Паола. Она
из Италии. 6. Сколько ей лет? – Ей восемнадцать лет. 7. Она сейчас в Лондоне?
– Да. 8. Она в отпуске? – Нет, она в международной школе английского языка. 9.
Ваш город большой? – Да, Лондон очень большой и интересный. 10. В Лондоне
сейчас хорошая погода? – Да, погода холодная, но солнечная.

9. Write a letter to a friend about your class.

12
UNIT 2

MY FAMILY IS MY FORTRESS
13
I. LISTENING AND READING

Listen to the text

Read and translate the text

MY FAMILY IS MY FORTRESS

It‟s Monday morning. Eight o‟clock. The Dobsons are at table. They are
having breakfast. Rosie Dobson is talking about her relatives.
My big sister Juliet is reading the paper. She is not looking at anyone. The
twins are eating eggs. Aunt Minnie is feeding Monster, my youngest brother. Jack is
flying his kite, and Louise is putting on lipstick in front of the mirror. Mum is
talking to Aunt Minnie and drinking a cup of coffee.
Grandma and Dad are shouting at each other. They are constantly arguing
about politics. Uncle George is trying to make them listen to him.
Our cat Fluffy is lying under Aunt Minnie‟s chair. Our dog Lassie is barking at
Uncle George. The other dog Butch is sleeping under the table.
Me? I‟m tired of my relatives. I’m getting ready to go to school and I am sorry
for the dogs. They can‟t get away from the family!

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II. NOTES

fortress ['fɔːtrəs] крепость


Dobsons ['dɔbsənz] Добсоны
Rosie [rəuzɪ] Роузи
Juliet ['ʤuːlɪət] Джулиет
AuntMinnie ['ɑːntɪ 'mɪnɪ] тетя Минни
Monster ['mɔnstə] Монстр
Jack [ʤæk] Джек
Louise [luˈɪ:z] Луиза
George [ʤɔːʤ] Джордж
Fluffy ['flʌfɪ] Флаффи
Lassie ['læsɪ] Лэсси
Butch [buʧ] Бутч

III. VOCABULARY
1. to shout [ʃaʊt] at smb. кричать, орать на к-л
2. other [ˈʌðə] другой
each other [iːtʃ ˈʌðə] друг друга
They are shouting at each other. Они орут друг на друга.
3. constantly [ˈkɒnstəntli] постоянно
4. to argue [ˈɑːɡju]about smth. спорить о ч-л
My Grandma and Grandpa are constantly Мои бабушка и дедушка
arguing about politics [ˈpɒlətɪks]. постоянно спорят о политике.
5. to listen [ˈlɪsn] to smth./smb. слушать ч-л/ к-л
They are not listening to each other. Они не слушают друг друга.
6. twin [twɪn] близнец
7. egg [eɡ] яйцо
The twins are eating eggs. Близнецы едят яйца.
8. to look at smth/ smb смотреть на ч -л/ к-л
9. to feed [fiːd] кормить
Aunt Minnie is feeding my youngest Тетя Минни кормит моего
brother. младшего брата.
10. to fly a kite [kaɪt] запускать воздушного змея
My brother is flying his kite. Мой брат запускает воздушного
змея.
11. lipstick [ˈlɪpˌstɪk] губная помада
to put on lipstick наносить помаду, красить губы

15
12.in front [frʌnt] of smth/smb перед, напротив ч-л, к-л
in front of the mirror [ˈmɪrə] перед зеркалом
Now she is putting on lipstick in front of Сейчас она красит губы перед
the mirror. зеркалом.
13. to talk [tɔːk] to smb about smth разговаривать с к-л о ч-л
The twins are talking to each other. Близнецы разговаривают друг с
другом.
14. to lie [laɪ] лежать
The cat is lying under the chair [tʃeə]. Кошка лежит под стулом.
15. to bark [bɑːk] at smth/smb лаять на ч-л, к-л
Our dog Lassie is barking at Uncle ['ʌŋkl] Наша собака Лэсси лает на дядю
George. Джорджа.
16. tired [ˈtaɪəd] усталый
to be tired of smth устать от ч-л
17. relative [ˈrelətɪv] родственник
I am tired of my relatives. Я устал от родственников.
18. to get ready [ˈredi] to do smth приготовиться, быть готовым
сделать ч-л
I am getting ready to go. Я готовлюсь к выходу.
19. to be sorry for smb жалеть к-л, сочувствовать к-л
Rosie is sorry for the dogs. Роузи жаль собак.
20. to get away [əˈweɪ] from smth/smb сбежать из ч-л/от к-л
to get away from the family сбежать от семьи

IV. COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

1. Where are the Dobsons?


2. What are they doing?
3. Who is Rosie Dobson talking about?
4. What is her big sister Juliet doing?
5. What are the twins eating?
6. Whom is Aunt Minnie feeding?
7. What is Jack doing?
8. What is Louise doing in front of the mirror?
9. Whom is Mum talking to?
10. Why are Grandma and Dad shouting at each other?
11. What is Uncle George trying to do?
12. Where is Fluffy lying?
13. Who is Lassie barking at?
14. Where is the other dog sleeping?
15. What is Rosie doing?

16
V. GRAMMAR: THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
(НАСТОЯЩЕЕ ПРОДОЛЖЕННОЕ ВРЕМЯ)

1. УПОТРЕБЛЕНИЕ PRESENT CONTINUOUS


PRESENT CONTINUOUS УПОТРЕБЛЯЕТСЯ ДЛЯ ОБОЗНАЧЕНИЯ:

1. действий, происходящих в момент речи


Момент может быть выражен:
а) обстоятельством времени right now

Не is reading a book right now.


Он читает книгу сейчас.

б) контекстом

Look! She is working in the garden.


Посмотри! Она работает в саду.

2. временных действий, происходящих в более длительный


промежуток времени
a) временные действия сопровождаются маркерами, такими как
today, these days (в наст. время), this week (на этой неделе), this
season (в этoм сезоне), this year (в этом году).

Jack isn’t playing football this season.


Джек не играет в футбол в этом сезоне.

17
b) маркеры временного действия могут отсутствовать

He is writing a new play.


Он пишет новую пьесу.

3. динамических действий

The population of the world is growing very fast.


Население Земного шара растѐт очень быстро.

4. действий, заранее запланированных на будущее

He is going to his dentist on Friday.


В пятницу он идет к зубному врачу.

5. эмоциональной оценки действий, вызывающих недовольство,


раздражение
с маркерами always, constantly

You are always interrupting me!


Ты всегда перебиваешь меня.

6. эмоционального отказа выполнять действие

I’m not cooking again tonight!


Я сегодня не буду снова готовить.

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2. ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ PRESENT CONTINUOUS
PRESENT CONTINUOUS имеет следующие формы:

число / лицо Утвердительная Отрицательная Вопросительная


форма форма форма
1 л. ед. ч. I am working I am not working Am I working?
2 л. ед. ч. You are working You are not working Are you working?
He is working He is not working Is he working?
3л. ед. ч. She is working She is not working Is she working?
It is working It is not working Is it working?
1 л. мн. ч. We are working We are not working Are we working?
2 л. мн. ч. You are working You are not working Are you working?
3 л. мн. ч. They are working They are not working Are they working?

Некоторые глаголы не употребляются в Continuous:


ГЛАГОЛЫ СОСТОЯНИЯ И ОБЛАДАНИЯ

be [biː ] быть
have [hæv] иметь

ГЛАГОЛЫ, ОБОЗНАЧАЮЩИЕ ЧУВСТВА

like [laɪk] нравиться


love [lʌv] любить
hate [heɪt] ненавидеть
want [wɒnt] хотеть
need [niːd] нуждаться (в чѐм-л.)
prefer [prɪˈfɜː] предпочитать
wish [wɪʃ] желать
desire [dɪˈzaɪə] жаждать

ГЛАГОЛЫ, ОБОЗНАЧАЮЩИЕ ЧУВСТВЕННОЕ ВОСПРИЯТИЕ

see [siː] видеть


hear [hɪə] слышать
feel [fiːl] осязать, ощущать
smell [smel] пахнуть
taste [teɪst] иметь вкус

19
ГЛАГОЛЫ, ВЫРАЖАЮЩИЕ УМСТВЕННУЮ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТЬ

know [nəʊ] знать


realise [ˈrɪəlaɪz] осознавать
suppose [səˈpəʊz] полагать
mean [miːn] подразумевать
understand [ˌʌndəˈstænd] понимать
believe [bɪˈliːv] верить, полагать
remember [rɪˈmembə] помнить
recognize[ˈrekəɡnaɪz] узнавать
agree [ə′ɡrː] соглашаться

3. СТРУКТУРА ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЙ В PRESENT CONTINUOUS

CТРУКТУРА УТВЕРДИТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ


П Ск Доп Об-во
He is reading a book now.

СТРУКТУРА ОТРИЦАТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

П Ск Доп Об-во
всп.гл. not смысл. гл.
He is not reading a book now.

СТРУКТУРА ВОПРОСИТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

ОБЩИЙ ВОПРОС
Всп. Ост/ч
П Доп Об-во
гл. Ск
Is he reading a book now?

20
СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЙ ВОПРОС
(ко всем членам предложения кроме подлежащего)

Вопр. Всп. Ост/ч


П Доп Об-во
сл. гл. Ск
What is he reading – now?

СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЙ ВОПРОС К ПОДЛЕЖАЩЕМУ

Вопр.сл. Ск Доп Об-во

Who is reading a book now?

Необходимо выучить следующие вопросительные слова:


who [hu:] – кто what [wɒt] – что whom [hu:m] – кому, кого
when [wen] – когда where [weə] – где, куда why [waɪ] – почему
how [hau] – как how many/much – сколько what kind [kaɪnd] of – какой
whose [huːz] – чей which [wɪʧ] – который how long – сколько
(как долго)

V. EXERCISES
1. Read the transcribed words.
A. [peil], [deit], [bæn], [teip], [feit], [mæd], [sei], [seim], [fæt], [dei], [sæm], [lein],
[lænd], [teim], [eim], [li:v], [bi:t], [di:d], [li:n], [mi:n], [si:t], [nais], [ðis], [ðæt],
[ði:z], [ðən], [ðem], [θi:m], [feiθ], [θin], [lain], [pin], [pain], [fain], [mæn], [dent],
[nain], [seim], [sæm], [bet], [bed], [dain], [did], [mei], [fit], [stail], [vet], [bei], [tilt],
[fail], [feint], [i:z], [pet], [tin], [vi:l], [slip], [stei].
B. [ˈbrekfəst], [twɪn], [ˈlɪpˌstɪk], [tɔːk], [ˈɑːɡju], [ˈpɒlətɪks], [ˈlɪsn], [tʃeə], [ˈrelətɪv],
[piˈænəʊ], [juːnɪˈvɜːsəti], [kəʊt], [suːp], [təˈnaɪt], [ɪɡˈzæm], [ɪɡˈnɔː], [weə], [ʃuː],
[nɪt], [tʃeɪs], [ˈkæri], [ˈfʊtˌbɔːl], [kætʃ], [ˈkwaɪət], [ˈsuːtˌkeɪs], [ˈkɪtʃən], [fəʊn].
2. Point out the meaning of Present Continuous in each sentence.
1. Be quiet. You are making a lot of noise. 2. I am working on a new detective story
at the moment. 3. Sandra is studying Biology this semester. 4. Max is working hard
today. 5. Your English is getting better. 6. Brian is building his own house. 7. The
economic situation is getting worse. 8. These days food is becoming more and more
21
expensive. 9. Tim and Bill are always talking in class. 10. I am never visiting this
place again. 11. They are moving into a new flat next week. 12. They are constantly
arguing about politics. 13. Dave is taking his final exam next Friday. 14. What is
Julie making for dinner this evening? 15. I am not cooking again tonight.

3. Make the sentences negative and interrogative.


1. I am taking my sister to school. 2. They are going to the beach for
a swim. 3. Helen is playing the piano. 4. I am reading a newspaper.
5. He is sleeping. 6. We are drinking tea. 7. You are looking tired
today. 8. We are watching TV. 9. They are eating pizza. 10. My
Mum is cooking dinner. 11. They are playing tennis. 12. It is raining.
13. She is driving to work. 14. Mary is studying English. 15. You are working hard
today. 16. My English is getting better. 17. The world is changing.
4. Put questions to the italicized words.
1. I am reading an interesting book at the moment (4).
………………………….…………………………….
……………………………………..…………………
……………………………………..…………………
……………………………………..…………………
2. She is taking a bath (2). ….……………………….
………………………….…………………………………..
3. I am trying to concentrate (2). …………………….
.…………………………………………………………………………………………
4. I am looking for my keys (3). ………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. He is wearing a warm coat today (3). ……………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. Food is getting more and more expensive (1)………………………………………
7. I am enjoying the party (2). ………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. He is speaking with his boss (3). …………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. We are having a good time (1). ……………………………………………………
10. My little sister is drinking milk (3). ………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
22
11. The children are eating soup (2). …………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
12. We are going to the theatre tonight (2). ……………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
13. I am going to Italy next week (1). …………………………………………………
14. The students are getting ready for their exams (2). ………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
15. Our friends are staying at the Flamingo hotel (3). ………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
16. We are watching TV (1). ………………………………………………………….
17. He is always ignoring me (1)!....................................................................................

5. Open the brackets using Present Continuous.


Example: They (play) football. – They are playing
football.

1. Не (sit) at the desk. …………………………….…...


2. She (eat) dinner. ……………………………….…...
3. You (read) a book………………………………..…
4. The dog (sleep). ……………………………………
5. Ann (swim). …………………………………………………………………….…
6. I (watch) TV. ………………………………………………………………………
7. Tony (write) a letter. ………………………………………………………………
8. The birds (sing). …………………………………………………………………..
9. Mum (make) a cake. ………………………………………………………………

6. What's happening at the moment? Make true sentences.

Example: (I / wash / my hair). – I'm not washing my hair.

1. (It / snow)…………. ………………………………………………..


2. (I / sit / on a chair) ………………………………………………..
3. (I / eat) ………………………………………………………………………………
4. (It / rain) ……………………………………………………………………………..
5. (I / learn / English) …………………………………………………………………..
6. (I / listen / to the radio) ……………………………………………………………...
7. (The sun / shine) ...…………………………………………………………………..
8. (I / wear / shoes) ………………………………………………………………....….
9. (I / smoke / a cigarette) …………………………………………………..………….
10. (I / read / a newspaper) …………………………………………………………….

23
7. Look at the pictures. Use the verbs in Present Continuous to complete the
sentences.

1. Look at that kangaroo! It … is carrying…its baby.


2. Henry …………………….. the car at the moment.
3. Look at Helen! She …………… her dog for a walk.
4. John is late for work. He ………. to catch the bus.
5. Be quiet! Dad …………..
6. Susan is in her bedroom. She ………… her suitcase.
7. Mary is in the kitchen. She …………………. a cake.
8. The children aren't in the house. They ………….. in the garden.
9. She is busy. She ………….. a letter.
8. Read the conversation between Brian and Steve. Open the brackets using
Present Continuous
Brian: Hello, Steve. I haven‟t seen you for a long
time. What ……… (you/do) these days?
Steve: I …………. .(work) in a supermarket.
Brian: Really?
Steve: Yeah. How about you?
Brian: Well, I ………….. (not/work) at the
moment, but I am very busy. I am building a house.
Steve: Really, ………………. (you/do) it alone?
Brian: No, some friends of mine ……… (help) me.
24
9. Look at Adam’s diary and say what he is doing next week.
Example: He is seeing the doctor on Monday.

10. Look at the pictures and say how our world is changing.

The population of the world / increase / every year.


…………………………………………………………………..

Cities / grow / bigger every year.


…………………………………………………………………

Computers / become / faster every year.


………………………………………………………………

25
More young people / buy / cars nowadays.

………………………………………………………………….

The climate / get / warmer every year.

………………………………………………………….

11. Make emotional sentences using the Present Continuous.


1. Maria ……………….. ( always forget) to close the window.
2. You …………………. ( never wash) dishes.
3. Keith ………………... (always take) my clothes.
4. I ……………………... (never shop) here again.
5. Howard ……………… (always tell) me what to do.
6. Bart ………………….. (always sit) on the sofa.
7. He …………………… (constantly interrupt) me.
8. You …………………... (always forget) to pay the bills.
9. You …………………… (always leave) the door open.
10. „Pete is playing his music very loud.‟ „Again! He …….. (always do) that!‟
12. Translate into English.
A. 1. Джек читает новую книгу. 2. Джордж не пишет.
3. Мы не работаем. 4. Вы идете в университет? 5. Он
спит? 6. Ник и Майкл играют в футбол. 7. Твой отец
смотрит телевизор? 8. Он строит новый дом. 9. Мы
делаем упражнение. 10. Сегодня вечером мы не идем
в театр. 10. В субботу они идут в кино. 11. Этим летом
я работаю в супермаркете. 12. Моя сестра постоянно
берет мою одежду. 13. Она встречается со своим
другом сегодня вечером. 14. Города становятся больше и больше с каждым
годом. 15. Ты постоянно забываешь закрыть дверь. 16. Я никуда не пойду! 17. Я
сейчас много работаю. 18. Я сдаю экзамен на следующей неделе. 19. Том
постоянно теряет ключи. 20. В этом семестре мы изучаем итальянский.
B. 1. Они завтракают. 2. Роузи говорит о своих родственниках. 3. Ее сестра
читает газету. 4. Луиза красит губы перед зеркалом. 5. Ее мама пьет кофе. 6.
Бабушка и папа кричат друг на друга. 7. Они спорят о политике. 8. Где лежит
кошка? 9. На кого лает собака? 10. Я готовлюсь идти в школу.

26
VI. TEST
I. ВЫБЕРИТЕ СООТВЕТСТВУЮЩИЙ СЛУЧАЙ УПОТРЕБЛЕНИЯ ДЛЯ
ВЫДЕЛЕННЫХ ГРАММАТИЧЕСКИХ ФОРМ.
1. I am going to the dentist tomorrow.
A. действие, происходящее в момент речи
B. временное действие, происходящее в более длительный промежуток
времени
C. динамическое действие
D. действие, заранее запланированное на будущее
E. эмоциональная оценка действия, вызывающего недовольство, раздражение
F. эмоциональный отказ выполнять действие
2. Ann is looking for a new flat at the moment.
A. действие, происходящее в момент речи
B. временное действие, происходящее в более длительный промежуток
времени
C. динамическое действие
D. действие, заранее запланированное на будущее
E. эмоциональная оценка действия, вызывающего недовольство, раздражение
F. эмоциональный отказ выполнять действие
3. What are they talking about?
A. действие, происходящее в момент речи
B. временное действие, происходящее в более длительный промежуток
времени
C. динамическое действие
D. действие, заранее запланированное на будущее
E. эмоциональная оценка действия, вызывающего недовольство, раздражение
F. эмоциональный отказ выполнять действие
4. The world is changing every day, things never stay the same.
A. действие, происходящее в момент речи
B. временное действие, происходящее в более длительный промежуток
времени
C. динамическое действие
D. действие, заранее запланированное на будущее
E. эмоциональная оценка действия, вызывающего недовольство, раздражение
F. эмоциональный отказ выполнять действие
5. I am never going camping with you again.
A. действие, происходящее в момент речи
B. временное действие, происходящее в более длительный промежуток
времени
C. динамическое действие
D. действие, заранее запланированное на будущее
E. эмоциональная оценка действия, вызывающего недовольство, раздражение
F. эмоциональный отказ выполнять действие
27
6. A special guest is coming to our hotel today.
A. действие, происходящее в момент речи
B. временное действие, происходящее в более длительный промежуток
времени
C. динамическое действие
D. действие, заранее запланированное на будущее
E. эмоциональная оценка действия, вызывающего недовольство, раздражение
F. эмоциональный отказ выполнять действие
7. They are having an English lesson now.
A. действие, происходящее в момент речи
B. временное действие, происходящее в более длительный промежуток
времени
C. динамическое действие
D. действие, заранее запланированное на будущее
E. эмоциональная оценка действия, вызывающего недовольство, раздражение
F. эмоциональный отказ выполнять действие
8. The population of the world is growing.
A. действие, происходящее в момент речи
B. временное действие, происходящее в более длительный промежуток
времени
C. динамическое действие
D. действие, заранее запланированное на будущее
E. эмоциональная оценка действия, вызывающего недовольство, раздражение
F. эмоциональный отказ выполнять действие
9. You are always forgetting to close the door.
A. действие, происходящее в момент речи
B. временное действие, происходящее в более длительный промежуток
времени
C. динамическое действие
D. действие, заранее запланированное на будущее
E. эмоциональная оценка действия, вызывающего недовольство, раздражение
F. эмоциональный отказ выполнять действие
10. They are moving into their new flat in a month.
A. действие, происходящее в момент речи
B. временное действие, происходящее в более длительный промежуток
времени
C. динамическое действие
D. действие, заранее запланированное на будущее
E. эмоциональная оценка действия, вызывающего недовольство, раздражение
F. эмоциональный отказ выполнять действие
II. ПОСТРОЙТЕ ОБЩИЙ ВОПРОС И ОТРИЦАНИЕ.
1. I am enjoying the party.
2. We are meeting at the airport on Friday.
3. Ted is training for the next Olympic Games.
28
4. These people are speaking English at the moment.
5. Keith is always taking my clothes.
III. ЗАДАЙТЕ СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЕ ВОПРОСЫ К ВЫДЕЛЕННЫМ
СЛОВАМ.
1. Linda is seeing her boyfriend tonight.
2. The girls are talking on their mobile phones.
3. Adam is studying Chemistry this semester.
4. The students are talking about their homework at the moment.
5. Timothy is feeding his dog.
IV. ВЫБЕРИТЕ ПРАВИЛЬНЫЙ ВАРИАНТ.
1. My sister Juliet … the paper at the moment.
A. am reading B. are reading C. is reading
2. Where … you from?
A. are B. be C. is
3. Susan … her grandmother next month.
A. stay B. is staying C. are staying
4. I … you. What language are you speaking?
A. am not understanding B. not understand C. don‟t understand
5. My shoes … very dirty, I must clean them.
A. are B. – C. be
6. I … to go to school now.
A. get ready B. getting ready C. am getting ready
7. My friend … tomorrow. I am going to the airport to meet him.
A. be coming B. come C. is coming
8. It can‟t be true! I … you!
A. am not believing B. not believe C. do not believe
9. I … again tonight!
A. am not cooking B. do not cook again C. not cook again
tonight
10. Please, be quiet. You … a lot of noise.
A. is making B. are making C. make
11. Who is this man? I … him.
A. am not recognizing B. be not recognizing C. do not recognize
12. I … to a new flat at the weekend. Perhaps you can help me.
A. move B. am moving C. be moving
13. I … this word. What does it mean?
A. do not know B. am not knowing C. not know

29
14. This hotel is awful. I … never … here again.
A. – … stay B. be … staying C. am … staying
15. – Hello. Can I speak to Ann, please? –I‟m afraid not. She … a shower at the
moment.
A. am taking B. is taking C. are taking
16. She … constantly … about her problems!
A. is … talking B. are … talking C. am … talking
17. Cities … bigger and bigger every year.
A. grows B. is growing C. are growing
18. I … football with John next Saturday.
A. play B. is playing C. am playing
19. It has stopped raining. The sun … .
A. is shining B. shining C. be shining
20. Bill is sick but he … better slowly.
A. get B. am getting C. is getting
V. ПЕРЕВЕДИТЕ С АНГЛИЙСКОГО НА РУССКИЙ.
1. Mike is not in his office. He is having a holiday.
2. Julie is getting ready for her final exams. She is always working these days.
3. Nora is having her birthday party on Saturday.
4. Grandma and Grandpa are constantly arguing about politics.
5. Who is studying electrical engineering this semester?
VI. ПЕРЕВЕДИТЕ С РУССКОГО НА АНГЛИЙСКИЙ.
1. Что ты приготовишь сегодня на ужин?
2. Мой брат пьет кофе и читает газету.
3. Я собираюсь идти в университет.
4. Когда мы едем в Испанию на каникулы?
5. Что ты делаешь в следующую субботу?

30
UNIT 3

ANOTHER DAY,
ANOTHER DOLLAR
31
I. LISTENING AND READING

Listen to the text

Read and translate the text

ANOTHER DAY, ANOTHER DOLLAR


James Cash is a very rich man – in fact, he's a multi-
millionaire. He is thirty-five years old and lives in a
mansion in the country. He is the chairman of a big
company.
Every day he has breakfast in bed. He usually has
boiled eggs and champagne. He makes phone calls and
reads the newspapers at breakfast time. Then he gets
dressed. His servants help him. He always wears a smart
suit to the office.
At seven o'clock his chauffeur drives him to his
office. He has business meetings every morning. Every

afternoon he looks at the sales reports. Sales go up every


year because business is good.
In the evenings he likes to entertain important
business clients. They often go to his favourite night club,
Madame JoJo's. They have dinner, drink champagne and
watch a cabaret.
At two o'clock in the morning his chauffeur drives
him home. He goes to bed half an hour later, and dreams
about sales figures. James is always exhausted. The next
day is exactly the same. Would you want a job like his?

32
II. NOTES

James Cash [ʤeɪmz kæʃ] Джеймс Кеш


Madame JoJo's ['madəm ʤəu ʤəuz] У мадам Жу-Жу
cabaret [ˈkæbəreɪ] кабаре

III. VOCABULARY

1. a multi-millionaire [ˌmʌltiˌmɪljəˈneər] мультимиллионер


2. mansion [ˈmænʃən] особняк, большой дом
He lives in a mansion in the country. Он живет в особняке за городом.
3. chairman [ˈtʃeərmən] председатель, президент
He is the chairman of a big company. Он президент большой компании.
[ˈkʌmpəni]
4. to have breakfast [ˈbrekfəst] завтракать
to have lunch [lʌntʃ] обедать
to have dinner [ˈdɪnə] ужинать
to have supper [ˈsʌpə] ужинать
5. champagne [ˌʃæmˈpeɪn] шампанское
He usually has boiled eggs and Он обычно ест вареные яйца и пьет
champagne. шампанское.
6. to make a phone call [fəun kɔːl] звонить
He makes phone calls and reads the Он звонит по телефону и читает
newspapers at breakfast time. газеты за завтраком.
7. to get dressed [ɡet drest] одеваться
Then he gets dressed. Затем он одевается.
8. servant [ˈsɜːvənt] слуга, прислуга
His servants help him. Ему помогают слуги.
9. to wear [weə] (wear-wore-worn) носить
to wear a smart suit[suːt] носить элегантный костюм
10. chauffeur [ˈʃəufə] водитель, шофер
His chauffeur drives him to his office. Шофер отвозит его в офис.
11. to have a business meeting проводить совещание, деловую
[ˈbɪznəs ˈmiːtɪŋ] встречу
He has business meetings every Он проводит совещания каждое
morning. утро.
12. sales [seɪlz] продажи
sales report [rɪˈpɔːt] отчет о продажах
sales figures [ˈfɪɡəz] цифры продаж
He dreams about sales figures. Ему снятся цифры продаж.
13. to entertain [ˌentəˈteɪn] принимать, развлекать гостей
In the evenings he likes to entertain По вечерам он любит развлекать
important business clients [ˈklaɪənts]. важных деловых клиентов.
33
14. favorite [ˈfeɪvərət] любимый
They often go to his favorite night club.Они часто ходят в его любимый
ночной клуб.
15. half [hɑːf] половина
half an hour [auə] полчаса
16. to be exhausted [ɪɡˈzɔːstɪd] быть измотанным
James is always exhausted. Джеймс всегда измотан.
17. exactly [ɪɡˈzæktli] точно; как раз; именно
The next day is exactly the same [seɪm]. Следующий день точно такой же.

IV. COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

1. Is James Cash rich or poor? What is his financial status?


2. What does he do? What is his position?
3. Is he an old man? How old is he?
4. Does he live in a flat? Where is his mansion located? Where does James Cash
usually have breakfast?
5. What does he usually have for breakfast?
6. What does he do at breakfast time?
7. Does he get dressed himself?
8. What does he always wear to the office?
9. What time does his chauffer drive him to the office?
10. What does he do every morning?
11. What does he do every afternoon?
12. Why do sales go up every year?
13. What does he like to do in the evenings?
14. Where do they often go?
15. What do they do at madam JoJo‟s?
16. What time does his chauffer drive him home?
17. What does he dream about?
18. How does James feel? Why?
19. Would you want a job like his?

34
V. GRAMMAR: THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE
(ПРОСТОЕ НАСТОЯЩЕЕ ВРЕМЯ)

1. УПОТРЕБЛЕНИЕ PRESENT SIMPLE

PRESENT SIMPLE УПОТРЕБЛЯЕТСЯ ДЛЯ ОБОЗНАЧЕНИЯ:


1. регулярных, повторяющихся действий
Повторяемость может быть выражена:

a) обстоятельствами времени с every и once [wʌns], twice [twaɪs] (every day,


every week, every month, every year, every Sunday, once a week (раз в неделю),
twice a week (дважды в неделю)

We go to the country every weekend.


Мы ездим за город каждые выходные.

b) наречиями неопределенного времени: always (всегда), often (часто), usually


(обычно), sometimes (иногда), seldom (редко), occasionally [ə'keɪʒənəlɪ] (время
от времени), rarely ['rɛəlɪ] (редко)

I often call my friend Jack.


Я часто звоню своему другу Джеку.

ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ: наречия неопределенного времени ставятся перед


смысловым глаголом

2. действий, стабильных во времени


(констатация факта)

She works for a German ['ʤɜːmən] bank.


Она работает в немецком банке.

35
3. универсальных истин

The Earth [ɜːθ] goes around the Sun.


Земля вращается вокруг Солнца.

4. действий по графику или расписанию

This shop opens at 9 a.m. and closes at 7 p.m.


Этот магазин открывается в 9 утра и
закрывается в 7вечера.

2. ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ PRESENT SIMPLE

Глагол в PRESENT SIMPLE имеет следующие формы

число / лицо Утвердительная Отрицательная Вопросительная


форма форма форма
1 л. ед. ч. I work I do not work Do I work?
2 л. ед. ч. You work You do not work Do you work?
He works He does not work Does he work?
3л. ед. ч. She works She does not work Does she work?
It works It does not work Does it work?
1 л. мн. ч. We work We do not work Do we work?
2 л. мн. ч. You work You do not work Do you work?
3 л. мн. ч. They work They do not work Do they work?

3. СТРУКТУРА ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЙ В PRESENT SIMPLE

CТРУКТУРА УТВЕРДИТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ


П Ск Доп Об-во
He reads books every day.

36
СТРУКТУРА ОТРИЦАТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

П Ск Доп Об-во
всп.гл. not смысл. гл.
He does not read books every day.

СТРУКТУРА ВОПРОСИТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

Общий вопрос
Всп. Ост/ч
П Доп Об-во
гл. Ск
Does he read books every day?

СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЙ ВОПРОС
(ко всем членам предложения кроме подлежащего)

Вопр. Всп. Ост/ч


П Доп Об-во
сл. гл. Ск
What does he read – every day?

СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЙ ВОПРОС К ПОДЛЕЖАЩЕМУ

Вопр.сл. Ск Доп Об-во


Who reads books every day?

37
VI. EXERCISES
1. Read the transcribed words.
A. [risk], [red], [raip], [ri:d], [rest], ['ræli], [hænd], [hei], [hip], [heit], [hi:p], [help],
[haid], [jes], [jel], ['i:zi], ['dædi], [jet], [jelp], [mai], [bai], [miθ], [nekst], [tekst],
[ig'zæm], [siks], ['siksti], [riŋ], [θiŋ], [fæŋ], [briŋ], [siŋ], [gæŋ], [sliŋ], [driŋk], [liŋk],
[kliŋk], [piŋk], [præŋk], [ʃelf], [ʃai], [ʃi:t], [dæʃ], [fiʃ], [tʃein], [tʃik], [tʃeindʒ],
[kætʃ], [pætʃ], [main], [keidʒ], [fil], [mail], [mis], [ais], [peidʒ], [bæk], [speis], [klik],
[geim], [dʒem], [let], [lest], [set], [lei], [sei], [læk], ['aisi].
B. [ˈæməzən], [ˌkæfəˈtɪəriə], [ˈselsiəs], [ˈtʃeərmən], [ˌʃæmˈpeɪn], [ˈʃəufər], [kləʊðz],
[klaʊd], [ˈkɒnsət], [ˈsaɪkl], [ˌentəˈteɪn], [ɪɡˈzæktli], [ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ], [ɪɡˈzɔːstɪd], [ˈfɪɡə],
[ˈɪntəˌnet], [ˈmænʃən], [ˌmɪljəˈneər], [ˈmaʊntɪn], [əˈkeɪʒənəli], [ˈəʊʃn], [wʌns],
[pəˈsɪfɪk], [ˈkwɔːtə], [ˈreəli], [ˈsiːˌsaɪd], [ˈseldəm], [ˈsɜːvənt], [suːt], [ˈθɪətə], [twaɪs],
[ˌwiːkˈend].
2. Point out the meaning of Present Simple in each sentence.
1. Barry works in a department store. 2. Jeff buys a new computer every year. 3. I
often study at night. 4. Rice does not grow in Alaska. 5. The football game starts at
2:00. 6. Sound travels faster than light. 7. My parents live in Boston. 8. Our ship
leaves the port in 30 minutes. 9. The pubs in London close late. 10. The Red Sea does
not freeze in winter. 11. Cars make a lot of noise.
3. Make the sentences negative and interrogative.
1. My sister gets up at 8 o‟clock. 2. I sometimes go out with my
friends on Saturday evenings. 3. We go to university after breakfast.
4. They speak English very well. 5. He drives a bus. 6. His company
sells computer games. 7. Michael cycles to work in the morning. 8.
The computer shop opens at 10 a.m. 9. She usually watches the
news on TV in the morning. 10. I pay all my credit card bills once a
month. 11. The sun rises in the east. 12. Tom cleans his car every weekend. 13. We
live in the centre of Moscow. 14. I like this band a lot. 15. He looks at his e-males at
the weekend. 16. The train leaves at 6.30 in the evening. 17. Paul likes Chinese food.
18. The meeting starts at 2.30. 19. The children often sleep in the day time. 20. The
Amazon River flows into the Pacific Ocean.

38
4. Put special questions to the italicized words.
1. Tom usually plays tennis after work (3). ……………………..……………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. I go to the movies once a month (3). …………………………..…………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. My parents live in Boston (2). …………………………….……………………….
4. Mary wants to stay at home today (2). ……………………………………………
5. The concert starts at 6.30 (1). ……………………………………………………..
6. Ann works for a German bank (2). ……………………………………………….
7. The sun sets in the west (1). ……………………………………………………….
8. They sometimes go to work by bus (3). …………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. Lorna always arrives late for work (1). ………………………………………….
10. Jane’s mother visits her every Sunday (3). ……………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
11. The festival begins in July (1). …………………………………………………..
12. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius (2). ………………………………………….
13. Alex always turns off his computer in the evening (3). ………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
14. Cats catch mice (2). ……………………………………………………………….
15. The plane leaves at 9.30 (1). ……………………………………………………..
16. I start work tomorrow (2). ………………………………………………………..
17. The moon goes around the earth (1)……………………………………………..
5. Open the brackets using Present Simple.
A. 1. My working day (begin) at seven o'clock. 2. I (get) up, (wash) my
face and (brush) my teeth. 3. At half past seven we (have) breakfast. 4.
My Dad and I (leave) home at eight o'clock. 5. I (go) to school and my
Dad (go) to his office. 6. My Mum (be) a doctor, she (leave) home at
nine o'clock. 7. In the evening we (gather) in the living room. 8. We
(watch) TV and (talk).
B. Andrea Schatzmann, an exchange student from Germany,
(live) with the Connor family in San Francisco. She (get) up
at 7 am and (take) a shower. She normally (not have)
breakfast. At half past seven she (catch) the bus.
Her first class (start) at a quarter past eight. She always
(have) lunch at 12 o'clock in the cafeteria. The cafeteria food
(be) OK and it (be) cheap too. Her afternoon classes (be) from
1.15 till 3.00 pm, so she (be) at school all day.
She usually (have) dinner with the Connors at about
8.00. On Saturdays she (have) lunch at the restaurant. Once a
week, usually on Sunday mornings, she (go) swimming. A
few friends usually (go) along, too. One of her friends has got a car, so he (pick) them
39
up and then he (drive) them home. After swimming they often (go) out for a pizza.
On Saturday evenings she sometimes (go) out with friends to a party or maybe to a
concert.
Sometimes she (invite) friends to her house and they (listen) to music and
(talk). Mr. and Mrs. Connor often (take) them for a camping weekend to the seaside
or to the mountains. From time to time she (call) her family in Germany. She usually
(call) them on Sundays.
C. What time Andrea usually (get) up? When she (catch) the bus? She (take) a
shower in the morning? She (go) home for lunch? When she (go) swimming? What
she (do) on Saturday evenings?
6. Make true sentences.
1. Mice / catch / cats.
2. It / snow / here / in summer.
3. The earth / go / around / the sun.
4. I / have / dinner / in the evening.
5. My / friend / have / a car.
6. I / learn / Chinese.
7. My parents / listen / to the radio / every morning.
8. My Dad / smoke / 30 cigarettes / a day.
9. The Ob River / flow / into / the Pacific Ocean.
10. We / live / in Paris.
11. I / wash / my hair /every day.

7. Make questions putting the words in the right sequence and using do or does.
1. use / you / the Internet? …………………………….………….………………….
2. use / your friends / the Internet? ……………………………….………………..….
3. you / use / why / the Internet? ……………………………….….…………………..
4. think / you / that the Internet is easy to use? ……………….…….…………………
5. give / you / the Internet / useful information? …………….…………….…………..
6. you / things / buy / on the Internet? ………………………….………….…………..
7. sell / things / you or your friends / on the Internet?……………..…………………..
8. music / your friends / download / from the Internet? ………….….………………...
9. your parents / the Internet / like?…………………………………..………………...
10. the Internet / you / think / is a good thing?……………………….…………..........
8. Put the adverbs in the appropriate place.
Example: I drink a glass of milk in the morning. (always) - I always drink a glass of
milk in the morning.
1. Kate goes to bed late at night. (never) ………………………………………………
2. My mother watches TV (rarely) ……………………………………………….........
3. You can see clouds in the sky. (sometimes) ………………………………………...
4. Ben eats in a restaurant. (seldom) …………………………………………………...
40
5. Joanne doesn‟t get up early. (usually) ……………………………………………....
6. They are late for school. (often) ……………………………………………….........
7. Does Lucy help her Mum with the housework. (sometimes) ………………………
8. Bill plays computer games in his free time. (always) …………………………..…..
9. Do you go to parties? (often) …………………………………………………….…
10. I eat Chinese food. (occasionally) ………………………………………………....
11. The Browns do not go to the cinema. (often) ……………………………………...
9. Match the answers and the questions.
1 What‟s your job? a I usually go out.
2 Do you take the bus to work every day? b I am a nurse.
3 What time do you start work? c No, they don‟t.
4 Do you enjoy your job? d Some of them.
5 What do you do in the evening? e At half past seven.
6 How often do you go to the cinema? f In my wardrobe.
7 Do you like comedies and romantic films? g About once a month.
8 Do you live in a house or a flat? h In a flat.
9 Do you parents live near you? i No, I usually walk to work.
10 Where do you keep your clothes? j Yes, I do.
10. Look at the information about Andrew, Peter, and Lucy and make up
dialogues about them.

name: Andrew Peter Lucy


job: teacher farmer dancer
works: in a university on a farm in the theatre
earns: $ 32,000 a year $ 27,000 a year $ 16,000 a year
likes his/her job: no yes yes
wants a new yes no no
motorbike:
hobby: riding knitting none
motorbikes
11. Answer the questions to speak about your everyday life.
1. Where do you come from? 2. Where do you live (in the suburbs, in the center of
the city, on campus)? 3. Who do you live with (alone/ with your parents/ with your
roommates)? 4. What time do you get up on week days? 5. What time do you get up
at the weekends? 6. What do you have for breakfast? 7. How do you get to the
41
University (by car/ by bus/ on foot)? 8. How long does it take you to get there? 9.
What time do you classes usually start? 10. How many classes a day do you normally
have? 11. What time do you have lunch during the week? 12. Where do you usually
eat lunch (at home/ in the cafeteria/ in a fast food restaurant)? 13. What do you do in
the evening (cook dinner, wash-up, do the homework, read books, surf the Internet,
chat online/ on the phone, watch TV, play computer games, go out with friends)? 14.
Do you work out (тренироваться)? How often do you go to the gym? 15. What time
do you go to bed? 16. How many days a week do you go to University? 17. What do
you usually do at the weekends (go out, go to the cinema, go shopping, go clubbing)?
18. How often do you eat out (every day/ once a week/ once a month, two times a
month)? 19. Do you have any hobbies (travelling, playing sports, dancing, gardening,
painting, playing musical instruments)?
12. Translate the sentences.
A. 1. Где ты живешь? – Я живу в Москве. 2. Когда у тебя
каникулы? – В январе. 3. Мой брат работает в больнице. Он
врач. Он работает утром и днем. Вечером он не работает.
Вечером он отдыхает. 4. Твоя сестра говорит по-французски?
– Нет. Она говорит по-немецки, а ее муж говорит по-
английски. 5. Когда вы встаете? – Я встаю рано утром 6.
Когда завтракает твой брат? – Он завтракает в восемь. 7. Они
не говорят по-английски в классе. 8. Они часто играют в футбол.
B. 1. Мой дядя – бизнесмен. 2. Он очень занят. 3. Его
рабочий день начинается рано утром. 4. Он встает в семь
часов. 5. Он умывается, одевается и завтракает. 6. После
завтрака он едет на работу. 7. Он работает в большой
компании. 8. Он часто проводит совещания. 9. Его рабочий
день заканчивается в 8 часов. 10. Вечером он изучает
английский язык. 11. После занятий он идет домой. 12. Он
ужинает и смотрит телевизор.
С. 1. Джеймс Кеш живет в особняке за городом. 2.
Каждый день он завтракает в постели. 3. Он обычно ест
вареные яйца и пьет шампанское. 4. Во время завтрака он
говорит по телефону и читает газеты. 5. Затем он
одевается. 6. Слуги помогают ему. 7. В офис он всегда
приходит в элегантном костюме. 8. В семь часов шофер
отвозит его в офис. 9. Каждое утро он проводит совещания.
10. После обеда он изучает отчеты о продажах. 11. Объемы
продаж возрастают с каждым годом, потому что дела идут хорошо. 12. По
вечерам ему нравится развлекать важных клиентов. 13. Они часто ходят в его
любимый ночной клуб – «У мадам ЖуЖу». 14. Там они ужинают, пьют
шампанское и смотрят кабаре-шоу. 15. В два часа ночи шофер увозит его домой.
16. Еще через полчаса он ложится спать и видит во сне цифры продаж. 17.
Джеймс всегда измотан.
42
UNIT 4

A TRIP TO EXETER
43
LISTENING AND READING

Listen to the text

Read and translate the text

A TRIP TO EXETER
A teacher speaks to her class telling them about their
schedule for a trip next week.
Attention, please. This is our tour
schedule for a trip to Exeter next week. We
meet at the bus station at 9 o‟clock on
Monday and board coach number 147. The
coach departs at 9.30, so don’t be late
please. At 11 we make a stop for toilets.
Our group arrives at Exeter at 12.30 and
goes to the Belmont Hotel. We check in at 12.45 and then have pizza and sandwiches
for lunch. We visit the Exeter Museum at 2.30 and have tea at the museum café at 4
o‟clock.
At 5 we get back to the Belmont Hotel and have some time to rest and change our
clothes before the concert. At 6 o‟clock we have dinner at the theatre restaurant, the
concert starts at 7.30. So we don’t get back to the hotel until about 10 o‟clock at
night. I hope you all have a good sleep because early in the morning we take a return
coach that leaves Exeter at 9.30.

II. NOTES
Exeter [ˈeksɪtə] Эксетер
Belmont Hotel ['belmənt həʊˈtel] отель “Бельмонт”
pizza ['piːtsə] пица

III. VOCABULARY

1. trip to [trɪp] поездка к-л


2. schedule [ˈʃedjuːl] график, расписание
tour [tʊə] schedule программа поездки
3. station[ˈsteɪʃn] станция
bus station автовокзал
railway [ˈreɪlweɪ] station железнодорожная станция
to meet at the station встретиться на вокзале
4. coach [kəʊtʃ ] рейсовый автобус
44
coach number 147 рейс № 147
to board [bɔːd] a coach сесть на рейсовый автобус
5. to depart [dɪˈpɑːt] отправляться
The coach departs at 9.30. Автобус отправляется в 9.30.
6. to make a stop for smth сделать остановку для ч-л
7. to check in at a hotel зарегистрироваться в отеле
to check out of a hotel выехать из отеля
8. to have smth for breakfast есть ч-л на завтрак
to have smth for lunch есть ч-л на ланч
to have smth for dinner есть ч-л на ужин
9. to get back to возвращаться к-л
At 5 we get back to the Belmont В 5 мы возвращаемся в отель
Hotel. “Бельмонт”.
10. to change [tʃeɪndʒ] менять
to change clothes [kləuðz] переодеваться
11. concert [ˈkɒnsət] концерт
The concert starts at 7.30. Концерт начинается в 7.30.
12. theatre [ˈθɪətə] театр
to go to the theatre ходить в театр
13. to have a good sleep хорошо выспаться
I hope you all have a good sleep. Я надеюсь, все вы хорошо
выспитесь.
14. return [rɪˈtɜːn] обратный
to take a return coach сесть на обратный автобус
15. to leave smth покидать ч-л, уезжать откуда либо
We leave the town at 9.30. Мы уезжаем из города в 9.30.

IV. COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:


1. What time do the students meet at the bus station?
2. What coach do they board?
3. What time does the coach depart?
4. What do they do at 11 o‟clock?
5. What time does the group arrive at Exeter?
6. What time do they check in the Belmont Hotel?
7. What do they have for lunch?
8. What time does the group visit the Exeter museum?
9. Where do they have tea at 4 o‟clock?
10. What time do they get back to the Belmont Hotel?
11. Where do they have dinner?
12. What time does the concert start?
13. What time does the return coach leave Exeter?
45
2. SAY IF THE SENTENCES ARE TRUE OR FALSE. CORRECT
THE FALSE ONES
1. The group meets at the station at 10 o‟clock on Tuesday.
2. They don‟t make any stops on the way to Exeter.
3. They have pasta and salads for lunch.
4. They visit the Exeter planetarium at 2.30.
5. They don‟t have time to change their clothes before the concert.
6. The concert starts at 8.
7. They get back before 10 o‟clock.
8. They take a trip back home late at night.

V. EXERCISES
1. Read the transcribed word.
A. [kʌp], [kju:b], [bʌt], [nʌt], [mju:t], [ˈbʌtə], [rʌŋ], [hju:dʒ], [weik], [wi:k], [wiɡ],
[ˈweivə], [wain], [wiŋk], [wei], [wi:d], [wit], [kɔin], [bɔi], [pɔint], [dʒɔin], [tɔi],
[ˈnɔizi], [dʒɔi], [nau], [hau], [ˈjeləu], [bau], [taun], [vau], [ˈwindou], [daun], [aut],
[auns], [faul], [naun], [skaut], [kaunt], [ˈselə], [ˈæktə].
B. [ˈæstrəˌnɔːt], [bɔːd], [ˈselsiəs], [kləʊðz], [kəʊtʃ], [ˈdɒlfɪn], [flaɪt], [həʊˈtel],
[ˌkæŋɡəˈruː], [mjuːˈziːəm], [nɜːs], [ˈpændə], [ˈpeɪʃənt], [ˈpeŋɡwɪn], [ˈpiːtsə], [ˈreəli],
[rɪˈtɜːn], [ˈsænwɪdʒ], [ˈʃedjuːl], [səˈmestə], [ˈsʌbməriːn], [tʊə], [ˈɑːktɪk], [ˈæməzn],
[ænˈtɑːktɪk], [pəˈsɪfɪk].

2. Make the sentences negative and interrogative and translate them.

1. Our ship leaves the port in 30 minutes.


2. The bus arrives at 7 am.
3. Lessons start at 8.15 in the morning.
4. The plane to New York takes off at 7 pm.
5. The show finishes at 9 o‟clock.
6. The train to London departs late at night.
7. Flight SK 832 to Berlin leaves at 4 pm.
8. The semester starts in September.

46
3. Correct the sentences.
Example: The Sun rises in the west. - The Sun does not rise in the west. The Sun
rises in the east.
1. The Amazon River flows into the Pacific Ocean.
2. Mice catch cats.
3. Patients look after nurses in hospitals.
4. Tea grows in Britain.
5. Water boils at 0 degrees Celsius.
6. Penguins live in Africa.
7. Water freezes at 10 degrees Celsius.
8. Sound travels faster than light.
9. All rivers start from oceans.
4. Make the sentences negative using don’t / doesn’t.
Example: The Sun / set / in the east. - The Sun doesn’t set in the east.
1. Money / grows / on trees.
2. Astronauts / travel / in submarines.
3. Cows / lay / eggs.
4. Pandas / live / in Italy.
5. Kangaroos / live / in Spain.
6. Elephants / eat / meat.
7. Fish / walk / on land.
8. Bees / give / milk.
9. The Earth / go / round the Moon.
5. Put general questions to the sentences. Then put special questions to the
italicized words.
Example: Dolphins live in the sea. - Do dolphins live in the sea? Where do dolphins
live?
1. Penguins live in the Antarctic. …………………………
……………………………………………………………..
2. The Ob River flows into the Arctic Ocean. ……………
……………………………………………………………...
3. Rain falls from clouds…………………………………..
4. Plants need water to grow………………………………
5. Wool comes from sheep………………………………..
6. It rarely rains in the desert……………………………………..………….……….
7. Skill comes with practice…………………………………………..……..………..
8. The Sun gives us light and heat…………………………….……….…………….
9. The Moon moves round the Earth. ……………………………………………….

47
6. Open the brackets using Present Simple or Present Continuous.
1. This (be) Marc. 2. Marc (like) fruits and vegetables. 3. He
(eat) some every day. 4. Look! He (leave) the house. 5. Quiet
please! I (have) a test. 6. She usually (walk) to school. 7. But
look! Today she (go) by bike. 8. Every Sunday we (go) to see
my grandparents. 9. He often (go) to the cinema. 10. We (play)
Monopoly at the moment. 11. The child seldom (cry). 12. I (not
/ do) anything at the moment. 13. (watch / he) the news
regularly? 14. He (wear) a t-shirt and shorts today. 15. He (eat)
an apple at the moment. 16. This (be) Caroline. 17. Caroline
(have) long blond hair. 18. She usually (wear) glasses, but now she (wear) contact
lenses. 19. Caroline (like) sports. 20. She (play) handball every Monday and
Thursday.
7. Open the brackets using Present Simple or Present Continuous.
1. I (to write) a composition now. 2. I (not to drink) milk now. 3. I (to go) for a walk
after dinner. 4. I (not to go) to the theatre every Sunday. 5.
He (not to read) now. 6. He (to play) now. 7. He (to play)
now? 8. My mother (to work) at a factory. 9. My aunt (not
to work) at a shop. 10. You (to work) at an office? 11. My
friend (to live) in St. Petersburg. 12. My cousin (not to live)
in Moscow. 13. The children (not to sleep) now. 14. The
children (to play) in the yard every day. 15. They (not to go)
to the stadium on Monday. 16. She (to read) in the evening.
17. She (not to read) in the morning. 18. She (not to read)
now. 19. Your father (to work) at this factory? 20. You (to play) chess now? 21. Look
at the sky: the clouds (to move) slowly, the sun (to appear) from behind the clouds, it
(to get) warmer. 22. How is your brother? - He is not well yet, but his health (to
improve) day after day. 23. Listen! Who (to play) the piano in the next room?
8. Open the brackets using Present Simple or Present Continuous.
1. What you (to do) here now? – We (to listen) to rock
music. You (not hear)? 2. You (to want) to see my
father? 3. Michael (to know) German rather well. He
(to want) to know English, too, but he (to have) little
time for it now. 4. What magazine you (to read)? – It
(to be) a French magazine about sports. You (to be)
interested in sports? - Yes, I ... . But I (not to know)
French. 5. We (to have) an English lesson now. 6. You
(to understand) what I am saying? 7. Who that man (to be) who (to stand) in the
doorway? – You (not to recognize) him? It (to be) John, my cousin. 8. I (to have) no
time now, I (to have) dinner. 9. The soup is so tasty! You (to like) it? 10. Where Tom
and Nick (to be) now? – They (to have) a smoke in the garden. 11. You (to know)
Sally‟s telephone number? – I (not remember).
48
9. Open the brackets using Present Simple or Present Continuous.
1. A: Why ... … (you / smell) the soap?
B: It ... (smell) lovely. It's like roses!
2. A: Why ... (you / taste) the soup?
B: To see if it ... (taste) good.
3. A: I ... (feel) very tired.
B: Go to bed early.
4. A: I ... (see) Andy this evening.
B: I ... (see). So, you don't want to come to the
cinema with me.
5. A: Why ... (you / feel) the radiator?
B: It ... (feel) cold in here. Is the heating on?
6. A: (You / want) … to play tennis with me?
B: I … (not / like) tennis very much.
7. A: Where … (you / live)?
B: We … (have) a house near the beach.
8. A: (You / know) … this man?
B: No, I (not / recognize) … him.
9. A: (He / like) … school?
B: (He / think) … school is boring.
10. A: I … (not / understand) anything.
B: What … (you / mean)?

10. Translate the sentences.


1. Земля вращается вокруг Солнца.
2. Солнце всходит на востоке и заходит на западе.
3. Реки впадают в моря и океаны.
4. Вода закипает при температуре 100 градусов
Цельсия и замерзает при 0 градусов.
5. Дельфины живут в море.
6. Пингвины живут в Антарктиде.
7. Деньги не растут на деревьях.
8. Луна вращается вокруг Земли.
9. Поторопись, твой поезд отходит через час.
10. Наша программа заканчивается в 9 часов вечера.
11. Занятия начинаются в 8.15.
12. Во сколько прибывает этот автобус?

49
VI. TEST
I. ВЫБЕРИТЕ СООТВЕТСТВУЮЩИЙ СЛУЧАЙ УПОТРЕБЛЕНИЯ ДЛЯ
ВЫДЕЛЕННЫХ ГРАММАТИЧЕСКИХ ФОРМ.
1. The Amazon River flows into the Pacific Ocean.
A. регулярное, повторяющееся действие
B. действие, стабильное во времени (констатация факта)
C. универсальная истина
D. действие по графику или расписанию
2. Michael cycles from work every evening.
A. регулярное, повторяющееся действие
B. действие, стабильное во времени (констатация факта)
C. универсальная истина
D. действие по графику или расписанию
3. I don’t like Chinese food.
A. регулярное, повторяющееся действие
B. действие, стабильное во времени (констатация факта)
C. универсальная истина
D. действие по графику или расписанию
4. We seldom eat out in a restaurant.
A. регулярное, повторяющееся действие
B. действие, стабильное во времени (констатация факта)
C. универсальная истина
D. действие по графику или расписанию
5. Lessons start at 8.15 every morning.
A. регулярное, повторяющееся действие
B. действие, стабильное во времени (констатация факта)
C. универсальная истина
D. действие по графику или расписанию
6. Our family lives in Manchester.
A. регулярное, повторяющееся действие
B. действие, стабильное во времени (констатация факта)
C. универсальная истина
D. действие по графику или расписанию
7. Our ship leaves the port in 30 minutes.
A. регулярное, повторяющееся действие
B. действие, стабильное во времени (констатация факта)
C. универсальная истина
D. действие по графику или расписанию
8. The Sun rises in the east.
A. регулярное, повторяющееся действие
B. действие, стабильное во времени (констатация факта)
C. универсальная истина
D. действие по графику или расписанию
50
9. The show begins at 9.30.
A. регулярное, повторяющееся действие
B. действие, стабильное во времени (констатация факта)
C. универсальная истина
D. действие по графику или расписанию
10. She usually drinks coffee in the morning.
A. регулярное, повторяющееся действие
B. действие, стабильное во времени (констатация факта)
C. универсальная истина
D. действие по графику или расписанию
II. ПОСТРОЙТЕ ОБЩИЙ ВОПРОС И ОТРИЦАНИЕ.
1. He has breakfast in bed every morning.
2. Water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius.
3. James lives in a big house in the country.
4. I often call my friend Jack.
5. They usually watch TV in the morning.
III. ЗАДАЙТЕ СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЕ ВОПРОСЫ К ВЫДЕЛЕННЫМ
СЛОВАМ.
1. I go to the movies once a month.
2. My sister gets up at eight o'clock.
3. The concert starts at 7.30 tomorrow.
4. She goes to University five days a week.
5. He gets up early in the morning.
IV. ВЫБЕРИТЕ ПРАВИЛЬНЫЙ ВАРИАНТ.
1. What time … the match … tomorrow?
A. do … start B. is … start C. does … start
2. Water … at 100 degrees Celsius.
A. boil B. is boiling C. boils
3. Our company … mobile phones.
A. don‟t produce B. doesn‟t produce C. isn‟t produce
4. The Ob River … into the Arctic Ocean.
A. flows B. flow C. is flowing
5. Could you come here please? I … to talk to you.
A. am wanting B. want C. wants
6. We must be at the station at 3 o‟clock. Don‟t forget, the train … at 3.30.
A. is leaving B. leaves C. leave
7. I … this word. What … it …?
A. am not knowing; is … B. do not know; does C. do not know; is …
meaning … mean mean

51
8. Some people still think the Sun … round the Earth.
A. go B. goes C. is going
9. … it sometimes … in November?
A. Do … snows B. Is … snowing C. Does … snow
10. My sister never … meat. She is a vegetarian.
A. is eating B. eats C. doesn‟t eat
11. Sam usually … to bed at midnight.
A. goes B. go C. is going
12. I … this book. It‟s boring.
A. don‟t like B. am not liking C. doesn‟t like
13. We … to the gym.
A. do not often go B. are not often going C. not often go
14. What restaurant …?
A. usually do you go to B. do you usually go to C. are you usually
going to
15. Miss Jones teaches English … .
A. at the moment B. two times a week C. right now
V. РАСКРОЙТЕ СКОБКИ, ИСПОЛЬЗУЯ PRESENT SIMPLE ИЛИ
PRESENT CONTINOUOS.
1. Mike usually (play) football, but today he (play) tennis.
2. The professor (speak) five foreign languages. Right now he (speak) Dutch.
3. I (not drive) usually fast, but now I am late for work so I (drive) very fast.
4. She (not wear) red as a rule, but today she (wear) a red dress.
5. You usually (tell) me the truth, but now you (tell) a lie.
6. Be quiet! The photographer (watch) that bird. He (watch) birds in this park every
Sunday.
7. You (eat) fruit every day? What is the name of the fruit you (eat) now?
8. Max is not at home, he (wash) his car at the moment. He always (wash) it at
weekends.
9. My sister (play) the piano at every concert but she (not play) tomorrow.
10. Bob (go) to Spain at the moment. He always (go) abroad on holiday.
VI. ПЕРЕВЕДИТЕ СКАЗУЕМОЕ С РУССКОГО НА АНГЛИЙСКИЙ.
1. I sometimes завтракаю in the office.
2. We ездим за город every Sunday.
3. He проводит деловые встречи every morning.
4. The concert начинается at 7.30, so don‟t be late.
5. Do you sometimes прогуливаешься in the evening?

52
UNIT 5

DINNER DISASTER
53
I. LISTENING AND READING

Listen to the text

Read and translate the text

DINNER DISASTER
Mr. and Mrs. Smith both loved cooking. Mr. Smith
also wanted a better job in his company. They decided it
was time for a dinner party. Mr. Smith phoned his new
boss Mr. Plummer and invited him and his wife to dinner
on Friday night.
On Friday afternoon, Mr. and Mrs. Smith spent a
long time cooking a delicious dinner. They prepared fresh
salmon, filled with prawns and chilli. They laid the table
with silver candles and bottles of wine.
Then, they got ready. Mrs. Smith put on a black
evening dress and Mr. Smith wore his best suit.
Everything was perfect.
The Plummers arrived on time at eight o'clock.
"Let's have a drink!" said Mr. Smith. They all went into
the dining room. Then they saw the table and they were

horrified. The main plate was empty. The salmon had


gone!
Mrs. Smith burst into tears. "Don't worry, love!
We can still have fish!" and Mr. Smith rushed out of the
house.
He ran to the Fish and Chip shop down
the road and bought four portions of fish and
chips. The great British takeaway! And they
all had a lovely evening. So did their pet cat.
54
II. NOTES
Mr. and Mrs. Smith [smɪθ] Мистер и миссис Смит
Mr. Plummer ['plʌmə] Мистер Пламмер

III. VOCABULARY

1. disaster [dɪ'zɑːstə] бедствие, катастрофа


2. both [bəuθ] оба
Mr. and Mrs. Smith both loved cooking. И мистер и миссис Смит любили
готовить.
3. job [ʤɔb] работа
Mr. Smith also wanted a better job in М-р Смит также хотел повышения
his company. по службе в своей компании.
4. dinner party ['dɪnə 'pɑːtɪ] званый ужин
They decided it was time for a dinner Они решили, что настало время для
party. званого ужина.
5. to phone [fəun] звонить
Mr. Smith phoned his new boss Mr. М-р Смит позвонил своему новому
Plummer. начальнику м-ру Пламмеру.
6. to invite [ɪn'vaɪt] to пригласить куда-либо
Mr. Smith invited him and his wife to М-р Смит пригласил его с супругой
dinner on Friday night. на ужин в пятницу вечером.
7. delicious[dɪ'lɪʃəs] восхитительный (на вкус)
They spent a long time cooking a Они потратили много времени на
delicious dinner. приготовление изысканного ужина.
8. to prepare [prɪ'pɛə] приготовить
9. fresh salmon [freʃ 'sæmən] свежий лосось
10. to fill [fɪl] фаршировать, наполнять
to be filled with smth быть нафаршированным ч-л
11. prawn [prɔːn] креветка
They prepared fresh salmon, filled with Они приготовили свежего лосося,
prawns and chilli. фаршированного креветками и
соусом чили.
12. to lay (lay-laid-laid) [leɪ-leɪd-leɪd] класть, положить
to lay the table накрыть на стол, поставить на стол
13. silver candles [ˈsɪlvə ˈkændlz] свечи в серебряных подсвечниках
14. wine [waɪn] вино
They laid the table with silver candles Они поставили на стол свечи в
and bottles of wine. серебряных подсвечниках и вино.
15. to put [put] on smth надеть на себя ч-л
Mrs. Smith put on a black evening Миссис Смит надела на себя черное
dress. вечернее платье.
16. perfect [ˈpɜːfɪkt] идеальный, безупречный
55
Everything was perfect. Все было безупречно.
17. to arrive [əˈraɪv] on time приехать, прибыть вовремя
The Plummers arrived on time. Пламмеры приехали вовремя.
18. to be horrified [ˈhɔrɪfaɪd] быть в ужасе
Then they saw the table and they were Потом они увидели стол и пришли в
horrified. ужас.
19. main plate [meɪn pleɪt] основное блюдо
20. empty [ˈemptɪ] пустой
The main plate was empty. Большое блюдо было пустым.
21. to burst into tears [bə:st] [tɪəz] разрыдаться
Mrs. Smith burst into tears. Миссис Смит разрыдалась.
22. still [stɪl] тем не менее
23. to rush [rʌʃ] out выбежать, выскочить
Mr. Smith rushed out of the house. М-р Смит выбежал из дома.
24. portion [ˈpɔ:ʃən] порция, часть
He bought four portions of fish and Он купил четыре порции рыбы с
chips. чипсами.
25. takeaway [ˈteɪkəˌweɪ] еда на вынос
The great British takeaway! Да здравствует британский фаст-
фуд!
26. lovely [ˈlʌvlɪ] прекрасный, замечательный
And they all had a lovely evening. И все они замечательно провели
вечер.

IV. COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:


1. What did Mr. and Mrs. Smith love doing?
2. What kind of job did Mr. Smith want in his company?
3. Whom did he call?
4. Why did he call Mr. Plummer?
5. What did Mr. and Mrs. Smith do on Friday afternoon?
6. What did they prepare?
7. What did they lay the table with?
8. What dress did Mrs. Smith put on?
9. What suit did Mr. Smith wear?
10. What room did they go to after the Plummers arrived?
11. What did they see and how did they feel?
12. How did Mrs. Smith react?
13. What did Mr. Smith do? Where did he run?
14. What did he buy in the Fish and Chip shop?
15. What kind of evening did they all have?
16. What kind of evening did the Smiths‟ pet cat have?
56
V. GRAMMAR: THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE
(ПРОСТОЕ ПРОШЕДШЕЕ ВРЕМЯ)

1. УПОТРЕБЛЕНИЕ PAST SIMPLE

PAST SIMPLE УПОТРЕБЛЯЕТСЯ ДЛЯ ОБОЗНАЧЕНИЯ:

1. регулярных, повторяющихся действий в прошлом

My parents took me to the seaside every


summer when I was little.
Мои родители возили меня на море
каждое лето, когда я была маленькой.

2. однократных действий в прошлом, либо констатации факта

Маркерами Past Simple являются:


a) обстоятельства времени с … ago (назад) – 2 days ago, 5 months ago, a
century ago.
b) обстоятельства времени с … last – last week (на прошлой неделе), last
month, last year, last summer.
c) обстоятельства времени с указанием на тот год, когда произошло
действие – in 2005.

Tom married Ann 5 years ago.


Том женился на Энн 5 лет назад.

3. действий в прошлом, следовавших одно за другим

She got up, went up to the window and looked out.


Она встала, подошла к окну и выглянула из
него.

57
4. действий в прошлом в специальных вопросах, начинающихся с “when”

When did you buy this dress?


Когда ты купила это платье?

2. ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ PAST SIMPLE

Все глаголы английского языка делятся на правильные и неправильные. Past


Simple правильных глаголов в утвердительных предложениях образуется путем
прибавления к ним окончания –ed.
Окончание –ed читается как:

[d ] [t] [id]
если глагол если глагол если глагол
оканчивается на оканчивается на глухой оканчивается на звук
гласный или звонкий согласный звук [t] или [d]
согласный звук
play – played work – worked decide – decided
open - opened wash - washed translate - translated

Для образования Past Simple в отрицательных и вопросительных


предложениях используется вспомогательный глагол did.
число / лицо Утвердительная Отрицательная Вопросительная
форма форма форма
1 л. ед. ч. I worked I did not work Did I work?
2 л. ед. ч. You worked You did not work Did you work?
He worked He did not work Did he work?
3л. ед. ч. She worked She did not work Did she work?
It worked It did not work Did it work?
1 л. мн. ч. We worked We did not work Did we work?
2 л. мн. ч. You worked You did not work Did you work?
3 л. мн. ч. They worked They did not work Did they work?

58
Past Simple неправильных глаголов необходимо выучить:
Infinitive Past Simple Participle II Значение
be [biː] was[wɔz], been [biːn] быть
were [wɜː]
beat [biːt] beat[biːt] beaten [ˈbiːtn] бить
become [bɪ'kʌm] became [bɪ'keɪm] become [bɪ'kʌm] становиться
begin [bɪ'gɪn] began [bɪ'gæn] begun [bɪ'gʌn] начинать(ся)
blow [bləʊ] blew [bluː] blown [bləʊn] дуть
break [breɪk] broke [brəuk] broken ['brəukn] ломать
bring [brɪŋ] brought [brɔːt] brought [brɔːt] приносить
build [bɪld] built [bɪlt] built [bɪlt] строить
burn [bɜːn] burnt [bɜːnt] burnt [bɜːnt] жечь, гореть
burst [bɜːst] burst [bɜːst] burst [bɜːst] взорваться
buy [baɪ] bought [bɔːt] bought [bɔːt] покупать
catch [kætʃ] caught [kɔːt] caught [kɔːt] ловить
choose [ʧuːz] chose [ʧəuz] chosen ['ʧəuzn] выбирать
come [kʌm] came [keɪm] come [kʌm] приходить
cost [kɔst] cost [kɔst] cost [kɔst] стоить
cut [kʌt] cut [kʌt] cut [kʌt] резать
do [duː] did [dɪd] done [dʌn] делать
dream [driːm] dreamt [dremt] dreamt [dremt] мечтать
drink [drɪŋk] drank [dræŋk] drunk [drʌŋk] пить
drive [draɪv] drove [drəuv] driven ['drɪvn] везти
eat [iːt] ate [et] eaten ['iːtn] есть, кушать
fall [fɔːl] fell [fel] fallen ['fɔːlən] падать
feed [fiːd] fed [fed] fed [fed] кормить
feel [fiːl] felt [felt] felt [felt] чувствовать (себя)
fight [faɪt] fought [fɔːt] fought [fɔːt] бороться
find [faɪnd] found [faund] found [faund] находить
fly [flaɪ] flew [fluː] flown [fləun] летать
forget [fə'get] forgot [fə'gɔt] forgotten [fə'gɔtən] забывать
forgive [fəˈɡɪv] forgave [fəˈɡeɪv] forgiven [fəˈɡɪvən] прощать
freeze [friːz] froze [frəʊz] frozen [ˈfrəʊzən] замерзать
get [get] got [gɔt] got [gɔt] получать;
give [gɪv] gave [geɪv] given [gɪvən] давать
go [gəu] went [went] gone [gɔn] идти; ехать
grow [ɡrəʊ] grew [ɡruː] grown [ɡrəʊn] расти, выращивать
have [həv] had [hæd] had [hæd] иметь
hear [hɪə] heard [hɜːd] heard [hɜːd] слышать
hide [haɪd] hid [hɪd] hidden [ˈhɪdən] прятать
hold [həʊld] held [held] held [held] держать
hurt [hɜːt] hurt [hɜːt] hurt [hɜːt] причинять боль
keep [kiːp] kept [kept] kept [kept] держать
know [nəu] knew [njuː] known [nəun] знать
learn [lɜːn] learnt [lɜːnt] learnt [lɜːnt] учиться; узнавать
leave [liːv] left [left] left [left] оставлять
let [let] let [let] let [let] разрешать
59
lose [luːz] lost [lɔst] lost [lɔst] терять
make [meɪk] made [meɪd] made [meɪd] делать, создавать
mean [miːn] meant [ment] meant [ment] значить, иметь в виду
meet [miːt] met [met] met [met] встречать(ся)
pay [peɪ] paid [peɪd] paid [peɪd] платить
put [put] put [put] put [put] класть, ставить
read [riːd] read [red] read [red] читать
ride [raɪd] rode [rəʊd] ridden [ˈrɪdn] кататься
ring [rɪŋ] rang [ræŋ] rung [rʌŋ] звонить
rise [raɪz] rose [rəʊz] risen [ˈrɪzən] подниматься
run [rʌn] ran [ræn] run [rʌn] бежать
say [seɪ] said [sed] said [sed] сказать; говорить
see [siː] saw [sɔː] seen [siːn] видеть
sell [sel] sold [səuld] sold [səuld] продавать
send [send] sent [sent] sent [sent] отправлять
shake [ʃeɪk] shook [ʃuk] shaken [ˈʃeɪkən] трясти
show [ʃəu] showed [ʃəud] shown [ʃəun] показывать
sing [sɪŋ] sang [sæŋ] sung [sʌŋ] петь
sit [sɪt] sat [sæt] sat [sæt] сидеть
sleep [sliːp] slept [slept] slept [slept] спать
smell [smel] smelt [smelt] smelt [smelt] нюхать, пахнуть
speak [spiːk] spoke [spəuk] spoken ['spəukn] говорить,
разговаривать
spend [spend] spent [spent] spent [spent] тратить; проводить
(время)
steal [stiːl] stole [stəul] stolen [stəuln] украсть
swim [swɪm] swam [swæm] swum [swʌm] плавать
take [teɪk] took [tuk] taken ['teɪkn] брать, взять
teach [tiːʧ] taught [tɔːt] taught [tɔːt] учить, обучать
tell [tel] told [təuld] told [təuld] сказать, рассказать
think [θɪŋk] thought [θɔːt] thought [θɔːt] думать
throw [θrəʊ] threw [θruː] thrown [θrəʊn] бросать
understand understood understood понимать
[ˌʌndə'stænd] [ˌʌndə'stud] [ˌʌndə'stud]
wake [weɪk] woke [wəʊk] woken [wəʊkn] просыпаться
wear [weə] wore [wɔː] worn[wɔːn] носить (одежду)
win [wɪn] won [wʌn] won[wʌn] побеждать
write [raɪt] wrote [rəut] written ['ritn] писать

3. СТРУКТУРА ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЙ В PAST SIMPLE

CТРУКТУРА ПОВЕСТВОВАТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ


П Ск Доп Об-во
translated
He the book last year.
wrote
60
СТРУКТУРА ОТРИЦАТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

П Ск Доп Об-во
всп.гл. not смысл. гл.
did not translate
He the book last year.
did not write

СТРУКТУРА ВОПРОСИТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

Общий вопрос
Всп. П Ост/ч Доп Об-во
гл. Ск
translate
Did he the book last year?
write

СТРУКТУРА СПЕЦИАЛЬНОГО ВОПРОСА


(ко всем членам предложения кроме подлежащего)

Вопр. Всп. Ост/ч


П Доп Об-во
сл. гл. Ск
What did he translate – last year?
write

Вопрос к подлежащему

Вопр.сл. Ск Доп Об-во


translated
Who books last year?
wrote

61
VI. EXERCISES
1. Read the transcribed words.
A. [lɪə], [bɪə], [pɪə], [vɪə], [tiːm], [wiː], [biː], [fiːl], [εə], [fεə], [hεə], [stεəz], [pεə],
[pleɪn], [speɪn], [feɪnt], [kεə], [fεə], [mεə], [stεə], [bεə], [rεə], [pjuə], [kjuə],
[ˈdjuərɪŋ], [faɪə], [maɪə], [taɪə], [ʃaɪə], [hɪə], [mɪə], [auə], [flauə], [sauə], [wəːld],
[wəːm], [ˈwəːʃɪp], [wə:d], [ˈwəːði], [feɪt], [fæt], [faː], [fεə], [ˈpiːtə], [pet], [pəːt], [hɪə],
[staɪl], [dʒɪps], [taɪə], [faɪl], [fɪl], [fəːst], [faɪəd], [tjuːb], [tʌb], [təːn], [kjuə], [boun],
[lɔt], [fɔːm], [stɔː].
B. [ˈbaɪsɪkl], [bɔːt], [bɜːst], [kɑːˈtuːn], [ˈsentʃəri], [ˈtʃɪli], [ˌsɪɡəˈret], [kəʊm], [ˈkʊkɪŋ],
[dɪˈlɪʃəs], [dɪˈzɑːstə], room[ˈdaɪnɪŋ ˌruːm], [fiːld], [flæʃ], [ˈɡærɪdʒ], [dʒɪm],
[ˈhɒrɪfaɪd], [ɪˈreɡjʊlə], [laɪt], [prɔːn], [rɪˈpeə], [rʌʃ], [ˈsæmən], [ˈvɪlɪdʒ], [jɑːd].
2. Read the verbs in the Past Simple observing the rule of reading –ed.
packed, translated, watched, clapped, divided, ruled, brushed, cleaned, banned, fixed,
decided, finished, worked, cried, shouted, changed, voted, smoked, danced, cooked,
completed, managed, enjoyed, listened, waited, baked, rented, dropped, visited,
opened, planted, boxed, phoned, played, smiled, watered, prepared, combed,
explained, provided, talked, stayed, started, fried, washed, peeled

3. Point out the meaning of Past Simple in each sentence.


1. Peter went to the gym twice a week last year. 2. Yesterday morning Carol woke up
late. 3. Helen cycled to the swimming pool every Sunday. 4. The phone rang and I
went to answer it. 5. I always took my car to the same garage. 6. When did Jane pass
her exam? 7. First they cooked the meal, then they ate it with their friends. 8. I
worked in a fast food restaurant last summer. 9. When did you go to Italy? 10. Mrs.
Hudson came up to the house, took the key out of her pocket and unlocked the door.
11. When did you finish your studies? 12. I did not live in this city 10 years ago.
4. Make the sentences negative and interrogative.
1. Mr. Black fixed his car yesterday morning 2. His wife watered the plants in the
garden. 3. Their children cleaned the yard. 4. They watched TV in the evening. 5.
Mrs. Black worked in the kitchen. 6. She baked a delicious apple pie. 7. She cooked
tomato soup. 8. After dinner she washed the dishes. 9. The children brushed their
teeth. 10. Mrs. White talked on the phone. 11. Mr. Black smoked a cigarette. 12. Mr.
and Mrs. Chapman visited their friends two days ago. 13. They danced a lot there. 14.
They had a wonderful time with their friends.

62
5. Put special questions to the italicized words.
1. She studied English two years ago (3). ……………………………………….…….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Last night he washed his face with soap and water (3). …………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Yesterday Tom walked to his office (2). ……………………………………………
4. He called his Dad a minute ago (2). …………………………………….………….
5. Mary liked ice-cream when she was little (1). ……………………………………..
6. We enjoyed swimming in the ocean last weekend (2). ……………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. Frances lived in this house from 2000 to 2004 (3)……………………….………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. They stayed at the Flamingo hotel that summer (3). ………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. Linda visited the British Museum the day before yesterday (3). ……………..……
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
10. Tom turned on the TV to watch cartoons yesterday morning (2). …………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
11. Kate cooked dinner two hours ago (1). ……………………………………………
12. Tanya worked hard at her English (2). …………………………………………….
13. They listened to classical music at the concert (3). ………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
14. The Browns decided to spend the holidays in the country (1). ……………………
6. Open the brackets using Past Simple.
A. 1. Mr. Smith (fix) his car on Saturday morning.
2. His wife (water) the plants in the garden. 3. After
lunch they (clean) the yard and then they (watch)
TV. 4. Their son Alex (listen) to loud music and
(play) computer games. 5. Their little daughter Lucy
(cry) a little and then (smile). 6. In the afternoon
Mrs. Smith (work) in the kitchen. 7. She (bake) a
delicious apple pie. 8. She (cook) a good dinner. 9. After dinner she (wash) the
dishes. 10. Her husband (smoke) a cigarette and (phone) their friends. 11. Then
he (talk) to his wife. 12. She (change) her clothes and (comb) her hair. 13. They
(wait) for a taxi. 14. The taxi (arrive) at 8 pm. 15. They (visit) their friends. 16.
They (dance) a lot there. 17. Mr. and Mrs. Smith (enjoy) themselves very much.
63
B. 1. It (rain) all day yesterday. 2. Tim (stay) at home.
3. He (decide) to work at his English. 4. He (start)
doing his English homework after breakfast. 5. He
(memorize) a long list of irregular verbs, (translate) an
interesting story from English into Russian and (listen)
to English grammar chants. 6. He (like) the chants very
much. 7. Tim (finish) his homework at 1 o‟clock. 8.
After lunch he (play) computer games and (serf) the Internet. 9. Then he (phone) his
friend Dennis. 10. They (talk) about their studies and their classmates. 11. They
(exchange) the latest news and (discuss) some problems. 12. When they (finish) their
telephone conversation Tim‟s Mum (ask) him to help her cook dinner. 13. Tim (peel)
some potatoes and his Mum (fry) them. 14. She also (prepare) fresh salmon. 15. Tim
and his parents (enjoy) their dinner. 16. After dinner Tim and his Dad (watch) a
football match.
7. Make sentences putting the words in the right sequence.
1. the dishes / she / after supper / washed.
2. started / the train / at 9 pm.
3. a lot / danced / at the party / they.
4. happened / in the South China sea / the accident.
5. gathered / in the street / yesterday / a lot of people.
6. jogged / last morning / in the park / Peter.
7. opened / the new text / they / translated / and / their textbooks.
8. she / to France / wanted / to go.
9. finished/his bicycle/repairing/yesterday/evening/Rob.
10. accepted / I / with pleasure / the invitation / to the theatre.

8. Open the brackets using Past Simple.


Tommy Brown lives in a small village and works on
a farm. Tommy is a real story-teller. But no one believes
what he says because he is always telling lies. Here is
one of his stories:
“One night last week I 1) ….. (finish) work late. I 2) …..
(decide) to go home. But suddenly I 3) ….. (look) up and 4) ….. (notice) a UFO with
bright flashing lights. I 5) ….. (watch) the UFO for some time. Then it 6) ….. (land)
in the field near the farm. A few green men 7) ….. (look) at me from the UFO‟s
illuminators. I 8) ….. (scream), 9) ….. (drop) my bag and 10) ….. (rush away). When
I 11) ….. (arrive) at the village I 12) …..(start) telling the villagers the amazing story
but they all 13) ….. (laugh) at me. No one 14) …... (believe) me.”
64
9. Put the verbs in brackets into the Past Simple.

Many years ago people 1) ….. (believe) that


some women were witches. These women 2)
….. (not/live) in big cities. They 3) ….. (live) in
small villages. They 4) ….. (behave) strangely
because they 5) ….. (not/act) like other people.
They 6) ….. (treat) people with unusual
medicine which they 7) ….. (prepare) from
plants. They also 8) ….. (travel) on brooms. Do
you believe in witches?
10. Translate the sentences.
A. 1. В какой гостинице она останавливалась
прошлым летом? – Она останавливалась в
«Метрополе». 2. Когда она сдала экзамен? –
Она сдала экзамен вчера. 3. Она посмотрела
на меня и улыбнулась. 4. Где ты жила 5 лет
назад? – Я жила во Франции. Где ты тогда
работала? – Я работала в международной
компании. 5. Я посмотрел на доску и
переписал новые слова. 6. Тебе понравился
фильм? – Да. Мне понравились актеры и
музыка. 8. Кто изобрел телефон? – Телефон изобрел Александр Белл. Когда он
изобрел телефон? – Он изобрел его в 1876 г. 9. Она навела порядок в комнатах,
приготовила обед и вымыла посуду. 10. Ты посмотрела вчера вечером триллер?
– Да, но он мне не понравился. 11. Джейн не играла в теннис на прошлой
неделе. 12. Они послушали его рассказ и засмеялись.
B. 1. М-р и миссис Смит любили готовить.
2. М-р Смит также мечтал о повышении по
службе в своей компании. 3. Они решили, что
настало время для званого ужина.4. М-р Смит
позвонил своему новому боссу, м-ру Пламмеру
и пригласил его с супругой на ужин в пятницу
вечером. 5. В пятницу М-р и миссис Смит
потратили много времени на приготовление изысканного ужина. 6. Они
приготовили лосося, фаршированного креветками с соусом “чили”. 7.
Пламмеры пришли вовремя, в восемь часов вечера. «Пойдемте, выпьем», -
сказал мистер Смит. 8. Они все прошли в гостиную. 9. Затем они увидели
стол, и пришли в ужас. 10. Блюдо было пустым. 11. Лосось бесследно исчез!
12. Миссис Смит расплакалась. 13. М-р Смит выбежал из дома. 14. Он
побежал в магазин «Рыба и чипсы» и купил четыре порции рыбы с чипсами.

65
UNIT 6

A SPANISH RESTAURANT
66
I. LISTENING AND READING

Listen to the text

Read and translate the text

A SPANISH RESTAURANT
Last month Monica and Larry were on vacation in California. Everything was
just fantastic. The weather was beautiful and the ocean was very warm. They stayed
at an excellent hotel. There was a swimming pool and a private beach.
Monica and Larry went out for dinner every
night. They especially liked Casa Pedro – a small
Spanish restaurant across the street. It was one of
the best places to eat in town – very popular with
tourists and always crowded. They liked its
atmosphere – friendly and relaxed. The service was
very good, the chef was great and the waiters were
really helpful. They were always happy to explain the different dishes of spicy
Spanish cuisine and recommend the wine.
The food was always fresh and tasty. Monica and
Larry absolutely loved it! The choice of dishes and drinks
was fantastic. And it was fairly cheap, only about $20 per
person with wine. They usually ordered a salad of
lettuce, cucumbers, tomatoes, carrots and onions as a
starter. Larry also liked pizza
topped with eggplant, tomato, garlic,
basil and cheese. Every time they went
there they tried something new. They
chose a lot of different small dishes
called tapas and shared them.
On the last day of their visit
Monica and Larry wanted to have pizza, but as they were
looking at the menu, Walter, the owner, came out with a
huge live lobster. They changed their minds and decided to
have the lobster with baked potatoes stuffed with cheese and
ham for the main course. The lobster was simply boiled, but it was really delicious.
And they had cakes for dessert and drank green tea. They were both in heaven.
What a perfect vacation!
67
II. NOTES

private ['praɪvɪt] частный


especially [ɪs'peʃəlɪ] особенно
Casa Pedro ['kʌzə pedrəʊ] Каса Педро
fairly [ˈfeəli] довольно
tapas [ˈtæpəs] острые закуски
Walter [wɔltə] Уолтер
to recommend [ˌrekə'mend] рекомендовать

III. VOCABULARY

1. vacation [və'keɪʃn] отпуск


to be on vacation быть, находиться в отпуске
Last month Monica and Larry were on В прошлом месяце Моника и Лэрри
vacation in California. были в отпуске в Калифорнии.
2. restaurant [ˈrestrɒnt] ресторан
They especially liked a small SpanishИм особенно нравился маленький
restaurant across the street. испанский ресторан на
противоположной стороне улицы.
3. crowded [ˈkraʊdɪd] людный, переполненный
The restaurant was very popular with Ресторан был очень популярен среди
tourists and it was always crowded. туристов, и там всегда было
многолюдно.
4. atmosphere [ˈætməsˌfɪə] атмосфера
They liked its atmosphere – friendly Им нравилась атмосфера ресторана
and relaxed [ rɪˈlækst]. – дружелюбная и непринужденная.
5. service [ˈsɜːvɪs] обслуживание
The service was very good. Обслуживание было очень хорошим.
6. chef [ʃef] шеф-повар
The chef was great. Повар был великолепным.
7. waiter [ˈweɪtə] официант
The waiters were really helpful. Официанты были всегда готовы
придти на помощь.
8. cuisine [kwɪˈziːn] кухня, кулинарное искусство
spicy [ˈspaɪsi] cuisine острая кухня
9. tasty [ˈteɪsti] вкусный
The food was always fresh and tasty.Еда всегда была очень свежей и
вкусной.
10. dish [dɪʃ] блюдо, кушанье; тарелка
The choice of dishes and drinks was Выбор блюд и напитков был
fantastic. фантастическим.
11. to order [ˈɔːdə] заказывать
68
12. lettuce ['letɪs] салат (листовой)
13. сucumber ['kjuːkʌmbə] огурец
14. tomato [təˈmɑːtəʊ] помидор, томат
15. carrots ['kærəts] морковь
16. onions ['ʌnjəns] лук
17. starter ['stɑːtə] закуска
as a starter на закуску
They usually ordered a salad of lettuce, Они обычно заказывали салат из
cucumbers, tomatoes, carrots and onions листьев салата, огурцов, помидоров,
as a starter. моркови, и лука на закуску.
18. to top [tɔp] положить что-либо сверху
19. eggplant ['egplɑːnt] баклажан
20. garlic ['gɑːlɪk] чеснок
21. basil ['bæzl] базилик
He also liked pizza topped with eggplant, Ему также понравилась пицца с
tomato, garlic, basil and cheese. баклажаном, помидором, чесноком,
базиликом и сыром.
22. menu ['menjuː] меню
to look at the menu просматривать меню
23. owner ['əunə] владелец, хозяин
24. lobster['lɔbstə] лобстер, омар
huge [hjuːʤ] live [laɪv] lobster огромный живой лобстер
25. to change one’s mind [maɪnd] передумать
They changed their minds and decided to Они передумали и решили заказать
have the lobster. этого лобстера.
26. to bake [beɪk] запекать
baked potatoes печеный картофель
27. ham [hæm] ветчина
stuffed with cheese and ham фаршированный сыром и ветчиной
28. main course [meɪn kɔːs] второе, горячее (блюдо)
for the main course на второе
29. to boil [bɔɪl] варить, отваривать
The lobster was simply boiled. Лобстер был просто отварным.
30. dessert [dɪˈzɜːt] десерт
They had cakes for dessert. Они ели пирожные на десерт.
31. delicious [dɪˈlɪʃəs] очень вкусный
It was really delicious. Он был очень вкусным.
32. to be in heaven ['hevən] быть на седьмом небе от счастья
They were both in heaven. Они оба были чрезвычайно
довольны.

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IV. COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

1. Where were Monica and Larry last month?


2. What was the weather like?
3. What kind of hotel did they stay at?
4. How often did they go out for dinner?
5. Why did they like Casa Pedro?
6. Was it cheap or expensive?
7. What salad did they usually order?
8. What pizza did Larry like?
9. What did Monica and Larry try every time they went there?
10. What did they decide to have on the last day of their visit?
11. What was the food like?
12. What dishes did Monica and Larry often order?
13. What did they have for dessert?

V. GRAMMAR: THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE

СПРЯЖЕНИЕ ГЛАГОЛА TO BE (БЫТЬ)

Глагол to be в PAST SIMPLE имеет следующие формы


Лицо/число Утвердительная Отрицательная Вопросительная
форма форма форма
1 л. ед. ч I was I was not (wasn’t) Was I?
2 л. мн. ч. You were You were not (weren’t) Were you?
He was He was not (wasn’t) Was he?
3л. ед. ч. She was She was not (wasn’t) Was she?
It was It was not (wasn’t) Was it?
1 л. мн. ч We were We were not(weren’t) Were we?
2 л. мн. ч. You were You were not(weren’t) Were you?
3 л. мн. ч. They were They were not (weren’t) Were they?

VI. EXERCISES
1. Read the transcribed words.
A. [əbˈstiːmiəs] [æmˈbɪɡjuəs] [əˈmiːliəreɪt] [ɔːˈstɪə] [ˈbuərɪʃ] [kəmˈplaɪənt] [dɪˈlɪnieɪt]
[ˈdaɪəˌtraɪb] [ˈfætjuəs] [ɡrɪˈɡeəriəs] [ɪmˈpεə] [ɪnˈherənt] [ɪˈnɔkjuəs] [ˌɪnsjuˈlærəti]
[ˌmetəˈmɔːfəsɪs] [ˈniːouˌfaɪt] [ˈpaɪəti] [prəˈpraɪəti] [ˈrεərɪfaɪd] [ˈvaɪəbəl] [ˈwεəri]
[ədˈhɪərənt] [əˈɡreəriən] [ˈeɪpiəri] [ɔːˌθɔrɪˈteəriən] [bouˈhiːmiən] [ˌbʌkəˈnɪə]
[ˌkævəˈlɪə] [ˈkærɪkətjuə] [ˌdaɪəˈbɔlɪkəl] [dɪsˈdeɪn] [ɔːˈdeɪn] [ˈfaɪəˌkrækə] [ˈfaɪəˌpleɪs]
[ˈsauəˌdou] [ˈpauəˌbout] [ˈpjuəˌbred] [ˌpjuərɪfɪˈkeɪʃn] [ˈpjuərɪst] [ˌpjuərɪˈtænɪkəl]
[ˈrεərəti] [ˈbεəˌfut] [ˈbεəli] [ˈtaɪəsəm] [ˈtaɪələs] [ˈεəˌwəːði] [ˈεəˌweɪvz] [ˈεəˌspiːd]
70
[ˌfεəˈwel] [ˌwəːθˈwaɪl] [ˈwəːmˌwud] [ˈwəːkˌsteɪʃən] [ˌwəːkəˈhɔlɪk] [ˈwəːdˌræp]
[ˈærəbəl] [aːˈkeɪd] [ˈwəːʃɪpfəl].
B. [ˈæbsəluːtli], [əˈsliːp], [ˈætməsˌfɪə], [biːtʃ], beautiful [ˈbjuːtəfəl], [bʊʃ], [tʃiːp],
[klaʊd], [ˈkʊki], [ˈkraʊdɪd], [kwɪˈziːn], [ˈeksələnt], [fruːt], [ˈfɜːnɪtʃə], [ˈaɪə], [miːl],
[ˈpɪknɪk], [ˈpraɪvət], [ˈʃaʊən], [ˈsʌdənli], [ˈtræfɪk dʒæm], [ˈvækjʊəm], [vəˈkeɪʃən].
2. Fill in was or were.
1. It … a beautiful day. 2. The sun … hot and the sky … blue. 3. James and Wendy …
on the beach. 4. They … with their three children. 5. The children … in the sea. 6.
The sea … a bit cold but the children … very happy. 7. There … lots of other children
in the sea too: some of them … in the water with their parents. 8. Wendy and James
… on the sand and James … asleep with a book on his face. 9. But suddenly there …
grey clouds all over the sky and the sun … not hot any more. 10. It started raining
and there … wet picnics and wet people everywhere.
3. Make the sentences with the verb to be negative and interrogative.
1. I was very tired yesterday. 2. The cake was delicious. 3. The fish was too spicy. 4.
The choice of dishes was fantastic. 5. They were in California last month. 6. She was
a beautiful baby. 7. They were very pleased to see him. 8. It was a good meal. 9. The
children were very hungry. 10. The waiter was helpful and friendly.
4. Put special questions to the italicized words.
1. The fruit was fresh and tasty. ……………………………………………………….
2. The waiter was angry with me last night. …………………………………………..
3. I was in the theatre a week ago. ……………………………………………………
4. My coffee was cold. …………………………………………….………………….
5. We were thirsty because the day was very hot. ………………………………………….
6. The atmosphere was quiet. …………………………………………………………………
7. Ruth was on vacation last week. ……………………………………………..……..
8. The pizza was tasty and crispy. …………………………………….……………………..
9. There was a Spanish restaurant across the street. ……………….………………...
10. Chinese cuisine was an excellent choice………………………………….………..
5. Make the sentences with regular and irregular verbs negative and
interrogative.
1. I worked as a waiter last summer. 2. The chef cooked a delicious dish. 3. She
usually spent her weekend at home. 4. They paid the bill yesterday. 5. My parents
were on vacation last month. 6. The choice of food and drinks was fantastic. 7. I won
the game. 8. My friend rang earlier. 9. She had breakfast at six. 10. I took some
photos. 11. The train left on time. 12. The car came out of a side road. 13. Monica
went to the theatre on Friday. 14. I knew the problem. 15. It began to rain two hours
ago. 16. He drove home. 17. The house caught fire. 18. Sue made a lot of mistakes
in the test. 19. They saw an interesting film last night. 20. I did my homework
yesterday. 21. The dog ate my breakfast.
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6. Put special questions to the italicized words.
A. 1. Mrs. Gross was very busy last Saturday. ……………...
2. She did all her housework. ………………………………..
3. She fixed breakfast at 7 o‟clock. ………………………….
4. After breakfast she washed the dishes. ……………………
5. Then she dried them. …………………………...…………
6. In the morning she cleaned the house. ……………………
7. Then she vacuumed the rug. ………………………………
8. After that she dusted the furniture. ………………………..
9. She cooked dinner for the family. …………………………………………………...
10. In the afternoon she washed the clothes. …………………………………………..
11. Then she ironed and them. …………………………………………………………
12. She was very tired in the evening……………………………………………….….
B. 1. Marcella came to the party. …………………………………………………..…
2. I took my dog for a walk. ……………………………………………………………
3. I slept well. ………………………………………………………………………..…
4. Sam and Jane went to school. ……………………………………….………………
5. Mother Teresa got the Nobel prize. ……………………………….………………..
6. Rob gave me the answer. …………………………………………..……………..…
7. Mr. Collins paid the bill. ………………………………….……………………..…..
8. The boy broke the vase. ……………………………………….………………...…..
9. Your sister bought you a present yesterday. ………………….……………………..
10. We ate pizza for dinner. ……………………………………………………..……..
11. He read this book last month. ……………………………….………………..……
12. We met at a supermarket 10 days ago…………………………...…………………
7. Open the brackets using Past simple.
1. Michael (get up) at 8.30 last Tuesday. 2. First thing he
(clean) his teeth and (shave). 3. But he (be not) very careful
and (cut) his face. 4. Then he (take) a cold shower because
there (be not) any hot water. 5. After the shower he (walk) into
the bedroom and (put on) his favorite suit. 6. Then he (go) into
the kitchen. 7. He (read) the newspaper, (eat) his breakfast and
(drink) some coffee. 8. Then he (spill) the coffee all over his
favorite suit. 9. Michael (be) very upset. 10. He (change) his
clothes and (drive) to work. 11. On his way he (get) stuck in
the traffic jam. 12. When he (arrive) in the office it (be) already late. 13. So his boss
(shout) at him. 14. What a terrible morning it (be)!
8. Answer the questions to speak about your birthday party.
Where did you celebrate your birthday?
Whom did you invite?

72
What food did you buy for your birthday party?
What did you cook?
What did you drink?
What did you do at the party?
9. Translate the sentences.
1. В прошлом месяце Моника и Лэрри были в отпуске. 2. Погода была
чудесной, и океан был очень теплым. 3. Они остановились в прекрасном отеле,
там были бассейн и частный пляж. 4. Маленький испанский ресторан Casa
Pedro был одним из лучших мест, где можно поесть в городе. 5. Ресторан был
очень популярен среди туристов, и там всегда было многолюдно. 6.
Обслуживание было хорошим, повар – великолепным, и официанты были
всегда готовы придти на помощь. 7. Еда было свежей и вкусной. 8. Выбор блюд
и напитков был фантастическим. 9. Они обычно заказывали салат из листьев
салата, огурцов, помидоров, моркови, и лука на закуску. 10. Лэрри также
понравилась пицца с баклажаном, помидором, чесноком, базиликом и сыром.
11. В последний день своего пребывания они решили взять лобстера,
фаршированного сыром и ветчиной, с печеным картофелем. 12. Лобстер был
очень вкусным. 13. На десерт они ели пирожные и пили зеленый чай. 14. Они
оба были чрезвычайно довольны.

73
UNIT 7

ALICE ASHTON’S TRAVEL


WEBLOG
74
I. LISTENING AND READING

Listen to the text

Read and translate the text

ALICE ASHTON’S TRAVEL WEBLOG

During my 35 years as a travel writer, I have visited more countries than I can
count. I have backpacked through Asia, I have cycled through Europe, I have
driven across Africa, but I have never explored my own home, Australia. So the
time has come to put this right. Over the next ten days I am planning to explore
Australia with my two grandchildren. They, unlike me, want to get to know their own
country before they start exploring the rest of the world. Here is a diary of our travels
and adventures.

DAY 1. We have done a walking tour of Adelaide, the capital city of South
Australia and a big seaport. We have seen a lot of historical buildings and have
admired their colonial architecture.
DAY 2. We have taken a boat trip around Discovery Bay.
DAY 3. We have explored numerous caves and grottos near Cape York.
DAY 4. We have rafted on the Broken River. It has been very exciting.
DAY 5. We have visited a thermal reserve and have seen a few spectacular
geysers.
DAY 6. We have hiked through a canyon and have seen a number of
waterfalls.
DAY 7. We have been guests at the campfire of an Aboriginal community. We
75
have learned a lot of interesting things about their lifestyle and culture.
DAY 8. We have seen a mob of kangaroos. They are incredibly cute.
DAY 9. In the last 8 days, we have seen and done some amazing things. But
nothing compares to the famous Uluru – the largest rock monolith in the world. I
have heard about the wonderful changes in the color of the Rock, but until you see it
yourself, it's impossible to imagine.
DAY 10. We have just crossed the desert to the modern town of Alice Springs.
We are going to miss all the friends we have made and all the places we have
visited.

II. NOTES
Asia ['eɪʃə] Азия
Europe ['juərəp] Европа
Africa ['æfrɪkə] Африка
South Australia [sauθ ɔs'treɪlɪə] Южная Австралия
Adelaide ['ædəleɪd] Аделаида
Discovery Bay [dɪs'kʌvərɪ beɪ] залив Дискавери
Cape York [keɪp 'jɔːk] мыс Йорк
Broken river ['brəukən 'rɪvə] река Брокен
Uluru [ʊ'lʊəruː] Улуру
Alice Springs ['ælɪs sprɪŋz] Элис Спрингз

III. VOCABULARY

1. to count [kaunt] считать


I have visited more countries than I Я посетила больше стран, чем могу
can count. сосчитать.
2. to backpack ['bækpæk] совершать пешие походы с рюкзаком
3. through [θruː] по, через
I have backpacked through Asia. Я прошла с рюкзаком всю Азию.
4. to cycle ['saɪkl] ездить на велосипеде
I have cycled through Europe. Я проехала на велосипеде всю
Европу.
5. across [ə'krɔs] через, от края до края
I have driven across Africa. Я проехала через всю Африку.
6. to explore [ɪk'splɔː] исследовать
I have never explored Australia. Я никогда не исследовала Австралию.
7. to get to know smb/smth узнать (получить представление о к-л/
ч-л)
8. own [əun] собственный
9. to put smth right исправлять, корректировать
Тhe time has come to put this right. Пришло время исправить это.
10. the rest of the world остальной мир
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11. unlike smb в отличие от кого-либо
12. diary ['daɪərɪ] дневник
13. adventure [əd'venʧə] приключение
14. walking tour ['wɔːkɪŋ tuə] пешеходная экскурсия
We have done a walking tour of Мы совершили пешеходную
Adelaide. экскурсию по Аделаиде.
15. to admire [əd'maɪə] любоваться, восторгаться
16. architecture ['ɑːkɪtekʧə] архитектура
We have seen a lot of historical Мы увидели много исторических
buildings and have admired their зданий и полюбовались их
colonial [kə'ləunɪəl] architecture. колониальной архитектурой.
17. to take a boat trip around smth прокатиться на катере по ч-л
18. numerous ['njuːmərəs] многочисленный
We have explored numerous caves Мы обследовали многочисленные
[keɪvz] and grottos['grɔtəuz]. пещеры и гроты.
19. to raft [rɑːft] cплавляться на плоту
We have rafted on the Broken River. Мы сплавились по реке Брокен.
20. еxciting [ɪk'saɪtɪŋ] увлекательный
It has been very exciting. Это было очень увлекательно.
21. thermal reserve ['θɜːməl rɪ'zɜːv] термальный заповедник
22. spectacular [spek'tækjələ] впечатляющий
spectacular geysers ['giːzəz] производящие глубокое впечатление
гейзеры
23. to hike [haɪk] гулять, ходить пешком
We have hiked through a canyon Мы прошли пешком по каньону.
['kænjən].
24. waterfall ['wɔːtəfɔːl] водопад
We have seen a number of waterfalls. Мы увидели несколько водопадов.
25. campfire ['kæmpfaɪə] костер
26. аboriginal community племя аборигенов
[ˌæbə'rɪʤənəl kə'mjuːnətɪ]
27. lifestyle and culture образ жизни и культура
['laɪfstaɪl] ['kʌlʧə]
28. mob of kangaroos [ˌkæŋgə'ruːz] стадо кенгуру
29. cute [kjuːt] замечательный, интересный
They are incredibly [ɪn'kredɪblɪ] Они невероятно славные.
cute.
30. аmazing [ə'meɪzɪŋ] поразительный, удивительный
31. to compare [kəm'pɛə] сравнивать
nothing compares to ничто не может сравниться с
32. famous ['feɪməs] знаменитый
33. rock [rɔk] скала
rock monolith ['mɔnəlɪθ] скальный монолит
77
34. desert ['dezət] пустыня
We have just crossed the desert. Мы только что пересекли пустыню.
35.to miss smb/smth скучать по к-л/ч-л

IV. COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

1. How many countries has Alice Ashton visited during 35 years as a travel
writer?
2. In what manner has she explored Asia, Europe and Africa?
3. What country has she never explored?
4. What is Alice planning to do over the next ten days?
5. Who is Alice going to travel with?
6. What do her grandchildren want to do before they start exploring the rest of the
world?
7. What city have they done a walking tour of?
8. What have they seen and admired?
9. Around what bay have they taken a boat trip?
10. What river have they rafted on?
11. What reserve have they visited? What have they seen?
12. At the campfire of what community have they been guests?
13. What have they learned?
14. What animals have they seen?
15. What has Alice Ashton heard people talk about?
16. What is Uluru?
17. Whom and what are Alice and her grandchildren going to miss?

V. GRAMMAR: THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE


(НАСТОЯЩЕЕ СОВЕРШЕННОЕ ВРЕМЯ)

1. УПОТРЕБЛЕНИЕ PRESENT PERFECT


PRESENT PERFECT УПОТРЕБЛЯЕТСЯ ДЛЯ ОБОЗНАЧЕНИЯ:

1. действий, которые совершились в прошлом, но результатом


связаны с настоящим. Результат действия в прошлом может быть
как материальным, так и в форме опыта и знаний.

78
а) маркеры времени отсутствуют:

Kim has bought a new mobile ['məubaɪl] phone.


Ким купила новый сотовый телефон.

Simon has traveled a lot.


Саймон много путешествовал.

б) имеются маркеры времени:


just [ʤʌst] (только что), already [ɔːl'redɪ] (уже), never
(никогда), ever ['evə] (когда-либо), yet [jet] (ужe – в вопросительных
предложениях; ещe – в отрицательных предложениях).

We have just eaten our breakfast.


Мы только что позавтракали.

Carol has already arrived.


Кэрол уже прилетела.

79
Have you fixed your bicycle yet?
Ты уже починил свой велосипед?

Tom has not answered my email yet.


Том еще не ответил на мое
сообщение.

Have you ever visited a thermal reserve?


Ты когда-нибудь посещал термальный
заповедник?

I have never been to Australia.


Я никогда не был в Австралии.

80
2. действий, которые совершились в прошлом, но связаны с
незаконченным периодом времени.
Маркерами незаконченного периода времени являются:
a) обстоятельства времени today, this week, this month, this
semester [sɪ'mestə].

Rob has had five cups of coffee today.


Роб выпил пять чашек кофе сегодня.

b) обстоятельства времени recently ['riːsntlɪ] (недавно – в


последние недели, месяцы), lately ['leɪtlɪ] (недавно – в
последние дни, недели), so far (пока), before (раньше).

Alice Ashton has recently published a book about


her travels.
Элис Эштон недавно опубликовала книгу о своих
путешествиях.

c) обстоятельства времени in/over the last few days (за последние


несколько дней), in/over the past few years (за последние
несколько лет).

We have met a lot of interesting people in the


last few days.
За последние несколько дней мы
познакомились со многими интересными
людьми.

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3. действий, которые начались в прошлом и все еще
продолжаются (с глаголами, не употребляющимися в Continuous)
Маркерами являются: for (в течение) и since [sɪns] (с).

They have known Lucy for ten years.


Они знают Люси десять лет.

I have been here since early morning.


Я здесь с раннего утра.

2. ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ PRESENT PERFECT

Present Perfect образуется с помощью вспомогательного глагола to have


(формы have и has) и причастия II
Лицо / число Утвердительная Отрицательная Вопросительная
форма форма форма
1 л. ед. ч. I have done I have not done Have I done?
2 л. ед. ч. You have done You have not done Have you done?
He has done He has not done Has he done?
3л. ед. ч. She has done She has not done Has she done?
It has done It has not done Has it done?
1 л. мн. ч. We have done We have not done Have we done?
2 л. мн. ч. You have done You have not done Have you done?
3 л. мн. ч. They have done They have not done Have they done?

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3. СТРУКТУРА ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЙ В PRESENT PERFECT

CТРУКТУРА УТВЕРДИТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ


П Ск Доп Об-во
I have seen him today.

СТРУКТУРА ОТРИЦАТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

П Ск Доп Об-во
всп.гл. not смысл. гл.
I have not seen him today.
СТРУКТУРА ВОПРОСИТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

ОБЩИЙ ВОПРОС
Всп. П Ост/ч Доп Об-во
гл. Ск
Have you seen him today?

СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЙ ВОПРОС
(ко всем членам предложения кроме подлежащего)

Вопр. Всп. Ост/ч


П Доп Об-во
сл. гл. Ск
Whom has he seen – today?
СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЙ ВОПРОС К ПОДЛЕЖАЩЕМУ

Вопр.сл. Ск Доп Об-во


Who has seen him today?

83
VI. EXERCISES
1. Read the transcribed words.
A. [ˈstɪɡmə], [ˈvaɪəbl], [aɪˌkɔnəˈklæstɪk], [ˈsætʃəˌreɪt], [ˈtaɪˌreɪd],
[səbˈstænʃiːˌeɪt], [ˌmægnəˈnɪmətiː], [ɪnˈkɔ:pəˌreɪt], [fruːˈɡæləti], [nɔstˈældʒɪə],
[ˈnepətɪzm], [əˈblɪvɪəs], [ˈpʌlmənərɪ], [ˈreprəˌma:nd], [ˈrepətwa:], [sɪˈnɪlətiː],
[ˈsedənˌteriː], [ˈskeɪpˌgout], [ˈsʌtəlti], [sə:ˈveɪləns], [ˌθerəˈpju:tɪk], [ˈtə:bjuləns],
[ˌzenəˈfəubɪə], [ji:ld], [jəuk], [ˈzenɪθ], [ˈzefə], [ˈwɪzədrɪ], [ˈjoumən], [ˈtə:mɪnəs],
[ˈsɪblɪŋ], [ˈskə:mɪʃ], [ʃi:ð], shrewd [ʃru:d], [presˈti:ʒ], [prəɡˈnɔstɪkeɪt],
[prouˈkræstɪneɪt], [pɔsˈterɪtɪ], [ˈpræɡmətɪst].
B. [ˌæbə'rɪʤənəl], [ədˈmaɪə], [ədˈventʃə], ['ɑːkɪtekʧə], [ɔs'treɪlɪə], [bəʊt],
[ˈbreθˌteɪkɪŋ], [ˈkænjən], [kə'mjuːnətɪ], [kaʊnt], [ˈkʌzn], [ˈsaɪkl], [ˈdezət], [ˈdaɪəri],
[ˈdjʊərɪŋ], [ɪkˈsplɔː], [ˈɡiːzə], [ɡest], [ˌkæŋɡəˈruː], [kəˈrɑːti], [nɪt], [ˈnjuːmərəs],
[ˈriːsəntli], [rɪˈzɜːv], [spekˈtækjʊlə], [ˈswetə], ['θɜːməl], [θruː], [ˈwɔːkɪŋ tʊə], [ˈweðə
ˈfɔːkɑːst], [jet].
2. Make the sentences negative and interrogative.
1. Jack has lost his key 2. Mary has gone to Canada. 3. The Smiths have been to Italy.
4. Mr. Trenton has been a car salesman since 1999. 5. They have done their shopping.
6. I have always wanted to travel abroad. 7. The schoolchildren have planted ten trees
today. 8. Jerry has just talked to his friend. 9. She has been to New York twice this
year. 10. Ed Prior has won a lot of medals. 11. Lucy has had a cold for two days. 12.
We have traveled by boat today. 13. Liz has studied very much this semester. 14. Fred
has been sick a lot in the past few years.
3. Put special questions to the italicized words.
1. I have seen Lisa three times in the last few days (3). ……………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………….…
………………………………………………………………………………………………….…
2. She has been ill since Monday (2). ……………………………………………..….
3. George has not emailed to me lately (2). …………………………………………....
4. The Browns have already moved to a bigger house (3). ……………………….….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….….
……………………………………………………………………………………………..…..….
5. Mary has found a new job (3). …………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………..……………….….….
……………………………………………………………………………………...……….….….
6. I have known them for six years (3). ……………………………………..…….…..
………………………………………………………………………………………………..……
7. Alice Ashton has visited more countries than she can count (1). ……….…………
8. She has been to Australia twice (3). …………………………………………….….

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……………………………………………………………………………………………….…….
……………………………………………………………………………………………..…..….
9. My car has just broken down (2). …………………………….………….……..…..
10. Tony has been in Japan for two months (3). ……………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
11. Karen has passed her driving test this week (1). …………………..……….……
12. Mr. and Mrs. Roberts have lived in Adelaide all their lives (2)……...……..……
……………………………………………………………………………………………..….….
13. Martin has never visited the Modern Art Gallery (3). ………………………..…..
……………………………………………………………………………………………..…..….
……………………………………………………………………………………………..…..….
14. I have done four English exercises so far (2). …………………………………..…
4. Match Column A with Column B.
Column A Column В
1 Jerry hasn't typed a visited Japan?
2 She has always b talked to them
3 Have you ever с the letter yet
4 We've already d to New York twice this year
5 Tim has already been e known them?
6 How long have you f wanted to be a singer
5. Open the brackets using Present Perfect.
A. 1. I (sail) across the Atlantic. 2. He (lose) his passport. 3. She (to make) a sweater
for her grandson. 4. He just (go) out. 5. Johnny finally (find) his keys. 6. We have
already (talk) about it. 7. He has just (say) something about it. 8. She (tell) us a very
interesting story. 9. Rob recently(visit) Canada and the USA. 10. We have (have) two
lessons today.
B. 1. The train (leave)? 2. You ever (have) a Mexican meal? 3. Paul and Mary (see)
your photos? 4. You (visit) all the museums? 5. Have you (find) the book? 6. Who
has (write) this article? 7. You (reply) to the letter? 8. Who (teach) you to do it? 9.
How many you (visit) New York? 10. How long they (be married)?
C. 1. Jay never (travel) abroad. 2. I never (learn) French. 3. Larry never (meet) a
celebrity. 4. I never (see) an elephant. 5. I never (be) to Greece. 6. I (not finish) the
work yet. 7. He (not find) a job yet. 8. It (not start) raining yet. 9. They (not move) to
another town yet. 10. She (not come) back from her holiday yet.

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7. Change Present Continuous into Present Perfect and translate the sentences.
1. My friend is helping me to solve a difficult problem. 2. I am
learning a poem. 3. She is telling them an interesting story. 4.
Kate is sweeping the floor. 5. The waiter is putting a bottle of
lemonade in front of him. 6. I am eating my breakfast. 7. We are
drinking milk. 8. He is bringing them some meat and vegetables.
9. You are putting the dishes on the table. 10. They are having
tea. 11. Susan is making a new dress for her birthday party. 12. She is opening a box
of chocolates. 13. I am buying milk for milk shakes. 14. James is ordering a bottle of
apple juice.
8. Make sentences with already.
Example: Don't forget to mail that letter. - I’ve already mailed it.
1. Don't forget to call Eric. I ...........................................................................................
2. Don't forget to read the paper. ....................................................................................
3. Don‟t forget to pay the waiter. ....................................................................................
4. Don‟t forget to do the dishes. .....................................................................................
5. Don‟t forget to fix your bike. .....................................................................................
6. Don‟t forget to wash the car. ......................................................................................
7. Don‟t forget to send him an email. .............................................................................
9. Make general questions.
Example: you / hear / from George recently? - Have you heard
from George recently?
1. you / read / a newspaper lately?
.................................................................................
2. you / see / Lisa in the past few days?
..........................................................................
3. you / play / tennis lately? ...........................................................................................
4. you / eat / anything today? ..........................................................................................
5. you / see / any good movies lately? ............................................................................
6. you / take / your vacation yet?.....................................................................................
11. Make questions with ever.
Example: you ever / be / to China? - Have you ever been to China?
1. you ever / be / to South America? ...............................................................................
2. you ever / read / any English novels? .........................................................................
3. you ever / explore / your own country? ......................................................................
4. you ever / be / in love? ...............................................................................................
5. you ever / visit / Spain? ..............................................................................................
6. you ever / speak / to a famous person?………………………………………..…….
7. you ever / see / a kangaroo? ………………………………………………….……..
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8. you ever / take / a boat trip?........................................................................................
9. you ever / hike through a canyon? ………………………………………….………
10. you ever / cross a desert?...........................................................................................
12. You haven't seen your friend for a long time. You want to know what he/she
has done since you last met.
Example: find / a new job? – Student A: Have you found a new job?
Student B: Yes, I have.

buy / a bigger car? /

move / house?

get / married?

finish / your studies? /

13. You are writing a letter to a friend and giving news about people you both
know.
Example: Phil / find a new job - Phil has found a new job.
Dear Chris,
Lots of things have happened since I last wrote to you.
1. Fred / go / Brazil……......................................................................
2. Jack and Jill / decide / to get married ..............................................
3. Suzanne / have / a baby ...................................................................
4. Liz / give up / smoking ...................................................................
5. George / pass / his driving test ........................................................
14. Translate the sentences.
A. 1. Я только что позавтракал. 2. Он уже
позавтракал. 3. Мы еще не завтракали. 4. Я уже сделал
свои уроки. 5. У нас сегодня было три урока. 6. У них
только что было собрание. 7. Она еще не читала этой
книги. 8. Он не сделал уроки. 9. Подожди меня! Я не
взяла деньги. 10. Мы ее давно не видели. 11. Бабушка с
дедушкой уже навестили своих внуков. 12. Ты когда-
нибудь был в Африке? 13. Они все сделали для своей дочери. 14. Концерт еще
не начался. 15. Пришло время обо всем поговорить.
B. 1. Я посетила больше стран, чем могу сосчитать. 2. Я прошла с
рюкзаком всю Азию. 3. Я проехала на велосипеде всю. Европу 4. Но я никогда
не исследовала свою собственную страну Австралию. 5. Настало время
исправить это положение. 6. Мы совершили пешеходную экскурсию по
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Аделаиде. 7. Мы увидели большое количество исторических зданий и
полюбовались их колониальной архитектурой. 8. Мы прокатились на катере по
заливу Дискавери. 9. Мы сплавились по реке Брокен. 10. Мы посетили
термальный заповедник и увидели несколько живописных гейзеров. 11. Мы
прошли пешком по каньону и увидели несколько водопадов. 12. Мы были в
гостях у аборигенов. 13. Мы узнали много интересного об их жизни и культуре.
14. Мы увидели стадо кенгуру. 15. За последние 8 дней мы увидели много
удивительного. 16. Мы только что пересекли пустыню.

88
UNIT 8

THAILAND - LAND OF SMILES


89
I. LISTENING AND READING

Listen to the text

Read and translate the texts

THAILAND - LAND OF SMILES


“Addictive!” This is how most visitors
describe Thailand. After your first visit, you just
have to go back again. Today we are speaking with
Margaret, a writer.
“I come from the UK but I am living in Thailand at
the moment. My boyfriend and I only came here for
a holiday but we liked it so much that we stayed. I
think Thailand is a perfect place to live – it‟s cheap,
hot, and inspiring.
I‟ve written two novels since we arrived.
Eric is happy here too. He‟s already done a scuba
diving course and a cookery course. He has recently
started his own business – a small restaurant on the
beach. But he isn‟t working there right now because
he has gone trekking in the jungle.
People often ask me what I like about living
in Thailand. Well, I like the weather, the food, the
relaxed lifestyle. Besides, Thailand is close to other
interesting places. We‟ve been to Vietnam, Laos,
Cambodia, Bali and Malaysia. We have walked
along white sandy beaches and we have done
snorkeling. We have seen a lot of exotic fish. We
have also visited a great number of Buddhist
temples. I can‟t imagine my life without Thailand.

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II. NOTES

Thailand ['taɪlænd] Тайланд


Margaret [mɑ:rgərɪt] Маргарет
Eric [erɪk] Эрик
Vietnam [viet'næm] Вьетнам
Laos ['leɪɔs] Лаос
Cambodia [kæm'bəudɪə] Камбоджа
Bali ['bɑːlɪ] Бали
Malaysia [mə'leɪʒə] Малайзия

III. VOCABULARY

1. addictive [ə'dɪktɪv] притягательный


This place is very addictive. Это место очень притягательное.
2. describe [dɪ'skraɪb] описывать, рассказывать
This is how most visitors describe Именно так большинство
Thailand. посетителей описывают Тайланд.
3. to come from быть родом из
I come from the UK. Я из Великобритании.
4. to come for a holiday приехать в отпуск
My boyfriend and I only came here for a Мы с другом приехали сюда в
holiday. отпуск.
5. inspiring [ɪn'spaɪərɪŋ] вдохновляющий
Thailand is a perfect place to live – it‟sТайланд – идеальное место для
cheap, hot, and inspiring. жизни. Он дешевый, жаркий и
вдохновляет.
6. novel ['nɔvəl] роман
I‟ve written two novels since we arrived. Я написала два романа с тех пор, как
мы приехали.
7. to do a course [kɔːs] обучаться на курсах
scuba ['skuːbə] diving course курсы дайвинга
cookery['kukərɪ] course кулинарные курсы
He‟s already done a scuba diving course Он уже окончил курсы дайвинга и
and a cookery course. кулинарные курсы.
8. to start a business ['bɪznɪs] начать бизнес
He has recently started his own business Он недавно начал свой бизнес –
– a small restaurant on the beach. маленький ресторанчик на пляже.
9. jungle ['ʤʌŋgl] джунгли
He has gone trekking in the jungle. Он уехал на трекинг в джунгли.
10. exotic fish [ɪg'zɔtɪk fɪʃ] экзотические рыбы
We have seen a lot of exotic fish. Мы видели много экзотических рыб.

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11. snorkeling ['snɔːkəlɪŋ] плавание с маской и трубкой
We have done snorkeling. Мы плавали с маской и трубкой.
12. temple ['templ] храм
We have also visited a great number of Мы также посетили много
Buddhist ['budɪst] temples. Буддистских храмов.

IV. COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:


1. How do most visitors describe Thailand?
2. Where does Margaret come from?
3. Where is she living now?
4. Why did they stay in Thailand?
5. How many novels has Margaret written?
6. Why is Thailand a perfect place to live?
7. What has Eric done so far?
8. What business has he recently started?
9. Where is Eric now?
10. What question do people often ask Margaret?
11. How does she answer the question?
12. What other countries have they visited?
13. What have they seen and done?
V. EXERCISES
1. Read the transcribed words.
A) [ˌæbəˈrɪdʒənəl], [ədˈventʃə], [ˈɑːkɪˌtektʃə], [ˈætməsˌfɪə], [əkˈnɒlɪdʒmənt],
[bækˌtɪəriˈɒlədʒi], [ˈtʃaɪldˌmaɪndə], [kəˈreɪdʒəs], [ˈkjuːˌkʌmbə], [dɪˈzɜːt],
[ɪnˌsaɪkləˈpiːdiə], [ɪnˈɡeɪdʒmənt], [fjuːˈtjʊərəti], [ɡrəˈtjuːɪtəs], [ˌhetərəʊˈdʒiːniəs],
[ˌdʒʌkstəpəˈzɪʃn], [ˈkɪtʃənˌweə], [ˌmedɪtəˈreɪniən], [ˌəʊld ˈfæʃənd],
[ˌɒktəʊdʒəˈneəriən], [ˌpɑːləˈmentəri], [ˌkwestʃəˈneə], [ˌʌnselfˈkɒnʃəs].
B) ['bɑːlɪ], [bəˈzɑː], ['budɪst], [kæm'bəudɪə], [kəˈpriː], [ˈtʃɒklət], ['kukərɪ kɔːs],
[ˈdezət], [ˈɡæləri], [ɪnˈʃʊərəns], [ɪnˈspaɪərɪŋ], [aɪˈtɪnərəri], [ˈdʒuːəlri], [ˈdʒʌŋɡl],
['leɪɔs], [mə'leɪʒə], [ˈnɒvəl], [ˈriːsəntli], [ˌrezəˈveɪʃn], ['skuːbə ˈdaɪvɪŋ], [sɪns],
[ˌsuːvəˈnɪə], ['taɪlænd], [ˈvækjʊəm], [viet'næm].

92
2. It’s Mary’s birthday today. Read what she says and put the verbs in brackets
into Present Perfect or Past Simple.

1. Today is my seventieth birthday. When I


look back on the last seventy years, I think
about all the things I (do) in my lifetime. 2. I
(be) to college, and I (see) the world. 3. I (be)
to twenty countries. 4. I (drive) across the
Sahara Desert, and I (take) a boat up the Nile
River. 5. Of course, I (do) this, when I was
very young. I (go) to Africa in 1946. 6. I (live)
in two foreign countries: Spain and Colombia.
7. I (write) a book about my experiences in Spain. 8. I also (write) several other
books about travel. 9. I (work) for forty-eight years, and I still work every day. 10. I
(move) nine times, and I (have) thirteen different jobs. 11. I (take) English courses in
college, so most of my jobs (be) in writing and publishing. 12. I (be married) twice.
13. My first husband (die) in 1975. 14. I (get married) again in 1980. 15. I have four
children and six grandchildren. Last month, one of my grandchildren (have) a baby,
and I (become) a great-grandmother for the first time.
3. Mind the difference between been to (побывал) and gone to (уехал, ушел) in
Present Perfect. Complete the sentence, use been or gone.
1. He‟s on holiday at the moment. He has … to Prague.
2. Where‟s Jill? – She‟s not here. I think she has … to the bank.
3. Hello, Pat. Where have you …? – I‟ve … to the bank.
4. Have you ever … to Mexico? – No, never.
5. My parents are not at home this evening. They have … out.
6. There is a new restaurant in town. Have you … to it.
7. Paris is a wonderful city. I have … there many times.
8. Helen was here earlier but I think she has already … now.
4. Jack and Tim are planning to make a trip to Egypt. Here is their list of things
to do before the trip. Complete the sentences to say what each of them has done
so far. Use already and yet.
Example: Jack has already planned his itinerary, but Tim has not planned his
itinerary yet.
THINGS TO DO
plan my itinerary Jack + Tim -
see a travel agent Jack + Tim -
see the doctor Jack + Tim -
go to the bank Jack + Tim -
get travel insurance Jack + Tim -
make hotel reservations Jack + Tim -
pay for his plane ticket Jack + Tim -
93
get a passport Jack + Tim -
pack his suitcase Jack - Tim -

5. Respond to the statements. Tell, if you ever done the following things. Use
never or too in your sentences.
Examples: My friend was in Egypt last
month. – I have been to Egypt too.
She flew in a supersonic jet. – I’ve never
flown in a supersonic jet.
1. She met an Egyptian.
2. She ate Egyptian food.
3. She drank mint tea.
4. She saw a wall painting.
5. She spoke Arabic.
6. She heard Egyptian music.
7. She swam in the Mediterranean [ˌmedɪtəˈreɪniən].
8. She drove through the desert.
9. She slept in a tent.
10. She kept a diary.
6. Respond to the statements by making a question with ever.
Example: My friend was in Egypt last month. – Have you ever been to Egypt?
1. She spent Egyptian money.
2. She went to a bazaar.
3. She bought Egyptian jewelry.
4. She took a boat trip up the Nile.
5. She rode a camel.
6. She saw the pyramids.
7. She read a book on the history of Egypt.
8. She got up at 4.30 to see the sunrise.
9. She wore a veil.
10. She brought home souvenirs from the trip.
7. Interview your partner. Find out if he/she has done the following things.
Report the results to the group.
drive a motorcycle; visit South America; see Disneyland; read English books; eat
oysters [ˈɔɪstə z] (устрицы); ride a camel; wear a wig (парик); be on TV; climb
[klaɪm] a mountain ; win a prize; meet a famous person; smoke a cigar; write a book;
swim in the Atlantic; rent a car; be in love.

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8. Fill in since or for.
Example: for six months
1. ... June 9. … a century
2. … a month 10. … last century
3. … last week 11. … morning
4. … a week 12. ... many hours
5. … 1999 13. … I last saw you
6. … 10 years 14. … ages
7. … yesterday 15. three months
8. … two days 16. last summer

9. Fill in since or for


Example: Tom and I have known each other ….for ……six months.
1. Tom‟s father has been a policeman ……… 20 years.
2. It‟s been raining ……… I got up this morning.
3. Have you been learning English ……… a long time?
5. Ann has been on holiday ………. three days.
6. That‟s a very old car. I‟ve had it ……… many years.
7. She hasn‟t washed the dishes………a week.
8. She hasn‟t washed the dishes…………Monday.
9. She hasn‟t vacuumed the floors ………… a month.
10. She hasn‟t changed the beds ………… two weeks.
11. She hasn‟t washed the windows ………… May.
12. She hasn‟t watered the plants ……….. a week.
13. She hasn‟t cleaned the bathroom …………… Saturday.
14. She hasn‟t taken out the trash ……….. yesterday.
15. She hasn‟t paid the bills ………… two months.
10. Complete the sentences, using been in or been to. Mind the difference
between been in и been to:
I have been to Australia. Я побывал в Австралии (но в данный момент меня там
нет).
I have been in Australia for two weeks. Я в Австралии две недели (Я приехал и до
сих пор нахожусь там).
1. What countries have you been .....?
2. I have been ……. Rome for two weeks now.
3. Ted has been …….. a lot of places, like the National Gallery, the British museum
and the Tower of London
4. I have never been …….. Austria, but I would love to go.
5. He has been …. hospital for a week.
6. They have been …… Laos. They have just returned.
7. Mr. and Mrs. Larson have been ….. Bali before.
8. My friend has been …… Africa already.
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11. Choose the right variant.
1. I have been / was in a bank for fifteen years. Then I gave it up.
2. Molly is a very good teacher. She has been / was a teacher for fifteen years
already.
3. When we have been / were on holiday the weather was awful.
4. The weather has been / was very nice recently, don‟t you think?
5. Is Alan here? – No, I‟m afraid he has gone out / went out.
6. When exactly has he gone out / did he go out? – About ten minutes ago.
7. Last night I have arrived / arrived home at half past twelve.
8. Mr. Brown is in his office. He has just arrived / just arrived.
9. My bicycle is not here anymore. Somebody has taken / took it.
10. He has come up / came up to the shelf, has taken / took a book and has gone /
went back to his room.
11. Have you visited / did you visit many museums when you were in Paris?
12. How many museums have you visited / did you visit?
13. Mary is my best friend. I have known / knew her for ten years.
14. I haven’t known / didn’t know you five years ago.
15. My parents are not here. They have gone / went on holiday.
16. I haven’t gone / didn’t go to school yesterday because I was ill.
17. Have you eaten / did you eat all the chocolate cake last night?
18. I want to lose weight. I haven’t eaten / didn’t eat anything today yet.
19. The teacher has found / found a lot of mistakes in my test yesterday.
20. My cousin hasn’t found / didn’t find a new job yet.
12. Choose the correct time expression to complete the sentences.
1. Sam has been late three times this week/ last week.
2. How many cigarettes have you smoked so far today / yesterday?
3. We‟ve met some nice people two weeks ago / in the last two weeks.
4. I didn‟t drink any coffee yesterday in the morning/ so far this morning.
5. I haven‟t been to Australia last year / yet.
6. My sister has visited eight different countries over the last two months / in the
last month.
7. How many games did the team win this season/ last season?
8. They haven‟t been abroad in 1990 / since 1990.
9. Have you read any good travel books recently / last summer?
10. They didn‟t get married in 1974/ so far.
13. Open the brackets. Use Present Perfect or Past Simple.
1. I (just/ buy) this car.
2. I (buy) this car two years ago.
3. David (already/ be) a teacher for ten years.
4. Pete (be) a waiter for ten years. Then he opened his own restaurant.
5. I (not finish) my homework yet.
96
6. I (not finish) my homework yesterday.
7. I (not see) Tim last week.
8. I (not see) Tim since last week.
9. John (never/phone) me yet.
10. John (phone) me last night.
11. Laura (be) to France three times.
12. We (be) in France last month.
13. She (already/read) this book.
14. I (read) this story when I was a child.
15. Tom (lose) his key. He is looking for it but can‟t find the key.
16. Tom (lose) his key but then he found it.
17. I (never/ play) golf.
18. I (not/ play) golf when I was on holiday last summer.
19. You (see) Ann recently?
20. You (see) Ann last week?

14. Translate the sentences from Russian into English.


А) 1. Мой друг никогда не был за границей. 2. Я
никогда не был в Европе. 3. Мои друзья уже дважды
пересекали пустыню Сахара. 4. Она недавно
написала несколько книг о путешествиях. 5. Тима
сейчас нет, он уехал в Египет. 6. Я знаю этого
человека уже 10 лет. 7. Я нахожусь здесь уже 2 часа.
8. В этом году мы были в Таиланде. 9. Ты видел
Петра сегодня? – Да. 10. На этой неделе я звонил
ему несколько раз. 11. Ты был в театре на этой
неделе? – Нет, не был. 12. Сегодня он уехал в Милан. 13. Вы были за городом на
этой неделе? 14. На этой неделе мы закончили работу. 15. Мы в Камбодже уже 3
недели
В) 1. Мы в Таиланде уже год. 2. Эрик уже окончил кулинарные курсы. 3. Я
написала два романа с тех пор, как мы приехали. 4. Недавно он открыл
небольшой ресторанчик на пляже. 5. Сейчас его здесь нет. Он уехал в джунгли
на трекинг. 6. Мы были во Вьетнаме, Лаосе и Камбодже. 7. Мы посетили много
буддийских храмов. 8. Мы гуляли по песчаным пляжам и ныряли с трубкой. 9.
Мы видели много экзотических рыб.

97
VI. TEST
I. ВЫБЕРИТЕ СООТВЕТСТВУЮЩИЙ СЛУЧАЙ УПОТРЕБЛЕНИЯ ДЛЯ
ВЫДЕЛЕННЫХ ГРАММАТИЧЕСКИХ ФОРМ.
1. I haven’t seen this film yet.
A. действие, которое завершилось в прошлом, но результатом связано с
настоящим
B. действие, которое совершилось в прошлом, но связано с незаконченным
периодом времени
C. действие, которое началось в прошлом, но все еще продолжается
2. I have had three meals today.
A. действие, которое завершилось в прошлом, но результатом связано с
настоящим
B. действие, которое совершилось в прошлом, но связано с незаконченным
периодом времени
C. действие, которое началось в прошлом, но все еще продолжается
3. We have done a lot of interesting things in the last few days.
A. действие, которое завершилось в прошлом, но результатом связано с
настоящим
B. действие, которое совершилось в прошлом, но связано с незаконченным
периодом времени
C. действие, которое началось в прошлом, но все еще продолжается
4. Fred has been sick since last week.
A. действие, которое завершилось в прошлом, но результатом связано с
настоящим
B. действие, которое совершилось в прошлом, но связано с незаконченным
периодом времени
C. действие, которое началось в прошлом, но все еще продолжается
5. I have known my friend Tim for ten years.
A. действие, которое завершилось в прошлом, но результатом связано с
настоящим
B. действие, которое совершилось в прошлом, но связано с незаконченным
периодом времени
C. действие, которое началось в прошлом, но все еще продолжается
6. Our teacher has told us an interesting story.
A. действие, которое завершилось в прошлом, но результатом связано с
настоящим
B. действие, которое совершилось в прошлом, но связано с незаконченным
периодом времени
C. действие, которое началось в прошлом, но все еще продолжается

98
7. I haven’t seen George so far today.
A. действие, которое завершилось в прошлом, но результатом связано с
настоящим
B. действие, которое совершилось в прошлом, но связано с незаконченным
периодом времени
C. действие, которое началось в прошлом, но все еще продолжается
8. Have you made any new friend yet?
A. действие, которое завершилось в прошлом, но результатом связано с
настоящим
B. действие, которое совершилось в прошлом, но связано с незаконченным
периодом времени
C. действие, которое началось в прошлом, но все еще продолжается
9. The show has just begun.
A. действие, которое завершилось в прошлом, но результатом связано с
настоящим
B. действие, которое совершилось в прошлом, но связано с незаконченным
периодом времени
C. действие, которое началось в прошлом, но все еще продолжается
10. Paris is a wonderful city. I have been there three times.
A. действие, которое завершилось в прошлом, но результатом связано с
настоящим
B. действие, которое совершилось в прошлом, но связано с незаконченным
периодом времени
C. действие, которое началось в прошлом, но все еще продолжается
II. ПОСТРОЙТЕ ОБЩИЙ ВОПРОС И ОТРИЦАНИЕ.
1. He has travelled the world.
2. Margaret has gone to Thailand.
3. We have seen famous sights.
4. She has bought souvenirs for her friends and family.
5. The students have been here since 8 o‟clock.
III. ЗАДАЙТЕ СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЕ ВОПРОСЫ К ВЫДЕЛЕННЫМ
СЛОВАМ.
1. Alice has visited many foreign countries.
2. We have never explored Australia.
3. Nick has been married twice.
4. I haven‟t seen my travel agent yet.
5. They have known each other for ages.

99
IV. ВЫБЕРИТЕ ПРАВИЛЬНЫЙ ВАРИАНТ.
1. Sue … her new car since Christmas.
A. has B. has had C. had
2. I … to a football match for a long time.
A. haven‟t been B. wasn‟t C. hasn‟t been
3. Sheila and Ken … each other since their argument last week.
A. Are not phoning B. haven‟t phoned C. didn‟t phone
phone
4. When …you … Peter last?
A. have … phoned B. do … phone C. did … phone
5. How long … your friend Bob?
A. have you known B. you have known C. do you know
6. My Mom … a teacher since 1995.
A. is B. was C. has been
7. Theresa … a teacher for 15 years but then she gave up her job. She is a housewife
now.
A. is B. was C. has been
8. Terry and June … out the invitations to their wedding yet.
A. did not sent B. have not send C. have not sent
9. I cannot tell you anything about this man. I … him yet.
A. do not see B. have not seen C. did not see
10.Kevin … smoking this month.
A. has given up B. has gave up C. gave up
11.This factory … more cars this year than ever before.
A. produced B. has produced C. produce
12.He … a lot of weight in the last few months.
A. has gained B. have gained C. gained
13.He … several articles last month.
A. has written B. has wrote C. wrote
14.… you … in Adelaide all your life?
A. Do … live B. Have … lived C. Did … live
15.Mr. Jones … a cold for two weeks.
A. has had B. has C. is having

100
VI. РАСКРОЙТЕ СКОБКИ, ИСПОЛЬЗУЯ PAST SIMPLE, PRESENT
CONTINOUOS, PRESENT SIMPLE ИЛИ PRESENT PERFECT.
1. I (not see) my friend Mike last summer. Actually, I (not see) him since we left
school.
2. –You (see) Liza in the last few days? – No, but I (see) her today. We are going out
for dinner.
3. – You ever (be) to South America? – Yes, I‟ve been there several times. – When
you last (go) there? – A couple of months ago. I sometimes (go) there on business.
4. Elmer (take) hundreds of pictures when he was in Europe.
5. Helen was here earlier but I think now she already (leave.) She usually (leaves) the
office at 5 o‟clock.
6. Patrick (leave) the party early because he was sick.
7. –You ever (ride) a camel? – Yes, I (ride) a camel when I was in Egypt last year.
8. Erick (have) a lot of free time since he moved to Thailand.
9. Bob visited the White House when he (be) in Washington.
10. I (be) to the supermarket. Look, I‟ve bought a lot of things.
VI. ПЕРЕВЕДИТЕ СКАЗУЕМОЕ С РУССКОГО НА АНГЛИЙСКИЙ.
1. Alice посетила more countries than she can count.
2. I живу in my hometown all my life.
3. We видели many interesting sights in the last few days.
4. Kate не нашла a new job yet.
5. Molly съела three pieces of cake today.

101
APPENDIX

ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ
102
ТРАНСКРИПЦИОННОЕ ОБОЗНАЧЕНИЕ АНГЛИЙСКИХ
ЗВУКОВ

[iː] [ð] [r]

[e] [i] [ŋ]

[m] [ai] [uː]

[p] [s] [ɔː]

[b] [z] [ɔ]

[f] [w] [u]

[v] [k] [Λ]

[t] [g] [au]

[d] [∫] [ɔi]

[n] [ʒ] [əː]/[ɜː]

[l] [t∫] [iə]

[æ] [dʒ] [εə]

[ei] [aː] [uə]

[ə] [h] [juː]

[θ] [j] [ou]/[əu]/[oʊ]

103
[ni:] [i:l] [ni:t] [fi:d] [bi:t] [bli:d] [ni:d] [mi:t] [fi:t] [bi:] [ben] [tel]
[ten] [tent] [bed] [pen] [men] [pet] [met] [net] [end] [det] [bet] [vet]
[dip] [tip] [bit] [it] [litl] [mai] [taim] [tai] [faiv] [laif] [paips]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[taips] [si:z] [tips] [sni:z] [nais] [naivz] [wen] [windi] [waif] [west]
[peil] [deit] [bæn] [teip] [ði:z] [ðən] [ðem] [θi:m] [feiθ] [θin] [geit]
[dʒem] [gæs] [edʒ] [dʒim] [peidʒ] [eg] [dʒin] [geim] [beg]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[gæg] [dʒæm] [dʒim] [dʒæk] [dʒein] [skai] [ʃeim] [diʃ] [ʃi:] [ʃip]
[ʃeip] [ʃeiv] [fiʃ] [ʃain] [tʃest] [tʃin] [mætʃ] [kætʃ] [fetʃ] [tʃik] [tʃil]
[hænd] [hei] [hip] [heit] [hi:p] [help] [haid] [jes] [jel] ['i:zi] ['dædi]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[jet] [jelp] [mai] [bai] [miθ] [nekst] [ig'zæm] [riŋ] [θiŋ] [fæŋ] [briŋ]
[siŋ] [gæŋ] [sliŋ] [driŋk] [liŋk] [kliŋk] [piŋk] [præŋk] [nɔt] [lɔt]
[loun] [nɔd] [koud] [kɔt] [toun] [koup] [dɔt] [sɔk] [hɔt]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[poup] [dɔl] [hɔp] [boun] [tu:l] [mu:n] [luk] [du:m] [tuk] [fu:l] [ku:l]
[ʃuk] [lu:p] [kuk] [tʃu:z] [huk] [spɔ:t] [tɔ:n] [kɔ:n] [ɡɔ:dʒ] [kɔ:k] [ɔ:]
[fɔ:k] [ɡud] [hə'lou] ['mɔ:niŋ] [dʒɔb] [bʌt] [nʌt] [mju:t]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[ˈbʌtə] [rʌŋ] [hju:dʒ] [weik] [wi:k] [wiɡ] [ˈweivə] [wain] [wiŋk]
[wei] [wi:d] [wit] [kɔin] [bɔi] [pɔint] [dʒɔin] [tɔi] [ˈnɔizi] [dʒɔi]
[nau] [hau] [ˈjeləu] [bau] [taun] [vau] [ˈwindou] [ɡaun] [daun]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[aut] [auns] [faul] [naun] [skaut] [lɪə] [bɪə] [pɪə] [vɪə] [tiːm] [wiː]
[biː] [fiːl] [εə] [fεə] [hεə] [stεəz] [pεə] [pleɪn] [speɪn] [feɪnt] [kεə]
[fεə] [mεə] [stεə] [bεə] [rεə] [pjuə] [kjuə] [ˈdjuərɪŋ] [faɪə] [maɪə]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[taɪə] [ʃaɪə] [hɪə] [mɪə] [auə] [flauə] [sauə] [wəːld] [wəːm] [ˈwəːʃɪp]
[wə:d] [ˈwəːði] ['treʒə] ['pleʒə] [dɪ'vɪʒən]
['əubəʤi:n] ['prəugræmɪŋ] ['hændɪkæp]
[ˌhaɪpə'kɔndrɪæk] [rɪˌspɔnsə'bɪlətɪ] ['kju:mjələtɪv]
[ˌkɔnʃɪ'enʃəs] ['ɪmplɪmənt] ['ʤenjuɪn]
['skru:pjələs] ['li:kɪʤ] [faun'deɪʃn]
['grædjuət] [aɪˌdentɪfɪ'keɪʃn] [ˌgʌvən'mentl]
[pɑːˌtɪsɪ'peɪʃn] [ɪk'spænʃn] [frʌn'tɪə]
[ˌpɜːsə'nel] [dɪs'kləuz] ['hæzədəs]
['entəpraɪz] [ˌvælju'eɪʃn] [ˌfʌndə'mentl]
[ˌɪmplɔɪ'i:] [ɪ'fɪʃnsɪ] [prə'praɪətə]
[ˌməutɪ'veɪʃn] [ˌdɪf'renʃɪeɪt] ['hæʧweɪ]
[kən'sɜːnd] [ɪk'sepʃnl] [ˌɔp(ə)'reɪʃənəl]
[ˌdemə'græfɪk] [rɪ'kwaɪəmənt] [nɪˌgəuʃɪ'eɪʃn]
['ɪnfluəns] [ˌkəuɪg'zɪstns] [rɪ'pɔzɪtərɪ]
['mærɪʤ] [ˌgʌvn'mentl] [ə'rɪʤəneɪt]
['bɜːθreɪt] [ɪn'kri:s] ['gaɪdlaɪn]
[ˌsaɪən'tɪfɪk] [dɪ'mɪnɪʃ] [ˌprɔfɪtə'bɪlətɪ]
['memərəbl] [ˌɪntər'ækʃn] [rɪ'zɪdjuəl]
[prɪ'lɪmɪnərɪ] [səb'stænʃl] [ˌsæljə'teɪʃn]
['drɔːbæk] [ˌri:ə'preɪzl] ['si:ʒə]
[ə'ʧi:vmənt] ['kɔmpɪtnt] [ˌsʌbdɪ'vɪʒn]
[sək'sesfəl] ['defləgrəbl] [ˌsju:tə'bɪlətɪ]
[pə'fɔːməns] ['ri:teɪl] [ˌvaɪə'leɪʃn]
[pə'hæps] [ɪn'kʌrɪʤmənt] ['rævɪʃmənt]
[ə'kwaɪə] [prə'məuʃn] [ji:ld]
['nɔlɪʤ] [ˌlɪbərəlaɪ'zeɪʃn] [ˌri:dɪstrɪ'bju:ʃn]
[kəm'petɪtɪv] [rɪ'zʌmpʃn] ['kwɔntɪtətɪv]
[ˌkɔnʤu'geɪʃn] [ə'bri:vɪeɪt] ['freɪtɪʤ]
['ɪmpækt] [ɪ'revəkəbl] [nju:'merɪkl]
[haɪ'pɔθəsɪs] [rɪ'mɪtns] [ˌkɔrɪ'spɔndəns]
[kən'klu:ʒən] [lɪ'ʤɪtəmət] [ˌkælkju'leɪʃn]
[tek'nɔləʤɪ] [ˌprepə'reɪʃn] [ɔːg'zɪlɪrɪ]
[ə'kauntəbl] [rɪ'frɪʤəreɪtə] [kən'trɪbjutərɪ]
[ɪk'splɪkəbl] [prə'hɪbɪt] [əˌveɪlə'bɪlətɪ]
[ə'bændənmənt] [prɪ'klu:d] [ə'pɔləʤɪ]
[ˌæbə'lɪʃn] [ˌprəulɔŋ'geɪʃn] [ˌkɔmprɪ'hensɪv]
['æbrəugeɪt] [ˌræʃənəlaɪ'zeɪʃn] [dɪ'stɪŋktɪv]
[ˌbenɪ'fɪʃl] [sʌb'kɔntrækt] [ˌdɔkju'mentərɪ]
[dɪˌpendə'bɪlɪtɪ] ['depjutɪ] [ɪˌvælju'eɪʃn]
[kɜː'teɪl] ['gaɪdəns] [aɪ'tɪnərərɪ]
['leɪbə] ['fju:ʧə] [ˌʤʌstɪfɪ'keɪʃn]

105
PRESENT CONTINUOUS

BUILDING A ROBOT?
106
I. LISTENING AND READING

Listen to the dialogue

Read and translate the dialogue

BUILDING A ROBOT?

Julie, Adam, Kim and Keith are students at Oxford University.


They are in their hostel now.

JULIE: Keith is making a lot of noise! What is he doing?


ADAM: I don‟t know. He is working in his room. You know he’s studying
electrical engineering, and I think he’s trying to build a robot, or
something.
JULIE: He is always working these days.
ADAM: That‟s because he’s taking his final exams next week.
KIM: Yes, and then he’s going home.
JULIE: What are you making for dinner tonight, Kim?
KIM: I’m not cooking again tonight! I‟m sure it‟s Keith‟s turn to cook.
JULIE: I hope he’s making us a robot that can cook dinner, I hope so because
Keith is a terrible cook!

107
II. NOTES
Keith [kiːθ] Кит
Julie ['ʤuːlɪ] Джули
Adam ['ædəm] Эдам
Kim [kim] Ким

III. VOCABULARY

1. to make noise [nɔɪz] шуметь


to make a lot of noise сильно шуметь
You are making a lot of noise. Ты сильно шумишь.
2. to take an exam [ɪgˈzæm ] сдавать экзамен
to take a final [ˈfaɪnəl] exam сдавать выпускной экзамен
Dave is taking his final exam. Дэйв сдает выпускной экзамен.
to pass an exam сдать экзамен
How did you pass your exam? Как ты сдал экзамен?
3. to be sure [ˈʃʊə] быть уверенным
I‟ m sure it‟s your turn [tɜːrn] to cook. Я уверен, что твоя очередь готовить.
4. to be a terrible cook [ˈterɪbəl ˈkʊk ] плохо готовить
Adam is a terrible cook. Эдам плохо готовит.
5. to build a robot [ˈroʊˌbɑt] сделать робота
My friend is building a robot at the Мой друг делает сейчас робота.
moment.
6. electrical engineering электротехника
[ɪ'lektrɪkəl ˌenʤɪ'nɪərɪŋ]
Keith is studying electrical engineering Кит изучает электротехнику в этом
this semester. семестре.
7. to make smth for dinner [ˈdɪnə] готовить что-либо на ужин
What are you making for dinner Что ты приготовишь на ужин сегодня
tonight? вечером?

IV. COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS


1. Who is making a lot of noise?
2. What is Keith doing?
3. What is he studying?
4. Why is Keith always working these days?
5. What is Kim making for dinner tonight?
6. When is Keith taking his final exams?
108
2. READ THE STATEMENTS, SAY WHETHER THEY ARE TRUE
OR FALSE AND CORRECT THE FALSE ONES.
1. Keith is making a lot of noise.
2. Adam is studying chemistry.
3. Adam is always working these days.
4. Adam is going to his friend next week.
5. Kim is not cooking again that night.
6. Adam is trying to build a robot.
V. EXERCISES
1. Read the transcribed words.
A. [kæp], [kæn], [ais], [keim], [nais], [kæt], [nek], [mais], [fækt], [speis], [pek],
[peis], [kin], [ki:n], [pækt], [feis], [geit], [dʒem], [gæs], [edʒ], [dʒim], [peidʒ], [eg],
[dʒin], [geim], [beg], [gæg], [dʒæm], [dʒim], [dʒæk], [dʒein], [skai], [ʃeim], [diʃ],
[ʃi:], [ʃip], [ʃeip], [ʃeiv], [fiʃ], [ʃain], [tʃest], [tʃin], [mætʃ], [kætʃ], [fetʃ], [tʃik].
B. [əˈɡen], [ˈbɪɡə], [bɪld], [ˈklaɪmət], [kləʊðz], [kʊk], [ˈdaɪəri], [ˌendʒɪˈnɪərɪŋ],
[ˈiːvnɪŋ], [ɪɡˈzæm], [ˈfaɪnəl], [ˈfjuːtʃə], [həʊˈtel], [ɪnˈkriːs], [ˌɪntəˈrʌpt], [ˈkɪtʃən],
[laʊd], [miːl], [ˈməʊbaɪl fəʊn], [nɔɪz], [ˈnaʊəˌdeɪz], [ˈpeərənt], [ˈpɪknɪk], [ˈpɪdʒən],
[pɪtʃ], [ˌpɒpjʊˈleɪʃən], [ˈkwaɪət], [ˈrʌbɪʃ], [ˈsænwɪdʒ], [ˈʃaʊə], [ˈsəʊfə], [ˈstʌdi], [ʃɔː],
[ˈsuːpəˌmɑːkɪt], [ˈterəbəl], [θruː], [təˈmɒrəʊ], tonight [təˈnaɪt], [tɜːn].
2. Open the brackets using Present Continuous.
1. Please be quiet. I ………………………..(work)
2. Look! Kim ………………………………..(cook).
3. You …………………………………….(make) a lot of noise.
4. What……………………………………..(Keith/try) to build?
5. I…………………………….(not/cook) again tonight.
6. What ………………..(Keith/do) ?
7. He is still ill but he ……… (get) better.
8. What are you doing tomorrow evening? I………(go) to the cinema.
9. „Hello. Can I speak to Ann, please?‟ „She ……….(take) a shower at the moment‟.
10. „Where are you, George?‟ „In the kitchen. I………………(cook) a meal.‟
11. His English………………(get) better.
12. Helen…………………….(work) hard these days.

109
3. Look at the picture. Complete the sentences using the verbs in Present
Continuous.

1. (the woman with the hat / talk / to her dog)


2. (the children on the football pitch / play / football)
3. (the family by the lake / have / a picnic)
4. (the park keeper / pick up / some rubbish)
5. (the two girls / talk / on their mobile phones)
6. (the pigeons / eat / an old sandwich)
7. (the man under the tree / listen to / the radio)
8. (the man and woman holding hands / dream / of their future)
9. (the two girls / ride / their bikes through the gates)
10. (the old woman / enjoy / the roses)
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4. Translate the sentences.
A. 1. В субботу они идут в кино. 2. Этим летом я
работаю в супермаркете. 3. Моя сестра постоянно
берет мою одежду. 4. Она встречается со своим другом
сегодня вечером. 5. Города становятся больше и
больше с каждым годом. 6. Ты постоянно забываешь
закрыть дверь. 7. Я никуда не пойду! 8. Я сейчас
много работаю. 9. Я сдаю экзамен на следующей
неделе. 10. Том постоянно теряет ключи. 11. В этом
семестре мы изучаем итальянский.
B. 1. Где Кит? Что он делает? 2. Он работает в комнате. 3. Он сдает экзамены на
следующей неделе, а потом уезжает домой. 4. Он изучет электротехнику и
пытается сделать робота. 5. Что ты приготовишь на ужин вечером? 6. Я ничего
не собираюсь готовить! 7. Он всѐ время работает. 8. Я надеюсь, что он сделает
нам робота, который будет нам готовить. 9. Кит очень сильно шумит.

111
PRESENT SIMPLE

A BUSY LIFE
112
LISTENING AND READING

Listen to the text

Read and translate the text

A BUSY LIFE

Arnold Rivera, the TV news reporter, is interviewing Mrs. Cornelia Vandergilt


for the programme “Real People”.
AR: Well, Mrs. Vandergilt, please tell us about an ordinary day in your life.
CV: Well, I normally wake up at eight o‟clock.
AR: Really? Do you get up then?
CV: No, of course I don’t get up at that time. I have breakfast in bed and read The
New York times.
AR: What time do you get up?
CV: I usually get up at ten.
AR: What do you do then?
CV: I read my letters and dictate the answers to my secretary.
AR: And then?
CV: At eleven I take a walk with Jimmy.
AR: Jimmy? Who‟s Jimmy?
CV: Jimmy‟s my dog.
AR: Oh. And what time do you have lunch?
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CV: I always have lunch at twelve thirty. I eat alone.
AR: Oh, I see. Well, what do you do after lunch?
CV: I rest until six o‟clock.
AR: And at six? What do you do at six?
CV: I get dressed for dinner. I have dinner at seven o‟clock. At the weekends I eat
out in my favorite restaurant.
AR: Yes, well, what do you do after dinner?
CV: I read or watch TV. I take a bath at nine thirty. And I go to bed at ten. I always
sleep well.
AR: You certainly have a busy and interesting life, Mrs. Vandergilt. Thank you.
CV: You are welcome.
II. NOTES

Arnold Rivera ['ɑːnəld ri'verə] Арнольд Ривера


Mrs. Cornelia Vandergilt Корнелия Вандергилт
[kɔː'niːlɪə 'vændəgɪlt]

III. VOCABULARY
1. to interview [ˈɪntəˌvjuː] брать интервью
to interview smb брать интервью у к-л
an interview интервью, собеседование
an interview with smb интервью с к-л
2. ordinary [ˈɔːdənəri] обыкновенный, обычный
He lives an ordinary life. Он живет обычной жизнью.
3. to wake up [weɪk ʌp] просыпаться, будить
I normally wake up at eight o‟clock. Я обычно просыпаюсь в восемь
часов..
4. to get up вставать
I don‟t get up at that time. Я не встаю в это время.
5. to take a walk [wɔːk] гулять, прогуливаться
At eleven I take a walk with Jimmy. В одиннадцать я прогуливаюсь с
Джимми.
6. to rest отдыхать
I rest until six o‟clock. Я отдыхаю до шести часов.
7. to take a bath принимать ванну
to take a shower ['ʃəuə] принимать душ
I take a bath at nine thirty. Я принимаю ванну в девять
тридцать.
8. to eat out [iːt aʊt] есть вне дома (в кафе, ресторане)
At the weekends I eat out in my По выходным я ем в своем любимом
favorite restaurant. ресторане.
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9. certainly [ˈsɜːtənli] конечно; несомненно
You certainly have an interesting life. У вас, несомненно, очень интересная
жизнь.
10. You are welcome. Пожалуйста.

IV. COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:


1. What time does Cornelia Vanderguilt wake up?
2. What time does she get up?
3. Where does she have breakfast?
4. What newspaper does she read?
5. What does she do then?
6. Who does she take a walk with?
7. What time does she have lunch?
8. What does she do after lunch?
9. What does she do at six?
10. What time does she have her dinner?
11. What does she do after dinner?
12. Does she take a shower or a bath before she goes to bed?
13. What time does she go to bed?
14. Do you want to have a similar lifestyle?
V. EXERCISES
1. Read about Mac’s everyday life.
1. Mac is a truck driver.
2. He is twenty five years old.
3. He works five days a week.
4. He gets up at six o‟clock every day.
5. He eats an enormous breakfast.
6. He drinks two cups of coffee.
7. Then he kisses his wife good-bye.
8. He leaves for work at six thirty.
9. He has lunch at a hamburger place.
10. He comes home at five o‟clock.
11. He has dinner and watches TV.
12. He goes to bed at ten o‟clock.
2. Answer the questions about Mac’s everyday life.
1. What does Mac do?
2. How old is he?
3. How many days a week does he work?
4. What time does he get up?
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5. What does he eat for breakfast?
6. What does he drink?
7. What does he do after breakfast?
8. What time does he leave for work?
9. Where does he have lunch?
10. What time does he come home?
11. What does he do in the evening?
12. What time does he go to bed?
3. Now ask and answer questions about these people.
a) Judith

1. architect; 2. 35; 3. 5 days a week; 4.


7.30; 5. nothing; 6. orange juice; 7.
daughter; 8. 9.15; 9. in a coffee shop; 10.
6.00; 11. go out with friends; 12.
midnight.

b) Peter and Paul

1. students; 2. 12; 3. go to school / 5 days


a week; 4. 7.00; 5. cereal; 6. milk 7.
mother; 8. school / 8.30; 9. in the
cafeteria; 10. home / 4.00; 11. watch TV;
12. 9.00.

c) Kevin

1. homemaker; 2. 31; 3. not / work; 4.


5.30; 5. toast; 6. tea; 7. wife (she goes to
work) ; 8. supermarket / 9.00; 9. at home;
10. wife / come home / 5.30; 11. play with
their kids; 12. 10.30.

116
4. Read about the Fields family, open the brackets using Present Simple.
1. The Fields are (be) a British family. 2. They (live)
in a small village in the South of England. 3. Their
ordinary day (begin) early in the morning. 4. John
Fields (be) a farmer. 5. He (get up) at 5 o‟clock in
the morning. 6. He (wash) and (get) dressed. 7. Then
he (make) breakfast and (eat) it. 8. He (put on) his
coat and (go) outside. 9. John (milk/ доить) the
cows early in the morning. 10. His wife Mary and
their children Jack and Rose (not/ get up) so early.
11. They (get up) at 7 o‟clock. 12. Mary (feed) the
chickens and then she (make) some tea for herself.
13. The children (not/ like) tea. They usually (drink) milk. 14. At 7.30 Mary (take) the
children to school. 15. She (go) to work, it (take) her about 30 minutes to get to the
office. 16. John (not/ go) to the office because he (work) in the farm. 17. At 4 o‟clock
the children (come) home from school and John (cook) dinner. 18. He (be) a very
good cook! 19. Sometimes Mary (help) him. 20. The children (not/ help) with the
cooking but they always (do) the washing-up (мытье посуды). 22. In the evening
John and his wife (watch) TV and (read) books or magazines about farming. 23. They
sometimes (listen) to the radio. 24. Their children (not/ watch) TV. 25. They (do) their
homework and then Rose (surf) the Internet and Jack (play) computer games. 26.
They all (go) to bed at 10 pm. 27. They (be) usually very tired. 28. At the weekend
they (work) in the garden or (have) a picnic when the weather (be) warm. 29. They
sometimes (go) to the cinema or (eat) out in a restaurant, but not very not very often.
5. Open the brackets using Present Simple.

This restaurant is called “Vienna”. Ten people … work... (work) here. Julia Thomas is
the owner. She …… (go) to the restaurant at four o‟clock in the afternoon. The
waiters …… (arrive) at half past four. They ….. (set) the tables and ….. (tidy) the
kitchen. The chef, Pierre Rousseau, ….. (come) at five o‟clock. Many people …..
(eat) here because the food is very good. The restaurant ….. (close) at one o‟clock in
the morning and at half past one Julia, the chef and the waiters ….. (go) home.
117
6. Work in pairs. Interview Julia Thomas.
Example: you / go to the restaurant / at four o‟clock –
Student A: Do you go to the restaurant at four o’clock?
Student B: Yes, I do.
1. the waiters / arrive / at four o‟clock?
2. you / set the tables?
3. the waiters / tidy the kitchen?
4. the chef / come / at half past four?
5. he / prepare the food?
6. many people / eat here?
7. the restaurant / close / at one o‟clock?

7. Translate the sentences.


А. 1. Алекс студент, ему 18 лет. 2. После университета
он хочет работать в банке. 3. Он обычно встает в 7
утра. 4. Он идет в ванную, одевается, завтракает и идет
на прогулку со своей собакой. 5. Алекс добирается до
университета пешком, это обычно занимает 15 минут.
6. Его занятия начинаются в 8.15. 7. Он обедает (have
lunch) в университете. 8. Обычно он приходит домой в
4 часа. 9. По вечерам он делает домашнее задание,
читает книги или журналы, играет в компьютерные игры. 10. Он не любит
смотреть телевизор, но часто гуляет (go out) с друзьями. 11. Его хобби –
бодибилдинг, три раза в неделю он ходит в спортивный зал. 12. Он ходит в
университет 5 дней в неделю.13. По выходным Алекс просыпается поздно. 14.
Он ходит в кино или по магазинам, ездит за город с друзьями, помогает
родителям готовить ужин и убирать квартиру.
B. 1. Макс бизнесмен, ему 35. 2. Он имеет большой
дом в пригороде (in the suburbs) и работает в офисе в
центре города. 3. Он просыпается в 9 утра, выкуривает
сигарету, выпивает чашку кофе и едет на работу. 4. Он
никогда не завтракает. 5. Макс водит дорогую
спортивную машину и носит деловой костюм. 6. Он
работает день и ночь. 7. Он – президент
международной компании. 8. Каждое утро работает в
офисе, проводит деловые встречи и читает отчеты, а после обеда встречается с
клиентами . 9. Он часто ужинает в ресторане. 10. Он возвращается домой в 10
вечера, принимает ванну и ложится спать, потому что он очень устал. 11. Он
пьет много кофе и выкуривает 20 сигарет в день. 12. Макс любит свою работу,
но у него нет времени на спорт, хобби и друзей. 13. Иногда он ночует в офисе.
14. Он часто путешествует и встречается с новыми людьми. 15. Он не женат
(single), потому что у него нет времени на семью.
118
PAST SIMPLE

LITTLE RED RIDING HOOD

119
LISTENING AND READING

Listen to the text

Read and translate the text

LITTLE RED RIDING HOOD


Little Red Riding Hood lived with her
parents in a little house near the forest. One day
Little Red Riding Hood decided to visit her
grandmother. Little Red Riding Hood baked some
cookies and packed them in her basket. Then she
walked through the forest to her grandmother‟s
house.
Suddenly a big bad wolf jumped out of the
bushes. Little Red Riding Hood didn’t stop
because she did not like the wolf and did not want to talk to him. The wolf followed
her. He asked her, “Little girl, where are you going?” “I‟m going to visit my sick
grandmother,” she answered, “and I‟m taking her some cookies.” The wolf was
happy. He liked cookies and little girls. Finally, Little Red Riding Hood arrived at
her grandmother‟s house. She noticed that the door was open. She entered the house
and walked into the bedroom. Her grandmother was not there. But the wolf was.
Little Red Riding Hood did not expect to see him. She reached into her basket, took
a gun out and killed the wolf.

II. NOTES

Little Red Riding Hood Красная Шапочка


[ˈraɪdɪŋ hʊd]

III. VOCABULARY

1. forest [ˈfɒrɪst] лес


She walked through the forest. Она пошла через лес.
2. cookie [ˈkʊki] домашнее печенье, коржик
Little Red Riding Hood baked some Красная Шапочка испекла печенья.
cookies.
3. to pack [pæk] упаковывать
to pack smth in smth упаковать ч-л во ч-л
She packed the cookies in her basket. Она упаковала печенье в корзинку.
120
4. to jump [ʤʌmp] прыгать
to jump out of the bushes выскочить из-за кустов
5. to follow [ˈfɒləʊ] smb следовать за к/л
The wolf followed her. Волк пошел за ней.
6. sick [sɪk] больной
I am going to visit my sick Я иду навестить больную бабушку.
grandmother.
7. to arrive [əˈraɪv] at/ in smth прибывать, приезжать, приходить
Finally, Little Red Riding Hood Наконец, Красная Шапочка пришла в
arrived at her grandmother‟s house. дом своей бабушки.
8. to notice [ˈnəʊtɪs] замечать
She noticed that the door was open. Она заметила, что дверь была
открытой.
9. to enter [ˈentə] входить
She entered the house. Она вошла в дом.
10. to expect [ɪkˈspekt] ожидать
She didn‟t expect to see him. Она не ожидала его увидеть.

IV. COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:


1. Where did Little Red Riding Hood live?
2. Who did she decide to visit one day?
3. What did she bake?
4. Who jumped out of the bushes?
5. Why didn‟t she stop to talk to the wolf?
6. What question did the wolf ask her?
7. Why was the wolf happy?
8. What did Little Red Riding Hood notice when she finally arrived at her
grandmother‟s house?
9. Who was the bedroom when she walked in?
10. What did she do?
V. EXERCISES
1. Open the brackets using Past Simple.
1. I (win) the game. 2. My friend (ring) earlier. 3. She (have) breakfast at six. 4. I
(take) some photos. 5. The train (leave) on time. 6. The car (come out) of a side
road. 7. Monica (go) to the theatre on Friday. 8. I (know) what the problem (be). 9.
It (begin) to rain two hours ago. 10. He (drive) home. 11. The house (catch) fire. 12.
Sue (make) a lot of mistakes in the text. 13. They (see) a film last night. 14. I (do)
my homework yesterday. 15. The dog (eat) my breakfast!
121
2. Open the brackets using Past Simple.
1. Marcella (not come) to the party. 2. I (not take) my dog for a walk. 3. I (not sleep)
well. 4. Michael (not have) a cold. 5. Sam and Jane (not go) to school. 6. The teacher
(not be) late. 7. They (not be) very nice to me. 8. She (not get) the Nobel prize. 9. We
(not give) the answer. 10. He (not pay) his bill. 11. The boy (not break) the vase. 12.
Your sister (not buy) you a present. 13. We (not eat) pizza. 14. He (not read) this
book. 15. We (not meet) at school.
3. Put general questions to the sentences.
1. We had breakfast early on Wednesday. 2. Jessica did some shopping yesterday. 3.
Agatha Christie wrote over a hundred books. 4. Joanna saw the new James Bond film
last weekend. 5. He spent much time playing video games last week. 6. I understood
the question. 7. She got up late yesterday. 8. They spoke German at home. 9. She felt
sorry for them. 10. The train left on time. 11. Mrs. Johnson forgot to lock the door.
12. I swam in the ocean last summer. 13. It took about six hours to get there. 14. He
won the cup in 1993. 15. Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister in 1979.
4. In pairs, ask and answer questions using the prompts below as in the example.

Example: Mary went somewhere yesterday .- Did she go to the theatre?


1. Mary / go / somewhere yesterday (theatre).
2. John / meet / somebody yesterday (his boss).
3. Dad / repair / something yesterday (the car).
4. They / visit / somebody yesterday (the Browns).
5. Sheila / buy / something yesterday (a dress).
6. Tom / talk to/ somebody yesterday (Ben).
7. They / bring / something yesterday (a cake).
5. Fill in the blanks with the Past Simple of the irregular verbs from the list.

hurt, teach, spend, sell, throw, fall, catch, buy, cost


1. I was hungry, so I…………….something to eat in the shop.
2. Tom‟s father………………… him how to drive when he was 17.
3. Don……………………… down the stairs this morning and………….. his leg.
4. We needed some money so we………………. our car.
5. Ann……………… a lot of money yesterday. She……………….. a dress
which………. 50 pounds.
6. Jim …………………. The ball to Sue who……. it.

122
6. Open the brackets using Past Simple
Last Sunday the Carter family 1)…went… (go)
camping in the countryside. They 2)………
(find) a nice place by a river. Mr Carter
3)……… (put up) the tent. After that they
4)……………… (eat) some sandwiches and
cakes. Then, Mr Carter 5) ……… (show) Sam
and Pamela how to fish. Their dog Champ 6)
……… (swim) in the river. They all 7)
…………… (have) a very good time.
7. Make general questions and answer them.
Example: the Carter family / go shopping? - Did the Carter family go shopping?
No, they didn’t. They went camping.
1. they / find / a nice place for their tent?
2. Mrs. Carter / put up / the tent?
3. they / eat / hamburgers and biscuits?
4. Mr Carter / show the children / how to fish?
5. Mrs Carter / swim in the river?
6. they / have a good time?

8. A friend has just come back from holiday. Ask him/her about it.
Example: where / go? Where did you go?
food / good? - Was the food good?
1. go alone?
2. the weather / fine?
3. what / do in the evenings?
4. swim every day?
5. go fishing?
6. take / any photos?
7. have / an accident?
8. read / any books?

123
10. Translate the sentences.
A. 1. Где Вы были час тому назад? 2. –Когда он был в Mоскве? – В прошлом
году. 3. Вчера я встретил Майка в ресторане. 4. В котором часу Вы вчера легли
спать? – Я почитал книгу и лег спать в 11 часов. 5. Я проснулся и рано вчера. 6.
В прошлом году мы прочитали много интересных книг. 7. Я не знал его 2 года
тому назад. 8. Погода была хорошая, и мы с друзьями пошли в парк. 9. Она
рассказала мне об этом два дня тому назад. 10. Когда ты видел этот фильм? 11.
Она не знала правильный ответ. 12. – Что вы заказывали? – Мы заказывали
салат и красное вино. 13. – Джессика ходила по магазинам на прошлой неделе.
Что она купила? – Она купила новое платье. 14. Они поплавали в реке и хорошо
провели время в прошлые выходные.

124
PRESENT PERFECT

ELMER CALLS HOME


125
Listen to the text

Read and translate the text

ELMER CALLS HOME


Elmer is a college student from Kansas, USA. Eight days ago he went on his trip
to Europe. It is the first time he has travelled abroad alone.

Elmer: Hello, Mom? Is that you?


Mrs. Colt: Oh, Elmer, yes. How are you?
Elmer: I‟m fine. I‟ve just arrived in Prague, Mom.
Mrs. Colt: You haven’t sent us any postcards yet.
Elmer: Yes, I have. I‟ve sent one from every city.
Mrs. Colt: Have you been to Paris yet, Elmer?
Elmer: Yes, I have.
Mrs. Colt: Have you been to Vienna yet?
Elmer: No, I haven’t. We are going to Vienna
tomorrow.
Mrs. Colt: Elmer! Are you still there?
Elmer: Yes, Mom.
Mrs. Colt: How many countries have you seen so far?
Elmer: Well, it is the eighth day, so I‟ve already seen
eight countries.
Mrs. Colt: Have you spent much money?
Elmer: Well, uh, yes, Mom. I‟ve bought a lot of
souvenirs, and I want to buy some more. Can you send
me a thousand dollars?
Mrs. Colt: All right, Elmer. Elmer, are you listening to
me?
Elmer: Sure, Mom.
Mrs. Colt: Have you taken many pictures, Elmer?
Elmer: Yes, I‟ve taken hundreds of pictures.
Mrs. Colt: Have you made any new friends yet?
Elmer: Oh, yes, Mom. There‟s a girl from Texas on the tour. We‟ve done everything
together.
Mrs. Colt: Elmer! Elmer! Are you still there?

126
II. NOTES
Elmer ['elmə] Элмер
Kansas ['kænzəs] Канзас
Mrs. Colt [kəult] Миссис Колт
Prague [pr ɑːɡ] Прага
Paris [ˈpærɪs] Париж
Vienna [vi ˈenə] Вена
Texas [ˈteksəs] Техас

III. VOCABULARY

1. abroad [ əˈbrɔːd] за границей, за границу


to travel abroad путешествовать за границу
2. to send postcards [send ˈpəʊstˌkɑːdz ] посылать открытки
3. to buy souvenirs [baɪ ˌsuːvəˈnɪəz ] покупать сувениры
She has spent all her money on Она потратила все свои деньги на
souvenirs. сувениры.
4. to take pictures [teɪk ˈpɪktʃəz] фотографировать, делать фото
He has taken pictures of some famous Он сделал снимки некоторых
sights. известных
достопримечательностей.
5. to make friends [meɪk frendz] подружиться, завести друзей
He has made friends with many new Он завел много новых друзей.
people.
6. on the tour [tʊə] в тургруппе

IV. COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

1. Where is Elmer now?


2. Has he sent any postcards to his family?
3. Has Elmer been to Paris and Vienna so far?
4. How many countries has he seen?
5. How long has he been on tour?
6. Has Elmer spent much money? What has he bought?
7. How many pictures has he taken?
8. Has he made any new friends?
9. And what about you? Have you ever travelled to Europe?
10. Have you ever sent a postcard?
11. Have you ever spent much money on a trip?
12. Have you ever taken pictures on a trip?
13. Have you ever made friends on a trip?

127
V. EXERCISES
1. In pairs, ask an answer questions as in the example
Example: How long has Jenny lived here? - She has lived
here for three years.
1. Rob / be / ill / Tuesday. …………………………………….
2. Kim / be / a teacher / 1995. ………………………………...
3. They / work / here / six months. ……………………………
4. Peter / know / them / last year. ……………………………..
5. Jenny / live here / three years…………………………… …
2. Make questions with “how many times”.
Example: Myra washes the clothes. (this week). – How many
times has Myra washed the clothes this week.
1. Becky feeds the dog. (today)……………………………………………………...
2. Roy and Becky clean their room. (this week) ……………………………………
3. Myra cooks dinner. (this week) …………………………………………………..
4. Roy washes the car. (this month)…………………………………………………
5. Roy and Becky clean the bathroom. (this week)………………………………….
6. Bill takes out the trash. (this week)……………………………………………….
7. Myra irons the clothes. (this month)………………………………………………
8. Myra and Becky change the beds. (this month)…………………………………..
9. Becky dusts the living room. (this week)………………………………………..
3. Make sentences in Present Perfect. Use for or since in each sentence.
Example: I / not / play tennis / last summer. – I have not played tennis since last
summer.
1. I / know / her / more / than / ten years.
2. I / not / eat / anything / lunchtime.
3. you / live / in this town / long time?
4. Jill / be / a good friend / we were at school together.
5. you / see / Jack / the party last week?
4. James is talking about his life. Open the brackets using Present Perfect.
1. I (see) a lot of beautiful places in my life. 2. I (do) a lot of
interesting things. 3. I (travel) in North and South America, for
example. 4. I (visit) all the big American cities. 5. I (drive)
across Mexico. 6. I (not be) to Argentina, but I (work) in Peru
and Bolivia. 7. I (stay) in expensive hotels and in very cheap
hotels! 8. I (swim) in the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and
the Mediterranean Sea. 9. I (write) thousands of postcards to my
friends and family. 10. I (eat) in the best restaurants in Paris, and
I (sing) Italian songs in Rome. 11. I (have) seven or eight
128
holidays in Spain, and I (live) in Portugal. 12. I (not make) much money in my life,
but I (meet) a lot of interesting people and I (take) a lot of wonderful photographs.
5. Speak to your groupmate. Tell him or her what you have done or have not yet
done this week.

6. Speak to your groupmate. Tell him or her what countries you have visited.

7. Translate the sentences from Russian into English.


1. Мы купили много интересных сувениров. 2. Майк сделал сотни фото разных
достопримечательностей. 3. Ты уже с кем-нибудь познакомился (завел новых
друзей)? 4. Он никогда не был в Австралии. 5. Ты когда-нибудь был в Париже?
6. Джейк видел много прекрасных мест за свою жизнь. 7. Он написал сотни
открыток семье и друзьям. 8. Он ел в лучших ресторанах Парижа.9. Он
встретил много интересных людей. 10. Я живу в этом городе всю свою жизнь.

129
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131
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