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SCIENCE UNIT 2- THE WORLD OF LIVING (2.

HABITATS OF ANIMALS)

Questions with Answers


# Q1. What is habitat? What are the different types of habitats on earth?
A1. A habitat is a special place where a plant or an animal lives and gets food, water, and shelter.
There are different types of habitat on Earth such as forests, deserts, mountains, polar regions,
oceans and fresh water.

# Q2. What are terrestrial animals? Name the different types of habitats of terrestrial animals.
A1. Animals that live on land are called terrestrial animals. For example- lion, bear, giraffe.
The different types of habitats of terrestrial animals are-
1. Forest 2. Mountains 3. Deserts 4. Polar Regions

# Q3. Why does a grasshopper need a big habitat?


A3. Grasshopper needs a big habitat so that they can hop and gets grasses and leaves to eat.

# Q4. Why do black bears live in the lower part of mountains?


A4. Black bears live in the lower parts of mountains because on the highest peaks the environment does
not support life. The temperature on the mountains tops is very low and also the oxygen is scarce.

# Q5. How does a camel survive in a desert?


A5. Several adaptations help a camel to survive in a desert. Some features are as follows:
1. They have a thick coat of hair that protects them from the sun.
2. Broad and flat feathery patch at the bottom of its hooves prevents it from sinking into the sand.
3. Fat stored in the hump helps it survive long periods without food and water.
4. Two rows of eyelashes protect against blowing sand and the sun.
5. Nostrils can be closed to keep out blowing sand.

# Q6. What are aquatic animals? Name the different types of aquatic habitats.
A6. The animals that live in water for most of the time of their life are called aquatic animals. Example:
Fishes, whales, octopus, etc. The two different types of aquatic habitats are- Oceans, fresh water.

# Q7. What are amphibians?


A7. Amphibians are animals that can live both on land and in water. Example- Frog, alligator, crocodile.

# Q8. What is hibernation? Give example.


A8. Hibernation is the state of animals where they go into deep sleep to save themeselves from severe
winters and survive without eating much. Example- Bear and lizard eat more food than usual winters
as fat to use during winter when they go into hibernation.

# Q9. What changes in an animal’s body occur during hibernation?


A9. During hibernation their body temperature drops and rate of breathing slows down.

# Q10. What is migration? Give example.


A10. Migration is the (seasonal) movement of birds and animals to far off places to stay away from harsh
weather or look for food and a safe place for their breeding. Example: African elephant migrates to
find food during the wet and dry seasons.

# Q11. Give reasons:


A11.

a) Penguins and walrus survive in a) Penguins and walrus have layers of fat under their skin called
extreme cold. blubber that helps them to keep warm by storing energy. This
is how they survive in extreme cold.
b) Lizards eat more food than b) Lizards eat more food than usual during the autumn season to
usual during the autumn season. store it as fat so that they can us it during winters when they
go into hibernation.
c) Flamingos migrate to India when c) Flamingos migrate to India to save themeselves from harsh
it is winter in their habitat. weather conditions to get abundant food and safe place for
their breeding.
d) During rainy season, earthworms d) An earthworm breathes oxygen by absorbing it through its
come at the surface instead of moist skin. It likes damp soil but if the rain is very heavy, the
hiding in the burrow. oxygen in the water lodged soil may run out, so the worm has
to come on top of the wet ground to breathe

Contd Pg..2
:2:

Q12. What is adaptation?


A12. Adaptation is special features of animals that help them to live successfully in a particular environment.

Q13. Fill in the blanks.


A13.

a) Animals migrate to far off places because of ____ changes. a) weather


b) Animals that live in water are ____ animals. b) aquatic
c) Animals that live on land are ____ animals. c) terrestrial

AT A GLANCE

HABITAT ANIMALS
CLEAR / FRESH WATER Duck, Turtle.
SALTY WATER Whale, Octopus
FORESTS Lion , Tiger
DESERTS Camels
LOWER PARTS OF MOUNTAINS Black bear, Mule
POLAR REGIONS Seal , Walrus
HIBERNATION Bear, Lizard
MIGRATION African elephant, Flamingo
AMPHIBIANS Frog, Alligator

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SCIENCE UNIT 2- THE WORLD OF LIVING (2. HABITATS OF ANIMALS)

Questions
# Q1. What is habitat? What are the different types of habitats on earth?

# Q2. What are terrestrial animals? Name the different types of habitats of terrestrial animals.

# Q3. Why does a grasshopper need a big habitat?

# Q4. Why do black bears live in the lower part of mountains?

# Q5. How does a camel survive in a desert?

# Q6. What are aquatic animals? Name the different types of aquatic habitats.

# Q7. What are amphibians?

# Q8. What is hibernation? Give example.

# Q9. What changes in an animal’s body occur during hibernation?

# Q10. What is migration? Give example.

# Q11. Give reasons:

a) Penguins and walrus survive in extreme cold.


b) Lizards eat more food than usual during the autumn season.
c) Flamingos migrate to India whenit is winter in their habitat.
d) During rainy season, earthworms come at the surface instead of hiding in the burrow.

Q12. What is adaptation?

Q13. Fill in the blanks.

a) Animals migrate to far off places because of ____ changes.


b) Animals that live in water are ____ animals.
c) Animals that live on land are ____ animals.

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