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IB Math SL Name___________________________

Chapter 8 Review

1. A fisherman catches 200 fish to sell. He measures the lengths, l cm of these fish, and the results are shown in
the frequency table below.

Length l cm 0 ≤ l < 10 10 ≤ l < 20 20 ≤ l < 30 30 ≤ l < 40 40 ≤ l < 60 60 ≤ l < 75 75 ≤ l < 100


Frequency 30 40 50 30 33 11 6

(a) Calculate an estimate for the standard deviation of the lengths of the fish. (3)
(b) A cumulative frequency diagram is given below for the lengths of the fish.

Use the graph to answer the following.


(i) Estimate the interquartile range.

(ii) Given that 40 % of the fish have a length more than k cm, find the value of k. (6)

In order to sell the fish, the fisherman classifies them as small, medium or large.
Small fish have a length less than 20 cm.
Medium fish have a length greater than or equal to 20 cm but less than 60 cm.
Large fish have a length greater than or equal to 60 cm.
(c) Write down the probability that a fish is small. (2)
2. There are 50 boxes in a factory. Their weights, w kg, are divided into 5 classes, as shown in the following table.
Class Weight (kg) Number of boxes
A 9.5  w 18.5 7
B 18.5  w  27.5 12
C 27.5  w  36.5 13
D 36.5  w  45.5 10
E 45.5  w  54.5 8

(a) Show that the estimated mean weight of the boxes is 32 kg. (3)

(b) There are x boxes in the factory marked “Fragile”. They are all in class E. The estimated mean
weight of all the other boxes in the factory is 30 kg. Calculate the value of x. (4)

(c) An additional y boxes, all with a weight in class D, are delivered to the factory. The total estimated
mean weight of all of the boxes in the factory is less than 33 kg. Find the largest possible value of
y. (5)

3. In a suburb of a large city, 100 houses were sold in a three-month period. The following cumulative frequency
table shows the distribution of selling prices (in thousands of dollars).
Selling price P P  100 P  200 P  300 P  400 P  500
($1000)
Total number 12 58 87 94 100
of houses

(a) Represent this information on a cumulative frequency curve, using a scale of 1 cm to represent
$50000 on the horizontal axis and 1 cm to represent 5 houses on the vertical axis. (4)

(b) Use your curve to find the interquartile range. (3)

The information above is represented in the following frequency distribution.


Selling price P 0 < P  100 100 < P  200 200 < P  300 300 < P  400 400 < P  500
($1000)
Number of 12 46 29 a b
houses

(c) Find the value of a and of b. (2)

(d) Use mid-interval values to calculate an estimate for the mean selling price. (2)

(e) Houses which sell for more than $350000 are described as De Luxe.
(i) Use your graph to estimate the number of De Luxe houses sold.
Give your answer to the nearest integer.
(ii) Two De Luxe houses are selected at random. Find the probability
that both have a selling price of more than $400000. (4)
4. A scientist has 100 female fish and 100 male fish. She measures their lengths to the nearest cm. These are
shown in the following box and whisker diagrams.

(a) Find the range of the lengths of all 200 fish. (3)

(b) Four cumulative frequency graphs are shown below.

Which graph is the best representation of the lengths of the female fish? (2)

(c) How many male fish have lengths between 21 and 27 cm? (2)

5. The following table gives the examination grades for 120 students.

Grade Number of students Cumulative frequency


1 9 9
2 25 34
3 35 p
4 q 109
5 11 120

(a) Find the value of


(i) p;
(ii) q. (4)
(b) Find the mean grade. (2)
(c) Write down the standard deviation. (1)

6. Consider the four numbers a, b, c, d with a  b  c ≤ d, where a, b, c, d  .


The mean of the four numbers is 4.
The mode is 3.
The median is 3.
The range is 6.
Find the value of a, of b, of c and of d. (6 marks)

7.

(4 marks)

8.

9.
10.

11.
12.

(b) Calculate the standard deviation.


(2)
ANSWERS
1. (a) evidence of using mid-interval values (5, 15, 25, 35, 50, 67.5, 87.5) (M1)
σ = 19.8 (cm) A2 N3

(b) (i) Q1 = 15, Q3 = 40(A1)(A1)


IQR = 25 (accept any notation that suggests the interval 15 to 40) A1 N3

(ii) METHOD 1
60 % have a length less than k (A1)
0.6 × 200 = 120 (A1)
k 30 (cm) A1 N2

METHOD 2
0.4 × 200 = 80 (A1)
200 – 80 = 120 (A1)
k = 30 (cm) A1 N2

(c) l < 20 cm  70 fish (M1)


70
P(small) = (= 0.35) A1 N2
200

2. (a) Correct mid interval values 14, 23, 32, 41, 50 (A1)

Substituting into
 fw M1
f
7(14)  12(23)  13(32)  10(41)  8(50)
eg w =
50
1600
w = A1
50
w = 32 (kg) AG N0

(b) METHOD 1
Total weight of other boxes = 1600  50x (A1)
Total number of other boxes = 50  x (A1)
Setting up their equation M1
1600  50 x
eg = 30, 1600  50x = 1500  30x
50  x
x=5 A1 N3
METHOD 2
Let z be the number of other boxes in Class E (accept any symbol in the working, even including
x).
Total weight of other boxes = 1200 + 50z (A1)
Total number of other boxes = 42 + z (A1)
Setting up their equation M1
1200  50 z
eg = 30, 1200 + 50z = 1260 + 30z
42  z
z=3
x=5 A1 N3

(c) Setting up their inequality M1


Correct substitution A1
98  276  416  41 (10  y)  400 1600  41y
eg  33,  33
50  y 50  y
1600 + 41y  1650 + 33y (A1)
8y  50 (y  6.25) A1
6 A1 N1
Note: If candidates don’t use the mid-interval values, but assume that all the new boxes
weigh the minimum amount for Class D, award marks as follows:
Setting up their inequality M1
Correct substitution A1
1600  36.5 y
eg  33
50  y
1600 + 36.5y  1650 + 33y (A1)
3.5y  50 (y  14.28...) A1
14 A1 N1
[12]

3. (a)
H ouses

100
91±1

90

80 75

70

60
350 000

50

40

30
25

20
135±5

240±5

10

100 200 300 400 500 S e llin g p ric e ($ 1 0 0 0 )


(A1)
(A2)(A1) 4
Notes: Award (A1) for correct axes, scales and labelling, (A1) for correctly plotted points.
Award (A2) for good curve correctly drawn, (A1) for badly drawn, correct curve.
Award (A1) for a correct polygon.

(b) Q1 = 135  5 Q3 = 240  5 (M1)(A1)


Interquartile range = 105  10. (Accept 135 – 240 or 240 – 135.) (A1) 3
Note: Award (M1) for the correct lines on the graph.

(c) a = 94 – 87 = 7, b = 100 – 94 = 6 (A1)(A1) 2

12 50  46150  29 250  7 350  6 450


(d) mean = (M1)
100
= 199 or $199000 (A1)
OR
mean = 199 or $199000 (G2) 2

(e) (i) $350000 => 91.5


Number of De luxe houses 100 – 91.5 (M1)
= 9 or 8 (A1)

65 5 6  5  15
(ii) P (both > 400000) =    or    (M1)(A1) 4
9  8  12 8  7  28
4 9
Note: Award (M1)(A0) for the answers or obtained from correct independent
9 16
probabilities.
[15]

4. (a) correct end points (A1)


(A1)
max = 27, min = 4
range = 23 A1 N3 3

(b) Graph 3 A2 N2 2
[5]

5. (a) (i)
evidence of appropriate approach (M1)
e.g. 9 + 25 + 35, 34 + 35
p = 69 A1 N2

(ii) evidence of valid approach (M1)


e.g. 109 – their value of p, 120 – (9 + 25 + 35 + 11)
q = 40 A1 N2

(b) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)

e.g. substituting into fx


, division by 120
n
mean = 3.16 A1 N2

(c) 1.09 A1 N1
[7]

6. b = 3, c = 3 A1A1 N2
 abcd 
using mean   4 M1
 4 
using range (d  a = 6) M1
a = 2, d = 8 A1A1 N2
[6]

300
7. (a) m= (M1)
25
= 12 (A1)
2
 625 
(b) s=   (M1)
 25 
=5 (A1) 2
[4]
8.

9.
10.

11.

12.