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1 A student carries out an experiment to find out the relationship between mass, m,
and the oscillation period, T, of an inertia balance. A piece of jigsaw blade is clamped
at one end and a plasticine ball with mass 10.0g is fixed at the other end. The
distance from the plasticine ball to the clamp is 20.0cm. The arrangement of the
apparatus for the experiment is shown in Figure 1.1.

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The jigsaw blade is displaced horizontally to one side and then released so that it
oscillates. The time for 10 oscillations, t1, is taken using a stop watch. The jigsaw blade
is oscillated again to obtain the time for 10 oscillations, t2, for the second time. The
actual readings of t1 and t2 are shown in Figure 1.2.

The experiment is repeated by using plasticine balls with masses 20.0g, 30.0g, 40.0g,
and 50.0g. The readings of the stop watch are shown in Figures 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6.

The period of oscillation, T, of the jigsaw blade is given by the following equation :

T = tmean
10

Where tmean = t1 + t2
2

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a) For the experiment described on previous page, identify ;
i) the manipulated variable,

[1 mark]
ii) the responding variable,

[1 mark]
iii) a constant variable.

[1 mark]

b) Based on Figures 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6, determine   
 and  when m is
equal to 10.0g, 20.0g, 40.0g, and 50.0g. Then, tabulate your results for   
 and
 for each value of m in the space below.

[7 marks]

## c) On the graph paper, plot a graph of  against 

[5 marks]
d) Use your graph to state the relationship between and .

[1 mark]

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2 A student carried out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the
volume, - and height, of water in a measuring cylinder. The results of the
experiment is shown in the graph of against - as in Figure 1.7

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## a) Based on the graph in Figure 1.7,

i) what happens to when - increases?

[1 mark]
ii) determine the value of height, when the volume, - = 70 cm3. Show on
the graph, how you determine .

[2 marks]

## iii) state the relationship between and -.

[1 mark]

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b) The cross-sectional area of the measuring cylinder is given by

A=

## i) Calculate the gradient of the graph against -.

Show on the graph how you determine the gradient.

[3 marks]

ii) Using the value from (b)(i), calculate the cross-sectional area, of the
measuring cylinder.

[2 marks]

iii) Given = 10 cm2 and - = 400 cm3, calculate the value of in cm.

[2 marks]

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c) State one precaution that should be taken during the experiment.

[1 mark]

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[12 marks]

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3 Figure 1.5 shows a girl playing on two different swings. The swing in Figure 1.5(a) is
longer than the swing in Figure 1.5(b).

## b) State one appropriate hypothesis for investigation. [1 mark]

c) With the use of apparatus such as a simple pendulum, a digital stopwatch and others,
describe an experimental framework to test your hypothesis.
In your description, state clearly the following :
i) Aim of the experiment
ii) Variables in the experiment
iii) List of the apparatus and materials
iv) Arrangement of the apparatus
v) The procedure of the experiment, which include the method of controlling the
manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable
vi) The way you would tabulate your data
vii) The way you would analyse your data
[10 marks]

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4 The figure below shows a girl and her mother each sit on similar swings. If they are
given a push, it is found that the mother will be more difficult to be moved.

## b) State one appropriate hypothesis that could be investigated. [1 mark]

c) With the use of apparatus such as hacksaw blade, plasticine and other apparatus,
describe an experimental framework to test your hypothesis.

## i) Aim of the experiment,

ii) Variables in the experiment,
iii) List of apparatus and materials,
iv) Arrangement of the apparatus,
v) The procedures of the experiment, which includes the method of controlling
the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding
variable,
vi) The way you would tabulate the data,
vii) The way you would analyse the data.
[10 marks]

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