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Planning for Island Sustainability: The

Guimaras Spatial Framework

Philippine ESRI User Conference
January 23, 2013
EDSAShangrila, Manila

Evan Anthony Arias

at a Glance
Income Classification 4th Class
Revenue (2011) Php 398,931,214
Land Area 604.57 sq km
Number of Barangays 98
Number of Municipalities 5
Population (NSO 2010) 162,943
Growth Rate
‡ 1995-2000 2.43
‡ 2000-2010 1.42
Total Households (NSO 2007) 32,114
Average Household Size (2007) 5.1
Major Economic Activities:
‡ Farming (rice, mango, cashew, coconut)
‡ Fishing and aquaculture
‡ Tourism
‡ Local and Foreign employment
The Planning Environment
‡ Small island ecosystem with a rolling topography
‡ Natural assets for agriculture, fisheries and tourism
‡ Coastal communities dependent on fishing and
‡ Mineral resources primarily limestone and
prospects for iron, copper and gold
Presence of areas
suitable for
development and
transshipment hub

Major gateways at
Eastern & Western
Presence of areas with high
aesthetic value that can be
developed into high-end
residential areas

Low density residential development

in areas with panoramic view of the
landscape and seascape
Main Planning Considerations

ƒ Increasing pressure on the three coastal and marine

ecosystems (mangrove, seagrass beds and coral reefs)
ƒ Public lands constitute only 6% of total land area²the rest
are classified as A&D
ƒ Agricultural activities at the upland that can adversely affect
surface and groundwater as well as cause soil erosion
ƒ A large portion of the land area (65%) are under application
for large scale mining operations
Households within
the coastal zone
Main Planning Considerations

‡Coastal areas are vulnerable to marine pollution

(oil/chemical spills)
‡Southern and South-eastern part of the island is
vulnerable to tsunami
‡Rapid urbanization in growth centers
‡Inadequate infrastructure support to agriculture,
fisheries and tourism
Main Development Challenge

economic development without sacrificing environmental

‡ with due consideration of the carrying capacity of

the fragile island ecosystem
‡ ensure preservation of island culture and traditions
The Approach
‡ GIS-based Spatial Analysis


‡ Multi-stakeholder participatory workshops and community

‡ Integration of provincial and municipal plans and
Environmentally Constrained
‡ Areas with Steep Slopes
‡ Areas with Erosion Concerns
‡ Areas where access to ground
water is difficult
Protected Areas
‡ Mangrove Areas
Production Areas
‡ Aquaculture
‡ Mango Plantations
Identified Areas Suitable for
Development or Urban
‡ Highly Suitable
‡ Moderately Suitable
Identified Areas Suitable for
Development or Urban
‡ Two Existing Built-up Areas are
within areas with constraints
Urban Expansion Areas
‡ Provincial Capital in Jordan
‡ Constrained by ground water
difficulty and steep slopes
‡ Expansion needs to directed to
avoid the constraints
Urban Expansion Areas
‡Town Center of Buenavista
‡Suitable areas for expansion are
‡Expansion should be directed south
to avoid steep slopes at the north