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DESING OF HYBRID DRIVE SYSYTEM FOR SPACE VEHICLE

D.AADHIRAJ, P.V.NAGASARAVANAN,

B.E., MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, AVS ENGINEERING COLLEGE, SALEM-03

aadhirajnan636@gmail.com, ngsrvnn@gmail.com.

R.ANANDA KUMAR

ASSISTANT PROFFESOR (MECH), AVS ENGINEERING COLLEGE, SALEM-03

anandhkumar88mech@gmail.com

ABSTRACT - In the heavenly bodies, our astronauts are exploring and discovering many mysterious objects.

For that they are using space vehicles. Many hurdles are faced by the vehicles. Normally the space vehicle does

not have any manual interruption. It is governed by space scientist. So in this situation of bad road conditions

like slippery, sloppy, steep, and so on, the vehicle cannot perform effectively. There are chances to tilt, slip or

slide, turning draw backs. In order to overcome those hurdles, we design a hybrid vehicle which can perform

well and efficiently at those situations. We are attaching spokes which extrudes from the wheel and used at

required times. Simultaneously, the spokes surrounding the wheels full fill the difficulties first faced during

slippery road conditions.

Sliding is prevented by the use of spoke wheels which are extruding from the interior of the wheels. Tilting is

overcome by using drive motor which keeps the Centre of Gravity as same as that of the origin. Simultaneously,

this solves the problem of improper turning.

SCOPE OF THE PROJECT

Our project focuses on issues of sliding, tilting, and improper turning. First of all we prepare a

model as like that of chassis of a car.


Another idea for preventing improper turning of the vehicle is when the wheel alignment is

changed, this makes the wheel turn against the skidding position.

PROBLEM DEFINITION

We are associated with two main problems in our issue. One is tilting and the other is slipping or sliding. We are
solving those problems by our innovative design and simulating the design for verification.

METHODOLOGY

There are mechanisms which govern the operation of the vehicle. They are pendulum-resistor

mechanism and disc-link mechanism.

OBJECTS OF THE PROJECT

The main and primary components of our designed space vehicle are:

• Chassis
• Body
• Drive motor
• Disc-link mechanism
• Pendulum-resistor mechanism
• Joint mechanism
• Gear box assembly
• Wheel Assembly

COMPONENT MATERIAL

Mild steel sheet, carbon steel sheet, and nickel alloy


Chassis frame
steel sheet.

Body Thermosetting plastic

Pendulum resistor
Copper
mechanism

Spoke wheel Steel

0.4% of carbon, or
Front axle assembly
1-3% of nickel steel

carbon alloy, steel containing nickel, chromium and


Rear axle assembly
molybdenum

COMPLETE VEHICLE
BUDGET

COST
COMPONENT

Chassis frame Rs.7000

Body Rs.4000

Pendulum resistor Rs.3000


mechanism

Spoke wheel Rs.8000

Front axle assembly Rs.8000

Rear axle assembly Rs.7000

Total Rs.37000

BENEFITS OF THE PROJECT

• This is designed to overcome the difficulties faced by the spirit rover sent to mars that its

wheel been stuck in the surface of the mars

• It can easily climb the sloppy and tilted surface as well as the hard and rough surface

• It will provide a great grip and balance to the rover or the space vehicle